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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"11624\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:88:\"BEHAVIORAL CAUSES OF THE BULLWHIP EFFECT AND THE OBSERVED VALUE OF INVENTORY INFORMATION\";s:11:\"description\";s:1206:\"The tendency of orders to increase in variability as one moves up a supply chain is commonly known as the \'bullwhip effect.\' We study this phenomenon from a behavioral perspective in the context of a simple, serial, supply chain subject to information lags and stochastic demand. We conduct two experiments on two different sets of participants. In the first we find the bullwhip effect still exists when normal operational causes (e.g., batching, price fluctuations, demand estimation, etc.) are removed. The persistence of the bullwhip effect is explained, to some extent, by evidence that decision-makers consistently under-weight the supply line when making order decisions. In the second experiment we find that the bullwhip, and the underlying tendency of underweighting, remains when information on inventory levels is shared. However, we observe that inventory information helps somewhat to alleviate the bullwhip effect by helping upstream chain members better anticipate and prepare for fluctuations in inventory needs downstream. These experimental results support the theoretically suggested notion that upstream chain members stand to gain the most from information sharing initiatives.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:105:\"images/t/117/behavioral-causes-of-the-bullwhip-effect-and-the-observed-value-of-inventory-information.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:106:\"images/t2/117/behavioral-causes-of-the-bullwhip-effect-and-the-observed-value-of-inventory-information.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:88:\"behavioral-causes-of-the-bullwhip-effect-and-the-observed-value-of-inventory-information\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"33\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"19191\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:122:\"Examining the penrose effect in an international business context: the dynamics of japanese firm growth in u.s. industries\";s:11:\"description\";s:2382:\"Penrose (1959) theoretically developed the research proposition that the finite capacities of a firm\'s internally experienced managers limit the rate at which the firm can grow in a given period of time. One empirical implication that follows logically from this line of reasoning is that a fast-growing firm will eventually slow down its growth in the subsequent time period because its firm-specific management team, which is posited to be inelastic at least in the short run, is unable to handle effectively the increased demands that are placed on these internally experienced managers due to increased complexity as well as the time and attention that the new managers require from these internally experienced managers. Consequently, inefficiency in the firm\'s current operations will follow if the firm maintains its high rate of growth. The research proposition that a firm cannot remain operationally effective if it maintains high rates of growth in successive time periods, and that consequently those firms with foresight typically will slow down their growth in the subsequent time period is known as the \"Penrose effect\" in the research literature, and this effect of dynamic adjustment costs has been examined and corroborated in a few empirical research studies. However, researchers have not yet examined the Penrose effect in an international business context. The current paper examines the Penrose effect in an international business context by exploring whether Japanese firms achieve high growth in consecutive time periods in the entered U.S. industries. The empirical results indicate that, consistent with Penrose\'s (1959 ) resource- based theory prediction, in general, Japanese firms did not maintain high employment growth in two consecutive time periods following their entry into U.S. industries. We also find empirically that for Japanese multinational firms that entered in U.S. industries where the extent of knowledge tacitness, globalization, and unionization was high, rapid expansion growth in one time period had negative impacts on growth in the subsequent time period . Thus, dynamic adjustment costs limit the rate of the growth of the firm and the development of dynamic capabilities in this international business context, which suggests that the Penrose effect may be widely applicable to international business and corporate strategy.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/192/examining-the-penrose-effect-in-an-international-business-context-the-dynamics-of-japanese-firm-grow.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/192/examining-the-penrose-effect-in-an-international-business-context-the-dynamics-of-japanese-firm-grow.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"examining-the-penrose-effect-in-an-international-business-context-the-dynamics-of-japanese-firm-grow\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"43\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"417184\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:12:\"rogerthat10k\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"518318\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:23:\"The Money Effect Review\";s:11:\"description\";s:78:\"This is s brief review of the hybrid knowledge base called \"The Money Effect\".\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:41:\"images/t/4172/the-money-effect-review.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:42:\"images/t2/4172/the-money-effect-review.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:23:\"the-money-effect-review\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"552255\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:13:\"trivediglobal\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"622139\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:76:\"Find the Key to Your Inner Peace and Happiness with The Trivedi Effect®\";s:11:\"description\";s:3723:\"Summary: Most people complain that they lack inner peace and happiness in their life. The problems and complexities of their lives often keeps them surrounded by chaos, stress and anxiety. To solve their problem a phenomenon have come into light some time back. As reported by People the phenomenon known as The Trivedi effect® have changed their lives by bringing in profound peace, happiness and good health. \nMahendra Trivedi came into news when the wonderful and extremely beneficial impacts of his Energy Transmissions were experienced by people. He possesses an amazing capability to harness energy from the universe and transmit the same to people through his thoughts. This energy has a remarkable capability to transform lives and bring peace, harmony and happiness to the world. Through his abilities, Mahendra Trivedi is able to transform people’s lives so that they can function at a higher and happier level, and ultimately serve a higher purpose on this planet. This natural phenomenon is known as “The Trivedi Effect”. To know more, visit or\nHow Does The Trivedi Effect® Help In Finding Inner Peace And Happiness?\nWe all know that lack of inner peace and happiness is the dominant intrusion of something unwanted in our lives and mind too. In this materialistic world numerous factors like stress, anxiety, fear, failure, jealousy, emotional disturbance, physical and financial hardships take away the inner peace and happiness from our life. Once all these factors are removed, inner peace and happiness will automatically come back. But the chance of revival is remote as we live a life full of conditions which makes us prone to get affected even by an ordinary negative event. \nAccording to Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, as we grow older we tend to choose the social guidance system over the inner guidance system. As a person gets disconnected from the inner guidance system he/she losses the original blue print. According to him original blue print is something which we possess at birth and that is responsible for the happiness in our childhood irrespective of socio-economic status. The Trivedi Effect® is such a phenomenon that has the ability to connect a person to his/her inner guidance system and restore the natural blue print. \nThe Energy Transmission by Mahendra Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Dahryn Trivedi and Alice Branton has the power to optimize potential and bring inner peace and mental calmness, allowing people to find true happiness in their lives. \nPeople who have experienced the Energy Transmission by Mahendra Trivedi, Alice Branton or other Trivedi Masters have experienced remarkable reduction in their stress levels, fatigue, and anxiety. They are now experiencing lives filled with a greater sense of mental clarity, wellbeing and are finding inner peace and happiness.\nAlice Branton is the Trivedi Master who has the ability to transform people and thrill science with her Energy Transmissions. She wants to dedicate her life to human wellness and spiritual growth. \nAlice Branton, under the guidance of Mahendra Trivedi is now engaged in working towards the welfare and benefits of humanity. Thousands of people have given testimony to the beneficial impact of The Trivedi Effect®. \n\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nRead and view more such experiences at\n\nAbout The Author:\nThe author is a follower of Mahendra Kumar Trivedi and has been writing about Energy Transmissions and The Trivedi Effect® frequently. He has also experienced some wonderful life transforming benefits of The Trivedi Effect® and is looking out for more of them.\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:88:\"images/t/5523/find-the-key-to-your-inner-peace-and-happiness-with-the-trivedi-effect.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:89:\"images/t2/5523/find-the-key-to-your-inner-peace-and-happiness-with-the-trivedi-effect.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:70:\"find-the-key-to-your-inner-peace-and-happiness-with-the-trivedi-effect\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"5\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"4252\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:100:\"Characterization of the size effect and its influence on the workpiece residual stresses in grinding\";s:11:\"description\";s:864:\"The paper deals with the quantification of the size effect in grinding and is aimed at
\ndemonstrating a possibility of using the size effect in grinding for a controlled subsurface work-
\nhardening of metal parts. To achieve high specific energy values and to minimize thermal effects
\ncounteracting the work-hardening, the technological approach used implies application of low
\ndepths of cut in combination with low cutting speeds. Experimental results show a good
\ncorrelation between specific grinding energy characterizing the size effect on the one hand and
\ncompressive residual stresses and their penetration depth characterizing the work-hardening on
\nthe other hand. To ensure a strong work-hardening, high specific grinding energy values resulting
\nfrom the size effect can be utilized by a proper process design.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:116:\"images/t/43/characterization-of-the-size-effect-and-its-influence-on-the-workpiece-residual-stresses-in-grinding.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:117:\"images/t2/43/characterization-of-the-size-effect-and-its-influence-on-the-workpiece-residual-stresses-in-grinding.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"characterization-of-the-size-effect-and-its-influence-on-the-workpiece-residual-stresses-in-grinding\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"2\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"2\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6366\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:58:\"Possession, feelings of ownership and the endowment effect\";s:11:\"description\";s:1288:\"Research in judgment and decision making generally ignores the distinction between factual and subjective feelings
\nof ownership, tacitly assuming that the two correspond closely. The present research suggests that this assumption might
\nbe usefully reexamined. In two experiments on the endowment effect we examine the role of subjective ownership by
\nindependently manipulating factual ownership (i.e., what participants were told about ownership) and physical possession
\nof an object. This allowed us to disentangle the effects of these two factors, which are typically confounded. We
\nfound a significant effect of possession, but not of factual ownership, on monetary valuation of the object. Moreover,
\nthis effect was mediated by participants’ feelings of ownership, which were enhanced by the physical possession of the
\nobject. Thus, the endowment effect did not rely on factual ownership per se but was the result of subjective feelings
\nof ownership induced by possession of the object. It is these feelings of ownership that appeared to lead individuals
\nto include the object into their endowment and to shift their reference point accordingly. Potential implications and
\ndirections for future research are discussed.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:73:\"images/t/64/possession-feelings-of-ownership-and-the-endowment-effect.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:74:\"images/t2/64/possession-feelings-of-ownership-and-the-endowment-effect.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:57:\"possession-feelings-of-ownership-and-the-endowment-effect\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"7737\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:93:\"Price-Quality Trade-Offs in Choice Versus Matching: New Insights Into the Prominence Effect\";s:11:\"description\";s:1425:\"Seemingly equivalent preference assessment procedures (e.g., choose between a 400
\nSafeway brand cola and a 550 Coke) and matching (e.g., a Safeway brand cola costs
\n400; at what price would a Coke be equally attractive to you?) generate systematically
\ndifferent estimates of consumers\' price-quality trade-offs. This result appears con-
\nsistent with the prominence effect, whereby choices tend to weigh the prominent
\nattribute more heavily than matching answers. Whereas prior accounts of prominence
\neffect phenomena focused on characteristics of the choice task, we propose that the
\nmanner in which respondents match options is a major determinant of the
\nchoice-matching discrepancy. We suggest that matching answers tend to rely on
\nproportional matching, superficial matching of attribute value intervals, rather than
\nthe attribute value at which the considered options are equally attractive. We also
\nidentify the attribute and alternative to which matching is applied, as moderators of
\nits difference from choice. Based on our analysis we demonstrate how the large
\nchoice-matching preference discrepancy can be significantly reduced and even
\nreversed. We discuss implications of this research for our understanding of task
\neffects on consumer price-quality trade-offs and mechanisms that underlie the
\nprominence effect.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:106:\"images/t/78/price-quality-trade-offs-in-choice-versus-matching-new-insights-into-the-prominence-effect.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:107:\"images/t2/78/price-quality-trade-offs-in-choice-versus-matching-new-insights-into-the-prominence-effect.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:90:\"price-quality-trade-offs-in-choice-versus-matching-new-insights-into-the-prominence-effect\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"21\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8871\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:77:\"THE MONTHLY EFFECT IN INTERNATIONAL STOCK MARKETS: EVIDENCE AND IMPLICATIONS\";s:11:\"description\";s:484:\"A monthly effect has been reported in several international stock markets. This study investigated
\nseven countries’ stock markets that have not been studied thoroughly. Three of the seven countries’
\nmarkets had a monthly effect. An inverted monthly effect was found in a Pacific basin market. It was also
\ndetermined that the January effect, although significant, was not capable of explaining the presence of
\nmonthly effect where they exist.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:91:\"images/t/89/the-monthly-effect-in-international-stock-markets-evidence-and-implications.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:92:\"images/t2/89/the-monthly-effect-in-international-stock-markets-evidence-and-implications.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:75:\"the-monthly-effect-in-international-stock-markets-evidence-and-implications\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"6\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8888\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:117:\"Strategic Assessment During Business Risk Audits: The Halo Effect on Auditor Judgment about Fluctuations in Accounts\";s:11:\"description\";s:1385:\"Many auditors are using a business risk methodology where they perform strategic
\nassessment to evaluate the viability of their client’s business model as a preliminary procedure
\nfor assessing auditing risks. This study examines whether the holistic perspective that auditors
\nacquire during strategic assessment influences the extent to which they adjust risk assessments
\nwhen they encounter patterns of changes in accounts that are inconsistent with information about
\nclient operations. Based on halo theory from the performance evaluation literature, we
\nhypothesized that auditors who (1) performed (did not perform) strategic assessment and (2)
\ndeveloped favorable (unfavorable) viability assessments during strategic assessment, would be
\nless (more) likely to adjust account-level risk assessments for inconsistent fluctuations. Data
\nfrom two laboratory experiments using experienced auditors supported both hypotheses.
\nFindings suggest that the halo effect from strategic assessment influences judgment by altering
\nauditor tolerance for inconsistent fluctuations. We found no evidence that strategic assessment
\ndiminished the level of effort or attention that auditors devoted to analyzing changes in accounts,
\nor altered their expectations about the size of interperiod expectations in accounts. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:131:\"images/t/89/strategic-assessment-during-business-risk-audits-the-halo-effect-on-auditor-judgment-about-fluctuations-in-accounts.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:132:\"images/t2/89/strategic-assessment-during-business-risk-audits-the-halo-effect-on-auditor-judgment-about-fluctuations-in-accounts.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:115:\"strategic-assessment-during-business-risk-audits-the-halo-effect-on-auditor-judgment-about-fluctuations-in-accounts\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"41\";s:6:\"rating\";s:3:\"3.5\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"2\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8968\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:60:\"The Leverage Effect without Leverage: An Experimental Study\";s:11:\"description\";s:379:\"Experimental stock markets are used to add some more evidence that
\nBlack‘s (1976) leverage effect in financial markets does not necessarily stem
\nfrom the financial leverage of the firm. We surprisingly find a large number
\nof markets in which the leverage effect is observed although the underlying
\nasset does not exhibit a financial leverage at all.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:74:\"images/t/90/the-leverage-effect-without-leverage-an-experimental-study.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:75:\"images/t2/90/the-leverage-effect-without-leverage-an-experimental-study.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:58:\"the-leverage-effect-without-leverage-an-experimental-study\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"14\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"2\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 08:56:35' WHERE `aff_id` = '3917'