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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6471\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:95:\"Introduction to the special issue: Coherence and correspondence in judgment and decision making\";s:11:\"description\";s:555:\"In 2007, Kenneth Hammond published Beyond Rationality:
\nThe search for wisdom in a troubled time. In this
\nbook and in prior works, Hammond (1990; 1996) promotes
\nthe recognition and equal acceptance of two different
\nclasses of criteria for the assessment of human judgment
\nand decision making (JDM). Coherence criteria are
\nthose that are based on normative standards of logic (or
\nsome other formal model) while correspondence criteria
\nare based on the accuracy of predicting or judging empirical
\nevents.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:110:\"images/t/65/introduction-to-the-special-issue-coherence-and-correspondence-in-judgment-and-decision-making.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:111:\"images/t2/65/introduction-to-the-special-issue-coherence-and-correspondence-in-judgment-and-decision-making.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:94:\"introduction-to-the-special-issue-coherence-and-correspondence-in-judgment-and-decision-making\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"5982\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:69:\"Learning in noise : Dynamic decision-making in a variable environment\";s:11:\"description\";s:1452:\"In engineering systems, noise is a curse, obscuring important signals and increasing the uncertainty
\nassociated with measurement. However, the negative effects of noise are not universal. In this paper, we
\nexamine how people learn sequential control strategies given different sources and amounts of feedback
\nvariability. In particular, we consider people’s behavior in a task where short- and long-term rewards
\nare placed in conflict (i.e., the best option in the short-term is worst in the long-term). Consistent with a
\nmodel based on reinforcement learning principles [Gureckis, T., & Love, B.C. Short term gains, long term
\npains: How cues about state aid learning in dynamic environments. Cognition (in press)], we find that
\nlearners differentially weight information predictive of the current task state. In particular, when cues
\nthat signal state are noisy, we find that participants’ ability to identify an optimal strategy is strongly
\nimpaired relative to equivalent amounts of noise that obscure the rewards/valuations of those states. In
\nother situations, we find that noise and noise in reward signals may paradoxically improve performance
\nby encouraging exploration. Our results demonstrate how experimentally-manipulated task variability
\ncan be used to test predictions about the mechanisms that learners engage in dynamic decision making
\ntasks.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:83:\"images/t/60/learning-in-noise-dynamic-decision-making-in-a-variable-environment.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:84:\"images/t2/60/learning-in-noise-dynamic-decision-making-in-a-variable-environment.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:67:\"learning-in-noise-dynamic-decision-making-in-a-variable-environment\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"14\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6472\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:72:\"Theories of truth as assessment criteria in judgment and decision making\";s:11:\"description\";s:1508:\"Hammond (1996) argued that much of the research in the field of judgment and decision making (JDM) can be
\ncategorized as focused on either coherence or correspondence (C&C) and that, in order to understand the findings of
\nthe field, one needs to understand the differences between these two criteria. Hammond’s claim is that conclusions
\nabout the competence of judgments and decisions will depend upon the selection of coherence or correspondence as
\nthe criterion (Hammond, 2008). First, I provide an overview of the terms coherence and correspondence (C&C) as
\nphilosophical theories of truth and relate them to the field of JDM. Second, I provide an example of Hammond’s claim
\nby examining literature on base rate neglect. Third, I examine Hammond’s claim as it applies to the broader field of
\nJDM. Fourth, I critique Hammond’s claim and suggest that refinements to the C&C distinction are needed. Specifically,
\nthe C&C distinction 1) is more accurately applied to criteria than to researchers, 2) should be refined to include two
\nimportant types of coherence (inter and intrapersonal coherence) and 3) neglects the third philosophical theory of truth,
\npragmatism. Pragmatism, as a class of criteria in JDM, is defined as goal attainment. In order to provide the most
\ncomplete assessment of human judgment possible, and understand different findings in the field of JDM, all three criteria
\nshould be considered.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:88:\"images/t/65/theories-of-truth-as-assessment-criteria-in-judgment-and-decision-making.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:89:\"images/t2/65/theories-of-truth-as-assessment-criteria-in-judgment-and-decision-making.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:72:\"theories-of-truth-as-assessment-criteria-in-judgment-and-decision-making\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"10\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"398623\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:10:\"guidebooks\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"565240\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:134:\"How to Sell Like the Professional in ANY Industry Niche Techniques to Explode Your Conversion Rate Just an additional WordPress site\";s:11:\"description\";s:134:\"How to Sell Like the Professional in ANY Industry Niche Techniques to Explode Your Conversion Rate Just an additional WordPress site\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:118:\"images/t/3987/how-to-sell-like-the-professional-in-any-industry-niche-techniques-to-explode-your-conversion-rate-j.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:119:\"images/t2/3987/how-to-sell-like-the-professional-in-any-industry-niche-techniques-to-explode-your-conversion-rate-j.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"how-to-sell-like-the-professional-in-any-industry-niche-techniques-to-explode-your-conversion-rate-j\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"398624\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:10:\"guidebooks\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"565240\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:134:\"How to Sell Like the Professional in ANY Industry Niche Techniques to Explode Your Conversion Rate Just an additional WordPress site\";s:11:\"description\";s:134:\"How to Sell Like the Professional in ANY Industry Niche Techniques to Explode Your Conversion Rate Just an additional WordPress site\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:120:\"images/t/3987/how-to-sell-like-the-professional-in-any-industry-niche-techniques-to-explode-your-conversion-rate-j-1.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:121:\"images/t2/3987/how-to-sell-like-the-professional-in-any-industry-niche-techniques-to-explode-your-conversion-rate-j-1.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:102:\"how-to-sell-like-the-professional-in-any-industry-niche-techniques-to-explode-your-conversion-rate-j-1\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"105924\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"molly\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:61:\"How To Grew The Best Farm In Farmville - Farmville Domination\";s:11:\"description\";s:62:\"How To Grew The Best Farm In Farmville - Farmville Domination \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:100:\"data/thumb/How-To-Grew-The-Best-Farm-In-Farmville-Farmville-Domination-Document-Transcript-28474.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:101:\"data/thumb2/How-To-Grew-The-Best-Farm-In-Farmville-Farmville-Domination-Document-Transcript-28474.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:59:\"how-to-grew-the-best-farm-in-farmville-farmville-domination\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"273146\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:15:\"Michelle Janosi\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:39:\"http://sevenfiguresociety.com/michellex\";s:5:\"title\";s:79:\"FREE Report Shows You How to Make Real Money Online in the Next 7 Days or Less!\";s:11:\"description\";s:217:\"How to Fatten Your Bank Account in No Time Flat! 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