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‎نظام الإجراءات الجزائية

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Content Preview
Law OF
!
"
#



&
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(





C
RIMINAL
PROCEDURE
+
,
-

.
/
0
R
( oyal Decree No. (M/39
28 Rajab 1422 [16 OCT 2001]


c d 3
(
9/d
) c

b
d



c


U
( mm al-Qura No. (3867
2
ky 8/7/1422
17 sha'ban 1422 [3 NOV 2001]
3
(
867
) c





b
ky


d

b d
b

b


d
1
ky 7/8/1422

c d
PART ONE

d
d b
b b
0

4
#
5
3
#
2
GENERAL PROVISIONS
Article 1:
:
d
bbb
b


Courts shall apply Shari'ah


d b



b


b




b
d

principles, as derived from the Qur'an

d




b

b d
b


b
and Sunnah (The Traditions of




b

c
d
d






d
b


b

d
b

Prophet Muhammad peace be upon








d

b


b

d
b


c
c







b

him) to the cases that are brought
.d

b b
ky
bc
d

ky



b
b b b

before them. They shall also apply




b
d

b b
ky d
b

d

d


laws promulgated by the state that do
b
b
b
b
d

b

b b

b
not contradict the provisions of the
. c
d

b
Qur'an and Sunnah, and shall comply
with the procedure set forth in this
Law.
T
he provisions of this Law shall

a
pply to criminal cases that have not
b
een decided and to proceedings that
h
ave not been completed prior to the
i
. mplementation thereof

: b
bb
b
Article 2:






b
d
b

d b
d

b c



No person shall be arrested,
b
d



b
b





b
d




b
d
searched, detained, or imprisoned
b
d



b

d
d









c

b
except in cases provided by law.


b

b
b



b
Detention or imprisonment shall be
.



b

b
b
b
b
b d
carried out only in the places
b
d









c b b b

d



designated for such purposes and shall
b
d












be for the period prescribed by the
.
b
b
b
competent authority.
A
n arrested person shall not be
s
ubjected to any bodily or moral
h
arm. Similarly, he shall not be
s
ubjected to any torture or degrading
t
. reatment
: b
bb
b
Article 3:





b
d
b









c



N
o penal punishment shall be

b
d









d c




b
b
i
mposed on any person except in







b
bb


b

d





c
onnection with a forbidden and
.


b




d
d



p
unishable act, whether under
S
hari'ah principles or under the
s
tatutory laws, and after he has been
c
onvicted pursuant to a final
j
udgment rendered after a trial
c
onducted in accordance with
S
. hari'ah principles
:

b


b bb
b
Article 4:
d

b
d









b
d





A
ny accused person shall have the
.


b
d


b





c
r
ight to seek the assistance of a lawyer
o
r a representative to defend him
d
uring the investigation and trial
s
. tages

:
b


bb
b
Article 5:



b

c




c bcb
I
f a case is formally filed with a b b
d b


b
b

c




c
ourt, such case shall not be




b

d cb cbb b
d

t
ransferred to another court except
.



b
b b
b


d

a
fter the trial court has rendered a
j
udgment thereon, or has decided that
i
t has no jurisdiction, and the transfer
o
. f the case to the competent authority
Article 6:
:b
b
bb
b
C
ourts shall try the accused for the






b




b

o
ffenses of which they are charged in

d
c




b




d
b
a
ccordance with the Shari'ah . d


b b
ky





c

b b
b b

p
rinciples and the procedures herein










d


b
d

d
p
rovided for. The court may consider
.

b b



d
b

b
f
acts not raised by the Prosecutor, if no
i
. nvestigation is necessary
Article 7:
:

b
bb
b
T
rial hearings, including the hearing




b

b


b


b
d




s
et for the pronouncement of sentence,







dc b bb b cbb

d

s
hall be attended by the required



b
dc b bb b

bcb
d
b b
n
umber of judges, failing which
.
b

b


s
ubstitute judge(s) shall be assigned to
c
. omplete the quorum

Article 8:
: b
bb
b
D
eliberations among members of the b

b
d b b b
d
b
d

b

b


c
ourt shall be conducted in closed



d

b
d
d c
d bb
b b


d


s
ession, and each member shall c



d

b c
d
. c
bc

e
xpress his opinion before the







b
d

b
d
.


b b
d
d
ecision rendered. Decisions shall be
b
d



b
d





b




b

d
r
endered either unanimously or by





bb

ky






d





m
ajority vote. A dissenting judge

d




b
d c



d .

b







b
s
hall declare his dissent and explain

b b
b


b
b b


b
d b

t
he reasons thereof, and the majority
.
bb
s
hall explain their opinion in the
r
esponse to the dissent, which shall be
e
ntered into the record. Participation
i
n the deliberations shall be restricted
o
nly to those judges who have
a
. ttended the proceedings
Article 9:
:
b
bb
b
S
entences shall be appealable by
b
c




b

b d

b

d
e
ither the convicted person or the
.d
b

b
b
d
d

b


P
. rosecutor
Article 10:
C
riminal panels of the Appellate Court shall consist of five judges to revie
w
s
entences of death, stoning, amputation or qisas (retaliatory punishment) in cases
o
. ther than death. For other cases, they shall consist of three judges
:b

b


bb
b
b
d


c
b b
b d

b

b






b


b

b b
d b
. c b


b



b
ky
b

d

d
. b b
d
d



c b b
d

b b
d
b
Article 11:
:b
b
b


bb
b
S
entences of death, stoning ,

b




b
d
b d

b
a
mputation, or qisas in cases other
b
d



b b
d
b b
d

c
b b
b
t
han death that have been affirmed by b






d b b
d
d



c b
t
he Appellate Court shall not be final b

b
b




u
nless affirmed by the Permanent
.
bb


P
anel of the Supreme Judicial
C
. ouncil

Article 12:
:b
b
bb
b
I
f the Supreme Judicial Council



b
b
b
d
bcb
d
oes not affirm the relevant sentence
b



b b
b




-


d
c b b
i
n implementation of Article 11



b b

d

b


-
b

h
ereof, the said sentence shall be
.


b

b





r
eversed and the case shall be
r
emanded for reconsideration by other
j
. udges
Article 13:
: b
b
bb
b
I
nvestigation and trial of offense
s




d


b b
d b
b
b



b

c
ommitted by juvenile offenders,
.



b b b
d




d
i
ncluding girls, shall be conducted in
a
ccordance with the relevant laws and
r
. egulations
Article 14:
: b


b


b bb
b
T
he Bureau of Investigation and




b d
b b

b
d



b

ky



P
rosecution shall conduct its
.




c
d
b b

bd
i
nvestigation and prosecution in
a
ccordance with its Law and the
i
. mplementing regulations thereof
Article 15:
:b

b


bb
b
A
ll public law enforcement person
s b
d
b
d

b

b
c


d





s
hall implement the orders of judicial b

c

c
b b
b




b


b
b b b
d
e
ntities entered pursuant to this Law,




b


b b


b
d
d d

b
a
nd may use any appropriate means
.
ky


t
. hereof
PART TWO
b
b

b
CRIMINAL ACTION
0/. -



+
,
4
7
+
6
Chapter I
<


:
;


9 +
Initiation of Criminal Action
0/. -



+
,
4
7
@
A

+
6

Article 16:
b
:




b

b
b


b
b
P
ursuant to its Law, the Bureau of





d d

b

b


b
d

b


ky






I
nvestigation and Prosecution shall




b d b





d

b

b d
b


h
ave jurisdiction to initiate and




.
b
f
ollow-up criminal action before the
c
. ompetent courts

Article 17:
b
:





b
b


b
b
T
he victim or his representative and




c

bd



b



db







h
is heirs may initiate criminal action





b






b

b d
b
c
d

w
ith respect to all cases involving a d

b d
ky b
d

c







b
p
rivate right of action, and shall d
ky






b d





.
b





b d b


f
ollow-up any such case before the
c
.


d


b




b





b
c
ompetent court. The competent
c
ourt shall serve a summons to notify
t
. he Prosecutor
Article 18:
b
:




b
b
b
b
N
o criminal action shall be initiated b
bb b
db b

b d
b
b c


n
or
investigation
proceedings c






b
b b b

b
c
onducted in crimes involving a
d




b








b
d











b



b
b
p
rivate right of action, except through





b


b b d


c

bd db


b
a
complaint by the victim or his





d
b b


b
d
b

ky


bbc bcb b

r
epresentative or heirs, filed with the
. b b d



ky


bd d

b

c






c
ompetent authority, unless the
B
ureau
of
Investigation
and
P
rosecution considers that the filing of
s
uch an action and the investigation
i
nto those crimes will serve the public
i
. nterest
Article 19:
b
:




b
b
b
b
I
f it appears to the court that there i
s





b






cc






c
bcb
a
conflict between the interest of the













d

d


c

bd db

v
ictim or his heirs and the interest of

. b


d
d




b b

c
b
b









b
t
he victim's representative, such
r
epresentative shall be excluded from
c
ontinuing in the proceedings and
a
nother representative shall be
a
. ppointed

Article 20:

d
d
:

b
b
b
b
I
f it appears to the court in any case
b
d

ky

d

b







d

b










b




cb

p
ending before it that such a case



d db
d
b

b










i
nvolves accused persons other than




b
d



d



b








d b

t
hose being prosecuted or facts related d

d








d
b
c

t
o the charge in question, it shall b
d

ky d







b











bd
ky

n
otify the complainant accordingly in

. c


c
b cb



b










b b


o
rder to complete what is required for
t
he proper consideration and
a
djudication of the case in a manner
c
ompatible with Shari'ah principles.
T
his procedure shall apply to the
A
p p e l l a t e
C o u r t
w h e n e v e r
a
. ppropriate
Article 21:
:d

d

d
b
b
b


bb
b
I
f acts are committed which may



d

b







d b

d bcb


c
ontravene court orders or constitute


b b
d

b


b db



b
d
ky
b
d
c
ontempt of court or influence any
b
d




d
b b
d b
c b

b
d


b
b


m
ember of such court or any of the
c
b






b


d



d
c

d
d b
b
p
arties or witnesses in connection




d



d b


b
d

b
w
ith a case pending before it, the court
.


b




s
hall review these acts and render its
j
udgment in accordance with Shari'ah
p
. rinciples
Chapter II

b

b
Lapse of Criminal Action
0/. ,
-
+ 7

+
6
4
B
C
#

!
Article 22:
:d

d

d
b
b
bb
b
Public criminal action shall lapse in
6
3
7



'( % 51 2
3
4
(

'( 1 .
/(
0 -
(
'
*
(+
)
'
( %$ !"
#
the following events:
Issuance of a final judgment.
: 1
9
!0
Grant of pardon by the King on
.


c
d
pardonable matters.
.
b


b
d


Repentance, which satisfies the

b




b
d
Shari'ah requirements.
.









b
Death of the accused.
.
b
b d
H
owever, the lapse of public



b
b


d

cb

b
c
d
c
riminal action shall not impede the
.


c b
c
ontinuation of a private right of
a
. ction

:d

d

d
b
b
bb
b
Article 23:





b



b b

b



d
b

A private criminal action lapses in
:




b
the following two cases:
.


c
d 1
. c

b
d b
d



b

2
Issuance of a final judgment.


c

b
d b
d



b



d
Grant of pardon by the victim or his
.d
b
b
b


d

cb

b
heirs.
H
owever, the grant of pardon by the
v
ictim or his heirs shall not preclude
p
roceedings of the public criminal
a
. ction
PART THREE

b


b b
PROCEDURE RELATING TO EVIDENCE

d b
b
b
b


b
Chapter I
<
9
:
;
+
Collection and Seizure of





d

b



b

Information
:d

d

d
b


b


b bb
b
Article 24:


b




c
b
ky



b


b
c


d
S
earch for and arrest of criminal






d b b












d


o
ffenders and collection of





c b bb
d


b b
d

i
nformation and evidence necessary
.d

b
d




f
or the investigation and indictment
s
hall be undertaken by criminal
i
. nvestigation officers
Article 25:
d
d
:
bd





b
b
b
b

C
riminal investigation officers shall,










b
b d

c

i
n conducting their duties as provided

d b b ky
b



c
b
b
b
c





f
or in this Law, be subject to the d
b

d

d
. b


b

b d
b ky
b
d



s
upervision of the Bureau of

b


b


b
b

I
nvestigation and Prosecution. This d
b

d
.





db
b



B
ureau may ask the competent
d

b d
d

b


b


b
d
b



c


a
uthority to consider any violation or

. b

b
d
b



c


o
mission by any such officer and may
r
equest that disciplinary action be
t
aken against him, without prejudice
t
o the right to initiate criminal
p
. rosecution

Article 26:
The proceedings relating to criminal
investigation shall be conducted by
the following persons, each within his
jurisdiction:
Members of the Bureau of
Investigation and Prosecution
within their jurisdiction.
Directors of police and their
assi st an t s i n t h e v ari o u s
p ro v i n c e s, c o u n t i e s, a n d
districts.
Public security officers, secret
service officers, passport
officers, intelligence officers,
civil defense officers, prison
directors and officers, border
guard officers, special security
forces officers, national guard
officers and military officers,
each in accordance with their
specified duties with respect to
crimes committed within their
respective jurisdictions.
Heads of counties and chiefs of
districts.
Captains of Saudi ships and
airplanes, with respect to crimes
committed on board.
Heads of centers of the Bureau
for the Promotion of Virtue and
Prevention of Vice, with respect
to matters falling within their
jurisdiction.
E m p l o y e e s
a n d
o t h e r
individuals who have powers of
criminal investigation pursuant
to special regulations.
E
ntities, commissions and other

Article 27:
:d

d

d
b


b
bb
b
C
riminal investigation officers shall ,










b


b
c


d


e
ach within his jurisdiction, accept


b


d
d
b
d




b
b b b
d


b


n
o t i fic a t i o n s
a n d
c o mp l a i n t s b

b
d
d b b




b b
c
ommunicated to them with respect to





b


b b


d




a
ll crimes, conduct the investigation,




d










c
ollect relevant information in the

ky


c b







c

d

f
orm of records that shall be signed by
b
d


d



.bc
d
b b

b
d



b
t
hem, summarize and date the same in




b







b


b
c



a
special register, and promptly notify








d






b
b
b
t
he Bureau of Investigation and d
b
d
bb






b
d


P
r o s e c u t i o n .
T h e
c r i m i n a l




b
d
d
.


d b


b b
b b

i
nvestigation officers shall move to


c

b
b
b
b b
b
d
ky



t
he crime scene to maintain its
.
i
ntegrity and seize all that may be
r
elevant to the crime, reserve
e
vidence, and take whatever action
r
equired under the circumstances. He
s
hall enter these matters in the special
r
. egister
Article 28:
:d

d

d
b
b
bb
b
D
uring the process of collection o
f



b





b


b



d

e
vidence, the criminal investigation

b
d
b b b



b
d


b b
o
fficer shall hear statements of those
b
d

d



d




b
b





b
w
ho may possess information with


c b

d





c
b b



b


r
espect to facts and perpetrators of



b

b


ky

b





b
d
d .
ky


c
rimes, question any suspect, and
.

bc b


d


ky




d b
c

e
nter the same in the relevant records.
T
hey may seek the assistance of
e
xperts, including physicians, and
s
. eek their advice in writing

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