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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"14675\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"samanta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"1916\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:77:\"THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: THE GOVERNANCE PERSPECTIVE\";s:11:\"description\";s:2440:\"The concept of sustainable development has increasingly stimulated interest among development practitioners, scholars and politicians regarding its relevance to addressing development problems. It has been referred to as a development paradigm and a moral imperative as well as a \"utopian\" concept. Along with these perceptions there are varied definitions and interpretations, where there appears to be a common theme that relates to a concern for improving people\'s quality of life, generally referred to as human development. The paper is intended to contribute to the dialogue on the relevance of the sustainable development concept to improving human development. It discusses sustainable development in the context of governance within a political economy framework with reference to African countries in general and Liberia in particular. It provides an operational definition and explores the concept\'s relevance and applicability to improving human development as a dynamic process. From this perspective, the premise of the paper is that institutional failures contribute immensely to the current state of many African countries socio-economic malaise. Recognizing the inherent interplay of power politics and the personal dynamics of the African political economy, the paper provides brief preliminary insights for the development of an institutional sustainable development framework that includes several traditional organizational reform measures and institutional performance mechanisms characterized as best practices. The paper argues that these measures should be buttressed by more innovative pursuit of institutional viability through the effective implementation of appropriate strategies. The objective of the strategies should be to inculcate a value system ingrained in civic responsibility, undertake constitutional reforms and institutionalize robust capacity building programs geared towards the transformation of institutions into productive and sustainable organizational entities. It further suggests that capacity building should place a special focus on personal development. This is considered important so that progress and achievement may be realized not by the personalization of the issues or a resort to violence but rather by individual and groups\' exemplary character of integrity, competence and genuine commitment. The paper views this as a people-centered approach to institutional development.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:92:\"images/t/147/the-political-economy-of-sustainable-development-the-governance-perspective.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:93:\"images/t2/147/the-political-economy-of-sustainable-development-the-governance-perspective.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:75:\"the-political-economy-of-sustainable-development-the-governance-perspective\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"26\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"26447\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"monkey\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"3327\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:44:\"lONAL Sustainable Development Strategy: Myan\";s:11:\"description\";s:1048:\"The Union of Myanmar ¡s Located in sub-region of Southeast Asia, specifically in the area known as
\nthe Greater Mekong Sub-region. Bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, Myanmar is also
\nlocated in between the countries of Bangladesh in South Asia and Thailand in Southeast Asia.
\nMyanmar with its unique political and social scenario has made promising progress towards sustain-
\nable development while taking the necessary steps towards adopting a National Sustainable Devel-
\nopment Strategy in 2007-2008, utilizing a multi-stakeholder participatory process. The Myanmar
\nAgenda 2 I was formulate and published in I 997, providing a blueprint for the country\'s approach
\nto sustainable development. A stronger institutional mechanism for addressing environment and
\nsustainable development may come about with the passage of an Environmental Protection Law ex-
\npected in the near future. Myanmar has adopted the National Environment Policy in I 994 and other
\nsectoral strategies\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:60:\"images/t/265/lonal-sustainable-development-strategy-myan.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:61:\"images/t2/265/lonal-sustainable-development-strategy-myan.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:43:\"lonal-sustainable-development-strategy-myan\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"9811\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:43:\"CONCEPT MAPPING FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT\";s:11:\"description\";s:1837:\" Concept mapping has been used as a tool to monitor and promote meaningful learning, thinking, and acting in courses
\ntaught by Professor Mauri Åhlberg since 1989 at the University of Joensuu, Finland. In this paper the use of concept mapping is
\ndescribed in an advanced course that focused on teacher as researcher and developer of her/his own work and its preconditions.
\nDuring the course university students completing their field practice made observations and collected data. They researched their
\nchosen field school, its curriculum, their own teaching, and their pupils’ learning. In this paper we describe one aspect of the
\ndata in depth. That is, how sustainable development is promoted in the students’ field practice schools according to university
\nstudents’ observations, interviews, and other data they collected. The main points were condensed into concept maps, which
\ncomprise the data presented in this report. Students have also performed Vee heuristics on each aspect of their study, but we do
\nnot present results of those analyses in this paper. The results seem clear that, at least according to university students’
\nobservations, schools in rural Finland use more time and energy to promote sustainable development now than they did
\npreviously. This is a good sign for the upcoming United Nation’s Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (EfS). The
\nissue is important and there is empirical evidence from concept maps that sustainable development is more important than once
\nthought in rural schools of Finland. We suggest the broader use of concept mapping to promote Education for Sustainable
\nDevelopment. Theoretical reasons based partly on empirical research are provided for this suggestion \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:59:\"images/t/99/concept-mapping-for-sustainable-development.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:60:\"images/t2/99/concept-mapping-for-sustainable-development.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:43:\"concept-mapping-for-sustainable-development\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"6\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"15775\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"Retro\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:23:\"Sustainable Development\";s:11:\"description\";s:154:\"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:40:\"images/t/158/sustainable-development.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:41:\"images/t2/158/sustainable-development.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:23:\"sustainable-development\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"8\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"153327\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"dktk20\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"36645\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:99:\"Mix use planning as a generator to sustainable development - Rotem Shaiker & Hadar ben- Avraham\";s:11:\"description\";s:108:\"Mix use planning as a generator to sustainable development - Rotem Shaiker & Hadar ben- Avraham_blog.pdf\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:108:\"images/t/1534/mix-use-planning-as-a-generator-to-sustainable-development-rotem-shaiker-hadar-ben-avraham.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:109:\"images/t2/1534/mix-use-planning-as-a-generator-to-sustainable-development-rotem-shaiker-hadar-ben-avraham.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:90:\"mix-use-planning-as-a-generator-to-sustainable-development-rotem-shaiker-hadar-ben-avraham\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"41\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"250662\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"dktk20\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"36645\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:65:\"Street Planning as Part of a Sustainable Development - Aya Striem\";s:11:\"description\";s:65:\"Street Planning as Part of a Sustainable Development - Aya Striem\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:47:\"images/t/2507/sustainable-street-design-pdf.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:48:\"images/t2/2507/sustainable-street-design-pdf.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:29:\"sustainable-street-design-pdf\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"20\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"163988\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:11:\"globalpanel\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"36644\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:50:\"Portfolio Optimization for Global Drug Development\";s:11:\"description\";s:463:\"The goal is to meet strategic objectives selecting the \"best\" portfolio\nof internal and external drug development programs for funding and\nbalance company resources including money, manpower and\nmanufacturing capacity. Projects could be interdependent, have\nmultiple development scenarios, and are subject to multiple business\nrules specific for the company environment. Value of each project\ndepends on multiple factors, and could be quantitative or qualitative.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:68:\"images/t/1640/portfolio-optimization-for-global-drug-development.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:69:\"images/t2/1640/portfolio-optimization-for-global-drug-development.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:50:\"portfolio-optimization-for-global-drug-development\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"103645\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"eliasz\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:101:\"GLOBALIZATION & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Strategies for Poverty eradication & Wealth creation\";s:11:\"description\";s:102:\"GLOBALIZATION & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Strategies for Poverty eradication & Wealth creation \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:133:\"data/thumb/GLOBALIZATION-SUSTAINABLE-DEVELOPMENT-Strategies-for-Poverty-eradication-Wealth-creation-Presentation-Transcript-19921.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:134:\"data/thumb2/GLOBALIZATION-SUSTAINABLE-DEVELOPMENT-Strategies-for-Poverty-eradication-Wealth-creation-Presentation-Transcript-19921.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:88:\"globalization-sustainable-development-strategies-for-poverty-eradication-wealth-creation\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"51\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"26709\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"monkey\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"3327\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:31:\"Framing Sustainable Development\";s:11:\"description\";s:818:\"“What is needed now is a new era of economic growth – growth that is forceful and at the same time socially and
\nenvironmentally sustainable.” This call in the foreword of the 1987 Brundtland Report, “Our Common Future,” still rings
\ntrue twenty years later.
\nSustainable development – defined by the Brundtland Commission as development that meets the needs of the present
\nwithout compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs – has been enshrined in documents
\napproved at the highest political level, but “the commitment to sustainable development has not gone much beyond
\nenvironmental authorities,” says Nitin Desai, a senior adviser to the Brundtland Commission and a key draftsman of
\nthe report\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:48:\"images/t/268/framing-sustainable-development.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:49:\"images/t2/268/framing-sustainable-development.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:31:\"framing-sustainable-development\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"43434\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"jacobus\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:43:\"THE ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT\";s:11:\"description\";s:435:\"Recognising its responsibility towards the promotion of sustainable development, the IOC considers the environment as an integral dimension of Olympism, alongside sport and culture. The IOC thus ensures that the Olympic Games take place in conditions that take into account the environment in a responsible way, and collaborates with the relevant public or private authorities, with the aim of placing sport at the service of humanity.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:60:\"images/t/435/the-environment-and-sustainable-development.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:61:\"images/t2/435/the-environment-and-sustainable-development.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:43:\"the-environment-and-sustainable-development\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"5\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 00:22:40' WHERE `aff_id` = '1434610'