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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"1340\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:4:\"rika\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:2:\"60\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:70:\"Creature Double Feature: On Style and Subject in the Art of Caricature\";s:11:\"description\";s:460:\"A caricature is a drawing that exaggerates the distinctive features (Rhodes and McLean 1990) of a subject. For example, if a person has a crooked smile then a caricature will render it even more crooked than it really is. Much has
\nbeen written about why caricatures are effective from an aesthetic perspective (Gombrich 1960; Ramachandran and Hirstein 1999) and about how caricatures are created from a practical perspective (Gautier 1985; Redman 1984). \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:85:\"images/t/14/creature-double-feature-on-style-and-subject-in-the-art-of-caricature.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:86:\"images/t2/14/creature-double-feature-on-style-and-subject-in-the-art-of-caricature.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:69:\"creature-double-feature-on-style-and-subject-in-the-art-of-caricature\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"7111\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"bizmana\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1471\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:99:\"Change Management and Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Implementations: Planning for Success\";s:11:\"description\";s:551:\"This paper identifies change management practices that facilitate Customer Relationship Management (CRM) (Nykamp, 2001) implementations. Selected literature published between 1994 and 2004 is subjected to grounded theory and constant comparison analysis (Strauss and Corbin, 1990). Results are grouped by four change management areas from Kale (2005): training, leadership, infrastructure change, and performance metrics. The outcome is presented to CIOs and CRM steering committee members, as a decision support tool in planning a CRM implementation.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:111:\"images/t/72/change-management-and-customer-relationship-management-crm-implementations-planning-for-success.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:112:\"images/t2/72/change-management-and-customer-relationship-management-crm-implementations-planning-for-success.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:95:\"change-management-and-customer-relationship-management-crm-implementations-planning-for-success\";s:5:\"pages\";s:3:\"147\";s:6:\"rating\";s:7:\"3.33333\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"3\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"7199\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:69:\"Security analysts\' career concerns and herding of earnings forecasts\";s:11:\"description\";s:953:\"Several theories of reputation and herd behavior (e.g., Scharfstein and Stein (1990),
\nand Zwiebel (1995)) suggest that herding among agents should vary with career con-
\ncerns. Our goal is to document whether such a link exists in the labor market for
\nsecurity analysts. We find that inexperienced analysts are more likely to be terminated
\nfor inaccurate earnings forecasts than are their more experienced counterparts. Con-
\ntrolling for forecast accuracy, they are also more likely to be terminated for bold
\nforecasts that deviate from the consensus. Consistent with these implicit incentives, we
\nfind that inexperienced analysts deviate less from consensus forecasts. Additionally,
\ninexperienced analysts are less likely to issue timely forecasts, and they revise their
\nforecasts more frequently. These findings are broadly consistent with existing career-
\nconcern-motivated herding theories.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:83:\"images/t/72/security-analysts-career-concerns-and-herding-of-earnings-forecasts.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:84:\"images/t2/72/security-analysts-career-concerns-and-herding-of-earnings-forecasts.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:67:\"security-analysts-career-concerns-and-herding-of-earnings-forecasts\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"24\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"43725\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"seijun\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:68:\"RETHINKING INTERDISCIPLINARY PARADIGMS AND THE POLITICAL ECOLOGY ...\";s:11:\"description\";s:1314:\"Interdisciplinary research programs on land use and environmental change in Sub-Saharan Africa increased considerably during the 1980s and 1990s. Research was conducted throughout Eastern and Southern Africa and many of these efforts focused on savanna areas inhabited by pastoral and agropastoral populations (see Abel and Blaikie 1990; Ellis and Swift 1988; Leach and Mearns 1996; Scoones 1996; Homewood and Rogers 1991). Empirical findings from this body of work challenged orthodox assumptions about the relationship between pastoral population growth and environmental change; the resiliency and \'patchiness\' of savanna ecologies (Scoones 1989); and the capacity of local institutions to regulate resource use. They also pointed to concerns about the fundamental politics of pastoral resource use, an issue that had emerged in the early 1980s (Hjort 1982; Little 1985; Little and Horowitz 1987). In terms of theory, two broad bodies of work became especially appealing to social scientists and to a small number of range ecologists: the \'rangelands at disequilibrium\'1 and the \'political ecology\' approaches. A growing number of scholars (including some in this volume) are familiar with both schools; and both have implications for what factors are privileged in interdisciplinary research programs.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:81:\"images/t/438/rethinking-interdisciplinary-paradigms-and-the-political-ecology.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:82:\"images/t2/438/rethinking-interdisciplinary-paradigms-and-the-political-ecology.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:64:\"rethinking-interdisciplinary-paradigms-and-the-political-ecology\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"29\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8877\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:67:\"THE INFLUENCE OF U.S. JOINT VENTURES IN ASIA ON SHAREHOLDER WEALTH\";s:11:\"description\";s:1234:\"U.S. direct investment in Asia has almost doubled from 1990 to 1995. U.S. investment in China alone has
\nincreased sixfold during this period. Further, today about $1 in every $5 invested abroad by U.S. investors is
\ninvested in Asia (Department of Commerce, 1996). Obviously, Asia is more and more becoming an attractive target
\nfor U.S. investors. The predominant method for U.S. business to enter Asia is through the joint venture. Motives for
\njoint ventures are presented by Harrigan (1985), Hennert (1988) and Taggert and McDermott (1993). A few studies
\nhave examined the wealth effects of U.S. joint ventures in specific countries of Asia (Lee and Wyatt (1990), Hu,
\nChan and Shieh (1992), and Chung, Koford and Lee (1993)). Nevertheless, there is still some uncertainty about the
\noverall effect of U.S. joint ventures in Asia on U.S. shareholders. Given the significant growth of U.S. direct
\ninvestment in Asia, the purpose of this paper is to reexamine the issue of U.S. joint ventures in Asia and measure
\ntheir overall impact on shareholder wealth. This study extends earlier research by examining a considerable sample
\nof joint ventures over a long time period.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:81:\"images/t/89/the-influence-of-u-s-joint-ventures-in-asia-on-shareholder-wealth.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:82:\"images/t2/89/the-influence-of-u-s-joint-ventures-in-asia-on-shareholder-wealth.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:65:\"the-influence-of-u-s-joint-ventures-in-asia-on-shareholder-wealth\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"15132\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:83:\"THE IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH ON THE POOR: A REVIEW OF THE STATE OF KNOWLEDGE\";s:11:\"description\";s:1028:\"Each year, about eight billion dollars are spent by donors and national governments on agricultural research in the developing countries. Of this amount, $300 million (or less than 4 percent) is spent by the CGIAR system. There is widespread evidence that this research has led to significant increases in agricultural productivity and incomes in the developing world (Lipton and Longhurst 1989; Walker and Ryan 1990, Hazell and Ramasamy 1991, Kerr and Kolavalli, 1999). It has been further credited with generating the increases in food production that have outstripped population growth and thus averted widespread shortages (Tribe 1994). Moreover, publicly funded agricultural research has been found to have an exceptionally high rate of return (Alston et al, 1998). Yet despite such indications, the impact of CGIAR research on poverty remains controversial. New seed technologies have been seen at times to benefit the rich rather than the poor, the landed rather than the landless, and men rather than women and children.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:99:\"images/t/152/the-impact-of-agricultural-research-on-the-poor-a-review-of-the-state-of-knowledge.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:100:\"images/t2/152/the-impact-of-agricultural-research-on-the-poor-a-review-of-the-state-of-knowledge.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:82:\"the-impact-of-agricultural-research-on-the-poor-a-review-of-the-state-of-knowledge\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"15\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"42991\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"jelle\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:23:\"Peanut Report #2 (1999)\";s:11:\"description\";s:966:\""Peanut ( arachis hypogra L) is also known in other parts of the world as "ground nut", "earthnut", "pistache deterre", "grober", "monkey nut", "manila nut", "ground bean", and "pindan" (Arthur 1953). Unlike other crops that use up soil nutrients, this underground plant helps in reviving the productivity of the soil because of its ability to symbiotically fix nitrogen on the ground (Agustin and Aquino 1990). Although not considered to be one of the major crops in the Philippines, peanut has played a significant role in people\'s lives (Palomar1998). Its contribution does not stop with augmenting household income because peanut is used all over the island either as a snack item or as an ingredient in main dishes (Garcia et al. 1990). Spurred by national and regional research and extension, a viable cottage industry has evolved around processing of peanut (Palomar 1998).\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:37:\"images/t/430/peanut-report-2-1999.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:38:\"images/t2/430/peanut-report-2-1999.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:20:\"peanut-report-2-1999\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"35\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"74708\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:4:\"erin\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:41:\"BEPHRATELLOIDES (Hymenoptera:Eurytomidae)\";s:11:\"description\";s:609:\"Bephratelloides (Hymenoptera : Eurytomidae) is a genus of chalcidoid wasps that are phytophagous on seeds of Annona spp. and are among the most serious pests of these fruits. Members of this genus include B. cubensis (Ashmead), B. pomorum (Fabricius), B. paraguayensis ( Crawford ) (Peña and Bennett, 1995; Grissell and Schauff, 1990). Grissell and Schauff (1990), considered B. maculicollis (Cameron) to be a synonym of B. pomorum. Species of this genus vary in colour from reddish and yellowish-brown to black. All species of Bephratelloides cause similar types of seed and fruit damage on the Annona spp .\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:56:\"images/t/748/bephratelloides-hymenoptera-eurytomidae.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:57:\"images/t2/748/bephratelloides-hymenoptera-eurytomidae.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:39:\"bephratelloides-hymenoptera-eurytomidae\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"6\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"92192\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:8:\"frediano\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:46:\"A Product-Market-Based Measure of Brand Equity\";s:11:\"description\";s:854:\"The concept of brand equity has been widely discussed over the past decade (Aaker and Keller 1990; Aaker 1991), with much of the work stemming from a Marketing Science Institute conference on the topic (Leuthesser 1988). During the same time period, companies have paid increasing attention to brands, often, for example, creating the position of brand equity manager. This emphasis was especially evident during 1999 as Internet-based companies spent massively, if not effectively, to acquire customers and establish brand names. Yet, in spite of all the attention to brand equity, little is known about how to measure it or how it changes over time. The purpose of this paper is to propose a specific measure and examine its behavior over time, across product categories, and in response to marketing activities such as advertising and promotion.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:63:\"images/t/922/a-product-market-based-measure-of-brand-equity.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:64:\"images/t2/922/a-product-market-based-measure-of-brand-equity.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:46:\"a-product-market-based-measure-of-brand-equity\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"44\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"2544\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:98:\"Caffeine Suppresses Amyloid Beta Levels in Plasma and Brain of Alzheimer\'s Disease Transgenic Mice\";s:11:\"description\";s:1633:\"Recent epidemiologic studies suggest that caffeine may be protective against Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Supportive
\nof this premise, our previous studies have shown that moderate caffeine administration protects/restores cognitive function
\nand suppresses brain amyloid-? (A?) production in AD transgenic mice. In the present study, we report that acute caffeine
\nadministration to both young adult and aged AD transgenic mice rapidly reduces A? levels in both brain interstitial fluid and
\nplasma without affecting A? elimination. Long-term oral caffeine treatment to aged AD mice provided not only sustained
\nreductions in plasma A?, but also decreases in both soluble and deposited A? in hippocampus and cortex. Irrespective of caffeine
\ntreatment, plasma A? levels did not correlate with brain A? levels or with cognitive performance in individual aged AD mice.
\nAlthough higher plasma caffeine levels were strongly associated with lower plasma A?
\n1?40
\nlevels in aged AD mice, plasma
\ncaffeine levels were also not linked to cognitive performance. Plasma caffeine and theophylline levels were tightly correlated,
\nboth being associated with reduced inflammatory cytokine levels in hippocampus. Our conclusion is two-fold: first, that both
\nplasma and brain A? levels are reduced by acute or chronic caffeine administration in several AD transgenic lines and ages,
\nindicating a therapeutic value of caffeine against AD; and second, that plasma A? levels are not an accurate index of brain A?
\nlevels/deposition or cognitive performance in aged AD mice.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:114:\"images/t/26/caffeine-suppresses-amyloid-beta-levels-in-plasma-and-brain-of-alzheimer-s-disease-transgenic-mice.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:115:\"images/t2/26/caffeine-suppresses-amyloid-beta-levels-in-plasma-and-brain-of-alzheimer-s-disease-transgenic-mice.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:98:\"caffeine-suppresses-amyloid-beta-levels-in-plasma-and-brain-of-alzheimer-s-disease-transgenic-mice\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"17\";s:6:\"rating\";s:3:\"4.2\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"5\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 14:19:00' WHERE `aff_id` = '282769'