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UPDATE `aff_pdf_cache` SET `cache` = 'a:10:{i:0;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3567\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:82:\"Effect of Drying Methods on Losses of Carbon, Nitrogen and Dry Matter From Alfalfa\";s:11:\"description\";s:1255:\"Methods of drying forage samples were examined for
\ntheir influence on the total C, N, and dry matter (DM)
\ncontent of \'Range? alfalfa (Medicago sative L.). Forage
\nsamples were freeze-dried; air-dried in perforated paper
\nbags and on trays; dried in perforated paper bags in
\nmechanical convection ovens at 60, 80, and 100 C; and
\noven-dried at 100 C for 90 minutes followed by drying
\nat 60 C, or by air-drying. All treatments were termin-
\nated after 48 hours.
\nLosses in C and N were measured by changes in C:K
\nand N:K ratios. The DM losses were measured by
\nchanges in R. concentration. Carbon and DM were lost
\nmore readily than N by either respiratory or thermo-
\nchemical processes. These losses resulted in an apparent
\nconcentration of N in all forage dried between ambient
\nand 100 C. All treatments, when compared to freeze-
\ndrying, resulted in losses of C and DM. The greatest
\nloss of DM, 5.4% occurred in samples dried at 100 C.
\nOven-drying at 100 C for 90 minutes followed by air-
\ndrying caused DM losses of only 0.2%. Significant differ-
\nences in actual N content between the various drying
\nmethods were not generally observed.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:97:\"images/t/36/effect-of-drying-methods-on-losses-of-carbon-nitrogen-and-dry-matter-from-alfalfa.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:98:\"images/t2/36/effect-of-drying-methods-on-losses-of-carbon-nitrogen-and-dry-matter-from-alfalfa.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:81:\"effect-of-drying-methods-on-losses-of-carbon-nitrogen-and-dry-matter-from-alfalfa\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"5\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:1;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3598\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:133:\"The effects of drying and rewetting cycles on carbon and nitrogen dynamics in soils of differing textures and organic matter contents\";s:11:\"description\";s:3644:\"Many researchers have reported differences in soil C and N dynamics between soils of
\ndifferent textures and/or soil organic matter contents. However, it has proven difficult to
\ndetermine the exact relationships and mechanisms between C and N dynamics and soil
\ntexture/SOM. There are few studies that consider how these soil physical and chemical
\nconditions influence the effects of drying and rewetting on the mineralisation of C and N
\nand the microbial transformations that follow.
\nThe objectives of this study were: 1) To determine the effects of repeated drying and
\nrewetting cycles on C and N dynamics in soils of differing textural class and organic matter
\nlevels. 2) To use C & N mineralised at constant moisture contents to calculate
\nmineralisation during dry/wet cycles for comparison with actual mineralisation.
\nTwo soil types with contrasting textures were chosen and 6 paddocks on each soil type were
\nselected to produce an OM gradient for each soil.
\nThree moisture treatments were chosen to simulate moist (field capacity at -0.01 MPa),
\nmoderately dry (120% of wilting point at -1.5 MPa) and very dry (80% of wilting point at -
\n1.5 MPa) field conditions. The dry moisture treatments were then combined with a rewet
\ntreatment where they were either rewet or maintained dry (+ or – rewet), resulting in a total
\nof five dry/rewet treatments.
\nSoils were packed into funnel tops to a BD of 1.1 g/cm3 and sealed in glass jars fitted with
\nsepta to allow gas sampling. Drying was achieved using silica gel which allowed continued
\ngas measurement during drying periods. Gas samples were collected throughout the
\nPage 4
\nexperiment and analysed for CO2 by IRGA and N2O by GC. At the start and end of the
\nstudy, soils were analysed for Min N, MBC, MBN, HWC, DOC, POM, total C and total N.
\nThe correlation between calculated and actual C mineralisation data indicates that the
\nintercept is not consistent with the origin and that the slope is not consistent with the 1:1
\nline.
\nWhile those paddocks with high %C had high cumulative C mineralisation, there didn’t
\nappear to be any strong relationship between soil texture or OM content and the difference
\nbetween actual and calculated C mineralisation.
\nA plot of calculated C mineralisation rates against the actual C mineralisation rates shows
\nthat much of the error in the calculated cumulative data arises from an underestimation of
\nthe mineralisation flush when the dry soil is rewetted, especially during the first dry-rewet
\ncycle, and an over estimation of the rate at which respiration decreases as the soil dries.
\nIn order to use C mineralisation data from soils held at constant moisture contents to
\naccurately predict C mineralisation in soils exposed to dry-rewet cycles, knowledge of the
\nstress history for the soil would be required e.g. size, duration and frequency of rainfall
\nevents, dry rates etc.
\nThe N2O-N emission data is inherently more variable than the C mineralisation data. The
\nfine-textured soils tend to have much higher N2O-N emissions than the coarser soils,
\nprobably due to the creation of anoxic sites upon rewetting in the fine-textured soils.
\nThe data indicates that prediction of N2O-N emissions in soils exposed to dry-rewet cycles
\nusing emission data from soils held at constant moisture contents would be very inaccurate,
\nprimarily due to the inherent variability of N2O-N emissions in soils.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:149:\"images/t/36/the-effects-of-drying-and-rewetting-cycles-on-carbon-and-nitrogen-dynamics-in-soils-of-differing-textures-and-organic-matter-contents.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:150:\"images/t2/36/the-effects-of-drying-and-rewetting-cycles-on-carbon-and-nitrogen-dynamics-in-soils-of-differing-textures-and-organic-matter-contents.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:133:\"the-effects-of-drying-and-rewetting-cycles-on-carbon-and-nitrogen-dynamics-in-soils-of-differing-textures-and-organic-matter-contents\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"97\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"2\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"1\";}i:2;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6163\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:121:\"Fluctuating Asymmetry and Individual Variation in Regional Gray and White Matter Volumes: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Study\";s:11:\"description\";s:1121:\"Composite measures of fluctuating asymmetry (FA) of skeletal features are
\ncommonly used to estimate developmental instability (DI), the imprecise expression of
\ndevelopmental design due to perturbations during an individual’s growth and maturation.
\nThough many studies have detailed important behavioral correlates of FA, very little is
\nknown about its possible neuroanatomical correlates. In this study we obtained structural
\nbrain MRI scans from 20 adults and utilized voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to identify
\nspecific regions linked to FA. Greater FA predicted greater whole brain white matter
\nvolume, and a trend in the same direction was noted for whole brain gray matter volume.
\nGreater FA was associated with significantly greater gray and white matter volumes in
\ndiscrete brain regions, most prominently in the frontal lobes and in the right cerebral
\nhemisphere. Developmental studies are needed to identify when FA-related brain
\ndifferences emerge and to elucidate the specific neurobiological mechanisms leading to
\nthese differences.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:136:\"images/t/62/fluctuating-asymmetry-and-individual-variation-in-regional-gray-and-white-matter-volumes-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:137:\"images/t2/62/fluctuating-asymmetry-and-individual-variation-in-regional-gray-and-white-matter-volumes-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:120:\"fluctuating-asymmetry-and-individual-variation-in-regional-gray-and-white-matter-volumes-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"15\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:3;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:5:\"13654\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:9:\"manualzon\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:4:\"2448\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:25:\"http://www.manualzon.com/\";s:5:\"title\";s:78:\"Presentation Layer Best Practices - Why Web Standards and Accessibility Matter\";s:11:\"description\";s:95:\" white paper Presentation Layer Best Practices - Why Web Standards and Accessibility Matter.pdf\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:40:\"images/t/137/0191306001273387940.pdf.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:41:\"images/t2/137/0191306001273387940.pdf.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:76:\"presentation-layer-best-practices-why-web-standards-and-accessibility-matter\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"7\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:4;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"438620\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:12:\"terrodashner\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"580429\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:24:\"http://www.dharmanis.com\";s:5:\"title\";s:62:\"How To Get Rid Of Pimples, Blemishes And Dark Spots Naturally?\";s:11:\"description\";s:290:\"The best remedy in which you will be able to get rid of pimples, blemishes and dark spots naturally is to use the Glisten plus capsules. The main reason for the use of this medication is that you will be able to get a natural and safe treatment for the problems that you are suffering from.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:78:\"images/t/4387/how-to-get-rid-of-pimples-blemishes-and-dark-spots-naturally.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:79:\"images/t2/4387/how-to-get-rid-of-pimples-blemishes-and-dark-spots-naturally.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:60:\"how-to-get-rid-of-pimples-blemishes-and-dark-spots-naturally\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"12\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:5;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"472676\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:13:\"jacque conner\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:45:\"http://www.eyelasticity.com/ct/239486?b=17742\";s:5:\"title\";s:51:\"How to reduce puffy eyes and dark circles naturally\";s:11:\"description\";s:51:\"How to reduce puffy eyes and dark circles naturally\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:69:\"images/t/4727/how-to-reduce-puffy-eyes-and-dark-circles-naturally.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:70:\"images/t2/4727/how-to-reduce-puffy-eyes-and-dark-circles-naturally.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:51:\"how-to-reduce-puffy-eyes-and-dark-circles-naturally\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:6;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"597423\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:9:\"staronepr\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:6:\"621484\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:166:\"How Banks, Hedge and Mutual Funds and Brokers Battle Markets \'Rigged\' by Wall Street\'s \'Flash Boys\', High-frequency Trading, Exchanges and Dark Pools with Edgar Perez\";s:11:\"description\";s:435:\"Edgar Perez, former McKinsey and IBM consultant, is a global expert, author of The Speed Traders, Knightmare on Wall Street, and the course director of The Speed Traders Workshop, \"How Banks, Hedge and Mutual Funds and Brokers Battle Markets \'RIGGED\' by Wall Street\'s \'Flash Boys\', High-frequency Trading, Exchanges and Dark Pools\", in New York City, Washington DC, Boston, Munich, London, Dubai, Brussels, Tokyo, Beijing and Shanghai.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:117:\"images/t/5975/how-banks-hedge-and-mutual-funds-and-brokers-battle-markets-rigged-by-wall-street-s-flash-boys-high.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:118:\"images/t2/5975/how-banks-hedge-and-mutual-funds-and-brokers-battle-markets-rigged-by-wall-street-s-flash-boys-high.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:99:\"how-banks-hedge-and-mutual-funds-and-brokers-battle-markets-rigged-by-wall-street-s-flash-boys-high\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:7;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:6:\"510459\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:15:\"yoshiko mcmahon\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:1:\"0\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:26:\"http://tinyurl.com/k57l3s4\";s:5:\"title\";s:71:\"How to remove skin blemishes and dark spots effectively at a lower cost\";s:11:\"description\";s:71:\"How to remove skin blemishes and dark spots effectively at a lower cost\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:89:\"images/t/5105/how-to-remove-skin-blemishes-and-dark-spots-effectively-at-a-lower-cost.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:90:\"images/t2/5105/how-to-remove-skin-blemishes-and-dark-spots-effectively-at-a-lower-cost.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:71:\"how-to-remove-skin-blemishes-and-dark-spots-effectively-at-a-lower-cost\";s:5:\"pages\";s:1:\"2\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:8;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"3613\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:99:\"EFFECT OF ROLL SPEED AND PRESSURE ON THE DRYING RATE AND DRY MATTER LOSSES OF MACERATED LUCERNE HAY\";s:11:\"description\";s:848:\"Experiments on field drying and losses in southeast Queensland were conducted
\non macerated lucerne hay. A laboratory macerator with two corrugated steel-rolls was
\nused to identify the best combination of upper roll speed and pressure. Increased
\nmaceration intensity from higher roll pressure and/or roll speed did not correspondingly
\nincrease the drying rate of macerated hay but significantly affected the dry matter loss.
\nAn upper roll speed of 600 rpm in combination with zero roll pressure yielded the lowest
\ndry matter loss. There was no difference in drying time among maceration treatments but
\nthe drying time of macerated hay was approximately half that of unconditioned hay. The
\nproduction of high quality hay would be facilitated by adopting maceration in southeast
\nQueensland.
\n\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:115:\"images/t/37/effect-of-roll-speed-and-pressure-on-the-drying-rate-and-dry-matter-losses-of-macerated-lucerne-hay.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:116:\"images/t2/37/effect-of-roll-speed-and-pressure-on-the-drying-rate-and-dry-matter-losses-of-macerated-lucerne-hay.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:99:\"effect-of-roll-speed-and-pressure-on-the-drying-rate-and-dry-matter-losses-of-macerated-lucerne-hay\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"11\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}i:9;O:8:\"stdClass\":13:{s:2:\"id\";s:4:\"6623\";s:6:\"status\";s:8:\"verified\";s:11:\"author_name\";s:6:\"shinta\";s:9:\"author_id\";s:3:\"377\";s:14:\"author_website\";s:0:\"\";s:5:\"title\";s:112:\"A study of fairness judgments in China, Switzerland and Canada: Do culture, being a student, and gender matter?\";s:11:\"description\";s:823:\"This study compares judgments of the fairness of economic actions among survey populations in Switzerland, and
\nboth student and non-student groups in the People’s Republic of China, with the earlier Kahneman, Knetsch and Thaler
\n(1986a) surveys of Canadians. The findings suggest that fairness concerns matter among all of these groups, and the
\ngeneral patterns of what was and was not considered to be fair were similar. However, there were also some significant
\ndifferences with the influence of fairness being weaker in the two Chinese samples than in the groups from the Western
\ncountries, with the influence being weakest in the Chinese student population for the wage related topics. On the whole,
\nalmost no significant gender differences were found in any of the new surveys.\";s:5:\"thumb\";s:122:\"images/t/67/a-study-of-fairness-judgments-in-china-switzerland-and-canada-do-culture-being-a-student-and-gender-matter.jpg\";s:6:\"thumb2\";s:123:\"images/t2/67/a-study-of-fairness-judgments-in-china-switzerland-and-canada-do-culture-being-a-student-and-gender-matter.jpg\";s:9:\"permalink\";s:106:\"a-study-of-fairness-judgments-in-china-switzerland-and-canada-do-culture-being-a-student-and-gender-matter\";s:5:\"pages\";s:2:\"13\";s:6:\"rating\";s:1:\"0\";s:5:\"voter\";s:1:\"0\";}}', `cache_on` = '2015-02-28 10:56:17' WHERE `aff_id` = '1700798'