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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"25446\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"kariri\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:26:\"http://myspace.com/fkariri\";s:5:\"title\";s:41:\"Rick Strassman - DMT: The Spirit Molecule\";s:11:\"description\";s:50:\"Rick Strassman - DMT: The Spirit Molecule (2001ed)\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:55:\"images/t/255/rick-strassman-dmt-the-spirit-molecule.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:56:\"images/t2/255/rick-strassman-dmt-the-spirit-molecule.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:38:\"rick-strassman-dmt-the-spirit-molecule\";s:5:\"pages\";s:3:\"369\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"5\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"2994\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:133:\"Spectroscopic studies on the denaturation of papain solubilized and Triton X-100-solubilized glucoamylase from rabbit small intestine\";s:11:\"description\";s:1081:\" Intestinal brush border proteins consist of an enzymatically active hydrophilic moiety
\nattached to a hydrophobic tail. Papain dissociates the hydrophilic part by cleaving off the hydro-
\nphobic tail, whereas the detergentTriton X-100 solubilizes the whole molecule. Denaturation by
\n8 ? urea or 4 ? guanidinium chloride does not alter the structure of the papain-solubilized
\nenzyme. An appreciable alteration of the structure of detergent-solubilized enzyme was observed
\non denaturation. The difference spectra of Triton X-100 (1%)—solubilized enzyme and its urea
\ndenatured form shifts and intensifies, with increase in the concentration of the denaturant with
\nan isobestic point at 252 nm. A new band at 280 nm also appears at 4 ? urea concentration.
\nPapain-solubilized glucoamylase has an ? -helical conformation in solution unlike the detergent-
\nsolubilized fraction. An elongated structure for the papain solubilized enzyme is inferred from
\nthe urea denaturation studies and from molecular weight determinations.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:149:\"images/t/30/spectroscopic-studies-on-the-denaturation-of-papain-solubilized-and-triton-x-100-solubilized-glucoamylase-from-rabbit-small-intestine.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:150:\"images/t2/30/spectroscopic-studies-on-the-denaturation-of-papain-solubilized-and-triton-x-100-solubilized-glucoamylase-from-rabbit-small-intestine.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:133:\"spectroscopic-studies-on-the-denaturation-of-papain-solubilized-and-triton-x-100-solubilized-glucoamylase-from-rabbit-small-intestine\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"7\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"1\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"109230\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"konsta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:130:\"Efficacy and Safety of Meriva®, a Curcumin-phosphatidylcholine Complex, during Extended Administration in Osteoarthritis Patients\";s:11:\"description\";s:1192:\"In a previous three-month study of Meriva®, a proprietary curcumin-phosphatidylcholine phytosome complex, decreased joint pain and improvement in joint function were observed in 50 osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Since OA is a chronic condition requiring prolonged treatment, the long-term efficacy and safety of Meriva were investigated in a longer (eight months) study involving 100 OA patients. The clinical end points (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities [WOMAC] score, Karnofsky Performance Scale Index, and treadmill walking performance) were complemented by the evaluation of a series of inflammatory markers (interleukin [IL]-1b, IL-6, soluble CD40 ligand [sCD40L], soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM)-1, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR]). This represents the most ambitious attempt, to date, to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of curcumin as an anti-inflammatory agent. Significant improvements of both the clinical and biochemical end points were observed for Meriva compared to the control group. This, coupled with an excellent tolerability, suggests that Meriva is worth considering for the long-term complementary management of osteoarthritis.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/1093/efficacy-and-safety-of-meriva-a-curcumin-phosphatidylcholine-complex-during-extended-administration.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/1093/efficacy-and-safety-of-meriva-a-curcumin-phosphatidylcholine-complex-during-extended-administration.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:99:\"efficacy-and-safety-of-meriva-a-curcumin-phosphatidylcholine-complex-during-extended-administration\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"2795\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:56:\"Stability of Lycopene During Food Processing and Storage\";s:11:\"description\";s:953:\"With an increasing understanding of the health benefit of lycopene, how to preserve lycopene during food pro-
\ncessing and storage has caused much attention. Lycopene belongs to the carotenoid family and mostly exists in nature as the
\nall-trans form. Heat, light, oxygen, and different food matrices are factors that have an effect on lycopene isomerization and
\nautooxidation. Lycopene may isomerize to mono- or poly-cis forms with the presence of heat or oil or during dehydration.
\nReisomerization takes place during storage. After oxidation, the lycopene molecule split, which causes loss of color and off-
\nflavor. The effects of heat, oxygen, light, and the presence of oil on the stability of lycopene are uniform in much of the lit-
\nerature; however, controversy still exists on some details, such as the conditions causing the occurrence of isomerization, the
\noptimal moisture, and temperature for storage.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:72:\"images/t/28/stability-of-lycopene-during-food-processing-and-storage.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:73:\"images/t2/28/stability-of-lycopene-during-food-processing-and-storage.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:56:\"stability-of-lycopene-during-food-processing-and-storage\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"10\";s:6:\"rating\";s:7:\"3.18182\";s:5:\"voter\";s:2:\"11\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"26587\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"monkey\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"3327\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:96:\"Pentacene organic transistors and ring oscillators on glass and on flexible polymeric substrates\";s:11:\"description\";s:760:\"We have fabricated organic thin film transistors, inverters, and ring oscillators on glass and on
\nflexible polyethylene naphthalate, using the small-molecule hydrocarbon pentacene as the
\nsemiconductor and solution-processed polyvinylphenol as the gate dielectric. Depending on the
\nchoice of substrate, the transistors have a carrier mobility between 0.3 and 0.7 cm2/V s, an on/off
\ncurrent ratio between 105 and 106, and a subthreshold swing between 0.9 and 1.6 V/decade. To
\naccount for the positive switch-on voltage of the transistors, circuits were designed to operate with
\nintegrated level shifting. Depending on the type of substrate, ring oscillators have a signal
\npropagation delay as low as 15 μs per stage\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:113:\"images/t/266/pentacene-organic-transistors-and-ring-oscillators-on-glass-and-on-flexible-polymeric-substrates.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:114:\"images/t2/266/pentacene-organic-transistors-and-ring-oscillators-on-glass-and-on-flexible-polymeric-substrates.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:96:\"pentacene-organic-transistors-and-ring-oscillators-on-glass-and-on-flexible-polymeric-substrates\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"94728\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"lyyli\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:45:\"An Unusual Presentation of Pemphigus Vulgaris\";s:11:\"description\";s:625:\"Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a potentially life-threatening autoimmune disease targeting the skin and mucous membranes. The disease is characterized by acantholysis, or the disruption of the adhesion of the keratinocytes.1,2 Although oral and pharyngeal involvement is very common, esophageal involvement is reported to be less common and is mostly confined to case reports and case series. Esophageal involvement usually manifests as odynophagia and dysphagia, and hematemesis is rare. Here, we report a case of PV involving the esophagus that presented as hematemesis and required endoscopic intervention for hemostasis.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:62:\"images/t/948/an-unusual-presentation-of-pemphigus-vulgaris.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:63:\"images/t2/948/an-unusual-presentation-of-pemphigus-vulgaris.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:45:\"an-unusual-presentation-of-pemphigus-vulgaris\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"5\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"109245\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"hubert\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:61:\"Anti-carcinogenic properties of curcumin on colorectal cancer\";s:11:\"description\";s:998:\"Curcumin has been used in traditional Indian medicine for many centuries for its anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties. There has been some promising research concerning curcumin as a safe therapeutic agent for many cancers, colorectal cancer being among them. This has been shown through research in cell cultures, animal models, and humans. At this time, it appears that curcumin\'s anti-carcinogenic properties are most likely due to its effects on multiple molecular targets, such as nuclear factor κ-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) and activator protein 1 (AP-1). NF-κB and AP-1 are both major transcription factors that regulate inflammation and thus affect cell proliferation, differentiation and even apoptosis. Curcumin has also been shown to affect a variety of other key players involved in carcinogenesis, such as cyclooxygenase-2, matrix metallopeptidases 2 and 9 and tumor necrosis factor α induced vascular cell adhesion molecule, just to name a few.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:79:\"images/t/1093/anti-carcinogenic-properties-of-curcumin-on-colorectal-cancer.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:80:\"images/t2/1093/anti-carcinogenic-properties-of-curcumin-on-colorectal-cancer.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:61:\"anti-carcinogenic-properties-of-curcumin-on-colorectal-cancer\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"280574\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:12:\"vistateam123\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"100238\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:24:\"Molecular Orbital Theory\";s:11:\"description\";s:1119:\"In chemistry, molecular orbital (MO) theory is a method for determining molecular structure in\nwhich electrons are not assigned to individual bonds between atoms, but are treated as\nmoving under the influence of the nuclei in the whole molecule.\nIn this theory, each molecule has a set of molecular orbitals, in which it is assumed that the\nmolecular orbital wave function ψj may be written as a simple weighted sum of the n\nconstituent atomic orbitals χi, according to the following equation:\nThe cij coefficients may be determined numerically by substitution of this equation into the\nSchrödinger equation and application of the variational principle.\nThis method is called the linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO) approximation and is\nused in computational chemistry.\nAn additional unitary transformation can be applied on the system to accelerate the\nconvergence in some computational schemes. Molecular orbital theory was seen as a\ncompetitor to valence bond theory in the 1930s, before it was realized that the two methods\nare closely related and that when extended they become equivalent.\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:42:\"images/t/2806/molecular-orbital-theory.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:43:\"images/t2/2806/molecular-orbital-theory.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:24:\"molecular-orbital-theory\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"4\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"281183\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:12:\"vistateam123\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"100238\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:22:\"Division Word Problems\";s:11:\"description\";s:1219:\"A peptide bond (amide bond) is a covalent chemical bond formed between two molecules\nwhen the carboxyl group of one molecule reacts with the amino group of the other molecule,\ncausing the release of a molecule of water (H2O), hence the process is a dehydration\nsynthesis reaction (also known as a condensation reaction), and usually occurs between\namino acids.\nThe resulting C(O)NH bond is called a peptide bond, and the resulting molecule is an amide.\nThe four-atom functional group -C(=O)NH- is called a peptide link. Polypeptides and proteins\nare chains of amino acids held together by peptide bonds, as is the backbone of PNA.\nA peptide bond can only be broken by amide hydrolysis (the adding of water). The peptide\nbonds in proteins are metastable, meaning that in the presence of water they will break\nspontaneously, releasing 8–16 kilojoule/mol (2–4 kcal/mol) of free energy, but this process is\nextremely slow. In living organisms, the process is facilitated by enzymes.\nLiving organisms also employ enzymes to form peptide bonds; this process requires free\nenergy. The wavelength of absorbance for a peptide bond is 190–230 nm[2] (which makes it\nparticularly susceptible to X-ray radiation).\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:42:\"images/t/2812/division-word-problems-1.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:43:\"images/t2/2812/division-word-problems-1.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:24:\"division-word-problems-1\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"4\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"285958\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:12:\"vistateam123\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"100238\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:21:\"Osmosis and Diffusion\";s:11:\"description\";s:972:\"A solution has a lot of properties. A substance in dilute solution behaves like a gas and the\nosmotic pressure of a substance in dilute solution is the same as it would exert if present as\ngas in the same volume as that occupied by the solution. So, the solute particles in dilute\nsolutions play the same part as is played by the gas molecule in a gas.\nThe osmotic pressure, pressure due to osmosis, was considered to be in analogue with the\ngas pressure.\nVan\'t Hoff was able to show that there is a close parallel between the pressure exerted by a\ngas and the osmotic pressure developed by a dilute solution.\nDue to the greater understanding of this concept of Osmosis and diffusion, this process, and\nthe related processes have been put into use in many day to day applications.\nWhat is Diffusion and Osmosis?\nJust as a gaseous molecules of one gas can diffuse into a vacant space or into another gas, a\nsolute can diffuse into the pure solvent from a solution as well.\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:39:\"images/t/2860/osmosis-and-diffusion.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:40:\"images/t2/2860/osmosis-and-diffusion.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:21:\"osmosis-and-diffusion\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"4\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-27 16:10:12' WHERE `aff_id` = '101064'