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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"53970\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"Caesar\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:12:\"Excel Syntax\";s:11:\"description\";s:21:\"excel, syntax, office\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:29:\"images/t/540/excel-syntax.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:30:\"images/t2/540/excel-syntax.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:12:\"excel-syntax\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"4\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"73787\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"olivia\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:24:\"SPSS 10-11: Using Syntax\";s:11:\"description\";s:509:\"Information presented here is intended for PASW Statistics version 17 or higher. 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Syntax is a central component of human language. Language has often been characterized as a systematic correlation between certain types of gestures and meaning, as represented simplistically in Figure 1.1. 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For each stage in the development of linguistic thought, we consider whether the dominant conception of language has been fostered by phonologists or syntacticians, and whether phonology and syntax have been judged to be structurally analogous.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:61:\"images/t/740/phonology-and-syntax-a-shifting-relationship.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:62:\"images/t2/740/phonology-and-syntax-a-shifting-relationship.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:44:\"phonology-and-syntax-a-shifting-relationship\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"19\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"77198\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"jacobus\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:37:\"Word Formation: Syntax or Morphology?\";s:11:\"description\";s:473:\"The purpose of this paper is to investigate the internal constituent structure of the verbal forms in Modern Greek. The evidence presented shows that word formation is a complex process involving the obligatory interaction of syntactic as well as morphological structural levels, contra Rivero (1990) and Joseph and Smirniotopoulos (1993). It is argued that both syntax and morphology set constraints that must be satisfied in order for the derived forms to be grammatical.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:52:\"images/t/772/word-formation-syntax-or-morphology.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:53:\"images/t2/772/word-formation-syntax-or-morphology.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:35:\"word-formation-syntax-or-morphology\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"16\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"1\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"79410\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:8:\"georgina\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:56:\"Information Structure and the Syntax-Phonology Interface\";s:11:\"description\";s:524:\"The article proposes a theory of grammar relating syntax, discourse semantics, and intonational prosody. The full range of English intonational tunes distinguished by Beckmanand Pierrehumbert 1986 and their semantic interpretation in terms of focus and information structure a rediscussed, including "discontinuous" themes and rhemes. The theory extends an earlier account based on Combinatory Categorial Grammar, which directly pairs phonological and logical forms without intermediary representational levels.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:73:\"images/t/795/information-structure-and-the-syntax-phonology-interface.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:74:\"images/t2/795/information-structure-and-the-syntax-phonology-interface.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:56:\"information-structure-and-the-syntax-phonology-interface\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"40\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"80596\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"hubert\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:43:\"Transitivity, Argument Structure and Syntax\";s:11:\"description\";s:265:\"The current trend in linguistics is to focus on argument structure, with the hope that if syntactic behavior of arguments of the verb (e.g. arity, case marking, subcategorization) can be systematically related, we would see the effects of that in full-blown syntax.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:59:\"images/t/806/transitivity-argument-structure-and-syntax.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:60:\"images/t2/806/transitivity-argument-structure-and-syntax.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:42:\"transitivity-argument-structure-and-syntax\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"40\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"80991\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"birgit\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:51:\"Syntax-Driven and Ontology-Driven Lexical Semantics\";s:11:\"description\";s:407:\"In this position paper we describe the scopes of two schools in lexical semantics, which we call syntax-driven lexical semantics and ontology-driven lexical semantics, respectively. Both approaches are used in various applications at The Center for Machine Translation. We believe that a comparative analysis of these positions and clarification of claims and coverage is essential for the field as a whole.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:68:\"images/t/810/syntax-driven-and-ontology-driven-lexical-semantics.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:69:\"images/t2/810/syntax-driven-and-ontology-driven-lexical-semantics.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:51:\"syntax-driven-and-ontology-driven-lexical-semantics\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"11\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"93839\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"aldous\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:65:\"The Syntax, Semantics and Inference Mechanism in Natural Language\";s:11:\"description\";s:1091:\"It is both desirable and plausible to treat natural language itself as a "knowledge representation (KR) formalism. Every KR formalism has syntax and support certain inferences. The syntax of a KR formalism specifies the form in which knowledge must be encoded, and its inference mechanism depends on its syntax. If natural language is a formalism for representing knowledge, then its syntax provides specifications of well-formed formula. In addition, reasoning must be done directly on the basis of syntax, as in any artificial KR scheme. In this respect, existing syntactic theories are inadequate, because syntax in these theories does not support reasoning. In this paper I present a new conception of the syntax, semantics, and inference mechanism of natural language. The central ideas are (1) that word use determines the forms of sentences, and (2) that these forms are used to express meaning and perform inference. Syntax, semantics, and inference are seen as an integrated whole, rather than separate and autonomous fields as in many existing studies of natural language.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:81:\"images/t/939/the-syntax-semantics-and-inference-mechanism-in-natural-language.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:82:\"images/t2/939/the-syntax-semantics-and-inference-mechanism-in-natural-language.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:64:\"the-syntax-semantics-and-inference-mechanism-in-natural-language\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"5\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 01:53:41' WHERE `aff_id` = '245301'