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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"2494\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:7:\"Dry Eye\";s:11:\"description\";s:647:\"Dry eye occurs when the eye does not
\nproduce tears properly, or when the tears
\nare not of the correct consistency and
\nevaporate too quickly.
\nIn addition, inflammation of the surface of the eye may occur along with dry eye. If left untreated, this condition can lead to pain, ulcers, or scars on the cornea, and some loss of vision. However, permanent loss of vision from dry eye is uncommon.
\nDry eye can make it more difficult to perform some activities, such as using a computer or reading for an extended period of time, and
\nit can decrease tolerance for dry environments, such as the air inside an airplane.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:23:\"images/t/25/dry-eye.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:24:\"images/t2/25/dry-eye.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:7:\"dry-eye\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3261\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:158:\"A critical assessment of organic farming-and-food assertions with particular respect to the UK and the potential environmental benefits of no-till agriculture\";s:11:\"description\";s:910:\"There is currently considerable discussion about the merits of particular forms of agriculture. The discussion has been generated
\nby excess food production in the EC, continuing public disquiet over the use of chemicals in food production and political agitation.
\nMuch of the debate concerns the merits or otherwise of organic agriculture which is often seen by the public as producing food free
\nof chemicals and being more environmentally friendly. This article examines these notions critically dealing with each of the
\nindividual claims frequently made for organic agriculture. The article concludes that in the UK, at least, when problems with
\nagriculture emerge they usually hinge around poor management not mode of agriculture. In environmental terms no-till farming
\ncurrently seems to be better than others. The benefits of holistic thinking by farmers are indicated.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:174:\"images/t/33/a-critical-assessment-of-organic-farming-and-food-assertions-with-particular-respect-to-the-uk-and-the-potential-environmental-benefits-of-no-till-agriculture.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:175:\"images/t2/33/a-critical-assessment-of-organic-farming-and-food-assertions-with-particular-respect-to-the-uk-and-the-potential-environmental-benefits-of-no-till-agriculture.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:158:\"a-critical-assessment-of-organic-farming-and-food-assertions-with-particular-respect-to-the-uk-and-the-potential-environmental-benefits-of-no-till-agriculture\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"25\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3277\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:70:\"Cassava hay : A new strategic feed for ruminants during the dry season\";s:11:\"description\";s:821:\"Dry season feeding is critical in terms of both quantity and quality especially for productive ruminants
\nsuch as dairy cattle. Cassava (Manihot esculenta, Crantz) a tuber crop can be grown as foliage in the dry
\nseason producing first cut yield after three months of 20,40 kg/ha (fresh) or 10,200 kg/ha (dried) and
\nestimated combined yield of second and third cut of 40,820 kg/ha (fresh) or 20,400 kg/ha (dried) or 5,102
\nkg crude protein/ha. Cassava hay (CH) contained high level of crude protein (25%) and low levels of NDF
\nand ADF. Voluntary intake of CH was 3.1% of live weight and the dry matter digestibility was 71%.
\nRuminal DM digestibility of CH was relatively high while protein ruminal degradability was low
\nindicating it would be a good source of bypass protein.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:84:\"images/t/33/cassava-hay-a-new-strategic-feed-for-ruminants-during-the-dry-season.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:85:\"images/t2/33/cassava-hay-a-new-strategic-feed-for-ruminants-during-the-dry-season.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:68:\"cassava-hay-a-new-strategic-feed-for-ruminants-during-the-dry-season\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"6\";s:6:\"rating\";s:7:\"2.66667\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"3\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3315\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:50:\"Potential of cassava in integrated farming systems\";s:11:\"description\";s:860:\"A considerable amount of new research information about the use of cassava as animal feed is becoming available from
\nongoing research in Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia. Previously, cassava has been characterized as an “exploitive” crop,
\ndestructive of soil fertility. However, when cassava is grown as a component of a farming system, in which live stock and
\ncrops are closely integrated, its capacity to “exploit” the nutrients in live stock manure becomes a valuable asset.
\nCassava can produce very high yields, especially of protein (up to 4 tonnes/ha/year), which make it an ideal element for
\ntaking advantage of live stock wastes. The results are encouraging and lay the basis for future research and development
\nactivities that promise to have a major impact in tropical farming systems.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:66:\"images/t/34/potential-of-cassava-in-integrated-farming-systems.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:67:\"images/t2/34/potential-of-cassava-in-integrated-farming-systems.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:50:\"potential-of-cassava-in-integrated-farming-systems\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"9\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3678\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:110:\"ROOFTOP FARMING WITH SWEET POTATO FOR REDUCING URBAN HEAT ISLAND EFFECTS AND PRODUCING FOOD AND FUEL MATERIALS\";s:11:\"description\";s:609:\"Sweet potato was cultured with a lightweight hydroponic system on a rooftop as a cooling equipment for reducing
\nurban heat island effects and also as urban agriculture in a summer season in Osaka, Japan. In the result, The
\ndifference in surface temperatures between concrete plates exposed to sun light and under the vegetation
\ncoverage were increased with increasing solar radiation flux and reached 13oC. The tuberous roots yield was 3,2
\nkg m-2 in this method. Sweet potato culture in rooftop farming will be a promising practice for environmental
\nconservation in urban areas. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:126:\"images/t/37/rooftop-farming-with-sweet-potato-for-reducing-urban-heat-island-effects-and-producing-food-and-fuel-materials.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:127:\"images/t2/37/rooftop-farming-with-sweet-potato-for-reducing-urban-heat-island-effects-and-producing-food-and-fuel-materials.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:110:\"rooftop-farming-with-sweet-potato-for-reducing-urban-heat-island-effects-and-producing-food-and-fuel-materials\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3902\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:65:\"A Fundamental Research on Dry Steam Extractives of Japanese Cedar\";s:11:\"description\";s:730:\"In this study, dry steam was applied as a kind of reaction medium to extract organic
\nsubstance from Japanese cedar leaves. The extractives have been investigated through a
\ncontinuous flowing dry steam extraction system. The extractives were analyzed by GC-
\nMS. Monoterpene, sesquiterpene (-eudesmol) and diterpene (kaurene) were found to be
\nthe main compounds in cedar leaves extractives. Compared to the extraction in nitrogen
\ngas atmosphere a higher yield of extractives has been obtained in the flowing dry steam.
\nIt suggests that dry steam extraction is a promising method for selective extraction and
\nseparation of non-polar or low-polar organic materials from Japanese cedar leaves.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:81:\"images/t/40/a-fundamental-research-on-dry-steam-extractives-of-japanese-cedar.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:82:\"images/t2/40/a-fundamental-research-on-dry-steam-extractives-of-japanese-cedar.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:65:\"a-fundamental-research-on-dry-steam-extractives-of-japanese-cedar\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"6\";s:6:\"rating\";s:7:\"3.33333\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"3\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"4258\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:41:\"EFFECT OF DRY GRINDING ON KAOLIN MINERALS\";s:11:\"description\";s:998:\"The effect of dry grinding of kaolin minerMs by a mechanical mortar was examined by
\nx-ray, thermal, and electron microscopic methods. Base exchange capacity and apparent
\ndensity were also measured. In the early stage of grinding, kaolin crystals cleave and
\nfracture and then split into fine crystals which are considered unit erystallites. Such
\nerystallites gradually change to a disordered kaolin and partially decompose into a
\nnoncrystalline substance as grinding progresses. The crystalline and the noncrystalline
\nsubstances promptly reaggrogate and these reaggregated particles have a radial shape.
\nAfter further grinding, the structure of the reaggregated particle seems to be zeolitic.
\nFinally, the kaolin mineral thoroughly changes to a completely amorphous substance
\nsimilar to a silica-alumina mixed gel. Consequently, the effect of dry grinding of kaolin
\nis related to the degree of crystallinity of the original kaolin mineral.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:57:\"images/t/43/effect-of-dry-grinding-on-kaolin-minerals.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:58:\"images/t2/43/effect-of-dry-grinding-on-kaolin-minerals.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:41:\"effect-of-dry-grinding-on-kaolin-minerals\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"16\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"4\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"3\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"9093\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"n0ave\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:44:\"Grepolis farming tutorial (Romanian version)\";s:11:\"description\";s:44:\"Grepolis farming tutorial (Romanian version)\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:58:\"images/t/91/grepolis-farming-tutorial-romanian-version.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:59:\"images/t2/91/grepolis-farming-tutorial-romanian-version.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:42:\"grepolis-farming-tutorial-romanian-version\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:3:\"3.8\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"5\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"15133\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:126:\"Modelling the Impact of Decoupling on Structural Change in the Farming Sector: integrating econometric and optimisation models\";s:11:\"description\";s:2157:\"This paper analyses implications of the 2003 Mid Term Review of the CAP, particularly decoupling of direct payments from production, for Irish farming. Using the Irish FADN data base, an integrated modelling approach involving optimisation models and econometric estimation has been developed to analyse the continued economic viability and the changing structure of farming. Farm level adjustments in response to policy reform are modelled to facilitate the estimation of the effect of a policy on structural aspects of Irish farming such as the number of farms, the proportion of full and part-time farms, the number of dairy farms, the volume of production, the level of farm income and the viability of farming. The first step in this approach is to develop, and solve annually, a profit maximising linear programming model for each farm included in the FADN data set. These linear programming models use results generated by three exogenously estimated models. These results are of three types: (i) estimates of the effect of policy on the rate of entry and exit from farming and thus farm numbers; (ii) more \'positive\' projections of the effect of policy on the allocation of farm labour; and, (iii) projections of reallocation of exiting farmers\' land and milk quota, within the sector and quantitative estimates of how policy changes might affect that reallocation. The use of the proposed modelling approach suggests that farm numbers will decline over the next five years and, the rate of decline will accelerate further after decoupling relative to a continuation of Agenda 2000 policies. Decoupling is likely to result in a more positive economic outlook for beef farming with an increase in the number of economically viable beef farms. The number of beef farmers relying on income from outside the farming sector will however increase. Dairy farmers will face a price cost squeeze and that the pace of structural change in this sector of farming will accelerate due to decoupling. Despite an increased availability of milk quota for farmers remaining in business, the number of economically viable dairy farming businesses is set to decline.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/152/modelling-the-impact-of-decoupling-on-structural-change-in-the-farming-sector-integrating-econometri.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/152/modelling-the-impact-of-decoupling-on-structural-change-in-the-farming-sector-integrating-econometri.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"modelling-the-impact-of-decoupling-on-structural-change-in-the-farming-sector-integrating-econometri\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"32\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"38658\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"neptuno\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:27:\"Help for Cats with Dry Skin\";s:11:\"description\";s:1419:\" have a black and white female cat, approximately 8 years old, and she has developed very dry skin, and noticeable dandruff. I only feed her Iams dry cat food, usually a mixture of several flavors. Is she missing something in her diet? She also is pulling out some of her fur. Otherwise she is a pretty healthy cat. A: There are a number of factors that contribute to dry skin and dandruff in cats. Cats fed a poor diet, such as a generic store brand, can sometimes have dry skin and a dull coat, although this clearly is not the case with your cat, as Iams is an excellent, premium diet. Some cats develop dandruff, especially down the center of their back and around the base of the tail, simply because they are overweight and are unable to groom themselves properly. I see an increase in the number of cats with dandruff in my practice when the fall season arrives; the air becomes dryer, and some cats experience dry skin, in the same way that many people do. Seborrhea is another potential cause of dry flaky skin in cats, although this is much less common in cats than dogs. Many cases of dandruff resolve when a fatty acid supplement rich in omega-3 fatty acids is given to cats on a daily basis. It may take four to six weeks to see results, however. Cats with very flaky skin might need to be bathed with a keratolytic shampoo — one that dissolves flakes. I\'m sure your veterinarian can recommend a good one\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:44:\"images/t/387/help-for-cats-with-dry-skin.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:45:\"images/t2/387/help-for-cats-with-dry-skin.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:27:\"help-for-cats-with-dry-skin\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 01:54:26' WHERE `aff_id` = '184626'