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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"428068\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:10:\"euinmotion\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"32390\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:57:\"Regulating Risk in the EU: Science, Policy and Precaution\";s:11:\"description\";s:285:\"http://www.eu-academy.eu/freeresources/regulating-risk-in-the-eu-science-policy-and-precaution/\n\nThe rapid growth of EU regulations dealing with Pharma, Food, Chemicals and beyond\nAdvocacy opportunities in risk regulation\nThe nature, politics and the law of the Precautionary Principle\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:73:\"images/t/4281/regulating-risk-in-the-eu-science-policy-and-precaution.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:74:\"images/t2/4281/regulating-risk-in-the-eu-science-policy-and-precaution.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:55:\"regulating-risk-in-the-eu-science-policy-and-precaution\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"10935\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:109:\"Values and Policy Coordination in the EU Discussion on the Lifting of the EU Arms Embargo on China, 2003-2005\";s:11:\"description\";s:961:\"The EU presents itself as an actor with international responsibilities whose foreign policy actions are based on a normative foundation. Notwithstanding this, in the discussion on the lifting of the arms embargo on China, the organization has been severely accused of sacrificing its principal values for economic gains. Does this mean that the EU\'s self-representation constitutes nothing else than an empty speech with no real consequences for its behavior? This article argues that the EU\'s self-representation as a normative actor has decisively affected its decision-making in the debate on its arms embargo on China. The set of overarching values had stabilizing consequences for the coordination of EU policies, despite the divergent \'national backgrounds\' and strong Chinese pressure. All the member states have subscribed to a set of European norms and values, which affirms a specific European identity but also helps them to produce common decisions.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/110/values-and-policy-coordination-in-the-eu-discussion-on-the-lifting-of-the-eu-arms-embargo-on-china-2.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/110/values-and-policy-coordination-in-the-eu-discussion-on-the-lifting-of-the-eu-arms-embargo-on-china-2.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"values-and-policy-coordination-in-the-eu-discussion-on-the-lifting-of-the-eu-arms-embargo-on-china-2\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"28\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8333\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:77:\"The Effects of Antidumping Policy on Trade Diversion: A Theoretical Approach\";s:11:\"description\";s:962:\"The purpose of this paper is to contribute theoretically to the lit-
\nerature on the effects of antidumping policy on trade diversion. Trade
\ndiversion refers to a shift in trade flows away from firms whose imports
\nare under scrutiny for dumping (named firms) to firms that import
\nthe same product but are not faced by any investigations (non-named
\nfirms). Previous empirical studies show that import diversion in Eu-
\nrope - compared to the United States - is limited, suggesting that
\nEU’s antidumping policy is more effective in keeping imports out. The
\nexplanations formulated to account for the heterogeneity in trade di-
\nversion are the lower duty levels and the greater extent of uncertainty
\nsurrounding the EU antidumping policy. This paper develops a model
\nto explain the empirical evidence and formulates new explanations on
\nthe effects of antidumping policy on trade diversion.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:91:\"images/t/84/the-effects-of-antidumping-policy-on-trade-diversion-a-theoretical-approach.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:92:\"images/t2/84/the-effects-of-antidumping-policy-on-trade-diversion-a-theoretical-approach.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:75:\"the-effects-of-antidumping-policy-on-trade-diversion-a-theoretical-approach\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"19\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"4532\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:55:\"New methods for water pollution control in river basins\";s:11:\"description\";s:912:\"Different land use forms (e.g. forestry, agriculture and peat
\nproduction) affect all levels of river ecosystems through
\nloading of suspended solids, nutrients, metals and acidifying
\nsubstances. These environmental impacts can, however, be
\ndiminished in many ways. In land use planning the river basin
\nshould be taken as a whole and the existing water pollution
\ncontrol methods (e.g. sedimentation basins, buffer zones and
\nwetlands) should be taken into more effective use.
\nTo realise the aims of maintaining and improving the
\naquatic environments in the Community according to the
\nEU Water Policy Framework Directive (WFD), knowledge
\nof a wide area of river ecology and water pollution control
\nmethods is needed. In addition practical tools are needed for
\nthe cost-effective integrated management and monitoring of
\nriver basins.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:71:\"images/t/46/new-methods-for-water-pollution-control-in-river-basins.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:72:\"images/t2/46/new-methods-for-water-pollution-control-in-river-basins.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:55:\"new-methods-for-water-pollution-control-in-river-basins\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"3\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"8\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"10980\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:108:\"SUPERVISORY SYSTEMS, FISCAL SOUNDNESS AND INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL MOVEMENT: MORE CHALLENGES FOR NEW EU MEMBERS\";s:11:\"description\";s:1333:\"It is not an easy task to decide how the supervisory structure in an accession country should be adapted in order to fit into the EU-wide environment. It is like aiming at amoving target. The national supervisory structures have been in arestructuring process all over Europe for some time and the process can be expected to continue. The activity of the supervisors has been adapted to new international banking and insurance standards. At the national level, aclear trend in Europe can be observed towards integrated financial market regulators. Integrated financial supervisors have been established in Norway, Denmark, Sweden, UK, Germany, and Austria. The emergence of financial conglomerates is, of course, one important reason for this trend. The authors expect that the so-called \"Solvency II exercise\" in insurance supervision that brings capital adequacy regulation of insurance companies closer to that of banks will support the integration trend among the regulators. According to the authors, there is also atrend in Europe towards adecentralised supervisory structure with coordination between the national supervisors rather than atrend towards acentralised European system of financial sector supervision. It is therefore not clear what shape apossible future European system of financial sector supervision may take.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/110/supervisory-systems-fiscal-soundness-and-international-capital-movement-more-challenges-for-new-eu-m.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/110/supervisory-systems-fiscal-soundness-and-international-capital-movement-more-challenges-for-new-eu-m.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"supervisory-systems-fiscal-soundness-and-international-capital-movement-more-challenges-for-new-eu-m\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"64\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8825\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:79:\"LONG-RUN MONEY DEMAND IN THE NEW EU MEMBER STATES WITH EXCHANGE RATE EFFECTS\";s:11:\"description\";s:1280:\"Generally speaking, money demand models represent a natural benchmark
\nagainst which monetary developments can be assessed. In particular, the existence of a
\nwell-specified and stable relationship between money and prices can be perceived as a pre-
\nrequisite for the use of monetary aggregates in the conduct of monetary policy. In this study
\na money demand analysis in the new Member States of the European Union (EU) is con-
\nducted using panel cointegration methods. A well-behaved long-run money demand rela-
\ntionship can be identified only if the exchange rate as part of the opportunity cost is in-
\ncluded. In the long-run cointegrating vector the income elasticity exceeds unity. Moreover,
\nover the whole sample period the exchange rates vis-à-vis the US dollar turn out to be sig-
\nnificant and a more appropriate variable in the money demand than the euro exchange rate.
\nThe present analysis is of importance for the new EU Member States as they are expected
\nto join in the future years the euro area, where money is deemed to be highly relevant ?
\nwithin the two-pillar monetary strategy of the European Central Bank (ECB) ? in order to
\ndetect risks to price stability over the medium term. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:92:\"images/t/89/long-run-money-demand-in-the-new-eu-member-states-with-exchange-rate-effects.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:93:\"images/t2/89/long-run-money-demand-in-the-new-eu-member-states-with-exchange-rate-effects.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:76:\"long-run-money-demand-in-the-new-eu-member-states-with-exchange-rate-effects\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"33\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"9620\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:69:\"The Effects of Team Building Activities on Group Climate and Cohesion\";s:11:\"description\";s:1310:\"This study investigated the effects of team building activities on group climate
\nand cohesion. Eleven undergraduate university students comprised the sample. Pre- and
\npost-questionnaires were administered to examine group climate and cohesion. The
\ncontrol group volunteered for two hours over a five week period and the experimental
\ngroup participated in team building activities and volunteered for two hours over a five
\nweek period. The subscales of engagement, avoidance, and conflict were explored with
\nregards to group climate. The results suggest that team building activities are effective in
\nincreasing group climate, cohesion, and development of newly formed groups. More
\nspecifically, the results showed a significant increase in group engagement, a significant
\ndecrease in group conflict, and a significant increase in group cohesion when team
\nbuilding activities were used. Group climate and cohesion also affect group development,
\nwhich was further examined in this study through focus groups and individual interviews
\nafter completion of the program. The positive group climate and high level of cohesion of
\nthe experimental group allowed them to reach a higher level of group development than
\nthe control group.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:85:\"images/t/97/the-effects-of-team-building-activities-on-group-climate-and-cohesion.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:86:\"images/t2/97/the-effects-of-team-building-activities-on-group-climate-and-cohesion.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:69:\"the-effects-of-team-building-activities-on-group-climate-and-cohesion\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"99\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"2\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"11029\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:71:\"Solving RBC Models by Second Order Approximation to the Policy Function\";s:11:\"description\";s:1049:\"This paper attempts to solve a benchmark real business cycle model by second order approximation to the policy function. After a brief summary of recent development in second order approximation in solving dynamic stochastic general equilibrium models, we choose Hansen\'s real business cycle model as a standard model and follow the approach proposed by Schmitt-Grohe & Uribe (2002) to solve for the recursive law of motion at second order. Then we do the impulse response and simulation experiment with the second order recursive law of motion and find that the impulse response at second order converges to a new level and the difference between first order and second order is very small in the standard calibration but becomes larger for other values of relative risk aversion. The calculated second moments tend to be very close between first order and second order for all parameters tested. Moreover, we conduct a brief theoretical comparison of the approach of approximation to the policy function with the usual approach at first order.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:88:\"images/t/111/solving-rbc-models-by-second-order-approximation-to-the-policy-function.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:89:\"images/t2/111/solving-rbc-models-by-second-order-approximation-to-the-policy-function.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:71:\"solving-rbc-models-by-second-order-approximation-to-the-policy-function\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"71\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"12317\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:69:\"Problem Solving Effectiveness and Democratic Accountability in the EU\";s:11:\"description\";s:970:\"The paper begins by examining the functions of input-oriented and output-oriented legitimating arguments in liberal democracies. At the European level, input-oriented arguments remain weak, but legitimacy problems are generally avoided since the policies which can in fact be adopted under prevailing institutional conditions are still based on broad intergovernmental consensus. For a variety of new policy challenges, however, consensus on the choice of European solutions is unlikely to be reached, even though member states are unable to cope with such challenges on their own. The resulting problem-solving gaps, which may undermine political legitimacy nationally and in the EU, could not be legitimately overcome by moving from consensual to majoritarian governing modes at the European level. What could help are modes of differentiated integration which allow groups of member states to adopt consensual European solutions applying only to members of the group.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:86:\"images/t/124/problem-solving-effectiveness-and-democratic-accountability-in-the-eu.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:87:\"images/t2/124/problem-solving-effectiveness-and-democratic-accountability-in-the-eu.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:69:\"problem-solving-effectiveness-and-democratic-accountability-in-the-eu\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"43\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"14875\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:95:\"The Double Asymmetry of European Integration - Or: Why the EU Cannot Be a Social Market Economy\";s:11:\"description\";s:775:\"Judge-made law has played a crucial role in the process of European integration. In the vertical dimension, it has greatly reduced the range of autonomous policy choices in the member states, and it has helped to expand the reach of European competences. At the same time, however, \"Integration through Law\" does have a liberalizing and de- regulatory impact on the socioeconomic regimes of EU member states. This effect is generally compatible with the status quo in liberal market economies, but it tends to undermine the institutions and policy legacies of Continental and Scandinavian social market economies. Given the high consensus requirements of European legislation, this structural asymmetry cannot be corrected through political action at the European level.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:109:\"images/t/149/the-double-asymmetry-of-european-integration-or-why-the-eu-cannot-be-a-social-market-economy.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:110:\"images/t2/149/the-double-asymmetry-of-european-integration-or-why-the-eu-cannot-be-a-social-market-economy.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:92:\"the-double-asymmetry-of-european-integration-or-why-the-eu-cannot-be-a-social-market-economy\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"40\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 14:14:59' WHERE `aff_id` = '953413'