An Error Was Encountered

Error Number: 1054

Unknown column 'cache_on' in 'field list'

UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"90169\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"kasim\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:87:\"ABSTRACT-Mingling Tongues: Code switching/mixing Practices of North American Bilinguals\";s:11:\"description\";s:1195:\"What motivates North American bilinguals to use both English and Spanish in their daily discourse while studying abroad in Mexico? There are many driving forces that influence linguistic choice; language proficiency is only one of the many forces. Group identity, solidarity and ethnicity are the social forces emphasized here. This paper analyzes the English/Spanish linguistic perspective of this language and culture contact situation. Through participant observation I document how North American bilinguals use both of their linguistic repertoires during immersion programs in two different locals: Cuernavaca and Taxco, Mexico. This paper focuses on code switching/code mixing practices of North American bilingual college students, and the formation of identity as influenced by language usage. My intent is to bring attention to the need for research of the English/Spanish linguistic and cultural interchange from both the Hispanic American and North American perspective. This study demonstrates that many of the sociolinguistic variables involved in a contact situation are in a constant state of flux: a negotiation between speakers holding a variety of identities, norms, and rules.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:103:\"images/t/902/abstract-mingling-tongues-code-switching-mixing-practices-of-north-american-bilinguals.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:104:\"images/t2/902/abstract-mingling-tongues-code-switching-mixing-practices-of-north-american-bilinguals.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:86:\"abstract-mingling-tongues-code-switching-mixing-practices-of-north-american-bilinguals\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"26\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"240921\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:19:\"Matt Astonish Kelly\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:49:\"Call of Duty North American Console Team Proposal\";s:11:\"description\";s:49:\"Call of Duty North American Console Team Proposal\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:67:\"images/t/2410/call-of-duty-north-american-console-team-proposal.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:68:\"images/t2/2410/call-of-duty-north-american-console-team-proposal.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:49:\"call-of-duty-north-american-console-team-proposal\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"7\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"456555\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:13:\"marketreports\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"65751\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:33:\"http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/\";s:5:\"title\";s:133:\"North American Crop Protection Chemicals Market & Latin American Crop Protection Chemicals Market worth $27,806.4 Million By 2018\";s:11:\"description\";s:237:\"North American Crop Protection Chemicals Market & Latin American Crop Protection Chemicals Market by Types (Herbicides, Fungicides, Insecticides, Bio-pesticides and Adjuvants), by Crop Types, by Geography: Trends and Forecast to 2018\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:118:\"images/t/4566/north-american-crop-protection-chemicals-market-latin-american-crop-protection-chemicals-market-wort.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:119:\"images/t2/4566/north-american-crop-protection-chemicals-market-latin-american-crop-protection-chemicals-market-wort.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"north-american-crop-protection-chemicals-market-latin-american-crop-protection-chemicals-market-wort\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"581172\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:12:\"dinesh192491\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"624848\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:66:\"North American Home Healthcare Market worth $130.4 Billion By 2017\";s:11:\"description\";s:306:\"[271 Pages Report] North American Home Healthcare Market report categorizes the global health care market by Services (Respiratory Therapy, Rehabilitation Therapy) by product (Blood Glucose Meter, ECG, IV Equipment, Nutrition, Wheelchair, Fitness, Heart Rate Monitor, Pregnancy Test Kit) & by Geography\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:83:\"images/t/5812/north-american-home-healthcare-market-worth-130-4-billion-by-2017.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:84:\"images/t2/5812/north-american-home-healthcare-market-worth-130-4-billion-by-2017.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:65:\"north-american-home-healthcare-market-worth-130-4-billion-by-2017\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"13667\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:9:\"manualzon\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"2448\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:25:\"http://www.manualzon.com/\";s:5:\"title\";s:32:\"P-51D Mustang Instruction Manual\";s:11:\"description\";s:83:\" instruction manual of remote controlled aeromodelling P-51 D Mustang plane fighter\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:40:\"images/t/137/0119065001273388138.pdf.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:41:\"images/t2/137/0119065001273388138.pdf.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:32:\"p-51d-mustang-instruction-manual\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"52\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"413857\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:9:\"benturner\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"82024\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:98:\"The North American injectable drug delivery technologies market was valued at $9.3 billion in 2012\";s:11:\"description\";s:183:\"The North American injectable drug delivery technologies market was valued at $9.3 billion in 2012; it is expected to reach $16.6 billion by 2017 at a CAGR of 12.3% from 2012 to 2017.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:115:\"images/t/4139/the-north-american-injectable-drug-delivery-technologies-market-was-valued-at-9-3-billion-in-2012.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:116:\"images/t2/4139/the-north-american-injectable-drug-delivery-technologies-market-was-valued-at-9-3-billion-in-2012.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:97:\"the-north-american-injectable-drug-delivery-technologies-market-was-valued-at-9-3-billion-in-2012\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"2969\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:104:\"The Role of Isoflavones in Menopausal Health : Consensus Opinion of The North American Menopause Society\";s:11:\"description\";s:663:\"The North American Menopause Society
\n(NAMS) appointed a panel of advisors to assist
\nthe NAMS Board of Trustees in developing an
\nevidence-based consensus opinion on the ther-
\napeutic role of isoflavones in menopausal women, either
\nin relieving short-term symptoms or in preventing dis-
\nease later in life. The advisory panel was composed of
\nclinicians and researchers acknowledged to be experts
\nregarding isoflavones. Their advice assisted the NAMS Board of Trustees in developing this consensus opinion
\nof the Society. The NAMS consensus-building process
\nwas described in a previous issue.
\n
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:118:\"images/t/30/the-role-of-isoflavones-in-menopausal-health-consensus-opinion-of-the-north-american-menopause-society.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:119:\"images/t2/30/the-role-of-isoflavones-in-menopausal-health-consensus-opinion-of-the-north-american-menopause-society.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:102:\"the-role-of-isoflavones-in-menopausal-health-consensus-opinion-of-the-north-american-menopause-society\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"15\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"104156\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"tomas\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:41:\"ALLIANCE TRuST NoRTH AMeRicAN eqUiTy FUND\";s:11:\"description\";s:42:\"ALLIANCE TRuST NoRTH AMeRicAN eqUiTy FUND \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:82:\"data/thumb/ALLIANCE-TRuST-NoRTH-AMeRicAN-eqUiTy-FUND-Document-Transcript-21787.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:83:\"data/thumb2/ALLIANCE-TRuST-NoRTH-AMeRicAN-eqUiTy-FUND-Document-Transcript-21787.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:41:\"alliance-trust-north-american-equity-fund\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"4\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"114689\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"marian\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:136:\"Aerosmith’s Aero Force One Announces VIP Experiences for North American Shows on “Cocked, Locked, Ready to Rock” 2010 Summer Tour\";s:11:\"description\";s:241:\"\n

  1. Aerosmith’s Aero Force One Announces VIP Experiences for North American\n Shows on “Cocked, Locked, Ready to Rock” 2010 Summer Tour\n\n VIP Experience Packages Available Wednesday, June 2 on AeroForceOne.com\n\nBoston…\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:164:\"data/thumb/Aerosmiths-Aero-Force-One-Announces-VIP-Experiences-for-North-American-Shows-on-Cocked-Locked-Ready-to-Rock-2010-Summer-Tour-Document-Transcript-7173.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:165:\"data/thumb2/Aerosmiths-Aero-Force-One-Announces-VIP-Experiences-for-North-American-Shows-on-Cocked-Locked-Ready-to-Rock-2010-Summer-Tour-Document-Transcript-7173.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"aerosmith-s-aero-force-one-announces-vip-experiences-for-north-american-shows-on-cocked-locked-ready\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"406182\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:8:\"acnecans\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"548302\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:32:\"North American Healthcare TV3649\";s:11:\"description\";s:236:\"http://mybloodpressuremonitor.com/ - With the North American Healthcare TV3649 Wristech Blood Pressure Monitor you can monitor your blood pressure away from home with this wrist blood pressure monitor. it’s small enough to pack. \n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:50:\"images/t/4062/north-american-healthcare-tv3649.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:51:\"images/t2/4062/north-american-healthcare-tv3649.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:32:\"north-american-healthcare-tv3649\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 15:49:42' WHERE `aff_id` = '284355'