An Error Was Encountered

Error Number: 1054

Unknown column 'cache_on' in 'field list'

UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"182820\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:10:\"chuck99876\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"56887\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:39:\"The Origins of War in Neorealist Theory\";s:11:\"description\";s:138:\"Kenneth Waltz, “The Origins of War in Neorealist Theory,” Journal of Interdisciplinary History Vol. 18(4) Spring 1988: 615-628\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:57:\"images/t/1829/the-origins-of-war-in-neorealist-theory.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:58:\"images/t2/1829/the-origins-of-war-in-neorealist-theory.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:39:\"the-origins-of-war-in-neorealist-theory\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"15\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"385231\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:11:\"fullreviews\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"558549\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:58:\"I Create Vitality The Art Of Living In High Joy Vibrations\";s:11:\"description\";s:58:\"I Create Vitality The Art Of Living In High Joy Vibrations\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:76:\"images/t/3853/i-create-vitality-the-art-of-living-in-high-joy-vibrations.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:77:\"images/t2/3853/i-create-vitality-the-art-of-living-in-high-joy-vibrations.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:58:\"i-create-vitality-the-art-of-living-in-high-joy-vibrations\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"536482\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"banktys\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"616748\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:113:\"Testbank For The Practice of Nursing Research Appraisal Synthesis and Generation of Evidence 7th Edition by Grove\";s:11:\"description\";s:113:\"Testbank For The Practice of Nursing Research Appraisal Synthesis and Generation of Evidence 7th Edition by Grove\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:118:\"images/t/5365/the-practice-of-nursing-research-appraisal-synthesis-and-generation-of-evidence-7th-edition-by-grove.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:119:\"images/t2/5365/the-practice-of-nursing-research-appraisal-synthesis-and-generation-of-evidence-7th-edition-by-grove.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"the-practice-of-nursing-research-appraisal-synthesis-and-generation-of-evidence-7th-edition-by-grove\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"88753\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"alina\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:57:\"The Evolution of Language: Hints from Creoles and Pidgins\";s:11:\"description\";s:767:\"The subtitle of this essay should not be interpreted in the way suggested by Bickerton (1990, 1995, 2002) or Giv√≥n (1998). Creoles can inform our research on the evolution of language not because there is anything empirically exceptional or unusual about the way they emerged (see, e.g., DeGraff 2003, 2005) but because the multitude of facts that we have learned over the past couple of decades about their development has drawn our attention to the kinds of ecological factors that should have informed any sound genetic linguistics (Mufwene 2001, 2005, 2008). Much of recent research has shown that these new language varieties are largely a legacy of 17th and 18th-century European vernaculars spoken in the colonies around the Atlantic and in the Indian Ocean. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:73:\"images/t/888/the-evolution-of-language-hints-from-creoles-and-pidgins.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:74:\"images/t2/888/the-evolution-of-language-hints-from-creoles-and-pidgins.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:56:\"the-evolution-of-language-hints-from-creoles-and-pidgins\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"33\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"408392\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:4:\"John\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:177:\"Introduction, availability and role of simulation in surgical education and training: Review of current evidence and recommendations from the association of surgeons in training\";s:11:\"description\";s:2046:\"Introduction, availability and role of simulation in surgical education and training: review of current evidence and recommendations from the Association of Surgeons in Training.\nMilburn JA, Khera G, Hornby ST, Malone PS, Fitzgerald JE.\nAbstract\nThe utility of simulation in surgical training is now well-established, with proven validity and demonstrable transfer of skills to the clinical setting. Through a reduction in the technical learning curve, simulation can prepare surgeons for actual practice and in doing so it has the potential to improve both patient safety and service efficiency. More broadly, multi-disciplinary simulation of the theatre environment can aid development of non-technical skills and assist in preparing theatre teams for infrequently encountered scenarios such as surgical emergencies. The role of simulation in the formal training curriculum is less well-established, and availability of facilities for this is currently unknown. This paper reviews the contemporary evidence supporting simulation in surgical training and reports trainee access to such capabilities. Our national surgical trainee survey with 1130 complete responses indicated only 41.2% had access to skills simulator facilities. Of those with access, 16.3% had availability out-of-hours and only 54.0% had local access (i.e. current work place). These results highlight the paucity in current provision of surgical skills simulator facilities, and availability (or awareness of availability) varies widely between region, grade and specialty. Based on these findings and current best-evidence, the Association of Surgeons in Training propose 22 action-points for the introduction, availability and role of simulation in surgical training. Adoption of these should guide trainers, trainees and training bodies alike to ensure equitable provision of appropriate equipment, time and resources to allow the full integration of simulation into the surgical curriculum. Int J Surg. 2012;10(8):393-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2012.05.005. Epub 2012 May 18.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:118:\"images/t/4084/introduction-availability-and-role-of-simulation-in-surgical-education-and-training-review-of-curren.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:119:\"images/t2/4084/introduction-availability-and-role-of-simulation-in-surgical-education-and-training-review-of-curren.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"introduction-availability-and-role-of-simulation-in-surgical-education-and-training-review-of-curren\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"6\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"88596\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"etoile\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:68:\"A Psycholinguistic Tool for the Assessment of Language Loss: The ...\";s:11:\"description\";s:1039:\"A major obstacle to the early diagnosis of language loss and to the assessment of language maintenance efforts is the absence of an easy-to-use psycholinguistic measure of language strength. In this paper, we describe and discuss a body-part naming task being developed as part of the Hawai\'i Assessment of Language Access (HALA) project. This task, like the others in the HALA inventory, exploits the fact that the speed with which bilingual speakers access lexical items and structure-building operations in their two languages offers a sensitive measure of relative language strength. In a pilot study conducted with Korean-English bilinguals, we were able to establish a strong correlation between language strength and naming times even in highly fluent bilingual speakers, in support of the central assumption underlying the HALA tests. We discuss the implications of this finding for the broader study of language strength as well as for the practical problems associated with work on language loss, maintenance, and revitalization.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:80:\"images/t/886/a-psycholinguistic-tool-for-the-assessment-of-language-loss-the.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:81:\"images/t2/886/a-psycholinguistic-tool-for-the-assessment-of-language-loss-the.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:63:\"a-psycholinguistic-tool-for-the-assessment-of-language-loss-the\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"13\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"2548\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:98:\"Evaluation of the behavior of caffeine in fresh watersheds and as a tracer of sewage contamination\";s:11:\"description\";s:1502:\"It has been suggested that reductions in nitrogen loading to estuaries should be
\naccomplished by implementing watershed specific programs that target the dominant
\nnitrogen sources. The area surrounding Long Island Sound has been intensively
\ndeveloped and the watersheds contributing water and nutrients to the Sound are subject to
\na variety of density in urbanization. The loading of nutrients due to urban development to
\nthe Sound is influenced by urban infrastructure and the density of human populations and
\ntheir associated activities. Efficient management of water quality in urban systems
\nrequires the identification of elements that contribute most to the loading of various
\npollutants. Caffeine is unique to sewage sources in the Northern Hemisphere, and could
\nbe used as a tracer for sewage contamination and evaluation of landscape elements which
\ncontribute to nitrogen loading via sewage effluent. I measured caffeine concentration in a
\nfresh watershed along an urban-rural gradient which exhibited a variety in development
\nintensity and infrastructure connection. Caffeine was detected and resolved a pattern that
\nincreased with urban density and correlated to other water quality parameters. The
\nevaluation of caffeine as a tracer for sewage contamination as well as a tool for
\nunderstanding how urban landscapes contribute nutrients to the environment is promising
\nbut requires further study.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:114:\"images/t/26/evaluation-of-the-behavior-of-caffeine-in-fresh-watersheds-and-as-a-tracer-of-sewage-contamination.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:115:\"images/t2/26/evaluation-of-the-behavior-of-caffeine-in-fresh-watersheds-and-as-a-tracer-of-sewage-contamination.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:98:\"evaluation-of-the-behavior-of-caffeine-in-fresh-watersheds-and-as-a-tracer-of-sewage-contamination\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"12\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"5\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"2775\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:61:\"STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF LYCOPENE IN POULTRY (HEN AND QUAIL)\";s:11:\"description\";s:1161:\"Lycopene is a member of the carotenoid family as an acyclic isomer of beta-carotene
\nbut has no vitamin A activity. This pigment is responsible for the red color of tomato and its
\nproducts. Beside the coloration effects lycopene has one of the highest antioxidant activities
\nof all the carotenoids. Non-antioxidant mechanisms have also been proposed. These are:
\nupregulation of connexin 43 (gap junction protein) expression, suppression of carcinogen-
\ninduced phosphorylation, inhibition of cholesterol synthesis in the HMG-CoA depending step and stop cell division at the G
\n0
\n-G
\n1
\ncell phase. Because lycopene may have
\nanticarcinogenic and antiatherogenic activities a lot of studies focused its effects. Most of the
\nstudies deal with aspects of human health (i.e. prostate and lung cancer) and less in
\nanimal science. For example a fresh tomato was added into the chicks’ diet in order to
\nevaluate its chemoprotective effect against cytotoxicity of T-2 toxin.
\nSome effects of lycopene were investigated in model experiments on Japanese quail in our
\npresent study. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:75:\"images/t/28/studies-on-the-effects-of-lycopene-in-poultry-hen-and-quail.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:76:\"images/t2/28/studies-on-the-effects-of-lycopene-in-poultry-hen-and-quail.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:59:\"studies-on-the-effects-of-lycopene-in-poultry-hen-and-quail\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"4\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"4168\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:97:\"Gradient Grammar : An Effect of Animacy on the Syntax of give in New Zealand and American English\";s:11:\"description\";s:1486:\"Bresnan et al. (2007) show that a statistical model can predict United States (US) English
\nspeakers’ syntactic choices with ‘give’-type verbs extremely accurately. They argue that these
\nresults are consistent with probabilistic models of grammar, which assume that grammar is
\nquantitive, and learned from exposure to other speakers. Such a model would also predict syn-
\ntactic differences across time and space which are reflected not only in the use of clear dialectal
\nfeatures or clear-cut changes in progress, but also in subtle factors such as the relative impor-
\ntance of conditioning factors, and changes over time in speakers’ preferences between equally
\nwell-formed variants. This paper investigates these predictions by comparing the grammar of
\nphrases involving ‘give’ in New Zealand (NZ) and US English. We find that the grammar
\ndeveloped by Bresnan et al. for US English generalizes remarkably well to NZ English. NZ
\nEnglish is, however, subtly different, in that NZ English speakers appear to be more sensitive
\nto the role of animacy. Further, we investigate changes over time in NZ English and find that
\nthe overall behavior of ‘give’ phrases has subtly shifted. We argue that these subtle differences
\nin space and time provide support for the gradient nature of grammar, and are consistent with
\nusage-based, probabilistic syntactic models.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:111:\"images/t/42/gradient-grammar-an-effect-of-animacy-on-the-syntax-of-give-in-new-zealand-and-american-english.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:112:\"images/t2/42/gradient-grammar-an-effect-of-animacy-on-the-syntax-of-give-in-new-zealand-and-american-english.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:95:\"gradient-grammar-an-effect-of-animacy-on-the-syntax-of-give-in-new-zealand-and-american-english\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"26\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"352360\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:9:\"elingu544\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"497659\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:28:\"http://www.hgacupuncture.com\";s:5:\"title\";s:54:\"The Power Of Acupuncture In Treating Diseases And Ache\";s:11:\"description\";s:2443:\"Acupuncture is considered an alternative form of medicine. China is the birthplace of acupuncture where it is said to treat various diseases. The use of acupuncture to treat diseases is not yet proven based on clinical results. However, because of the expensive nature of medical treatment, some people rely on acupuncture to help them. If you need to know more about this alternative medicine, you may also go to \nJonathan\'s acupuncture clinic. \n\nWhat is the process of acupuncture treatment? The general practice of acupuncture involves the use of needles. These special needles are punctured in certain body points. The aim of this treatment is to find a way to balance body energy. Many Chinese believe that an imbalance in body energy leads to diseases and pain in the body. The needles are said to make way for a good channel of energy for the body, leading to cure. In effect, a treatment like this will help the patient recover from diseases and possibly cure them. Remember that acupuncture is not yet proven as a source of cure which makes it an alternative form of medicine.\n\nWhat do people experience when they undergo acupuncture? It will probably feel painful when needles are injected to your body. However, people who have already experienced acupuncture say that the needles are very tolerable. In fact, once you have undergone a few treatments, the pain will cease. Most acupuncturists use hundreds of needles for a treatment session. They can be used in various body parts from the scalp to the face and then from the hands to the legs. The possible points are endless. When it comes to the effect, people usually claim a reduction in their pains. One example is the reduction of pain from arthritis or rheumatism in many patients who used acupuncture. Some people even reported that their diseases were cured by the process. \n\nIs this a good treatment for me? You have to realize that an alternative medicine, no matter what the type may be, is not a cure. If you know that you have a health concern, seek help from a doctor. However, you may also undergo acupuncture if you think your condition is not that dangerous. People tend to have their own reasons in going to alternative medicine professionals. Many of these people do not have sufficient cash for treatment while others rely on faith and prayers. No matter what your reasons may be, it is always your personal decision to undergo alternative medicine treatments.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:72:\"images/t/3524/the-power-of-acupuncture-in-treating-diseases-and-ache.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:73:\"images/t2/3524/the-power-of-acupuncture-in-treating-diseases-and-ache.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:54:\"the-power-of-acupuncture-in-treating-diseases-and-ache\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 19:35:43' WHERE `aff_id` = '215895'