An Error Was Encountered

Error Number: 1054

Unknown column 'cache_on' in 'field list'

UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"15119\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:48:\"THE TRADE POLICY IMPLICATIONS OF THE NEW ECONOMY\";s:11:\"description\";s:1445:\"This paper draws attention to a number of forces that are shaping the two-way interaction between the emerging new economic landscape and the rules-based trading system. Implicit to the analysis is the question of whether the role of trade policy in an environment of more rapid technological diffusion differs in any significant manner from the role it has hitherto assumed. The paper shows that important building blocks for the new economy were laid during the Uruguay Round, notably in the fields of intellectual property protection, trade and investment liberalisation in services, and technical barriers to trade. It shows that the period since the end of the Uruguay Round, which paralleled the rise of what has come to be called the \"New Economy\", has seen concerted efforts at both the multilateral and regional levels to adapt the trading system to the realities of doing business in the digital age. The New Economy lies at the heart of negotiations which recently resumed under the WTO\'s built-in agenda in the services field. Such negotiations offer WTO members an important opportunity to lock in the far-reaching reforms and liberalisation efforts that many have in recent years enacted in industries that are heavy users of information and communications technologies. The paper describes the important complementary role trade policy can play in helping countries harness the growth and development potential of the new economy.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:65:\"images/t/152/the-trade-policy-implications-of-the-new-economy.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:66:\"images/t2/152/the-trade-policy-implications-of-the-new-economy.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:48:\"the-trade-policy-implications-of-the-new-economy\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"25\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8190\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:51:\"The Political Economy of Trade Policy in Indonesia\";s:11:\"description\";s:363:\"This paper focuses on Indonesia’s trade policies after the economic crisis. It examines the trend
\ntowards protection and addresses the issues of competitiveness. The concluding part briefly
\ndiscusses Indonesia’s policies on and involvement in free trade agreements (FTAs), which have
\nrecently proliferated in the Asia Pacific region.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:66:\"images/t/82/the-political-economy-of-trade-policy-in-indonesia.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:67:\"images/t2/82/the-political-economy-of-trade-policy-in-indonesia.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:50:\"the-political-economy-of-trade-policy-in-indonesia\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"29\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"13317\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:52:\"What determines individual trade-policy preferences?\";s:11:\"description\";s:721:\"This article provides new evidence on the determinants of individual trade-policy preferences using individual-level survey data for the United States. There are two main empirical results. First, we find that factor type dominates industry of employment in explaining support for trade barriers. Second, we find that home ownership also matters for individuals\'trade-policy preferences. Independent of factor type, home ownership in counties witha manufacturing mix concentrated in comparative-disadvantage industries is correlated with support for trade barriers. This finding suggests that, in addition to current factor incomes driving preferences as in standard trade models, preferences also depend on asset values.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:68:\"images/t/134/what-determines-individual-trade-policy-preferences.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:69:\"images/t2/134/what-determines-individual-trade-policy-preferences.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:51:\"what-determines-individual-trade-policy-preferences\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"26\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"263123\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:9:\"ronethell\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"79104\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:30:\"http://www.reportsnreports.com\";s:5:\"title\";s:34:\"U.S. Market for Urological Devices\";s:11:\"description\";s:367:\"In 2011, the prostate cancer treatment device market was both the largest and fastest-growing segment in the total U.S. market for urological devices. Procedural growth in the market is expected to increase over the 2011–2018 forecast period due to the expected rise in the aging population of the baby boomer generation as well as increases in early diagnosis.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:51:\"images/t/2632/u-s-market-for-urological-devices.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:52:\"images/t2/2632/u-s-market-for-urological-devices.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:33:\"u-s-market-for-urological-devices\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"9\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"3\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"359187\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:9:\"comeonseo\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"83614\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:100:\"ReportsnReports.com – Strategic Orientation Mapping - Key U.S. Defense and Aerospace Companies\";s:11:\"description\";s:571:\"This Strategic Orientation Mapping report is a comprehensive strategy dossier & provides detailed analysis & key insights into the strategic business aspects of these 5 leading U.S. based Defense & Aerospace companies based on a comprehensive assessment of their strategies & outlook against the backdrop of an evolving industry landscape; impacted by ramifications of the Global Economic Meltdown as almost all Key Global Economies grapple with domestic economic issues, in addition, to complex & challenging Geo-Political situations & equations.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:107:\"images/t/3592/reportsnreports-com-strategic-orientation-mapping-key-u-s-defense-and-aerospace-companies.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:108:\"images/t2/3592/reportsnreports-com-strategic-orientation-mapping-key-u-s-defense-and-aerospace-companies.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:89:\"reportsnreports-com-strategic-orientation-mapping-key-u-s-defense-and-aerospace-companies\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"14847\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:62:\"Trade Policy under Firm-Level Heterogeneity in a Small Economy\";s:11:\"description\";s:1056:\"In this paper we explore the e¤ectoftradepolicy on productivity and welfare in the now standard model of…rm-level heterogeneity and product di¤erentiationwith monopolistic competition. To obtain sharp results, we restrict attention to an economy that takes as given the price of imports and the demand schedules for its exports (a\"small economy\"). We…rstestab- lishthatwelfare can be decomposed into four terms: productivity, terms of trade, variety and curvature, where the latter is a term that captures heterogeneity across varieties. We then show how a consumption subsidy, an export tax, or an import tari¤allow our small economy to deal with two distortions that we identify and thereby reach its…rstbest allocation. We also show that an export subsidy generates an increase in productivity, but given the negative jointe¤ect on the other three terms (terms of trade, variety and curvature), welfare falls. In contrast, an import tari¤improves welfare in spite of the fact that productivity falls.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:81:\"images/t/149/trade-policy-under-firm-level-heterogeneity-in-a-small-economy-1.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:82:\"images/t2/149/trade-policy-under-firm-level-heterogeneity-in-a-small-economy-1.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:64:\"trade-policy-under-firm-level-heterogeneity-in-a-small-economy-1\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"31\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"263128\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:9:\"ronethell\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"79104\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:30:\"http://www.reportsnreports.com\";s:5:\"title\";s:52:\"U.S Market for Orthopedic Braces and Support Devices\";s:11:\"description\";s:676:\"The spinal orthosis segment is particularly fast-growing due to the strong correlation between an aging population and the incidence of lower back problems that may require spinal orthoses to prevent further injury or control stability post-surgery.\n\nWithin theU.S.orthopedic bracing market, companies such as Bledsoe, Breg, DeRoyal, DJO, and Össur lead the market, among many others. This report provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of market revenues by device type, market forecasts through 2018, unit sales, average selling prices, market drivers and limiters and a detailed competitive analysis, including manufacturer market shares and product portfolios.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:70:\"images/t/2632/u-s-market-for-orthopedic-braces-and-support-devices.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:71:\"images/t2/2632/u-s-market-for-orthopedic-braces-and-support-devices.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:52:\"u-s-market-for-orthopedic-braces-and-support-devices\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"9\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"4\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:3:\"769\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:12:\"kellyjwilder\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"100\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:25:\"Cap and Trade Policy Memo\";s:11:\"description\";s:27:\"copyright 2008 Kelly Wilder\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:40:\"images/t/8/cap-and-trade-policy-memo.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:41:\"images/t2/8/cap-and-trade-policy-memo.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:25:\"cap-and-trade-policy-memo\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"7\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"263127\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:9:\"ronethell\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"79104\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:30:\"http://www.reportsnreports.com\";s:5:\"title\";s:61:\"U S market orthopedic soft tissue repair and sports medicine\";s:11:\"description\";s:314:\"The hip arthroscopy market experienced the highest growth in 2011, as more surgeons are learning to perform these procedures. All market segments were affected by the economic downturn in 2008 and procedure numbers waned in 2010 and 2011. As the economy began recovering, residual demand boosted procedure volumes.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:78:\"images/t/2632/u-s-market-orthopedic-soft-tissue-repair-and-sports-medicine.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:79:\"images/t2/2632/u-s-market-orthopedic-soft-tissue-repair-and-sports-medicine.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:60:\"u-s-market-orthopedic-soft-tissue-repair-and-sports-medicine\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"5\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"3\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"444377\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:14:\"Charles Martin\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:44:\"U.S. Dairy Market Analysis and 2016 Forecast\";s:11:\"description\";s:224:\"The dairy market consists of retail sales of cheese, milk, soy products, spreadable fats and yogurt. Any currency conversions used in the creation of this report have been calculated using 2011 annual average exchange rates.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:61:\"images/t/4444/u-s-dairy-market-analysis-and-2016-forecast.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:62:\"images/t2/4444/u-s-dairy-market-analysis-and-2016-forecast.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:43:\"u-s-dairy-market-analysis-and-2016-forecast\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-27 20:59:19' WHERE `aff_id` = '288390'