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A Manual For Faith Communities

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This manual will give you the truth about the dreaded HIV/ AIDS disease that is killing African Americans every day. After this training, you will know what you need to know about HIV/AIDS, including how you get it, and how you can protect yourself (and the people you care about) from it.
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  • Added: February, 10th 2011
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  • Tags: hiv, aids, causes, prevention, faith community
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Content Preview
HIV/AIDS A Manual For
Faith Communities

This Department of Health and Human Services document was developed under Federal contract number 03T480223 with the
National Coalition of Pastors’ Spouses. The National Coalition of Pastors’ Spouses can be contacted at the following address:
National Coalition of Pastors’ Spouses, PO Box 9286, 620 Parkrose Ave., Memphis, TN 38109.
For more information on this Department of Health and Human Services document, please visit our Web page at
http://www.omhrc.gov/hivaidsobservances/index.html.

This HIV/AIDS manual for faith leaders was originally
developed to target the problem of HIV infection among
African Americans and others in the southern region of
the United States.
We acknowledge the following individuals who made this project possible: TaMara Dillard, Los Angeles,
CA; Dorris Conner, Memphis, TN; Brenda Brown, Tunica, MS; Angela Greene, College Park, MD; Carole
Dickens, Memphis, TN; Carolyn Vinson, Marietta, GA; Ludine Pinkney, Hanahan, SC; Linda Fryer, Helena,
AR; Catherine Shannon, Olive Branch, MS; Rose Edkins, Atlanta, GA; Bettina Campbell, Flint, MI; Yvonne
Baymon, Memphis, TN; Emma Sumpter, Miami, FL; Barbara Mosely, Birmingham, AL; Reverend Monifa
Jumanne, Ph.D., Atlanta, GA; Jebose Okwumabua, Ph.D., Memphis, TN; Robina Womeodu, M.D.,
Memphis, TN; Cheryl Hall, Brooklyn, NY; and Diana Aubourg, Boston, MA.
About HHS
One of the largest federal agencies, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is the principal
agency for protecting the health of all Americans. Comprising 12 operating divisions, HHS’ responsibilities
include public health, biomedical research, Medicare and Medicaid, welfare, and social services.
For more information, please visit the following Web sites: www.hivtest.org, www.AIDSinfo.nih.gov,
www.hiv.omhrc.gov, www.cdcnpin.org, www.hrsa.gov, www.omhrc.gov/hivaidsobservances
About NCPS
The National Coalition of Pastors’ Spouses is a nonprofit, nonpartisan network of multi-denominational
pastors’ spouses. We are committed to addressing health and social disparities that disproportionately
affect African American communities.
For more information, please visit www.pastorspouses.com or call, toll-free, 1-866-35-GOMRS
(1-866-354-6677).

Preface
This manual will give you the truth about the dreaded HIV/
AIDS disease that is killing African Americans every day.
After this training, you will know what you need to know
about HIV/AIDS, including how you get it, and how you can
protect yourself (and the people you care about) from it.
Once you know these things, it’s your responsibility to act
on what you learn. No one is going to make demands or
force you to do anything. Our goal is to give you accurate
information and create an environment where you want to
do what will keep both you and your community safe from
HIV/AIDS.
Faith and community leaders will strongly encourage you
to be tested, so that you will know your HIV status. They
will also help you find counseling if you need it.
We encourage you to participate in class discussions.
Please remember—what is said in the class stays in
the class!

Your honest participation and the establishment of a safe,
non-threatening, loving environment are important to
provide a win-win situation for everyone.
The lives of African Americans and the health of
everyone in our communities and our future generations
are at stake.
Let’s talk!
Vivian Berryhill
President
National Coalition of Pastors’ Spouses

Table of Contents
Section 1
Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 01
About the National Coalition of Pastors’ Spouses and
the HIV/AIDS Manual........................................................................................................... 05
HIV-Prevention Training in Your Faith Community ......................................... 06
The ABC Model of HIV Prevention ............................................................................ 07
Section 2
Personal Risk Pretest .......................................................................................................... 09
What Is HIV/AIDS?................................................................................................................. 10
What Does HIV/AIDS Do? ............................................................................................... 11
Myths About HIV/AIDS....................................................................................................... 15
Section 3
Three Ways to Get HIV....................................................................................................... 26
Three Ways to Prevent It................................................................................................... 27
Risky Behaviors........................................................................................................................ 29
Stop “Hatin’”............................................................................................................................... 32
Other Issues in the Spread of HIV.............................................................................. 33
Section 4
Next Steps................................................................................................................................... 38
ABC Works! ................................................................................................................................ 39
Universal Precautions.......................................................................................................... 40
HIV Testing and Treatment............................................................................................... 41
Personal Risk Posttest........................................................................................................ 50
Program/Course Evaluation Questionnaire......................................................... 51
Section 5
Glossary......................................................................................................................................... 54
Section 6
Resources and Appendices ........................................................................................... 59

Section 1

Introduction
African American faith leaders have always been
vital to our community — and have consistently
been at the forefront of virtually every major social
movement in the United States. Faith leaders and
their spouses play an integral role in shaping and
directing issues that affect us all.
As part of our ministry to our communities, thousands of
African American churches and others have stepped up to
address health issues that are killing our people.
Many of
those leading the charge to improve the health of African Americans
are pastors’ spouses, or First Ladies. The National Coalition of
Pastors’ Spouses (NCPS) recognizes that the only way to deal with
problems affecting our communities is to meet them with a solution
and provide training and education in the place most African
American people turn to in times of need — their faith community.
Currently, one of the most urgent threats to the health of African
Americans is HIV/AIDS. African Americans, regardless of their age
or sex, are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS compared
to other groups.
2

Introduction (cont.)
This means that African Americans get HIV/AIDS more than they should,
relative to their numbers in the general population. For example:
• African Americans make up only about 13% of the U.S. population —
but in 2002, they made up over 50% of new HIV cases and 42% of
all people living with AIDS.1
• In 2002, AIDS was the leading cause of death in African American
women aged 25-34 and the third leading cause of death in African
American men in the same age group.2
• In 2003, the rate of HIV/AIDS among African American males as
almost seven times higher than that of White men and nearly three
times the rate among Latino men.3 The leading cause of HIV infection
among African American men is sexual contact with other men,
fol owed by injection drug use and heterosexual contact.4
• In 2003, the rate of HIV/AIDS among African American females was
more than 18 times higher than among White women and almost five
times higher than among Latina women.5 The leading cause of HIV
infection among African-American women is heterosexual contact,
followed by injection drug use.6
• For people diagnosed with AIDS since 1994, African Americans had
the poorest survival rates of all racial and ethnic groups.7
• African Americans have the highest STD rates in the nation. Having
an STD greatly increases your chance of getting HIV or giving it
to others.8
3

Introduction (cont.)
The number of people with HIV and AIDS in our community
is the highest it has ever been, and that number is growing
larger all the time.

In the past, some churches and
other faith centers have not dealt
with the issue of HIV as openly
as they could have. Silence hasn’t
stopped HIV from spreading, so
now it’s time to talk openly and
honestly about the sensitive
subjects of sex, drug use, and
behaviors that put people at risk
for getting HIV. This is the only
way we’re going to put an end
to this epidemic.
4

Introduction (cont.)
About the National Coalition of Pastors’ Spouses and the
HIV/AIDS Manual

As servant leaders in the African American community, pastors’
spouses are committed to addressing the spiritual and physical
wellness of those in our local congregations, communities, and
neighborhoods.
As leaders and change agents for congregations, NCPS recognizes
the value of the “each one, teach one” concept. Our goals are to:
• Educate you about the devastating impact HIV/AIDS is having
on the African American community;
• Give you resources and information so that you can make
informed decisions about your health; and
• Encourage you to get tested for HIV and to seek follow-up care
and counseling if necessary.
We developed this training manual to help us reach these goals.
Each section of this manual will give you information you need to
know about HIV and AIDS.
5

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