American Defenses of Corregidor and Manila Bay 1898-1945 (Fortress)
The Philippines were declared an American Territory on January 4, 1899, and fortification construction soon began on the islands in the mouth of Manila Bay. Among the sites built were Fort Mills (Corregidor), Fort Frank, and the formidable "concrete battleship" of Fort Drum. The defenses suffered constant Japanese bombardment during World War II, leading to the surrender of American forces. In 1945 the forts were manned by Japanese soldiers determined to hold out to the bitter end. This title details the fortifications of this key strategic location, and considers both their effectiveness and historical importance.
Uneven, Due to Lack of Structured Format
By R. A Forczyk - April 22, 2003
...this book is somewhat uneven; it is almost implicitly written as a travel guide for those who might wish to visit the remnants of these fortifications and in that regard, the authors' amply accomplish their purpose. In essence, this volume seems to suffer from Osprey's failure to establish a uniform structure for this new Fortress series, leaving it up to the authors to decide what to focus upon. Thus a reader looking for greater detail about the fortifications will find that this volume does not suffice...The authors cover the fall of the Manila Bay fortifications and their recapture in two sections totaling 19 pages. These sections are adequate, but provide relatively sparse detail on the garrisons and critical aspects of the siege...Graphically, this volume is quite appealing. There are five 2-D maps (the Manila Bay environs, the defenses of Manila Bay in 1941, a strategic map in December 1941, the Japanese assault on Corregidor, the American recapture of Corregidor)... read more
Excellent, accurate book on the "Alamo of the Pacific"
By Penelope A. Blake - March 20, 2004
I have spoken to a number of survivors of the fall of Corregidor (May 6, 1942,) and they are all asking me to send them more copies of this book to pass around to their fellow survivors. They contend that it is the only book which shows the island and its batteries as they were in 1942. This is perhaps the best tribute I can give the authors. The book has also proved immensely helpful to me as I continue to collect the oral histories of those who served on Corregidor. Well done!
By Jersey Kid - April 14, 2006
For those involved in the study of the Taft and Endicott Periods of coast defense doctrine and technology, the Philippines is considered as the mother-lode of extant artifacts. The archipelago came under formal American control after the Spanish-American War. Almost immediately, the military looked to develop modern defenses for two bays on the main island of Luzon. Subic Bay, with a classic bottleneck entrance channel was able to be protected by a single fort at the mouth of the bay. Manila Bay - on the eastern edge of which sat the capital city of Manila - was a more difficult proposition. The bay's 12 mile wide mouth stretched the limits of late-19th century artillery technology, but the width of the bay was compensated for by the fact that the entrance contained a number of islands.
Fortification construction began soon after the American occupation. Among the sites built were Fort Mills (Corregidor), Fort Frank, and the unique and formidable "concrete battleship" of... read more