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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"27326\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"monkey\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"3327\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:64:\"Trends and Perspectives in Management and Leadership Development\";s:11:\"description\";s:1237:\"In this article I review recent trends in management and leadership development in the UK,
\narguing that much of the current growth is driven by financial, political and market pressures, to the
\nrelative neglect of philosophical and pedagogical perspectives on the nature and purpose of
\nmanagement, leadership and education within contemporary society. Whilst there is a general shift from
\nformalised programmes towards flexible, experiential and customised provision, it seems that insufficient
\nattention remains directed towards individual and organisational needs and requirements. Thus, for
\nexample, the majority of provision remains focused on the development of ‘leaders’ rather than the
\ncontextually embedded and collective processes of ‘leadership’. Management and leadership are
\npresented as distinct rather than integrated and complementary activities/processes and limited
\nconsideration is given to the impact of contextual factors on individual and organisational performance.
\nThe article concludes with a series of questions/issues for individuals and organisations to consider
\nwhen investing in leadership and/or management developmen\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:81:\"images/t/274/trends-and-perspectives-in-management-and-leadership-development.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:82:\"images/t2/274/trends-and-perspectives-in-management-and-leadership-development.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:64:\"trends-and-perspectives-in-management-and-leadership-development\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"13\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"87992\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"pamela\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:67:\"Bilingualism, Language Shift, and Economic Development in India ...\";s:11:\"description\";s:877:\"During the past 500 years, a small group of the world\'s languages have grown immensely in relative size. A much larger group of languages have declined, and many have disappeared altogether. Sociolinguists term such displacement language shift. Economists have shown that language aects a variety of economic outcomes, such as trade, economic growth, and the provision of public goods. This literature treats language as exogenous. Yet, productivity in manufacturing is higher when workers can communicate with each other. Urban residents interact and use markets more than their rural counterparts. Both manufacturing employment and urbanization provide incentives to learn new languages. I develop a model of second language learning and language shift and test it using anew panel data set of Indian districts for 1931 and 1961. My estimations are consistent with the model.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:78:\"images/t/880/bilingualism-language-shift-and-economic-development-in-india.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:79:\"images/t2/880/bilingualism-language-shift-and-economic-development-in-india.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:61:\"bilingualism-language-shift-and-economic-development-in-india\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"40\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"50649\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:9:\"eurorient\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"6554\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:253:\"Mr. Ron Nechemia, Chairman of EurOrient Financial Group, to Attend Special High-level Meeting of the Economic and Social Council with the Bretton Woods Institutions, the World Trade Organization and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development\";s:11:\"description\";s:757:\"The Special High-level Meeting of the Economic and Social Council (“ECOSOC”) with the Bretton Woods Institutions, the World Trade Organization and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development will be held on Monday, 27 April 2009, at United Nations Headquarters in New York. The Chairman of the Board of Directors of the EurOrient Financial Group (“EurOrient”) and a Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Mr. Ron Nechemia will attend the Special High-level Meeting of the Economic and Social Council as a fully-fledged stake-holder, along with the Bretton Woods institutions and the WTO where Mr. Nechemia delivered a Policy Statement concerning sustainable development in the face of the global financial crisis.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/507/mr-ron-nechemia-chairman-of-eurorient-financial-group-to-attend-special-high-level-meeting-of-the-ec.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/507/mr-ron-nechemia-chairman-of-eurorient-financial-group-to-attend-special-high-level-meeting-of-the-ec.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"mr-ron-nechemia-chairman-of-eurorient-financial-group-to-attend-special-high-level-meeting-of-the-ec\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"6\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"76933\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:4:\"elle\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:53:\"Changing Regional and Language Settings in Windows XP\";s:11:\"description\";s:68:\"Some steps for Changing Regional and Language Settings in Windows XP\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:70:\"images/t/770/changing-regional-and-language-settings-in-windows-xp.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:71:\"images/t2/770/changing-regional-and-language-settings-in-windows-xp.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:53:\"changing-regional-and-language-settings-in-windows-xp\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"7\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"88582\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"joeri\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:69:\"Language and culture contact and attitudes among first generation ...\";s:11:\"description\";s:750:\"The central question of the study is to examine if and how, in an immigrant context, language maintenance and language contact phenomena correspond to the language attitudes and background factors of first generation Australian Finns. The study investigates the connection between the language the immigrants speak (language contact phenomena), and the immigrants\' attitudes and background information such as language choice, maintenance efforts and contact with Finland and the local Finnish community. Profiles of typical Finnish maintainers or shifters are distinguished among the informants. The study concentrates on the relationship of different language and culture contact attitudes, and the correlation between these attitudes and behavior.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:82:\"images/t/886/language-and-culture-contact-and-attitudes-among-first-generation.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:83:\"images/t2/886/language-and-culture-contact-and-attitudes-among-first-generation.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:65:\"language-and-culture-contact-and-attitudes-among-first-generation\";s:5:\"pages\";s:3:\"341\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"77523\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"terttu\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:31:\"Identity and Language Variation\";s:11:\"description\";s:39:\"Language and Age, A Power point report.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:48:\"images/t/776/identity-and-language-variation.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:49:\"images/t2/776/identity-and-language-variation.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:31:\"identity-and-language-variation\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"14\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"88173\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"matteo\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:62:\"Investigating Heritage Language and Culture Links: An Indo ...\";s:11:\"description\";s:1546:\"Investigating Heritage Language and Culture Links: An Indo-Canadian Hindu Perspective Nootan Kumar, Pavel Trofimovich and Elizabeth Gatbonton Department of Education/TESL Centre, Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance, Concordia University, MontreĀ“al, Canada Although it is commonly believed that language and culture are inexorably linked, the precise nature of this relationship remains elusive. This study investigated the hypothesis that a loss in language signals a loss in culture if language is considered a central value. This hypothesis was investigated by rating the Hindi and English proficiency of 30 first and second generation Indo-Canadian Hindi speakers (15 parentchild pairs) and relating these to their reactions in a matched-guise task, featuring culturally charged English and Hindi scenarios recorded by the same speaker. The scenarios targeted one aspect of North Indian culture the value of filial duty in two contexts (marriage, career). It was hypothesized that, if language loss triggered culture loss, then speakers losing their Hindi (second generation), but not those maintaining it (first generation), would differ in their reactions to scenarios as a function of language. Findings revealed a language shift and the beginnings of a culture shift between the two generations. However, the shift in culture appeared not to be mediated by language. Implications of these findings for heritage language and culture maintenance, the language culture relationship and group identity construction are discussed.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:74:\"images/t/882/investigating-heritage-language-and-culture-links-an-indo.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:75:\"images/t2/882/investigating-heritage-language-and-culture-links-an-indo.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:57:\"investigating-heritage-language-and-culture-links-an-indo\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"17\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"88200\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"hendrik\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:56:\"Language maintenance and language loss in first language\";s:11:\"description\";s:1024:\"Due to the mania of studying abroad in a foreign country, many students start to go overseas in their teen years. As a result, many educators concern about these young learners\' language proficiency in their first language after they have settled down in a new environment. The eagerness of assimilating into the new social group is assumed to be an important factor that accelerates the loss of their mother tongue. In order to further investigate the issue of the language loss and maintenance, there are several literature reviews that have been carried out by linguists. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the factors that lead to the heritage language loss, the effects of this loss, the obstacles to the first language learning, the ways to overcome these obstacles and preserve the ethnic language, the author\'s personal experiences as a second language learner, and the values of native language maintenance. In the end, several suggestions will be made in an attempt to preserve the first language and culture.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:73:\"images/t/882/language-maintenance-and-language-loss-in-first-language.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:74:\"images/t2/882/language-maintenance-and-language-loss-in-first-language.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:56:\"language-maintenance-and-language-loss-in-first-language\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"7\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"2371\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:119:\"Perspectives on the 21st Century Development of Functional Foods : Bridging Chinese Medicated Diet and Functional Foods\";s:11:\"description\";s:1128:\"Functional foods, also known as nutraceuticals, medical foods or nutritional foods, are
\ndriving food markets around the world and are expected to be one of the emerging trends
\nfor the food industry in the new millennium. The concept of functional foods is rooted in a
\ntradition, particularly in Asia, where people have always believed that a balanced diet and
\nsome herbal foods are therapeutic. However, while extensive studies in biochemistry and
\nimmunology, as well as clinical trials, have been conducted on selected functional foods or
\ningredients, the scienti®c features of most traditional herbals remain almost unknown.
\nHowever, the fastest growing food market in the United States is that of herbal-based
\nnutraceuticals such as ginseng, garlic and medical mushrooms. This review describes
\ndifferent aspects of functional foods and the Chinese medicated diet on the basis of current
\nknowledge, discusses the building blocks for the science of functional foods and proposes a
\npossible way to fuse a Chinese medicated diet into functional foods.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:133:\"images/t/24/perspectives-on-the-21st-century-development-of-functional-foods-bridging-chinese-medicated-diet-and-functional-foods.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:134:\"images/t2/24/perspectives-on-the-21st-century-development-of-functional-foods-bridging-chinese-medicated-diet-and-functional-foods.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:117:\"perspectives-on-the-21st-century-development-of-functional-foods-bridging-chinese-medicated-diet-and-functional-foods\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"14\";s:6:\"rating\";s:3:\"1.4\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"5\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"596338\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:20:\"softwaredevelopersuk\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"632809\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:35:\"http://www.softwaredevelopers.co.uk\";s:5:\"title\";s:51:\"Special Easter offer on app and website development\";s:11:\"description\";s:113:\"Special Exciting offers available 4 #Easter on #app #website #development Hurry #startups #entrepreneur #smallbiz\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:69:\"images/t/5964/special-easter-offer-on-app-and-website-development.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:70:\"images/t2/5964/special-easter-offer-on-app-and-website-development.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:51:\"special-easter-offer-on-app-and-website-development\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 15:49:38' WHERE `aff_id` = '821417'