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\ngame with choice data obtained from repeated interdependent security prisoner’s dilemma games with varying probabilities
\nof loss and the ability to learn (or not learn) about the actions of one’s counterpart, an area of recent interest
\nin experimental economics. This novel data set, from a series of controlled laboratory experiments, is analyzed using
\nBayesian hierarchical methods, the first application of such methods in this research domain.
\nWe find that individuals are much more likely to be cooperative when payoffs are deterministic than when the outcomes
\nare probabilistic. A key factor explaining this difference is that subjects in a stochastic PD game respond not
\njust to what their counterparts did but also to whether or not they suffered a loss. These findings are interpreted in the
\ncontext of behavioral theories of commitment, altruism and reciprocity. The work provides a linkage between Bayesian
\nstatistics, experimental economics, and consumer psychology.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:90:\"images/t/67/bayesian-analysis-of-deterministic-and-stochastic-prisoner-s-dilemma-games.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:91:\"images/t2/67/bayesian-analysis-of-deterministic-and-stochastic-prisoner-s-dilemma-games.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:74:\"bayesian-analysis-of-deterministic-and-stochastic-prisoner-s-dilemma-games\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"22\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"256615\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:8:\"james212\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"44299\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:88:\"Daughters of Utah Pioneers\' Annual National Director\'s Meeting Features Scott M. Haskins\";s:11:\"description\";s:159:\"Featured Speaker as the art conservation expert at the 2012 meeting of Daughters of Utah Pioneers. The presentation was fun, entertaining - no one fell asleep!\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:104:\"images/t/2567/daughters-of-utah-pioneers-annual-national-director-s-meeting-features-scott-m-haskins.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:105:\"images/t2/2567/daughters-of-utah-pioneers-annual-national-director-s-meeting-features-scott-m-haskins.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:86:\"daughters-of-utah-pioneers-annual-national-director-s-meeting-features-scott-m-haskins\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"318321\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:11:\"Laura Emily\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:29:\"http://lauraemily.typepad.com\";s:5:\"title\";s:27:\"Daughters of Earth Covenant\";s:11:\"description\";s:74:\"Daughters of Earth- \ncreating a covenant to your best & present self. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:45:\"images/t/3184/daughters-of-earth-covenant.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:46:\"images/t2/3184/daughters-of-earth-covenant.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:27:\"daughters-of-earth-covenant\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"457486\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:15:\"spielekeykaufen\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"590409\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:38:\"Company of Heroes 2 Key Preisvergleich\";s:11:\"description\";s:1188:\"Company of Heroes ist eins der angesagten neuen Strategiespiele für deinen PC auf dem Markt derzeit. 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Wenn Company of Heroes 2 auch nur die Hälfte davon kann, ist es ein garantiertes PC-Game.\n\nDer Preisvergleich ist unter folgendem Link zu erreichen: http://www.spielekeykaufen.de/company-of-heroes-2-key-kaufen\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:56:\"images/t/4575/company-of-heroes-2-key-preisvergleich.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:57:\"images/t2/4575/company-of-heroes-2-key-preisvergleich.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:38:\"company-of-heroes-2-key-preisvergleich\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"449257\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:11:\"james070709\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"585405\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:26:\"Company Of Heroes 2 CD Key\";s:11:\"description\";s:104:\"tactical expertise contain the chance to tip abdominal muscles balance of the conflict from the sequel\n \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:44:\"images/t/4493/company-of-heroes-2-cd-key.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:45:\"images/t2/4493/company-of-heroes-2-cd-key.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:26:\"company-of-heroes-2-cd-key\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"525696\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:11:\"terronaruka\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"613213\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:49:\"Does Diabetes Affects The S exual Health Of Women\";s:11:\"description\";s:227:\"Diabkil is a unique and safe investment that you will cherish for a lifetime. With Ayurved Research Foundation’s proven experience and manufacturing best practices accreditation, your diabetes treatment is in safe hands. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:67:\"images/t/5257/does-diabetes-affects-the-s-exual-health-of-women.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:68:\"images/t2/5257/does-diabetes-affects-the-s-exual-health-of-women.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:49:\"does-diabetes-affects-the-s-exual-health-of-women\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"13\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"447608\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:11:\"james070709\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"585405\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:26:\"Company Of Heroes 2 Review\";s:11:\"description\";s:99:\"awaited sequel has now entered its beta stage, and those lucky enough to get access is treated to\n \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:44:\"images/t/4477/company-of-heroes-2-review.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:45:\"images/t2/4477/company-of-heroes-2-review.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:26:\"company-of-heroes-2-review\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6357\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:87:\"The use of mixed models in a modified Iowa Gambling Task and a prisoner\'s dilemma game\";s:11:\"description\";s:880:\"Researchers in the decision making tradition usually analyze multiple decisions within experiments by aggregating
\nchoices across individuals and using the individual subject as the unit of analysis. This approach can mask important
\nvariations and patterns within the data. Specifically, it ignores variations in decisions across a task or game and possible
\ninfluences of characteristics of the subject or the experiment on these variations. We demonstrate, by reanalyzing data
\nfrom two previously published articles, how a mixed model analysis addresses these limitations. Our results, with a
\nmodified Iowa gambling task and a prisoner’s dilemma game, illustrate the ways in which such an analysis can test
\nhypotheses not possible with other techniques, is more parsimonious, and is more likely to be faithful to theoretical
\nmodels.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:102:\"images/t/64/the-use-of-mixed-models-in-a-modified-iowa-gambling-task-and-a-prisoner-s-dilemma-game.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:103:\"images/t2/64/the-use-of-mixed-models-in-a-modified-iowa-gambling-task-and-a-prisoner-s-dilemma-game.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:86:\"the-use-of-mixed-models-in-a-modified-iowa-gambling-task-and-a-prisoner-s-dilemma-game\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"14\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6390\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:105:\"Context effects in games: Local versus global sequential effects on choice in the prisoner\'s dilemma game\";s:11:\"description\";s:1005:\"We report an experiment exploring sequential context effects on strategy choices in one-shot Prisoner’s Dilemma (PD)
\ngame. Rapoport and Chammah (1965) have shown that some PDs are cooperative and lead to high cooperation rate,
\nwhereas others are uncooperative. Participants played very cooperative and very uncooperative games, against anonymous
\npartners. The order in which these games were played affected their cooperation rate by producing perceptual
\ncontrast, which appeared only between the trials, but not between two separate sequences of games. These findings suggest
\nthat people may not have stable perceptions of absolute cooperativeness. Instead, they judge the cooperativeness of
\neach fresh game only in relation to the previous game. The observed effects suggest that the principles underlying judgments
\nabout highly abstract magnitudes such as cooperativeness may be similar to principles governing the perception
\nof sensory magnitudes.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:120:\"images/t/64/context-effects-in-games-local-versus-global-sequential-effects-on-choice-in-the-prisoner-s-dilemma-game.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:121:\"images/t2/64/context-effects-in-games-local-versus-global-sequential-effects-on-choice-in-the-prisoner-s-dilemma-game.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:104:\"context-effects-in-games-local-versus-global-sequential-effects-on-choice-in-the-prisoner-s-dilemma-game\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"10\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"87564\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"suzuka\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:61:\"Deictic Elements in Kate Chopin\'s The Story of an Hour. A ...\";s:11:\"description\";s:1125:\"This paper aims to explore Kate Chopin\'s The Story of an Hour from a cognitive poetics/stylistics perspective. The analysis emphasizes an integration of language and literature and draws upon theories developed in the general field of cognitive poetics/stylistics (Stockwell 2002; Gavins and Steen 2003). For the purposes of this research, using Stockwell\'s model of Deictic Shift Theory (Stockwell 2002: 45-49), the analysis will investigate Chopin\'s use of different types of deictic expressions and shows how such use guides the reader to be involved in the text world(s), leading to a better understanding/exploration of the characters and themes. The analysis reveals how the protagonist, Mrs. Mallard, searches for identity, freedom and the bright future after the husband\'s death. This paper attempts to explore the text world in which a feminist character challenges the traditional view of marriage/love in a male-dominated society. The discussion of results and the conclusion shows how traditional observations about the text combined with an analysis of deixis helps readers to create the text world of the story.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:31:\"images/thumb2_no_screenshot.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:24:\"images/no_screenshot.gif\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:56:\"deictic-elements-in-kate-chopin-s-the-story-of-an-hour-a\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"15\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-27 19:33:54' WHERE `aff_id` = '896542'