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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"388634\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:19:\"kathleenstiffler123\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"561185\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:27:\"what to eat what not to eat\";s:11:\"description\";s:105:\"what to eat what not to eat, tips on what to eat what not to eat, what to eat what not to eat suggestions\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:45:\"images/t/3887/what-to-eat-what-not-to-eat.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:46:\"images/t2/3887/what-to-eat-what-not-to-eat.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:27:\"what-to-eat-what-not-to-eat\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"7\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"232019\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"DavidM\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:51:\"Computer Science Degrees – To Do or Not To Do\";s:11:\"description\";s:233:\"The article \"Computer Science Degrees – To Do or Not To Do\" highlights the advantages of a computer science degree. This article also portrays that why CS degree remains one of the most sought after degree amongst IT aspirants.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:61:\"images/t/2321/computer-science-degrees-to-do-or-not-to-do.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:62:\"images/t2/2321/computer-science-degrees-to-do-or-not-to-do.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:43:\"computer-science-degrees-to-do-or-not-to-do\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"271428\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:14:\"mercatusenergy\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"16911\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:29:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:63:\"To Hedge or Not to Hedge: Hedging Advice for Oil & Gas CFOs\";s:11:\"description\";s:64:\"To Hedge or Not to Hedge: Hedging Advice for Oil & Gas CFOs.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:74:\"images/t/2715/to-hedge-or-not-to-hedge-hedging-advice-for-oil-gas-cfos.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:75:\"images/t2/2715/to-hedge-or-not-to-hedge-hedging-advice-for-oil-gas-cfos.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:56:\"to-hedge-or-not-to-hedge-hedging-advice-for-oil-gas-cfos\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"6\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"195123\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:14:\"shawn541bennet\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"57546\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:48:\"How To Get Your Ex Back - To Text Or Not To Text\";s:11:\"description\";s:103:\"If you\'ve ever wanted to find a way to text your ex back after a breakup, then most relationship \n \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:64:\"images/t/1952/how-to-get-your-ex-back-to-text-or-not-to-text.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:65:\"images/t2/1952/how-to-get-your-ex-back-to-text-or-not-to-text.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:46:\"how-to-get-your-ex-back-to-text-or-not-to-text\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"163757\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:15:\"michealhende820\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"44682\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:69:\"Spanish Verb Conjugation - To Be, Or Not To Be, That Is The Question?\";s:11:\"description\";s:3633:\"Learning Spanish verb conjugation is difficult enough without having to deal with choice, but that is the problem all students face when they encounter the two Spanish verbs meaning to be, ser and estar.\n\nIt is bad enough that both these verbs are irregular and therefore have to be learned individually and it is also a pain that there is no escaping them either as they are two of the most regularly used verbs in the Spanish language but to have to learn when and when not to use either...or, just isn\'t fair!\n\nUnfortunately, fairness does not come into it when it comes to learning Spanish and the fact that both ser and estar are two of the first verbs a student will learn should be looked at as beneficial rather than as a hindrance, as the more you use them the easier it will become, practice makes perfect they say.\n\nI am not going to spend too much time writing about the conjugation of these two verbs other than to cover the present tense of each which is detailed below:\n\nSer (to be)\n\nsoy - I am\neres - you are\nes - he, she or it is (and also the polite form of you are, but that\'s another story!)\nsomos - we are\nsois - you (all) are (plural)\nson - they are (and you all are polite)\nEstar (to be)\n\nestar - I am\nestás - you are\nestá - he, she or it is (you are, polite)\nestamos - we are\nestáis - you all are\nestán - they are (you all are, polite)\n\nAs you will see, both verbs are highly irregular, ser more so than estar, and this irregularity continues in the other tenses, and this is why using a good verb training software program will help you to master each tense (the preterit, in particular, requires special attention as it is highly irregular!) quickly and effectively. But the initial question remains, when do you use each verb?\n\nThankfully, there are strict guidelines that leave very little in the way of ambiguity so as long as these guidelines have been learnt deciding which verb to use should not be too difficult, so we shall start by outlining when the verb Ser should be used.\n\nUse Ser when...\n\none wishes to express a permanent or inherent quality - My mother is bald - Mi madre es calva\nexpressing an occupation or nationality - Juan is Scottish - Juan es escocés\nusing nouns or pronouns - Are you a girl? - ¿Eres una niña?\nwhen referring to possessions - They are Miguel\'s - Son de Miguel\ntalking about the time, date or numbers - It is 5 o\'clock - Son las cinco\nmentioning events - Where is the party? - ¿Dónde es la fiesta?\ntalking passively - The car was stolen - El coche fue robado\nwhen talking about what something is made of - It\'s made of gold - Es de oro\nasking how much or how many - How much is it? - ¿Cuánto es?\nUse Estar when...\n\ntalking about place and location - Where is the supermarket? - ¿Dónde está el supermercado?\nusing an adjective to express a temporary quality - Juan is in a bad mood today - Juan está de mal humor\nused describing the result of an action - The cinema is closed - El cine está cerrado\nasking how someone is - How are you? - ¿Cómo estás?\nusing the present continuous - My dog is dancing - Mi perro está bailando\nThere are certain things that should be noted about the above examples, firstly my mother isn\'t really bald but, more importantly there is the smallest hint of ambiguity with regards to the use of ser when referring to events, and estar when referring to location. The general rule is that estar is always used to express the location of something unless that something is an event such as a party or a wedding, in which case ser is to be used.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:82:\"images/t/1638/spanish-verb-conjugation-to-be-or-not-to-be-that-is-the-question.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:83:\"images/t2/1638/spanish-verb-conjugation-to-be-or-not-to-be-that-is-the-question.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:64:\"spanish-verb-conjugation-to-be-or-not-to-be-that-is-the-question\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"259295\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"merlinf\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"6652\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:44:\"To Buy or Not to Buy... That is the Question\";s:11:\"description\";s:444:\"Many marketers have differing opinions on marketing strategy. When is the right time to employ outbound tactics vs. inbound? When does a content strategy make sense vs. product focused messaging? There are marketers who regularly purchase marketing lists to amp up their program performance and others who choose not to. If you decide to utilize a targeted list, what\'s next? You need to be able to capitalize on this list and maximize the ROI.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:59:\"images/t/2593/to-buy-or-not-to-buy-that-is-the-question.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:60:\"images/t2/2593/to-buy-or-not-to-buy-that-is-the-question.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:41:\"to-buy-or-not-to-buy-that-is-the-question\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"4418\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:32:\"COFFEE: TO DRINK OR NOT TO DRINK\";s:11:\"description\";s:836:\"As with many of life’s pleasures, controversy abounds. It is certain that some
\npeople, who may be allergic or have life threatening aggravations to coffee,
\nshould abstain from any coffee. Others can seemingly tolerate unlimited
\namounts. However, for most people moderate amounts can contribute to the
\nsimple pleasures of the pallet without dire consequences. The key is quantity
\nand quality.
\nThere is much research concerning both the negative effects of coffee drinking
\nas well as the benefits. Much of the press focuses on caffeine; however there
\nare many other not so researched chemicals that contribute to both the negatives
\nand the positives. Many of the Pro’s and Con’s, from various studies that can
\neasily be found on the Internet, are listed below:\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:47:\"images/t/45/coffee-to-drink-or-not-to-drink.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:48:\"images/t2/45/coffee-to-drink-or-not-to-drink.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:31:\"coffee-to-drink-or-not-to-drink\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"5\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"11019\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:120:\"Earnings Management Strategies and the Trade-Off between Tax Benefits and Detection Risk: To Conform or Not to Conform?\";s:11:\"description\";s:1087:\"Prior research has separately examined pretax earnings management activities that have current taxable income consequences (book-tax \'conforming earnings management\') and those that do not have current taxable income consequences (book-tax \'nonconforming earnings management\'). Our study documents the prevalence of, and then investigates the firm-specific characteristics that impact the choice between, these earnings management strategies. We utilize a sample of firms that restated their earnings downward due to accounting irregularities and thus can be presumed to have managed earnings upward. We find that nonconforming earnings management is more prevalent and that firms trade off the net present value of tax benefits against the net expected detection costs associated with nonconforming earnings management. In particular, firms having NOL carryforwards, using a high quality auditor, or engaging in the most egregious misstatements rely less on nonconforming earnings management strategies. We also find that book-tax differences are useful in predicting restatements.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:116:\"images/t/111/earnings-management-strategies-and-the-trade-off-between-tax-benefits-and-detection-risk-to-conform.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:117:\"images/t2/111/earnings-management-strategies-and-the-trade-off-between-tax-benefits-and-detection-risk-to-conform.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:99:\"earnings-management-strategies-and-the-trade-off-between-tax-benefits-and-detection-risk-to-conform\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"55\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"460770\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:10:\"Tia Storey\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:58:\"New, Hang or not to Hang, Vacuum Storage Bags By BagButton\";s:11:\"description\";s:122:\"This all new vacuum storage bag, designed and built by BagButton will have you asking the question, to hang or not to hang\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:74:\"images/t/4608/new-hang-or-not-to-hang-vacuum-storage-bags-by-bagbutton.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:75:\"images/t2/4608/new-hang-or-not-to-hang-vacuum-storage-bags-by-bagbutton.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:56:\"new-hang-or-not-to-hang-vacuum-storage-bags-by-bagbutton\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"75681\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"cinzia\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:32:\"Coffee: To Drink or Not To Drink\";s:11:\"description\";s:367:\"There is much research concerning both the negative effects of coffee drinking as well as the benefits. Much of the press focuses on caffeine; however there are many other not so researched chemicals that contribute to both the negatives and the positives. Many of the Pro\'s and Con\'s, from various studies that can easily be found on the Internet, are listed here.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:50:\"images/t/757/coffee-to-drink-or-not-to-drink-1.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:51:\"images/t2/757/coffee-to-drink-or-not-to-drink-1.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:33:\"coffee-to-drink-or-not-to-drink-1\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"5\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 01:53:47' WHERE `aff_id` = '19361'