An Error Was Encountered

Error Number: 1054

Unknown column 'cache_on' in 'field list'

UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8329\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:81:\"The Economics of the ATM Regulation in EU : The impact of the Single European Sky\";s:11:\"description\";s:2655:\"Page 1
\nPapp E.K, Papavramides T. C. “The Economics of the ATM Regulation in EU. The impact of the Single European Sky”
\nConference on Air Traffic Management (ATM) Economics, Belgrade, 10 Sep. 2009
\nThe Economics of the ATM Regulation in EU.
\nThe impact of the Single European Sky.
\nEmese K. Papp
\n, Thanos C. Papavramides
\n1 Student, BKF Budapest College of Communications, Business and Management of
\nEUROCONTROL Organisation, Rue de la Fuse 96, 1130 Brussels,
\n\" thinking and trying, it [regulation] can be made to make more of a difference-or, more importantly, a better
\ndifference.\"[14] Starting in April 2004 the European Commission (EC) with the Council and the European Parliament
\nhave been gradually introducing a set of regulations establishing the “Single European Sky” (SES) in EU. This has
\nput the Air Navigation Services (or ATM) provision to a category of business for which the Member States (MS) had
\nto implement a separation of the provision of service from its regulation and allow service provision to develop under
\nspecific rules[1]. To supervise the correct application of the new regulations the Member States had to establish
\nNational Supervisory Authorities (NSAs)[1]. Although one may argue that these type of regulatory tasks have been
\nexecuted in the past by competent State’s Authorities as part of their obligations to ICAO Convention and SARPS, in
\npractice States had to establish new or enforce existing institutions and organizations to cope with the those new
\nobligations[2]. This inevitably impacted the cost of regulation. The paper introduces a model for regulation of Air
\nNavigation Services, inspired by the High Level Group Report (2007) to address the role and the multiple functions
\nof the NSA. It has been observed that the SES regulations inevitably generate a cost but as the regulations allow
\ndifferent choices, states have followed a diversified path in recovering this cost. The paper stipulates and introduces
\nprinciples regarding the fair handling and recovery of this cost. In addition other ways are proposed in an effort to
\nrationalize the cost and minimize the impact on the market without compromising the effectiveness of the regulation
\nin particular regarding safety and security. The case of “many NSAs” functioning in a FAB environment is also
\naddressed.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:95:\"images/t/84/the-economics-of-the-atm-regulation-in-eu-the-impact-of-the-single-european-sky.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:96:\"images/t2/84/the-economics-of-the-atm-regulation-in-eu-the-impact-of-the-single-european-sky.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:79:\"the-economics-of-the-atm-regulation-in-eu-the-impact-of-the-single-european-sky\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"5\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"2\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"41911\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:4:\"mine\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:69:\"A Summary of the Labor Contract Law of the People\'s Republic of China\";s:11:\"description\";s:994:\"Thirteen years ago, the Labor Law of the People\'s Republic of China ("Labor Law") was released, which is a fundamental law to govern employment relationships between employers and employees in China. The Labor Law has indeed played a very important role in such sector in the past 13 years. However, with the development of the Chinese economy and society, more and more labor issues, which may not be completely or well dealt with under the current Labor Law, have occurred. As a result, a few years ago, the legislative department started to create a new labor law to cope with this situation. After a few rounds of review and revision, the Labor Contract Law of the People\'s Republic of China ("Labor Contract Law") was eventually promulgated by the 28th Session of the Standing Committee of the 10th National People\'s Congress on June 29, 2007 and took effect as of January 1, 2008. The following is a summary to facilitate your understanding of the Labor Contract Law.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:86:\"images/t/420/a-summary-of-the-labor-contract-law-of-the-people-s-republic-of-china.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:87:\"images/t2/420/a-summary-of-the-labor-contract-law-of-the-people-s-republic-of-china.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:69:\"a-summary-of-the-labor-contract-law-of-the-people-s-republic-of-china\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"126335\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"kriszta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:58:\"Encyclopedia of the Dead (European Classics) by Danilo Kis\";s:11:\"description\";s:264:\"\n

  1. Encyclopedia of the Dead (European\n Classics) by Danilo Kis\n\n\n\n\n `Only Death Is Certain.\'\n\n\nThis collection of short stories depicts human relationships, encounters,\nlandscapes and the multitude of details that make…\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:97:\"data/thumb/Encyclopedia-of-the-Dead-European-Classics-by-Danilo-Kis-Document-Transcript-35362.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:98:\"data/thumb2/Encyclopedia-of-the-Dead-European-Classics-by-Danilo-Kis-Document-Transcript-35362.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:56:\"encyclopedia-of-the-dead-european-classics-by-danilo-kis\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"358487\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:13:\"manisha229249\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"107746\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:79:\"Addressing the Wealth Management Requirements of the Indian Mass Market Segment\";s:11:\"description\";s:361:\"This paper highlights the recent changes in the industry, their impact on the business model of wealth management service providers, emerging business models and how better utilization of technology can help in serving mass market customers profitably. Read infosys white paper \"Addressing the Wealth Management Requirements of the Indian Mass Market Segment\".\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:97:\"images/t/3585/addressing-the-wealth-management-requirements-of-the-indian-mass-market-segment.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:98:\"images/t2/3585/addressing-the-wealth-management-requirements-of-the-indian-mass-market-segment.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:79:\"addressing-the-wealth-management-requirements-of-the-indian-mass-market-segment\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"7\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"434053\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:10:\"pguillaume\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"566540\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:77:\"Use The Power Of The Internet To Market Your Business Using These Simple Tips\";s:11:\"description\";s:385:\"You can build a solid customer base and have a successfulAffiliate marketingbusiness if you apply the proper techniques. More than ever before, you can find new business and build strong relationships with them...\nRead the full blog post here:\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:95:\"images/t/4341/use-the-power-of-the-internet-to-market-your-business-using-these-simple-tips.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:96:\"images/t2/4341/use-the-power-of-the-internet-to-market-your-business-using-these-simple-tips.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:77:\"use-the-power-of-the-internet-to-market-your-business-using-these-simple-tips\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"386342\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:8:\"seabadog\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"11581\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:51:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:98:\"CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE - The Order of the Only Begotten Son -- Bind Up the Law - Seal Up the Testimony\";s:11:\"description\";s:1521:\"Again, as with my last book, as I try to finish editing my final version of this new book, my computer will not even start. So I am uploading this \'Draft Copy\' from four months ago. I also see many of the scriptures for the \'Enemy\' chapter are no longer there... oppression of the plain and simple truth by those imitating the true order of the Lord. Teach and Warn about the principles of the Law of the Celestial Kingdom in this outline of scriptures: CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE - The Order of the Only Begotten Son -- Bind Up the Law - Seal Up the Testimony Chapters 1 Operation Manuals: The Written Revelation of the Lord Jesus Christ 2 Command and Control Center: The Throne of God – The Temple of God 3 Calculated Revolution in Heaven: War and Contention 4 Friend: The Church of the Lamb of God / The Holy Order / The Liberty and Freedom Alliance 5 Enemy: The Whore – The Great and Abominable Church – The Bondage and Captivity Alliance 6 The Law: Sanctification by The Law of the Celestial Kingdom – The Everlasting Gospel – The Everlasting Covenant 7 Authority: The Holy Order / Priesthood of the Lamb of God – Bind Up the Law – Seal Up the Testimony 8 Witness Testimony: Two Prophets 9 Surprise Attack: Operation Desolation of Abominations – The Great and Dreadful Day of the Lord – The Day of Transfiguration – The Day of Redemption – The Glorious Day – The Resurrection of the Just 10 The Millennium: 1,000 Years of Peace – The Seventh Seal\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:109:\"images/t/3864/christian-doctrine-the-order-of-the-only-begotten-son-bind-up-the-law-seal-up-the-testimony.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:110:\"images/t2/3864/christian-doctrine-the-order-of-the-only-begotten-son-bind-up-the-law-seal-up-the-testimony.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:91:\"christian-doctrine-the-order-of-the-only-begotten-son-bind-up-the-law-seal-up-the-testimony\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"85\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8237\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:54:\"A PRELIMINARY MODEL OF THE VULNERABILITY BLACK MARKET\";s:11:\"description\";s:884:\"The emergence of vulnerability black markets enhances the opportunities for
    \nmalicious actors to launch exploits toward computer networks, to commit cyber-crime and to
    \nperform other unlawful activities. Asymmetric information, inadequate software testing, lack
    \nof incentive to improve quality of the software are presumed to be the most important grounds
    \nof the software vulnerability problems. This work is a preliminary model to build a structure
    \nthat may explain the factors influencing the emergence of vulnerability black market and to
    \nsimulate undesired consequences from desired effect to eliminate software vulnerabilities. The
    \npurpose of the research is to provide better understanding for information security community
    \nabout the dynamic features of the software vulnerability and the vulnerability black market
    \nproblems.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:69:\"images/t/83/a-preliminary-model-of-the-vulnerability-black-market.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:70:\"images/t2/83/a-preliminary-model-of-the-vulnerability-black-market.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:53:\"a-preliminary-model-of-the-vulnerability-black-market\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"31\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"8980\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:137:\"The public Limit Order Book of the Korea Exchange: Market capitalization dependent endogenous effects on spreads, volatility and volume\";s:11:\"description\";s:1068:\"In 1999 the Korea Exchange [KE] introduced its public limit order book displaying
    \nvolume, price and broker identity to all market participants. Going against the general
    \ntrend in market design, the KE event provides important information for exchanges
    \nthat are deciding between a transparent market, preferred by most participants, and an
    \nanonymous market accommodating large institutions and their brokers. Using several
    \nalternative metrics for market quality and estimation methodology accounting for fixed
    \nfirm effects and endogeneity in explanatory variables, our results contradict previous
    \nresearch, which mostly supports the drive for opacity. We find that when limit orders
    \nare public, spreads fall, volatility increases and volume increases. The effects differ
    \nacross market capitalization segments. The current policy of the Korean Stock
    \nExchange to publicly display the 10 best orders, including broker identity and trades is
    \nprovisionally best practice, as it promotes higher traded volume.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:149:\"images/t/90/the-public-limit-order-book-of-the-korea-exchange-market-capitalization-dependent-endogenous-effects-on-spreads-volatility-and-volume.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:150:\"images/t2/90/the-public-limit-order-book-of-the-korea-exchange-market-capitalization-dependent-endogenous-effects-on-spreads-volatility-and-volume.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:133:\"the-public-limit-order-book-of-the-korea-exchange-market-capitalization-dependent-endogenous-effects-on-spreads-volatility-and-volume\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"36\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"10594\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:114:\"The Perils of Free Cash Flow, Avoidance of Outside Monitoring, and the Exploitation of the Internal Capital Market\";s:11:\"description\";s:1448:\"All diversified firms are not created equal. Size matters when it comes to the functioning of corporate internal capital markets and the value of corporate diversification. The “diversification discount” is largely driven by mid-sized conglomerates with annual revenues of $20 to $400 million. These conglomerates experience an average discount of 18% and significantly cross-subsidize their business units. By comparison, small and large conglomerates suffer lesser discounts of 5% and 3%, respectively. This paper argues that the differences in excess
    \nvalue are due to agency issues originating from managerial discretion over free cash flow and a lack of external oversight. The results show that high levels of coincident free cash flow and corporate investment disrupt the efficient operation of the firm’s internal capital market and lead to lower excess value. The free cash flow problem appears concentrated in mid-sized and large conglomerates which produce substantially higher cash flow than small conglomerates. Diversified firms that increase their disclosure or commit to pay out excess cash flow to shareholders can substantially mitigate these negative effects. This study identifies which types of firms are most prone to the dark side of corporate diversification. Institutional and activist investors should focus their monitoring efforts on the mid-sized conglomerates which would otherwise go unwatched.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/106/the-perils-of-free-cash-flow-avoidance-of-outside-monitoring-and-the-exploitation-of-the-internal-ca.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/106/the-perils-of-free-cash-flow-avoidance-of-outside-monitoring-and-the-exploitation-of-the-internal-ca.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"the-perils-of-free-cash-flow-avoidance-of-outside-monitoring-and-the-exploitation-of-the-internal-ca\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"43\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"590207\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:14:\"dennisphillips\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"631294\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:64:\"The Future of the Dairy Food Market in the United States to 2017\";s:11:\"description\";s:209:\"This report provides authoritative and granular data on the Dairy Food market in the United States and, in doing so fills the gaps in marketers understanding of trends and the components of change behind them.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:82:\"images/t/5903/the-future-of-the-dairy-food-market-in-the-united-states-to-2017.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:83:\"images/t2/5903/the-future-of-the-dairy-food-market-in-the-united-states-to-2017.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:64:\"the-future-of-the-dairy-food-market-in-the-united-states-to-2017\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"6\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 12:27:21' WHERE `aff_id` = '502678'