An Error Was Encountered

Error Number: 1054

Unknown column 'cache_on' in 'field list'

UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"2943\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:164:\"Effect of isoflavone on plasma nitrite / nitrate, homocysteine, and lipid levels in Turkish women in the early postmenopausal period : a randomized controlled trial\";s:11:\"description\";s:1349:\"Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is known as the
\nleading cause of death among women in developed
\nnations and the lifetime risk of death is 31% in postmenopausal women versus a 3% risk of dying of breast cancer. It is well recognized that CVD incidence increases substantially with aging and accelerates after menopause, purportedly due to the loss of estrogen protection. Several observational studies have shown a lower risk of CVD among postmenopausal users of hormone therapy (HT) compared with non-users. However, recent reports about the ineffectiveness of the HT on CVD and the adverse effects including increased incidence of endometrial disease, breast cancer, and
\nthromboembolic events have prompted a search for alternative treatment options, such as
\nphytoestrogenic molecules, for the prevention of CVD, osteoporosis, and hormone-related cancers.
\nInterest in the use of phytoestrogens for
\npostmenopausal women’s health has been
\nencouraged by observations of a lower prevalence of menopausal symptoms and CVD among women in Asian populations where soy is an important component of the traditional diet compared to Western societies. Phytoestrogens are a class of plant-derived compounds that appear to have an estrogen-like activity on the cardiovascular system without affecting other systems. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:174:\"images/t/30/effect-of-isoflavone-on-plasma-nitrite-nitrate-homocysteine-and-lipid-levels-in-turkish-women-in-the-early-postmenopausal-period-a-randomized-controlled-trial.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:175:\"images/t2/30/effect-of-isoflavone-on-plasma-nitrite-nitrate-homocysteine-and-lipid-levels-in-turkish-women-in-the-early-postmenopausal-period-a-randomized-controlled-trial.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:158:\"effect-of-isoflavone-on-plasma-nitrite-nitrate-homocysteine-and-lipid-levels-in-turkish-women-in-the-early-postmenopausal-period-a-randomized-controlled-trial\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"9\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"563833\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"ijret\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"566473\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:16:\"http://ijret.org\";s:5:\"title\";s:125:\"EXPLORING THE ADOPTION OF BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING (BIM) IN THE MALAYSIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY: A QUALITATIVE APPROACH\";s:11:\"description\";s:1778:\"The construction industry believes that Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a platform that has the potential to promote collaborative activities in the construction industry. Thus, clients are gradually enforcing the use of BIM in their projects, resulting in many construction companies investing in BIM technology in order to fulfill clients\' needs. Therefore, the goal of this study is to explore the process and the level of BIM implementation in the Malaysian construction industry. This study was conducted as an exploratory study through literature review and interviewing the organisations that have had BIM experience. The result reveals that Malaysian construction industry players are having difficulties to implement BIM because they do not know where, when and how to start as there is no national BIM standard and guideline for them to follow. Lack of government involvement worsens the current situation besides having the resistance to change from people. To reduce the resistance from people, most of the companies came out with their own strategy such as developing new BIM unit, developing training and education program, changing management style and developing new roles and responsibilities. These activities could facilitate people and the organisations in adopting BIM because BIM is not only a technology but it is also involved in changing the current practices and processes including changing managerial function and hierarchy, including roles and responsibilities. Small to medium scale pilot projects can be described as the best practice to adopt BIM in reducing the risk when migrating from the traditional approach to a new approach. This study also identified that BIM Level in the Malaysian construction industry is between Level 0 and 1\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/5639/exploring-the-adoption-of-building-information-modelling-bim-in-the-malaysian-construction-industry.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/5639/exploring-the-adoption-of-building-information-modelling-bim-in-the-malaysian-construction-industry.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:99:\"exploring-the-adoption-of-building-information-modelling-bim-in-the-malaysian-construction-industry\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"12\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"10737\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:99:\"Choosing and Successfully Sustaining Competitive Strategies in the European Pharmaceutical Industry\";s:11:\"description\";s:1040:\"It is a central claim of the national competitiveness literature that firms exploit the comparative advantages of their environment by choosing to pursue the product market strategy that is facilitated by national financial- and labour-market institutions. Otherwise,
\nso goes the argument, firms are punished in that strategies receiving no institutional support are less successful and therefore not sustainable in the long run. My analyses of pharmaceutical firms in Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom challenge these arguments on the choice and success of competitive strategies. Given that different measures of strategy success do not indicate that the latter is in line with national institutional advantages, I develop an alternative explanation for the strategy choices of
\nfirms. On the basis of my qualitative interviews with managers, I argue that technological opportunities to transform inventions or imitations into marketable products are a primary concern when entrepreneurs choose their firm’s strategy.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:116:\"images/t/108/choosing-and-successfully-sustaining-competitive-strategies-in-the-european-pharmaceutical-industry.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:117:\"images/t2/108/choosing-and-successfully-sustaining-competitive-strategies-in-the-european-pharmaceutical-industry.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:99:\"choosing-and-successfully-sustaining-competitive-strategies-in-the-european-pharmaceutical-industry\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"32\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"11021\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:128:\"ADRs, Analysts, and Accuracy: Does Cross Listing in the U.S. Improve a Firm\'s Information Environment and Increase Market Value?\";s:11:\"description\";s:894:\"This paper investigates the relation between cross listing in the U.S. and the information environment of non-U.S. firms. We find that firms that cross list on U.S. exchanges have greater analyst coverage and increased forecast accuracy relative to firms that are not cross listed. A time-series analysis shows that a change in analyst coverage and forecast accuracy occurs around cross listing. We also document that firms that have more analyst coverage and higher forecast accuracy have higher valuations. Further, the change in firm value around cross listing is correlated with changes in analyst following and forecast accuracy, suggesting that cross listing enhances firm value through its effect on the firm\'s information environment. Our findings support the hypothesis that cross-listed firms have better information environments, which are associated with higher market valuations.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/111/adrs-analysts-and-accuracy-does-cross-listing-in-the-u-s-improve-a-firm-s-information-environment-an.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/111/adrs-analysts-and-accuracy-does-cross-listing-in-the-u-s-improve-a-firm-s-information-environment-an.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"adrs-analysts-and-accuracy-does-cross-listing-in-the-u-s-improve-a-firm-s-information-environment-an\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"46\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"137928\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:13:\"claraanderson\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"28669\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:48:\"Methods To Make Money In The Daily Deal Industry\";s:11:\"description\";s:455:\"DODAggregator software, a hosted daily deal aggregate platform. The software, which will be launched\nfrom DODAggregator, is a daily deal aggregate platform designed to let individuals create their own\ndaily deal hub that showcases deals from across the expanding number of daily deal and group buying\nwebsites. This new software allows easy entry into the already famous model of group buying and daily\ndeal services without any prior technical knowledge.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:66:\"images/t/1380/methods-to-make-money-in-the-daily-deal-industry.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:67:\"images/t2/1380/methods-to-make-money-in-the-daily-deal-industry.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:48:\"methods-to-make-money-in-the-daily-deal-industry\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"139458\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:13:\"claraanderson\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"28669\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:47:\"How to get involved in the Daily deal industry.\";s:11:\"description\";s:455:\"DODAggregator software, a hosted daily deal aggregate platform. The software, which will be launched from DODAggregator, is a daily deal aggregate platform designed to let individuals create their own daily deal hub that showcases deals from across the expanding number of daily deal and group buying websites. This new software allows easy entry into the already famous model of group buying and daily\ndeal services without any prior technical knowledge.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:64:\"images/t/1395/how-to-get-involved-in-the-daily-deal-industry.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:65:\"images/t2/1395/how-to-get-involved-in-the-daily-deal-industry.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:46:\"how-to-get-involved-in-the-daily-deal-industry\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"146087\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:10:\"donaldhood\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"7175\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:92:\"Gold, Platinum And Silver All Look Strong In The Near Term Says Pan American Metals of Miami\";s:11:\"description\";s:110:\"(1888PressRelease) Volatility continues in the market but gold still likely to come out on top by year\'s end.\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:109:\"images/t/1461/gold-platinum-and-silver-all-look-strong-in-the-near-term-says-pan-american-metals-of-miami.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:110:\"images/t2/1461/gold-platinum-and-silver-all-look-strong-in-the-near-term-says-pan-american-metals-of-miami.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:91:\"gold-platinum-and-silver-all-look-strong-in-the-near-term-says-pan-american-metals-of-miami\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"5\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"87958\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"karin\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:184:\"The acceptability, efficacy and safety of quinacrine non-surgical sterilization (QS), tubectomy and vasectomy in 5 provinces in the Red RiverDelta, Vietnam: a follow-up of 15,190 cases\";s:11:\"description\";s:136:\"The article aims to compare the safety, efficacy and acceptability of quinacrine sterilization (QS), tubectomy and vasectomy in Vietnam.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/880/the-acceptability-efficacy-and-safety-of-quinacrine-non-surgical-sterilization-qs-tubectomy-and-vase.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/880/the-acceptability-efficacy-and-safety-of-quinacrine-non-surgical-sterilization-qs-tubectomy-and-vase.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"the-acceptability-efficacy-and-safety-of-quinacrine-non-surgical-sterilization-qs-tubectomy-and-vase\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"9\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"146933\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:10:\"donaldhood\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"7175\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:89:\"China And India Now Dominant Players In The Gold Market Says Pan American Metals Of Miami\";s:11:\"description\";s:77:\"(1888PressRelease) Burgeoning middle class in both countries is buying gold.\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:107:\"images/t/1470/china-and-india-now-dominant-players-in-the-gold-market-says-pan-american-metals-of-miami.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:108:\"images/t2/1470/china-and-india-now-dominant-players-in-the-gold-market-says-pan-american-metals-of-miami.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:89:\"china-and-india-now-dominant-players-in-the-gold-market-says-pan-american-metals-of-miami\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"5\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"288223\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:10:\"restled348\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"108918\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:52:\"In-The-Last-Few-Years-A-Growing-Number-Of-Larger-C48\";s:11:\"description\";s:73:\"offer cloud hosting to state and federal institutions this past year, \n \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:70:\"images/t/2883/in-the-last-few-years-a-growing-number-of-larger-c48.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:71:\"images/t2/2883/in-the-last-few-years-a-growing-number-of-larger-c48.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:52:\"in-the-last-few-years-a-growing-number-of-larger-c48\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"10\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-27 17:43:06' WHERE `aff_id` = '1887326'