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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"77610\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"katja\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:47:\"From Hep Cats to Full Birds: Slang of the 1940s\";s:11:\"description\";s:140:\"Below are a few slang expressions from the 1940s, drawn from popular music and a 1943 army slang dictionary. See how many you can recognize.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:63:\"images/t/777/from-hep-cats-to-full-birds-slang-of-the-1940s.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:64:\"images/t2/777/from-hep-cats-to-full-birds-slang-of-the-1940s.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:46:\"from-hep-cats-to-full-birds-slang-of-the-1940s\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"3\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"158961\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"ccyrc\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:5:\"33304\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:20:\"http://www.ccyrc.net\";s:5:\"title\";s:43:\"Violence in YEMEN from Oct 21 to Nov 11.pdf\";s:11:\"description\";s:44:\"Violence in YEMEN from Oct 21 to Nov 11.pdf \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:61:\"images/t/1590/violence-in-yemen-from-oct-21-to-nov-11-pdf.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:62:\"images/t2/1590/violence-in-yemen-from-oct-21-to-nov-11-pdf.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:43:\"violence-in-yemen-from-oct-21-to-nov-11-pdf\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"33\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"108286\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:7:\"rubadah\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:56:\"Church in Web 3D (Second Life)? Summary of the Workshop.\";s:11:\"description\";s:57:\"Church in Web 3D (Second Life)? Summary of the Workshop. \";s:5:\"thumb\";s:98:\"data/thumb/Church-in-Web-3D-Second-Life-Summary-of-the-Workshop.-Presentation-Transcript-36791.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:99:\"data/thumb2/Church-in-Web-3D-Second-Life-Summary-of-the-Workshop.-Presentation-Transcript-36791.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:52:\"church-in-web-3d-second-life-summary-of-the-workshop\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"9\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"123232\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:4:\"mine\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:112:\"From Babylon to Timbuktu: A History of the Ancient Black Races Including the Black Hebrews by Rudolph R. Windsor\";s:11:\"description\";s:213:\"\n

  1. From Babylon to Timbuktu: A History\nof the Ancient Black Races Including\n the Black Hebrews by Rudolph R.\n Windsor\n\n\n\n\n From Babylon To Timbuktu: A History Of The Ancient Black Races…\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:152:\"data/thumb/From-Babylon-to-Timbuktu-A-History-of-the-Ancient-Black-Races-Including-the-Black-Hebrews-by-Rudolph-R.-Windsor-Document-Transcript-27035.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:153:\"data/thumb2/From-Babylon-to-Timbuktu-A-History-of-the-Ancient-Black-Races-Including-the-Black-Hebrews-by-Rudolph-R.-Windsor-Document-Transcript-27035.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:100:\"from-babylon-to-timbuktu-a-history-of-the-ancient-black-races-including-the-black-hebrews-by-rudolph\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"38782\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"tomas\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:60:\"Same-sex partnerships in Portugal From de facto to de jure ?\";s:11:\"description\";s:1848:\"In 2001 Portuguese legislature conferred, for the first time, legal effects on the relationship of two persons of the same sex who have lived together for more than two years in a de facto union ( Act 7/2001 of 11th May ).1 The legislature\'s intent in regulating same-sex partnerships was clear and can be seen, firstly, in the title of the Act and, secondly, in Article 1. In contrast with the title of previous Act,2 Act 7/2001 is entitled \'Act to adopt measures for the protection of de facto unions\' and not of the \' de facto union\'. The use of the plural indicates that the ambit of Act 7/2001 has been extended beyond different-sex de facto unions to same-sex de facto unions. Article 1 confirms this purpose of being also applicable to same-sex de facto unions stating \'the present law governs the legal status of two persons, regardless of gender, who live together in a de facto union for more than two years\'.3 Was this the first step on a journey from de facto to de jure ? In my opinion, it was. As far as cohabitation is concerned, one can detect two opposite, yet simultaneous trends. With regards different-sex cohabitation, there is a growing preference for this model of living together, which seems to support the idea that a \'privatisation\' of the couple is underway.4 Indeed, statistics show an increasing percentage of different-sex couples choosing to live together instead of entering the legal institution of marriage.5 A movement towards the \'de institutionalis- ation\'6 of conjugal life is, therefore, noticeable. This trend also seems to point to an attitude of indifference, or even of rejection of, the need to legitimise cohabitation vis-à-vis the outside world.7 Couples are now refusing to submit to predetermined values established by the Church or the State, no longer adhering to the \'institution of marriage\'.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:75:\"images/t/388/same-sex-partnerships-in-portugal-from-de-facto-to-de-jure.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:76:\"images/t2/388/same-sex-partnerships-in-portugal-from-de-facto-to-de-jure.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:58:\"same-sex-partnerships-in-portugal-from-de-facto-to-de-jure\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"18\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"77821\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:5:\"hakem\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:65:\"Hip-Hop Made in Germany: From Old School to the Kanaksta Movement\";s:11:\"description\";s:553:\"The Focus article goes on, however, to give a measured assessment of the perceived threat to "German" culture and "German" youth by U.S. popular culture imports. It questions the notion of "Americanization" typically defined as the most pernicious form of cultural imperialism, where U.S. popular culture products invade and taint authentic cultures, if not wipe them out altogether. Defining Americanization as cultural imperialism is not particularly helpful in analyzing transatlantic transfers of popular music culture.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:81:\"images/t/779/hip-hop-made-in-germany-from-old-school-to-the-kanaksta-movement.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:82:\"images/t2/779/hip-hop-made-in-germany-from-old-school-to-the-kanaksta-movement.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:64:\"hip-hop-made-in-germany-from-old-school-to-the-kanaksta-movement\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"17\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"1239\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:4:\"rika\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:2:\"60\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:109:\"FROM BOOK COVERS TO DOMAIN NAMES: SEARCHING FOR THE TRUE MEANING OF THE CLIFFS NOTES TEMPORAL TEST FOR PARODY\";s:11:\"description\";s:595:\"A parody is a literary, musical or artistic “work in which the style of an author or work is closely imitated for comic effect or in ridicule.”Parody has a long cultural history including use by the most distinguished writers and artists. Because the nature of parody
    \nrequires the parodist to imitate the targeted work, parody may give rise to claims under copyright and/or trademark law, depending on
    \nthe form of the expression itself. Importantly, parodies are often not directed at the original work, but rather at a societal problem or
    \nanother person or entity.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:124:\"images/t/13/from-book-covers-to-domain-names-searching-for-the-true-meaning-of-the-cliffs-notes-temporal-test-for-parody.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:125:\"images/t2/13/from-book-covers-to-domain-names-searching-for-the-true-meaning-of-the-cliffs-notes-temporal-test-for-parody.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:108:\"from-book-covers-to-domain-names-searching-for-the-true-meaning-of-the-cliffs-notes-temporal-test-for-parody\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"22\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"2\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"3\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6654\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:125:\"From group diffusion to ratio bias: Effects of denominator and numerator salience on intuitive risk and likelihood judgments\";s:11:\"description\";s:1380:\"The group-diffusion effect is the tendency for people to judge themselves to be less likely to experience a negative
    \noutcome as the total number of people exposed to the threat increases — even when the probability of the outcome is
    \nexplicitly presented (Yamaguchi, 1998). In Experiment 1 we replicated this effect for two health threat scenarios using a
    \nvariant of Yamaguchi’s original experimental paradigm. In Experiment 2, we showed that people also judge themselves
    \nto be less likely to be selected in a lottery as the number of people playing the lottery increases. In Experiment 3, we
    \nshowed that explicitly presenting the number of people expected to be selected eliminates the group-diffusion effect,
    \nand in Experiment 4 we showed that presenting the number expected to be affected by a health threat without presenting
    \nthe total number exposed to the threat produces a reverse effect. We propose, therefore, that the group-diffusion effect
    \nis related to the ratio bias. Both effects occur when people make risk or likelihood judgments based on information
    \npresented as a ratio. The difference is that the group-diffusion effect occurs when the denominator of the relevant ratio
    \nis more salient than the numerator, while the ratio bias occurs when the numerator is more salient than the denominator.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:139:\"images/t/67/from-group-diffusion-to-ratio-bias-effects-of-denominator-and-numerator-salience-on-intuitive-risk-and-likelihood-judgments.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:140:\"images/t2/67/from-group-diffusion-to-ratio-bias-effects-of-denominator-and-numerator-salience-on-intuitive-risk-and-likelihood-judgments.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:123:\"from-group-diffusion-to-ratio-bias-effects-of-denominator-and-numerator-salience-on-intuitive-risk-and-likelihood-judgments\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"11\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"7035\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:125:\"Marginal Cost Curves for Carbon Sequestration in Forests: Estimates for Boreal, Temperate, and Tropical Regions of the World\";s:11:\"description\";s:1369:\"This short piece provides estimates of the marginal costs of forest carbon sequestration in
    \nall regions of the world. The regions are highly aggregated to the level of countries and
    \nin many cases continents. They are the first globally comprehensive estimates of the
    \nmarginal costs of carbon sequestration through forestry actions over a 100 year period for
    \nthe world. This paper very briefly provides information on the methods used to estimate
    \nthe marginal costs, and it provides the data in appendices.
    \nThe marginal cost curves have been developed with the global forestry and land use
    \nmodel described in Sohngen et al. (1999); Sohngen and Mendelsohn (2003); Sohngen
    \nand Sedjo (2005); and Sohngen and Mendelsohn (2005). The methods for accounting
    \nfor carbon sequestration with the model are described in Sohngen and Sedjo (2000). The
    \nmodel solves optimal harvest ages, optimal timberland management intensity, and the
    \noptimal area of land to maintain in forests in response to demand for industrial wood
    \nproducts. Cost functions for timberland management, timber harvesting and access,
    \nplantation establishment, and forestland rental are included in the model and vary by
    \ntimber type and management intensity. The model solves for a 200 year time period in
    \ndecadal time steps.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:137:\"images/t/71/marginal-cost-curves-for-carbon-sequestration-in-forests-estimates-for-boreal-temperate-and-tropical-regions-of-the-world.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:138:\"images/t2/71/marginal-cost-curves-for-carbon-sequestration-in-forests-estimates-for-boreal-temperate-and-tropical-regions-of-the-world.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:121:\"marginal-cost-curves-for-carbon-sequestration-in-forests-estimates-for-boreal-temperate-and-tropical-regions-of-the-world\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"14\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"588278\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:15:\"agustinmitchell\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"630879\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:51:\"Study in Germany from India-Make the process easier\";s:11:\"description\";s:252:\"We at JMJ Eduservices facilitate students to Study in Germany from India with our expert level guidance and services. We have successfully settled a number of students from India to Germany who are pursuing the best studies at the most affordable cost.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:69:\"images/t/5883/study-in-germany-from-india-make-the-process-easier.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:70:\"images/t2/5883/study-in-germany-from-india-make-the-process-easier.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:51:\"study-in-germany-from-india-make-the-process-easier\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"1\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 07:27:33' WHERE `aff_id` = '1592129'