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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"89354\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:4:\"egon\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:28:\"General Theory of Relativity\";s:11:\"description\";s:355:\"Einstein\'s Special Theory of Relativity of 1905 concerns itself with observers who are in uniform relative motion. His General Theory of Relativity of 1916 considers observers in any state of relative motion including acceleration. It will turn out that this will also be a theory of gravitation. This document introduces the General Theory of Relativity.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:45:\"images/t/894/general-theory-of-relativity.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:46:\"images/t2/894/general-theory-of-relativity.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:28:\"general-theory-of-relativity\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"11\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"38345\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"jelle\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:68:\"On the absence of self-control as the basis for a general theory ...\";s:11:\"description\";s:325:\"It is now approaching a decade since Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi promulgated what they called \'a general theory\' of crime. This article scrutinizes the claims made by the theory as measured against the standards of science and the results of empirical inquiries into elements of the proposed theoretical construct.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:81:\"images/t/384/on-the-absence-of-self-control-as-the-basis-for-a-general-theory.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:82:\"images/t2/384/on-the-absence-of-self-control-as-the-basis-for-a-general-theory.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:64:\"on-the-absence-of-self-control-as-the-basis-for-a-general-theory\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"19\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"86722\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:11:\"myricoorish\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:51:\"On the Possibility of a Substantive Theory of Truth\";s:11:\"description\";s:602:\"The paper offers anew analysis of the difficulties involved in the construction of a general and substantive correspondence theory of truth and delineates a solution to these difficulties in the form of anew methodology. The central argument is inspired by Kant, and the proposed methodology is explained and justified both in general philosophical terms and by reference to a particular variant of Tarski\'s theory. The paper begins with general considerations on truth and correspondence and concludes with a brief outlook on the"family"of theories of truth generated by the new methodology.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:68:\"images/t/868/on-the-possibility-of-a-substantive-theory-of-truth.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:69:\"images/t2/868/on-the-possibility-of-a-substantive-theory-of-truth.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:51:\"on-the-possibility-of-a-substantive-theory-of-truth\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"40\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"5174\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:30:\"A COGNITIVE THEORY OF THE FIRM\";s:11:\"description\";s:1006:\"This paper reviews and criticizes existing theories of the firm, which take a technical or a governance
\nperspective. One point of criticism is that they do not offer an adequate treatment of learning and
\ninnovation, while such treatment is of high priority. With some exceptions, existing governance
\ntheories, in economics, neglect the importance of trust. This paper offers a cognitive theory to deal
\nwith learning, innovation, and trust. It also incorporates technical and governance perspectives, but
\nemphasizes a competence perspective, in ‘dynamic capabilities’ of innovation and learning. On the
\nbasis of a constructivist theory of knowledge, it offers the notion of ‘cognitive distance’, and proposes
\nthat the boundaries of the firm result from the determination of ‘optimal cognitive distance’. This is
\nachieved by a ‘cognitive focus’, yielding the notion of a firm as a ‘focusing device’. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:46:\"images/t/52/a-cognitive-theory-of-the-firm.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:47:\"images/t2/52/a-cognitive-theory-of-the-firm.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:30:\"a-cognitive-theory-of-the-firm\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"23\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"5203\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:83:\"A cognitive theory of graphical and linguistic reasoning : logic and implementation\";s:11:\"description\";s:1364:\"We discuss external and internal graphical and linguistic representational systems. We
\nargue that a cognitive theory of peoples\' reasoning performance must account for a the
\nlogical equivalence of inferences expressed in graphical and linguistic form; and b the
\nimplementational di erences that a ect facility of inference. Our theory proposes that
\ngraphical representations limit abstraction and thereby aid processibility. We discuss the
\nideas ofspeci city andabstraction, and their cognitive relevance. Empirical support comes
\nfrom tasks i involving and ii not involving the manipulation of external graphics. For
\ni , we take Euler\'s Circles, provide a novel computational reconstruction, show how it
\ncaptures abstractions, and contrast it with earlier construals, and with Mental Models\'
\nrepresentations. We demonstrate equivalence of the graphical Euler system, and the non-
\ngraphical Mental Models system. For ii , we discuss text comprehension, and the mental
\nperformance of syllogisms. By positing an internal system with the same speci city as
\nEuler\'s Circles we cover the Mental Models data, and generate new empirical predictions.
\nFinally, we consider how the architecture of working memory explains why such speci c
\nrepresentations are relatively easy to store.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:97:\"images/t/53/a-cognitive-theory-of-graphical-and-linguistic-reasoning-logic-and-implementation.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:98:\"images/t2/53/a-cognitive-theory-of-graphical-and-linguistic-reasoning-logic-and-implementation.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:81:\"a-cognitive-theory-of-graphical-and-linguistic-reasoning-logic-and-implementation\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"39\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"5223\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:42:\"Elements of a cognitive theory of the firm\";s:11:\"description\";s:1257:\"This paper presents elements of a cognitive theory of organisation, with the firm as a specific form of
\norganisation, from the perspective of embodied cognition. It entails the notion of ‘cognitive distance’
\nbetween people that have developed their cognition in different environments. This yields the notion
\nof organisation as a ‘focusing device’, to establish shared cognition on a sufficiently high level of
\ncognition, appropriate for the goals of an organization, and to reduce cognitive distance for the sake of
\nefficient collaboration and for the resolution of conflict. This focus yields organisational myopia,
\nwhich needs to be compensated by outside relations, between firms, at some cognitive distance. Next,
\non the basis of principles derived from cognitive science, this paper tries to resolve the problem of
\ncombining structural stability and change, which in economics is known as the problem of combining
\nexploitation and exploration. This provides the basis for a theory of learning and innovation in
\norganisations and economies. The theory is elaborated on the basis of the notion of ‘scripts’, also
\nderived from cognitive science.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:58:\"images/t/53/elements-of-a-cognitive-theory-of-the-firm.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:59:\"images/t2/53/elements-of-a-cognitive-theory-of-the-firm.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:42:\"elements-of-a-cognitive-theory-of-the-firm\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"22\";s:6:\"rating\";s:7:\"1.33333\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"3\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"5187\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:86:\"Employing a Cognitive Theory of Collaboration to Guide Team Process and Tool Selection\";s:11:\"description\";s:1515:\"he value of team work over individual work is the team’s ability to amplify the
\neffectiveness of each individual through collective work. Unfortunately, many teams fall
\nshort of their potential. Team effectiveness can be obstructed by poor communication,
\nbad decisionmaking, or duplicated efforts among other issues. When this occurs in a
\nmilitary environment the costs of poor team work can be catastrophic. To avoid these
\nfailures team leaders, across industries, can choose among software tools, consulting
\nservices, black box technology packages or social and behavioral processes to improve
\nteam work effectiveness. Regardless of the caliber of the various solutions, selecting
\namong them can be intimidating and provide only marginal benefit if the selected
\nsolution is not well suited to the team’s problems.
\nThis paper attempts to solve this problem by presenting two approaches to addressing
\nteam work effectiveness that are both rooted in a theory of collaboration. This cognitive
\ntheory of collaboration, as developed under the Office of Naval Research, provides a
\nstructured method for assessing what teams need to know in order to be successful. This
\nstructured theory of collaboration, which is drawn from predominant team work and
\ncollaboration literature, can then guide team leaders in the selection of a technology-
\ncentric or process-centric approach to increased team work effectiveness.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:102:\"images/t/52/employing-a-cognitive-theory-of-collaboration-to-guide-team-process-and-tool-selection.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:103:\"images/t2/52/employing-a-cognitive-theory-of-collaboration-to-guide-team-process-and-tool-selection.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:86:\"employing-a-cognitive-theory-of-collaboration-to-guide-team-process-and-tool-selection\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"11\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"2\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"3\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"12263\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:76:\"SHIFTWORK: A CHAOS THEORY OF CAREERS AGENDA FOR CHANGE IN CAREER COUNSELLING\";s:11:\"description\";s:518:\"This paper presents the implications of the Chaos Theory of Careers for career counselling in the form of Shiftwork. Shiftwork represents an expanded paradigm of career counselling based on complexity, change and uncertainty. Eleven paradigm shifts for careers counselling are outlined to incorporate into contemporary practice pattern making, an emphasis on planning, openness, flexibility, risk, possibility thinking, mattering and meaning, transforming information, scalable reasoning, emergence and trust as faith.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:92:\"images/t/123/shiftwork-a-chaos-theory-of-careers-agenda-for-change-in-career-counselling.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:93:\"images/t2/123/shiftwork-a-chaos-theory-of-careers-agenda-for-change-in-career-counselling.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:75:\"shiftwork-a-chaos-theory-of-careers-agenda-for-change-in-career-counselling\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"10\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"89394\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:10:\"clarimunda\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:63:\"The Portuguese Academic Community and the Theory of Relativity1\";s:11:\"description\";s:709:\"The theory of relativity was a scientific subject that interested a small number of Portuguese scientists in the first decades of the twentieth century. Portugal was associated with the observational confirmation of general relativity ─ observations of the solar eclipse were carried out on the island of Príncipe; however, no Portuguese astronomers took part in the scientific expedition. International seminars, led by foreign scientists and held in Portugal at the beginning of the 1920s and 1930s, were important. A few Portuguese mathematicians, rather than physicists, were first attracted to this theory and the few academic papers dealing with it were published abroad by two members of this group.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:80:\"images/t/894/the-portuguese-academic-community-and-the-theory-of-relativity1.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:81:\"images/t2/894/the-portuguese-academic-community-and-the-theory-of-relativity1.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:63:\"the-portuguese-academic-community-and-the-theory-of-relativity1\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"15\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8242\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:121:\"Is Black Market Exchange Rate a Good Indicator of Equilibrium Exchange Rate? A Simple Test With Evidence From South Asia\";s:11:\"description\";s:447:\"The black market exchange rate premium is widely used in the empirical literature as an
\nindictor of trade and exchange rate distortions. This paper presents a simple test of the
\nnull hypothesis that the black market exchange rate is a reliable indicator of the equilibrium
\nexchange rate. The evidence from India and Sri Lanka rejects the null, and raises serious
\ndoubts about the validity of the current empirical practice.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:135:\"images/t/83/is-black-market-exchange-rate-a-good-indicator-of-equilibrium-exchange-rate-a-simple-test-with-evidence-from-south-asia.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:136:\"images/t2/83/is-black-market-exchange-rate-a-good-indicator-of-equilibrium-exchange-rate-a-simple-test-with-evidence-from-south-asia.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:119:\"is-black-market-exchange-rate-a-good-indicator-of-equilibrium-exchange-rate-a-simple-test-with-evidence-from-south-asia\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"9\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 01:54:07' WHERE `aff_id` = '1760936'