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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:3:\"269\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:11:\"fitzgibbons\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:2:\"12\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:19:\"POPULATION HANDBOOK\";s:11:\"description\";s:631:\"Since its publication in 1978, PRB’s Population Handbook has appeared in eight languages and has been circulated around the world. It has been used by thousands of teachers and students in fields such as sociology, geography, and urban studies. Journalists refer to the handbook as an authoritative guide in preparing population-related stories, while policymakers and planners have found it to be a ready reference to the rates, ratios, and concepts of demography. Understanding the broad implications of population change is important to those who make decisions and inform others about demographic change around the world.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:34:\"images/t/3/population-handbook.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:35:\"images/t2/3/population-handbook.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:19:\"population-handbook\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"73\";s:6:\"rating\";s:3:\"4.2\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"5\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3706\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:116:\"Cancer Prevention with Green Tea Polyphenols for the General Population, and for Patients Following Cancer Treatment\";s:11:\"description\";s:1314:\"Green tea is now known to be the most effective beverage for cancer prevention, and evidence of this
\nwas recently extended to clinical applications. This paper briefly reviews several topics with regard to the
\ndevelopment of our study on cancer prevention with green tea, and proposes a strategy for two-stages of cancer
\nprevention with green tea. The topics are : 1) introduction of our initial work on (-)-epigallocatechin gallate
\n(EGCG), the main constituent of Japanese green tea; 2) cancer preventive effects of EGCG and green tea extract,
\nthe lyophilized form of green tea infusion; 3) bioavailability of 3H-EGCG in mice; 4) delay of cancer onset by
\ndrinking 10 Japanese-size cups of green tea per day; 5) a prototype study for developing green tea beverage
\nsupplemented with green tea tablets by 102 healthy volunteers; 6) cancer prevention before cancer onset for
\nthe general population and high risk groups; 7) cancer prevention for patients following cancer treatment; 8)
\nan example of a clinical trial looking toward prevention of cancer recurrence in the liver; and 9) possible
\nprevention of human lung cancer. Considering all the above, green tea is a multi-, non-toxic cancer preventive
\nfor humans: It is nature’s remedy.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:131:\"images/t/38/cancer-prevention-with-green-tea-polyphenols-for-the-general-population-and-for-patients-following-cancer-treatment.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:132:\"images/t2/38/cancer-prevention-with-green-tea-polyphenols-for-the-general-population-and-for-patients-following-cancer-treatment.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:115:\"cancer-prevention-with-green-tea-polyphenols-for-the-general-population-and-for-patients-following-cancer-treatment\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"6\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6883\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:77:\"Paranoid Thoughts and Thought Control Strategies in a Nonclinical Population\";s:11:\"description\";s:1006:\"Recently, it has been suggested that thought control
\nstrategies aimed at controlling unwanted thoughts may be used to cope
\nwith paranoid thoughts in both clinical and nonclinical samples. The
\ncurrent study aims to examine the type of thought control strategies
\nthat were associated with the frequency of paranoid thoughts in
\nnonclinical samples. A total of 159 Japanese undergraduate students
\ncompleted the two scales—the Paranoia Checklist and the Thought
\nControl Questionnaire. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis
\ndemonstrated that worry-based control strategies were associated with
\nparanoid thoughts, whereas distraction- and social-based control
\nstrategies were inversely associated with paranoid thoughts. Our
\nfindings suggest that in a nonclinical population, worry-based
\nstrategies may be especially maladaptive, whereas distraction- and
\nsocial-based strategies may be adaptive to paranoid thoughts.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:92:\"images/t/69/paranoid-thoughts-and-thought-control-strategies-in-a-nonclinical-population.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:93:\"images/t2/69/paranoid-thoughts-and-thought-control-strategies-in-a-nonclinical-population.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:76:\"paranoid-thoughts-and-thought-control-strategies-in-a-nonclinical-population\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8301\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:81:\"Population aging and economic growth: political economy and open economy effects\";s:11:\"description\";s:757:\"Population aging has become one of the most significant demographic phenomena facing
\nindustrialized countries. While framework for analysis of growth and welfare effects of aging shifted
\nfrom closed economy to open economy,1 the domestic political implications of aging have been
\nmainly ignored.2 Population aging in one region of the world may lead to capital flows by altering
\nsaving and consumption behavior. An endogenously changing fiscal policy, in turn, may affect human
\ncapital accumulation through a change in government spending for public goods, such as education. In
\nthis paper, I examine the roles of both open economy and politically responsive fiscal policy in the
\ngrowth effects of population aging.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:95:\"images/t/84/population-aging-and-economic-growth-political-economy-and-open-economy-effects.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:96:\"images/t2/84/population-aging-and-economic-growth-political-economy-and-open-economy-effects.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:79:\"population-aging-and-economic-growth-political-economy-and-open-economy-effects\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"6\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8928\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:102:\"The Effects of Population Ageing on the Personal Income Tax Revenue in Canada: A Simulation Approach\";s:11:\"description\";s:1667:\"The Canadian population has been ageing since the 1980s with the
\nproportion of Canadians age 65 and over continuing to increase to the
\nmiddle of the century. It is envisioned that population ageing will have
\nimplications on both the government’s expenditure and revenue sides.
\nThis paper focuses on the revenue implications. The major objective of
\nthe paper is to profile the ageing of the population and illustrate how it
\nwill affect the patterns of personal income and taxes at the federal level.
\nThe research is based on the Statistics Canada medium population growth
\nprojection over the period 2000 to 2026 and applying these projections
\nto a micro-simulation model developed by the Canada Revenue Agency
\nto make projections of federal personal income tax.
\n
\nOur major findings include: In the case of the demographic approach that assumes only population structure change, the total personal taxable
\nincome and the total net federal income tax over the period 2001 to 2026
\nwill continue to increase, but the average taxable income and income tax
\npayable per return will show a decline from 2011 when the “baby boomers”
\nreach their retirement age. In the case of the combined demographic
\nand income approach under the assumptions that both population will
\nchange structurally and that personal income will increase, the average
\ntaxable income and income tax payable per return will continue to
\nincrease over the whole projection period, but that the growth rate of
\nincome tax revenue is expected to slow down after 2011.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:115:\"images/t/90/the-effects-of-population-ageing-on-the-personal-income-tax-revenue-in-canada-a-simulation-approach.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:116:\"images/t2/90/the-effects-of-population-ageing-on-the-personal-income-tax-revenue-in-canada-a-simulation-approach.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:99:\"the-effects-of-population-ageing-on-the-personal-income-tax-revenue-in-canada-a-simulation-approach\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"35\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"11512\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:1:\"M\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:28:\"http://biodiversidade.org.br\";s:5:\"title\";s:121:\"Estimating minimum area of suitable habitat and viable population size for the northern muriqui (Brachyteles hypoxanthus)\";s:11:\"description\";s:1016:\"A population viability analysis (PVA) using the computer package VORTEX was conducted to assess the minimum viable population (MVP) of the Atlantic Forest endemic primate Brachyteles hypoxanthus. The objectives were: (1) to estimate demographic and genetic MVPs that\ncould be used as quasi-extinction thresholds for future modeling, and (2) to estimate the minimum area of suitable habitat (MASH). The model predicted that populations of 40 and 700 individuals were necessary to achieve demographic and genetic stability, espectively. The model was more sensitive to changes in inbreeding depression, sex ratio and reproduction (percentage of breeding females). MASH estimated to contain genetically viable populations reached 11,570 ha. Muriquis have managed to persist despite severe habitat disturbance, but the results suggest that although most of the extant populations are not threatened by extinction, they are too small to be genetically viable in the long-run, and will loose most of their heterozygosity. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/116/estimating-minimum-area-of-suitable-habitat-and-viable-population-size-for-the-northern-muriqui-brac.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/116/estimating-minimum-area-of-suitable-habitat-and-viable-population-size-for-the-northern-muriqui-brac.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"estimating-minimum-area-of-suitable-habitat-and-viable-population-size-for-the-northern-muriqui-brac\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"14\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"5\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"31470\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"gahnuug\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"5092\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:40:\"2009 kenya population and housing census\";s:11:\"description\";s:114:\"Brief data on the population and housing data from Northeastern Kenya, according to the 2009 official census data.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:57:\"images/t/315/2009-kenya-population-and-housing-census.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:58:\"images/t2/315/2009-kenya-population-and-housing-census.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:40:\"2009-kenya-population-and-housing-census\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:3:\"3.5\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"2\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"33168\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:4:\"rita\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:36:\"Population Policy: A Concise Summary\";s:11:\"description\";s:1837:\"Population policies are deliberately constructed or modified institutional arrangements and/or specific programs through which governments influence, directly or indirectly, demographic change. For any given country, the aim of population policy may be narrowly construed as bringing about quantitative changes in the membership of the territorially circumscribed population under the government’s jurisdiction. Governments’ concern with population matters can also extend beyond the borders of their own jurisdictions. Thus, international aspects of population policy have become increasingly salient in the contemporary world. Additions to the population are primarily the result of individual decisions concerning childbearing. Within the constraints of their social milieu, these decisions reflect an implicit calculus by parents about the private costs and benefits of children. But neither costs nor benefits of fertility are likely to be fully internal to the family: they can also impose
\nburdens and advantages on others in the society. Such externalities, negative and positive, represent a legitimate concern for all those affected. The paper briefly discusses how individual and collective interests were reconciled in traditional societies, summarizes the population policy approaches adopted by the classic liberal state, and sketches government responses to the low-fertility demographic regime
\nthat emerged in the West between the two World Wars. In greater detail it considers international population policies after World War II and contemporary population policy responses to below-replacement fertility.
\nThis material may not be reproduced without written permission from the author. For a list of Policy Research Division Working Papers, including those available for down loading in PDF format,\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:52:\"images/t/332/population-policy-a-concise-summary.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:53:\"images/t2/332/population-policy-a-concise-summary.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:35:\"population-policy-a-concise-summary\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"29\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"33392\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"damiana\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:39:\"WATER AVAILABILITY Vs POPULATION GROWTH\";s:11:\"description\";s:803:\"Pakistan’s economy largely depends on agriculture. Its 35 million acres land is irrigated by canals and tubewells. Average annual water availability for canal withdrawals has progressively increased from 67 to 105 MAF between the years 1947 and 1976 to meet
\never growing demand. This increase was achieved with the construction of water reservoirs at Chashma, Mangla and Tarbela. After completion of Tarbela reservoir, in 1976 there has
\nnot been any further increase in canal withdrawals although the population has continued to grow. On the other hand gross capacity of Tarbela, Mangla and Chashma reservoirs has depleted by 5.15 MAF by the year 2006. The process of sedimentation will continue and
\nit is estimated that the gross storage loss would reach 6.22 MAF by the year 2012. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:56:\"images/t/334/water-availability-vs-population-growth.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:57:\"images/t2/334/water-availability-vs-population-growth.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:39:\"water-availability-vs-population-growth\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"12\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"42108\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"tegan\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:57:\"Integrating Population, Health, and Environment in Rwanda\";s:11:\"description\";s:1042:\"The last decade in Rwanda\'s history has been one of transition and rebirth. Ten years ago, the country was emerging from several years of strife and civil conflict; in 2009, urban and rural areas are energized with the promise of steadily improving economic, social, and health conditions. Despite this impressive transformation, Rwanda faces various challenges, many related to the complex relationships between population trends, poverty, and environmental conditions. Rapid population growth and the resultant dwindling landholdings, for example, have pushed more people onto landscapes poorly suited for agriculture, grazing, and settlement, such as steep hillsides and urban watersheds. As a result, an increasing number of households are vulnerable to food shortages and water scarcity and are more susceptible to disease and poor health. Thus, continued improvement in the quality of life of Rwanda\'s citizens depends in large part on finding innovative and integrated solutions to complex population, health, and environment problems.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:72:\"images/t/422/integrating-population-health-and-environment-in-rwanda.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:73:\"images/t2/422/integrating-population-health-and-environment-in-rwanda.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:55:\"integrating-population-health-and-environment-in-rwanda\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"12\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 08:57:13' WHERE `aff_id` = '182879'