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\nBalanced Scorecard approach was used as a base platform which served as a
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\nexists an oscillating delivery time. This simulation model achieves giving the
\nknowledge and ability to the managers to make plans accordingly. Having seen the
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\nproject had one more tenet which is launching the system dynamics approach
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\nenvironmental and biological conservation. In order to evaluate the tree cutting effects on the heat and water
\nenvironments, a micrometeorological observation was conducted in a conifer-broadleaf mixed forest in
\nnorthernmost Japan before and after the tree cutting, and the change was discussed. The tree cutting increased
\nthe solar radiation on the ground surface and the soil heat flux during the snow free period. However, the ratio
\nof the soil heat flux to solar radiation was still small even after the tree cutting and most of the values were < 5%.
\nAccordingly, there was little difference in the soil temperature between before and after the cutting. Dense
\nundergrowth of Sasa bamboos control the increase of the radiation on the ground surface and soil temperature in
\nthis ecosystem, and this may act as an obstacle to tree regeneration. On the other hand, the ceasing of
\ntranspiration by trees suppressed the decrease of soil water after the tree cutting. The change of the soil water
\nmay lead to the change of the water balance in this watershed.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:110:\"images/t/44/deforestation-effects-on-the-micrometeorology-in-a-cool-temperate-forest-in-northernmost-japan.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:111:\"images/t2/44/deforestation-effects-on-the-micrometeorology-in-a-cool-temperate-forest-in-northernmost-japan.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:94:\"deforestation-effects-on-the-micrometeorology-in-a-cool-temperate-forest-in-northernmost-japan\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"4\";s:6:\"rating\";s:7:\"3.66667\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"3\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6045\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:72:\"On the Naturalistic Fallacy : A Conceptual Basis for Evolutionary Ethics\";s:11:\"description\";s:1400:\"In debates concerning evolutionary approaches to ethics the Naturalistic Fallacy (i.e., deriving values from facts or “ought” from “is”) is often invoked as a constraining principle. For example, Stephen Jay Gould asserts the most that evolutionary studies can hope to do is set out the conditions under which certain morals or values might have arisen, but it can say nothing about the validity of such values, on pain of committing the Naturalistic Fallacy. Such questions of moral validity, he continues, are best left in the domain of religion. This is a common critique of evolutionary ethics but it is based on an insufficient appreciation of the full implications of the Naturalistic Fallacy. Broadly conceived, the Naturalistic Fallacy rules out any attempt to treat morality as defined according to some pre-existent reality, whether that reality is expressed in natural or non-natural terms. Consequent to this is that morality must be treated as a product of natural human interactions. As such, any discipline which sheds light on the conditions under which values originate, and on the workings of moral psychology, may play a crucial role in questions of moral validity. The authors contend that rather than being a constraint on evolutionary approaches to ethics, the Naturalistic Fallacy, so understood, clears the way, conceptually, for just such an approach.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:86:\"images/t/61/on-the-naturalistic-fallacy-a-conceptual-basis-for-evolutionary-ethics.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:87:\"images/t2/61/on-the-naturalistic-fallacy-a-conceptual-basis-for-evolutionary-ethics.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:70:\"on-the-naturalistic-fallacy-a-conceptual-basis-for-evolutionary-ethics\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"15\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"86722\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:11:\"myricoorish\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:51:\"On the Possibility of a Substantive Theory of Truth\";s:11:\"description\";s:602:\"The paper offers anew analysis of the difficulties involved in the construction of a general and substantive correspondence theory of truth and delineates a solution to these difficulties in the form of anew methodology. The central argument is inspired by Kant, and the proposed methodology is explained and justified both in general philosophical terms and by reference to a particular variant of Tarski\'s theory. The paper begins with general considerations on truth and correspondence and concludes with a brief outlook on the"family"of theories of truth generated by the new methodology.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:68:\"images/t/868/on-the-possibility-of-a-substantive-theory-of-truth.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:69:\"images/t2/868/on-the-possibility-of-a-substantive-theory-of-truth.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:51:\"on-the-possibility-of-a-substantive-theory-of-truth\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"40\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-27 17:42:20' WHERE `aff_id` = '576834'