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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"14929\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:82:\"(UN)NATURALLY LOW? SEQUENTIAL MONTE CARLO TRACKING OF THE US NATURAL INTEREST RATE\";s:11:\"description\";s:793:\"Following the 2000 stock market crash, have US interest rates been held \"too low\" in relation to their natural level? Most likely, yes. Using a structural neo-Keynesian model, this paper attempts areal-time evaluation of the US monetary policy stance while ensuring consistency between the specication of price adjustments and the evolution of the economy under ‡ exible prices. To do this, the model\'s likelihood function is evaluated using a Sequential Monte Carlo algorithm providing inference about the time-varying distribution of structural parameters and unobservable, nonstationary state variables. Tracking down the evolution of underlying stochastic processes in real time is found crucial (i) to explain postwar Fed\'s policy and (ii) to replicate salient features of the data.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:97:\"images/t/150/un-naturally-low-sequential-monte-carlo-tracking-of-the-us-natural-interest-rate.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:98:\"images/t2/150/un-naturally-low-sequential-monte-carlo-tracking-of-the-us-natural-interest-rate.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:80:\"un-naturally-low-sequential-monte-carlo-tracking-of-the-us-natural-interest-rate\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"52\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"4150\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:130:\"Storage, preparation, and usage of fortified food aid among Guatemalan, Ugandan, and Malawian beneficiaries : A field study report\";s:11:\"description\";s:862:\"Public Law 480 (PL 480), the Agricultural Trade Devel-
\nopment and Assistance Act of 1954, commonly known
\nas the Food for Peace Act, provides legislative author-
\nity for international food assistance provided by the
\nUnited States. The PL 480 program is administered by
\nthe US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the US
\nAgency for International Development (USAID), with
\na fundamental goal of promoting US foreign policy
\nby enhancing food security in developing countries,
\nincluding alleviation of hunger, malnutrition, and their
\ncauses throughout the world [1]. A large number of
\nprivate voluntary organizations, as well as the World
\nFood Programme of the United Nations, utilize PL 480
\nfood commodities, donated under Title II of the Act, in
\ntheir humanitarian aid programming.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:140:\"images/t/42/storage-preparation-and-usage-of-fortified-food-aid-among-guatemalan-ugandan-and-malawian-beneficiaries-a-field-study-report.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:141:\"images/t2/42/storage-preparation-and-usage-of-fortified-food-aid-among-guatemalan-ugandan-and-malawian-beneficiaries-a-field-study-report.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:124:\"storage-preparation-and-usage-of-fortified-food-aid-among-guatemalan-ugandan-and-malawian-beneficiaries-a-field-study-report\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:4:\"1.25\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"4\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"479275\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"acelena\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"603817\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:75:\"Life Insurance Policy | US Residents Can Stop Overpaying for Life Insurance\";s:11:\"description\";s:236:\"Finding an affordable life insurance policy is now easy. http://CheapLifeInsuranceRevealed.com/discount lets you compare life insurance policies side-by-side so you choose the best one that meets your needs and your budget. Try it out.\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:91:\"images/t/4793/life-insurance-policy-us-residents-can-stop-overpaying-for-life-insurance.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:92:\"images/t2/4793/life-insurance-policy-us-residents-can-stop-overpaying-for-life-insurance.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:73:\"life-insurance-policy-us-residents-can-stop-overpaying-for-life-insurance\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"42978\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:4:\"song\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:42:\"Cultural Dimensions of Strategy and Policy\";s:11:\"description\";s:625:\"The views expressed in this report are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. Authors of Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) publications enjoy full academic freedom, provided they do not disclose classified information, jeopardize operations security, or misrepresent official U.S. policy. Such academic freedom empowers them to offer new and sometimes controversial perspectives in the interest of furthering debate on key issues. This report is cleared for public release; distribution is unlimited\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:59:\"images/t/430/cultural-dimensions-of-strategy-and-policy.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:60:\"images/t2/430/cultural-dimensions-of-strategy-and-policy.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:42:\"cultural-dimensions-of-strategy-and-policy\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"54\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:3:\"224\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"rivas\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"8\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:36:\"US Senator Joe Biden: A Year on Iraq\";s:11:\"description\";s:2787:\"For over three decades, Joe Biden has played a pivotal role in shaping U.S. foreign policy. He has become respected at home and abroad for his well-informed, common-sense approach to international relations.
\n
\nAs the Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Senator Biden has earned a reputation for working on a bipartisan basis with his Republican colleagues. Senator Richard Lugar, currently the Ranking Minority Member on the committee, said: \"Senator Biden has a very strong commitment to a bipartisan foreign policy and serves as a good example for everyone in Congress. He has a very broad, comprehensive view of the world. He’s a good listener, but he’s also a strong and effective advocate of his position.\"
\n
\nSenator Biden has been a leading and consistent voice against the Administration’s failed policy in Iraq. He is the co-author of the Biden-Gelb Plan for Iraq – a detailed, five-point plan for a way forward in Iraq. The Biden-Gelb plan calls for decentralizing Iraq – separating the parties and giving them breathing room in their own regions, held together by a limited central government. The plan has garnered support from political leaders, foreign policy experts and opinion leaders across the nation.
\n
\nSenator Biden is also recognized as one of the nation’s leading experts on terrorism. Before the 9/11 attacks, he warned that the Bush Administration’s intense focus on missile defense might cause us to divert our attention from other, more likely threats, stating that the new threat to the United States “would not come from an intercontinental ballistic missile with a return address” but in “the belly of a plane” or from a “vial smuggled in a backpack or a bomb in the hold of a ship.” After the attacks of 9/11, he authored legislation to address the threats of bioterrorism, nuclear and radiological terrorism.
\n
\nIn addition to his leadership on foreign policy, Senator Biden is widely recognized for his work on criminal justice issues. A former Chairman of the Judiciary Committee, he has been instrumental in crafting virtually every major piece of crime legislation over the past two decades, including the 1994 Crime Bill which dramatically increased funds spent on law enforcement. Senator Biden also wrote the landmark Violence Against Women Act which contains a broad array of ground-breaking measures to combat domestic violence and provides billions of dollars in federal funds to address genderbased crimes.
\n
\nSenator Biden lives in Wilmington, Delaware with his wife Jill and commutes by train to Washington, DC when the Senate is in session. The Bidens have three children and five grandchildren.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:50:\"images/t/3/us-senator-joe-biden-a-year-on-iraq.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:51:\"images/t2/3/us-senator-joe-biden-a-year-on-iraq.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:35:\"us-senator-joe-biden-a-year-on-iraq\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"91\";s:6:\"rating\";s:7:\"2.33333\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"3\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"2364\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:60:\"Recent Research and Development of Functional Food in Taiwan\";s:11:\"description\";s:816:\"As the living standard rises, people are more concerned with the health benefits of foods. Functional foods are, therefore, receiving increasing attention worldwide. The functional food market in Taiwan reached 1.78 billion US dollars in 2005. Only those which have been certified by Department of Health can claim their health benefits. Until january 2007, only 88 functional foods have received the certificates. In addition to the product development in the food industry, research institutes and universities are also actively engaged in the technology development and basic research of functional foods. Many raw materials harvested in Taiwan, including edible plants, herbs, medicinal mushrooms, and seafood are investigated for their health benefits, bioactive components and suitable processing technologies.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:76:\"images/t/24/recent-research-and-development-of-functional-food-in-taiwan.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:77:\"images/t2/24/recent-research-and-development-of-functional-food-in-taiwan.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:60:\"recent-research-and-development-of-functional-food-in-taiwan\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8192\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:90:\"Human Development Research Paper 2009/03 : The Political Economy of Immigration Policy\";s:11:\"description\";s:1339:\"We analyze a newly available dataset of migration policy decisions reported by governments to
\nthe United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs between 1976 and 2007. We
\nfind evidence indicating that most governments have policies aimed at either maintaining the
\nstatus quo or at lowering the level of migration. We also document variation in migration policy
\nover time and across countries of different regions and income levels. Finally, we examine
\npatterns in various aspects of destination countries’ migration policies (policies towards family
\nreunification, temporary vs. permanent migration, high-skilled migration). This analysis leads us
\nto investigate the determinants of migration policy in a destination country. We develop a
\npolitical economy framework in which voter attitudes represent a key component. We survey the
\nliterature on the determinants of public opinion towards immigrants and examine the link
\nbetween these attitudes and governments’ policy decisions. While we find evidence broadly
\nconsistent with the median voter model, we conclude that this framework is not sufficient to
\nunderstand actual migration policies. We discuss evidence which suggests that interest-groups
\ndynamics may play a very important role.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:100:\"images/t/82/human-development-research-paper-2009-03-the-political-economy-of-immigration-policy.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:101:\"images/t2/82/human-development-research-paper-2009-03-the-political-economy-of-immigration-policy.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:84:\"human-development-research-paper-2009-03-the-political-economy-of-immigration-policy\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"61\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8864\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:115:\"THE EFFECT OF MONETARY POLICY ON HOUSE PRICE INFLATION: A FACTOR AUGMENTED VECTOR AUTOREGRESSION (FAVAR) APPROACH\";s:11:\"description\";s:725:\"This paper assesses the impact of monetary policy on house price inflation for
\nthe nine census divisions of the US economy using a factor-augmented VAR (FAVAR),
\nestimated a large data set comprising of 126 quarterly series over the period 1976:01 to
\n2005:02. The results based on the impulse response functions indicate that, in general,
\nhouse price inflation responds negatively to monetary policy shock, but the responses are
\nheterogeneous across the census divisions. In addition, our findings suggests the
\nimportance of South Atlantic, East South Central, West South Central, Mountain and the
\nPacific divisions, in particular, in shaping the dynamics of US house price inflation.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:126:\"images/t/89/the-effect-of-monetary-policy-on-house-price-inflation-a-factor-augmented-vector-autoregression-favar-approach.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:127:\"images/t2/89/the-effect-of-monetary-policy-on-house-price-inflation-a-factor-augmented-vector-autoregression-favar-approach.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:110:\"the-effect-of-monetary-policy-on-house-price-inflation-a-factor-augmented-vector-autoregression-favar-approach\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"11\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"10958\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:78:\"The Performance of Forecast-Based Monetary Policy Rulesunder Model Uncertainty\";s:11:\"description\";s:1196:\"In recent years, a number of researchers have advocated monetary policy rules for setting the short-term nominal interest rate rules in response to forecasts of inflation, rather than recent outcomes ofalimitedsetof macroeconomic variables such as the well-known Ta ylor rule. Furthermore, such inflation-forecast-based rules are considered to describe the policy strategies of several inflation-targeting central banks fairly well. While outcome-based rules express the interest rate as an explicit function of available information, forecast-based rules are equilibrium relations which requirea forecasting model in order to generate an interest rate prescription. In this paper, we compare the performance of outcome-and forecast-based rules in four dierentmacro-econometric models of the U.S. economy|the Fuhrer-Moore model, the MSR model of Orphanidesand Wieland, Taylor\'sMulti-Country Model and the FRB/US stamodel|and investigate directly how robust such rules are to model uncertainty. We start by looking at a set of rules taken from the literature and then turn to investigate the characteristics of forecast-based rules that are optimized in one of our four models more systematically.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:95:\"images/t/110/the-performance-of-forecast-based-monetary-policy-rulesunder-model-uncertainty.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:96:\"images/t2/110/the-performance-of-forecast-based-monetary-policy-rulesunder-model-uncertainty.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:78:\"the-performance-of-forecast-based-monetary-policy-rulesunder-model-uncertainty\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"53\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"10959\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:71:\"Monetary policy with model uncertainty: distribution forecast targeting\";s:11:\"description\";s:973:\"We examine optimal and other monetary policies in a linear-quadratic setup with a relatively general form of model uncertainty, so-called Markovjump-linear-quadratic systems extended to include forward-looking variables. The form of model uncertainty our framework encompasses includes: simplei.i.d. model deviations; serially correlated model deviations; estimable regime- switching models; more complexstruct ural uncertainty about very di*erentmodels, for instance, backward-and forward-looking models; time-varying central-bank judgment about the state of model uncertainty; and so forth. We provide an algorithm for finding the optimal policy as well as solutions for arbitrary policy functions. This allows us to compute and plot consistent distri- butionforecasts-fan charts-of target variables and instruments. Our methods hence extend certainty equivalence and\"mean forecast targeting\"to more general certainty non-equivalence and\"distribution forecast targeting.\"\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:87:\"images/t/110/monetary-policy-with-model-uncertainty-distribution-forecast-targeting.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:88:\"images/t2/110/monetary-policy-with-model-uncertainty-distribution-forecast-targeting.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:70:\"monetary-policy-with-model-uncertainty-distribution-forecast-targeting\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"84\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-27 11:51:39' WHERE `aff_id` = '90543'