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Wharton School researchers spentthree and one-half years (January 1998-June 2001) studying three major players at various stages of the value chain: producers (product manufacturers), purchasers (group purchasing organizations, or GPOs, and wholesalers/distributors), and health care providers (hospital systems and integrated delivery networks, or IDNs) (see Exhibit 1.1). Manufacturers make the products, GPOs purchase them in bulk on behalf of hospitals, distributors take title to them and deliver them, and providers consume them in the course of rendering patient care. In conducting this study, the Wharton School research team had five broad aims: 1. To profile the major segments in the health care value chain and some of the key players within them, their resources and capabilities, and their recent history; 2. To document how the value chain currently operates; 3. To identify and analyze thestrategic and competitive issues facing the three major players;\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:72:\"images/t/341/the-wharton-school-study-of-the-health-care-value-chain.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:73:\"images/t2/341/the-wharton-school-study-of-the-health-care-value-chain.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:55:\"the-wharton-school-study-of-the-health-care-value-chain\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"24\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6406\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:105:\"Reference-dependent preferences and loss aversion: A discrete choice experiment in the health-care sector\";s:11:\"description\";s:1242:\"This study employs a Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) in the health-care sector to test the loss aversion theory that
\nis derived from reference-dependent preferences: The absolute subjective value of a deviation from a reference point
\nis generally greater when the deviation represents a loss than when the same-sized change is perceived as a gain. As
\nfar as is known, this paper is the first to use a DCE to test the loss aversion theory. A DCE is a highly suitable tool
\nfor such testing because it estimates the marginal valuations of attributes, based on deviations from a reference point
\n(a constant scenario). Moreover, loss aversion can be examined for each attribute separately. Another advantage of a
\nDCE is that is can be applied to non-traded goods with non-tangible attributes. A health-care event is used for empirical
\nillustration: The loss aversion theory is tested within the context of preference structures for maternity-ward attributes,
\nestimated using data gathered from 3850 observations made by a sample of 542 women who had recently given birth.
\nSeven hypotheses are presented and tested. Overall, significant support for behavioral loss aversion theories was found.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:120:\"images/t/65/reference-dependent-preferences-and-loss-aversion-a-discrete-choice-experiment-in-the-health-care-sector.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:121:\"images/t2/65/reference-dependent-preferences-and-loss-aversion-a-discrete-choice-experiment-in-the-health-care-sector.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:104:\"reference-dependent-preferences-and-loss-aversion-a-discrete-choice-experiment-in-the-health-care-sector\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"12\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"123582\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:11:\"pietronella\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:74:\"Calculus and Pizza: A Cookbook for the Hungry Mind by Clifford A. Pickover\";s:11:\"description\";s:247:\"\n

  1. Calculus and Pizza: A Cookbook for\n the Hungry Mind by Clifford A.\n Pickover\n\n\n\n\n Clear And Insightful\n\n\nCALCULUS + PEPPERONI / FUN = MATH SUCCESS Do you want to\ndo well…\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:114:\"data/thumb/Calculus-and-Pizza-A-Cookbook-for-the-Hungry-Mind-by-Clifford-A.-Pickover-Document-Transcript-27973.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:115:\"data/thumb2/Calculus-and-Pizza-A-Cookbook-for-the-Hungry-Mind-by-Clifford-A.-Pickover-Document-Transcript-27973.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:72:\"calculus-and-pizza-a-cookbook-for-the-hungry-mind-by-clifford-a-pickover\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"499426\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:13:\"TOMASA reeves\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:24:\"http://www.elinz.com.au/\";s:5:\"title\";s:45:\"A Guide For The Novice Car or truck Purchaser\";s:11:\"description\";s:45:\"A Guide For The Novice Car or truck Purchaser\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:63:\"images/t/4995/a-guide-for-the-novice-car-or-truck-purchaser.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:64:\"images/t2/4995/a-guide-for-the-novice-car-or-truck-purchaser.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:45:\"a-guide-for-the-novice-car-or-truck-purchaser\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"577026\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:10:\"timmichael\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"625521\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:42:\"The Way To Sell A House For The Most Money\";s:11:\"description\";s:84:\"The Way To Sell A House For The Most Money with richmondrealestateagent.ca Never Mis\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:60:\"images/t/5771/the-way-to-sell-a-house-for-the-most-money.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:61:\"images/t2/5771/the-way-to-sell-a-house-for-the-most-money.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:42:\"the-way-to-sell-a-house-for-the-most-money\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 00:22:27' WHERE `aff_id` = '590760'