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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"236945\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"baican\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"45028\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:38:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:89:\"The Home Without Marriage and Family,a Battle Against the Traditional Marriage and Family\";s:11:\"description\";s:1281:\"We are in the last days of this age. Year 2013 is the turning point. \n\nXue Feng ,Deiform Buddha,the messenger of the Greatest Creator,got the Revelation to build Lifechanyuan, the Noah’s ark in new era, in order to raise the rate of salvation to one or two hundredth in the catastrophe fore-and-aft 2013 and enter into Lifechanyuan era.\n\nLifechanyuan inherits and upholds the thinking and wisdom of Jesus Christ, Buddha, previous saints, prophet, and sages,and is the last course for human beings to learn and follow. The first course was given by Buddha. The second by Jesus Christ. This is the third yet the last course. \n\nAccording to the warning of World Health Organization and International Suicide Prevention Association on September 10, 2006, “Globally there are one million suicides every year.”\n\nWhat’s the root of so many crimes? I can tell you that at least one half of the crimes stem directly from traditional marriage and family. The motive of crimes is in essence to maintain marriage and family. \n\nThere are also vast number of invisible crimes, especially those in the economic sectors, for example, corruption and bribery, and blackmail, etc. The offenders break the law for the sole purpose of maintaining their own marriage and family. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:107:\"images/t/2370/the-home-without-marriage-and-family-a-battle-against-the-traditional-marriage-and-family.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:108:\"images/t2/2370/the-home-without-marriage-and-family-a-battle-against-the-traditional-marriage-and-family.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:89:\"the-home-without-marriage-and-family-a-battle-against-the-traditional-marriage-and-family\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"7\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"109604\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"ronja\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:43:\"Marriage & Family The Missing Dimension\";s:11:\"description\";s:501:\"Based on the failure rate of today\'s marriages, some sociologists have predicted that marriage will soon become obsolete. But despite the high odds against a happy, lifelong relationship, couples still get married and still hope to spend a lifetime together. Why do we continue to pursue this ideal? And where does God fit in the picture? Did He have anything to do with the institution of marriage and, if so, did He give us any instructions? When all else fails, maybe we should read the directions!\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:55:\"images/t/1097/marriage-family-the-missing-dimension.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:56:\"images/t2/1097/marriage-family-the-missing-dimension.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:37:\"marriage-family-the-missing-dimension\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"43\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"109611\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"callum\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:14:\"child Marriage\";s:11:\"description\";s:704:\"Child marriage is a violation of human rights whether it happens to a girl or a boy, but it represents perhaps the most prevalent form of sexual abuse and exploitation of girls. the harmful consequences include separation from family and friends, lack of freedom to interact with peers and participate in community activities, and decreased opportunities for education. Child marriage can also result in bonded labor or enslavement, commercial sexual exploitation and violence against the victims. Because they cannot abstain from sex or insist on condom use, child brides are often exposed to such serious health risks as premature pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections and, increasingly, HIV/AIDS.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:32:\"images/t/1097/child-marriage.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:33:\"images/t2/1097/child-marriage.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:14:\"child-marriage\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3975\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:84:\"The Effect of Marriage Equality and Domestic Partnership on Business and the Economy\";s:11:\"description\";s:567:\"As public discussion of the issue of marriage equality for same-sex couples continues in many
\nparts of the United States, policymakers have asked about the larger economic impact of
\nrecognizing same-sex couples. This brief outlines the potential benefits and costs to businesses
\nif states grant marriage rights or domestic partner/civil union status to same-sex couples. We
\nassume that those state policies would require employers to treat same-sex spouses or partners of
\nemployees in the same way that different-sex spouses are treated.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:100:\"images/t/40/the-effect-of-marriage-equality-and-domestic-partnership-on-business-and-the-economy.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:101:\"images/t2/40/the-effect-of-marriage-equality-and-domestic-partnership-on-business-and-the-economy.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:84:\"the-effect-of-marriage-equality-and-domestic-partnership-on-business-and-the-economy\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"12\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3976\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:47:\"Marriage Vs. Domestic Partnership in California\";s:11:\"description\";s:428:\"Domestic partnerships offer many protections for couples and families, and while they
\nare a big step forward, they don’t provide the same security as marriage. California
\nstill shuts out some people from marriage, creating a two-tiered system at odds with
\nthe principle that separate is not equal. Two people doing the work of marriage
\ndeserve the respect and support that only come with marriage. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:62:\"images/t/40/marriage-vs-domestic-partnership-in-california.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:63:\"images/t2/40/marriage-vs-domestic-partnership-in-california.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:46:\"marriage-vs-domestic-partnership-in-california\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3977\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:71:\"DOMESTIC PARTNERSHIP BENEFITS STILL MATTER IN THE AGE OF EQUAL MARRIAGE\";s:11:\"description\";s:650:\"Employers all across Massachusetts offer domestic partnership benefits to unmarried same-sex
\ncouples. Those policies were instituted in the spirit of fairness in order to provide “equal pay for
\nequal work.” Even though the state may no longer deny marriage to same-sex couples in
\nMassachusetts, domestic partnership benefits remain important. There is no reason to
\nterminate domestic partnership policies immediately and a number of good reasons exist to
\nmaintain them for the foreseeable future. Without careful thought, employers could
\ninadvertently harm their employees’ families and children.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:87:\"images/t/40/domestic-partnership-benefits-still-matter-in-the-age-of-equal-marriage.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:88:\"images/t2/40/domestic-partnership-benefits-still-matter-in-the-age-of-equal-marriage.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:71:\"domestic-partnership-benefits-still-matter-in-the-age-of-equal-marriage\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3985\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:78:\"The Facts on the Michigan Marriage Amendment and Domestic Partnership Benefits\";s:11:\"description\";s:1098:\"Contrary to false claims by opponents of Florida\'s Marriage Protection Amendment, both sides of the issue in
\nMichigan agree that after the Michigan Supreme Court ruling this year, the homosexual domestic partners of
\ngovernment employees will continue to receive benefits under broader eligibility criteria modified to comply with
\nMichigan\'s marriage amendment.
\nState constitutional amendments protecting marriage have passed in 27 states. Not a single person has lost benefits
\nin any of these states. Further, not a single individual in Michigan has lost any benefit. The irony, especially in
\nlight of false characterizations made in Florida, is that under the broader criteria, more Michigan citizens -- not
\nfewer -- are now eligible for coverage under government employees\' health care plans.
\nThe following quotes from homosexual activists and news media, mainstream daily newspapers, and other legal
\nauthorities all validate the fact that no person has lost benefits in Michigan as a result of our state Marriage
\nProtection Amendment. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:94:\"images/t/40/the-facts-on-the-michigan-marriage-amendment-and-domestic-partnership-benefits.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:95:\"images/t2/40/the-facts-on-the-michigan-marriage-amendment-and-domestic-partnership-benefits.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:78:\"the-facts-on-the-michigan-marriage-amendment-and-domestic-partnership-benefits\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"3\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"4\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6665\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:44:\"Divorce, Fertility and the Shot Gun Marriage\";s:11:\"description\";s:977:\"Using the birth certificates data from the Vital Statistics of the USA between 1968 and 1999,
\nwe construct state level panel data of different measures of fertility and examine the change
\nin divorce laws. Total fertility declined in states that introduced unilateral divorce, which
\nmakes dissolution of marriage easier. Most of this effect is due to a decline of out-of-wedlock
\nfertility. We suggest an explanation (and provide supportive evidence for it) based upon the
\neffect of divorce laws on the probability of entering and exiting marriage. Women planning to
\nhave children marry more easily with an easier “exit option” from marriage. Thus, more
\nchildren are born in the first years of marriage, while the total marital fertility does not change,
\nprobably as a result of an increase in divorces and marital instability. The effect of changes in
\ndivorce laws is greater among whites than African Americans.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:59:\"images/t/67/divorce-fertility-and-the-shot-gun-marriage.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:60:\"images/t2/67/divorce-fertility-and-the-shot-gun-marriage.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:43:\"divorce-fertility-and-the-shot-gun-marriage\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"40\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6668\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:75:\"The Value of Commitment: Marriage Choice in the Presence of Costly Divorce\";s:11:\"description\";s:1889:\"Two individuals may choose to enter a coresidential relationship, which may
\nor may not include joint property ownership and raising children. In addition to
\nthat, individuals may decide to formalize this contractual relationship by hold-
\ning a marriage ceremony. The literature on coresidential relationships typically
\nassumes that the formal marriage contract offers additional tangible benefits
\nto the couple. However, this assumption is not obvious, and these potential
\nbenefits (or costs) may vary greatly across societies and time. What remains
\ninvariant, however, is the typically higher costs of terminating a relationship
\nthat has been “sealed” by marriage.
\nThe goal of this paper is to develop a simple dynamic model that can ex-
\nplain the existence of marriage contract. The model assumes that the only
\ndifference between marriage and non-marital cohabitation is the higher con-
\ntract termination cost associated with marriage, and that the agents are free
\nto enter either type of relationship contract. The quality of the match evolves
\nrandomly and independently over time, and every period each of the paired
\nagents makes his or her decision on whether to stay in the given relationship
\nor terminate it and seek another one based on the current match quality and
\nexpectations about the future. The relationship survives only if both agents
\nchoose to not terminate it. The unilateral decision to end a relationship by one
\nagent may impose a negative externality on her partner, if he still would prefer
\nto maintain it. The main finding is that when break-up costs are sufficiently
\nhigh, choosing a marriage contract that provides even higher termination cost
\nmay reduce the expected break-up externality and result in greater welfare.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:89:\"images/t/67/the-value-of-commitment-marriage-choice-in-the-presence-of-costly-divorce.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:90:\"images/t2/67/the-value-of-commitment-marriage-choice-in-the-presence-of-costly-divorce.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:73:\"the-value-of-commitment-marriage-choice-in-the-presence-of-costly-divorce\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"17\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6767\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:71:\"Socialization to Gender Roles and Marriage Among Egyptian Adolescents\";s:11:\"description\";s:1511:\"Using nationally representative survey data, this paper explores gender role
\nsocialization and attitudes toward marriage among unmarried Egyptian adolescents
\naged 16–19 years. We examine the daily activities of adolescent boys and girls,
\nviews about age at marriage and desirable qualities in a spouse, and various indica-
\ntors of gender role attitudes including opinions about whether wives should defer to
\nhusbands, about sharing household decisionmaking, and about responsibility for
\ndomestic tasks. Our findings reflect strong gender differentiation: girls have much
\nless free time than boys, are much less mobile, are much less likely to participate in
\npaid work, and have heavier domestic responsibilities regardless of whether or not
\nthey are in school. Girls favor a later age at marriage for both sexes, but particularly
\nfor boys. Boys are significantly more likely than girls to favor educational inequal-
\nity between spouses. While neither boys nor girls have particularly progressive gen-
\nder role attitudes, girls are significantly more likely to express less traditional atti-
\ntudes. Multivariate analyses indicate that girls’ and boys’ attitudes do not vary
\nconsistently and significantly by socioeconomic background; in particular, increased
\nschooling does not always promote egalitarian attitudes. The implications of these
\nfindings for policies and programs are discussed.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:85:\"images/t/68/socialization-to-gender-roles-and-marriage-among-egyptian-adolescents.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:86:\"images/t2/68/socialization-to-gender-roles-and-marriage-among-egyptian-adolescents.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:69:\"socialization-to-gender-roles-and-marriage-among-egyptian-adolescents\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"44\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 07:27:36' WHERE `aff_id` = '115304'