Why Black Africa Should Resist Arab Domination of AU
Or The Arab quest for Lebensraum in Africa and the challenge to
Copyright (c) 2006 by Chinweizu
[Paper presented at the Global Pan Afrikan Reparations and Repatriation Conference
(GPARRC) on 25 July, 2006, at the University of Ghana, Legon, Accra]
Please see the Feel Free notice at the end
Part I: The Arab Quest for Lebensraum in Africa
"The third of the Arab community living outside Africa should
move in with the two-thirds on the continent and join the African
Union `which is the only space we have'"
--Col. Mouammar Gadhafi of Libya, at the Arab League, 2001
Many Africans take great exception to the sentiments and views expressed by
Col. Qadhafi at the March 2001, Amman, Jordan meeting of the Arab League.
--Prof. Kwesi Kwa Prah, 2004, in a paper to the AU
[both quotes in Bankie and Mchombu eds, 2006:217, 235]
Besides joining Prof Prah and the other Afrikans who take exception to Gadhafi's
statement, I should like to point out that Gadhafi's invitation to his fellow Arabs is
nothing but a declaration of race war on Africa. It is an invitation to more Arabs to
invade and colonize Africa. Indeed, it is a call for the final phase of the 15 centuries-
old Arab lebensraum war on Afrikans-- a war to Islamise and conquer all of Africa,
from Cairo to the Cape and from Senegal to Somalia, and to then enslave or Arabise
all the conquered Afrikans. In order to make that clear, it is necessary to first put his
invitation in the context of the traditions of Arab melanophobia and Negrophobia, and
of Arab expansionist ambitions and conquests that go back to the time of their Arab
Melanophobia and Negrophobia in Arab culture
The following excerpt from "The Crisis of Identity in Northern Sudan: A Dilemma
of a Black people with a White Culture", by Al-Baqir al- Afif Mukhtar, gives an
insight into the melonophobia and Negrophobia that Arab culture has reeked of since
before the time of their Mohammed:
"The contempt towards . . . the dark skinned is expressed in a thousand ways
in the documents, literature and art that have come down to us from the
Islamic Middle Ages. . . . This literature, and especially popular literature,
depicts (the black man) in the form of hostile stereotypes-- as a demon in fairy
tales, as a savage in the stories of travel and adventure, or commonly as a lazy
stupid, evilsmelling and lecherous slave. . . .
Ibn Khaldun sees the blacks as "characterized by levity and excitability
and great emotionalism" and [says] that "they are everywhere described as
stupid" . . .
al-Dimashqi had the following to say: "The Equator is inhabited by
communities of blacks who may be numbered among the savage beasts. Their
complexion and hair are burnt and they are physically and morally abnormal.
Their brains almost boil from the sun's heat."
Ibn al-Faqih al-Hamadhani follows the same line of reasoning. To him
. . . the zanj . . .are "overdone until they are burned so that the child comes out
between black, murky, malodorous, stinking, and crinkly- haired, with uneven
limbs, deficient minds, and depraved passions" . . ."
Arab-Muslim doctrines on Black enslavement
The following excerpt [from "Blasphemy Before God: The Darkness of
Racism In Muslim Culture" by Adam Misbah aI-Haqq,
http://www.muslimwakeup.com/archives/000498.php ] shows how and why
Arabs incurably believe in enslaving blacks:
"Classic Muslim thought maintained that blacks became legitimate slaves by
virtue of the color of their skin. The justification of the early Muslim equation
of blackness with servitude was found in the Genesis story so popularly called
"the curse of Ham," in reference to one of Noah's sons . . . .In the Arab-
Muslim version, blacks are cursed to be slaves and menials, Arabs are blessed
to be prophets and nobles, while Turks and Slavs are destined to be kings and
tyrants. . . .
The famous Al-Tabari, for example, cites no less than six Prophetic traditions
which seek to support this story. One tradition reads:
Ham begat all those who are black and curly- haired, while Japheth
begat those who are full faced with small eyes, and Shem begat
everyone who is handsome of face (Arabs of course) with beautiful
hair. Noah prayed that the hair of Ham's descendants would not grow
past their ears, and wherever his descendants met the children of Shem,
the latter would enslave them.
Ahmad Ibn Hanbal reported a saying attributed to the Prophet which in effect
states that God created the white race (dhurriyyah bayd) from the right
shoulder of Adam and created the black race (dhurriyyah sawd) from Adam's
left shoulder. Those of Adam's right shoulder would enter Paradise and those
of the left, Perdition. Other equally racist sayings have been attributed to the
Prophet in the traditions. Contradicting this spirit, there are the sayings of the
Prophet which equate the value of a person to his God-consciousness (taqwa),
and to their piety without any regard to the tribal or ethnocentric concerns of a
Such [egalitarian] reports [were overshadowed by] the more deeply
rooted tradition of racial bigotry . . . [emphasized by] Muslim geographers and
travelers who ventured into Africa. . . . Al-Maqdisi wrote, " . . . As for the
Zanji, they are people of black color, flat noses, kinky hair, and little
understanding or intelligence." . . . Ibn Khaldun (d. 1406CE) added that
blacks are "only humans who are closer to dumb animals than to rational
beings." . . . Even such luminaries as Ibn Sina considered blacks to be "people
who are by their very nature slaves." . . .
The creation or resurgence of the mythology of Ham also made dark-
skinned people synonymous with servitude in light-skinned Muslim thinking.
This went so far that eventually the term abd (slave) went through a semantic
development and came to specifically refer to "black slave" while light-
skinned slaves were referred to as mamluks. And further on in later usage, the
Arabic word abd came to mean "black man" of whatever status. . . ."
We can now see why, when an Arab sees anyone with black skin, all he notices is a
dumb animal that he is licensed and even obliged by his religion to capture and
enslave. With that backgrounder on the Arab tradition of enslaving and holding
blacks in profound contempt, let us now examine
The meaning of Gadhafi's call for lebensraum
In 2001 the Libyan leader Gadhafi, under the cover of advancing the Nkrumahist Pan
African project of African Unity, was concluding his sub- imperial assignment to
round up the African states into his Arab-dominated AU for easier muzzling and
control by global imperialism. At an Arab League meeting in Amman, Jordan,
Gadhafi exposed another hidden agenda of his AU project when he observed that 2/3
of the world's [approximately 250million] Arabs now live in Africa, and he invited
the rest to move into Africa and join them.
Though the Pan-African News Agency (PANA) reported it and posted it on its
website, I wonder how many African leaders took note of Gadhafi's invitation and
saw the danger it poses for Africa. What Afrikans (i.e. the indigenous peoples of
Africa) should particularly note is his reason for the invitation, namely, that Africa is
the only space Arabs have. This is so reminiscent of the Nazi project of seizing living
space, lebensraum, for the Germans from their neighbors in Eastern Europe that any
sensible Afrikan must understand it as a threat to all Afrikans. More importantly, it
spells out, for all but the willfully and suicidally deaf to hear, the grand geopolitical
purpose behind Arab policy and action in Africa in the last 50years. But first, we need
to put Gadhafi's invitation in the context that allows us to appreciate the full danger to
Afrikans from this enduring Arab ambition for lebensraum.
Since the death of their prophet Mohammed, Arabs have been relentlessly
seizing lebensraum - living space--in Africa. Since their conquest of Egypt in 642,
they have taken over all of North Africa, and most of the Nile valley and some of their
tribes have even infiltrated as far west from the Nile as Lake Chad. Arabs have, by
now, occupied supra-Sahara Africa and the Nile Valley, i.e. more than one-third of
the African landmass, and they are still grabbing more and moving tenaciously to
conquer the rest.
Arab expansionism in Africa, 640-1900
I wonder how many Afrikans today wonder how it came about that Arabs, whose
homeland is the Arabian Peninsula, came to occupy all of supra-Sahara Africa, from
the Sinai peninsula across to Morocco's Atlantic coast. And what they did to the
Black Egyptians, Black Berbers and other blacks who were the aborigines of all that
expanse of land?
Similarly, Afrikans need to inquire into why and how an Arab minority has
ruled Sudan since 1956? And how did it come about that we hear of Arab tribes in
Darfur, Chad and even in Nigeria's Bornu state?
Until 640 AD, there were no Arab settlers of any kind in all those places.
But in that year hungry Arab hordes desperate for plunder and greener pastures
charged out of Arabia, flying the flag of their new religion, Islam, and conquered
Egypt by 642. Egypt thereafter became their base for invading and seizing lebensraum
all the way west to Morocco and Mauritania, and southward up the Nile.
In the first phase of conquest, an Arab raiding army reached Tangier on the
Atlantic in 682. Then in the 11th century, the Fatimids who were then ruling in Egypt,
unleashed Bedouin Arab tribes, such as the Beni Hilal and Beni Sulaim, into the
Maghreb. These Bedouin tribes overran as far west as Morocco in the 12th and 13th
centuries, and brought about the Arabisation of the indigenous Berber population of
the Maghreb whom they swamped. They reached northern Mauritania by the 14th
century. Also in the 14th century, Guhayna Arab tribes, edged out of Egypt, infiltrated
up the Nile into Sudan. In 1820, Mohammed Ali Pasha sent an expedition from Egypt
that conquered Northern Sudan by 1841. In 1869 Ismail Pasha attempted to annex the
region from Juba/Gondokoro to Lake Victoria, a region that would become Uganda
and Sudan's Equatoria Province. He failed, but the British who ruled from 1899 to
1956 later incorporated Equatoria into the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. In 1874, the
Jellaba-Arab slave raider Zubair Pasha conquered Dar Fur for the Egyptians.
Also in the 19th century, Awlad Sulaiman Arabs migrated, in the 1840s, from
the Fezzan in Libya into the Lake Chad area, and Shuwa Arabs in search of
pasturelands moved, in the 1810s, from Chad into the Bornu area of what became
From the late 19th century until the 1950s, Arab expansionism in Africa was
stopped in its tracks by the European powers who conquered and partitioned Africa
among themselves. Only with the retreat of European political rule did opportunity
arise for Arab expansionism to resume its march. And it promptly did.
Arab expansionism in Africa since 1956, i.e. in the era of
continentalist Pan Africanism
Continentalist Pan-Africanism was launched in 1958 at the Accra Conference of
Independent African States (CIAS). It has been the dominant tendency within Pan
Africanism ever since, and it has given birth to the Arab dominated OAU/AU.
As some observers have pointed out, the Arab League, established in 1945, is the
institutional organ for realizing the Arab aspirations for unity and imperial resurgence
through "an Arab-Islamic empire across Africa into the Middle East." Under its aegis,
Arab nationalism resumed its expansion in Africa when, on attaining independence in
1956, the Jellaba-Arab minority government of Sudan defined Sudan as an Arab
country and set out to enforce that definition on Sudan's African majority.
Islamisation and Arabisation of Black Africa: the pilot project in Sudan
It has been noted by Opoku Agyeman that Pan-Arabism, in its so-called `civilizing
mission' perceives Africa as a `cultural vacuum' waiting to be filled by Arab culture
"by all conceivable means" [Agyeman, 1994:30] including Islamisation, and the
settlement of Arab populations on lands forcibly seized from Africans. The
assumptions, objectives and methods of this project may be illustrated from the
statements of its principal implementers in Sudan:
"You are aware that the end of all our efforts and this expense is to
procure Negroes. Please show zeal in carrying out our wishes in this
--Muhammad Ali Pasha, Ruler of Egypt, 1825, in a letter to one of his
generals in Sudan, quoted in [Nyaba, 2002:36]
In his 1955 book on the orbital scheme [the three circles at whose center he
envisioned Egypt to be], President Nasser characterized Africa as
"the remotest depths of the jungle," and as merely a candidate for Egypt's
"spread of enlightenment and civilization" via Islamisation-Arabisation.
--Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt, 1955, quoted in [Agyeman,
"Sudan is geographically in Africa but is Arab in its aspirations and destiny.
We consider ourselves the Arab spearhead in Africa, linking the Arab world to
the African continent."
--Sudanese Prime Minister, Mahgoub, 1968, quoted in [Agyeman, 1994:38]
Sudan "is the basis of the Arab thrust into the heart of Black Africa, the Arab
-- President Nimeiry of Sudan, 1969, quoted in [Agyeman, 1994:39]
"We want to Islamise America and Arabise Africa"
- Dr Hassan El-Turabi, chief ideologue of Jellaba-Arab minority rule in
Sudan, 1999, quoted in [Nyaba, 2002:27]
"the south [Sudan] will remain an inseparable part of the land of Islam, God
willing, even if the war continued for decades."
--Osama bin Laden, April 2006, [from an edited translation of an audiotape
attributed to al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, parts of which were aired by
Aljazeera on April 23, 2006]
This thrusting of Arab spears into the body and soul of Black Africa through
deAfrikanisation campaigns of Islamisation-Arabisation was, of course, not confined
to Sudan, but has been done wherever Arabs spotted an opportunity to exploit Afrikan
weakness, such as Mauritania, Chad, Somalia, Eritrea, Uganda. In the past 40 years,
Libya's Gadhafi has been particularly active in sponsoring chaos, anarchy and civil
wars in Chad, Liberia, Cote d'Ivoire etc., and in trying to Islamise Uganda, Rwanda,
the CAR etc. For example, in a live broadcast on Rwanda Radio on 17 May 1985,
First you must stick to your Islamic religion and insist that your children are
taught the Islamic religion and you teach the Arabic language because without
the Arabic language we could not understand Islam. . . You must teach that
Islam is the religion of Africa. . . You must raise your voice high and declare
that Allah is great because Africa must be Muslim. . . We must wage a holy
war so that Islam may spread in Africa.
--quoted in [Bankie and Mchombu, 2006:239-240]
Why do Gadhafi and other Arabisers sponsor Islamisation? Steve Biko
pointed out the fundamental reason why imperialists make a point of converting their
victims to their Christian religion when he said:
It has always been the pattern throughout history that whosoever brings the
new order knows it best and is therefore the perpetual teacher of those to
whom the new order is being brought. If the white missionaries were "right"
about their God in the eyes of the people, then the African people could only
accept whatever these new know-all tutors had to say about life. The
acceptance of the colonialist-tainted version of Christianity marked the turning
point in the resistance of African people. [Biko, 1987:56]
Steve Biko's observation helps explain why Arab hegemonists like Gadhafi insist on
Islamising their intended victims. Since the death of their prophet Mohammed, Islam
has been the religious cloak and entry-dagger of Arab imperialism. Islamisation is
used as a prelude to the project of Arabisation. Among the targeted victims, Islam
privileges the Arabic language and culture. Arab names and customs are made
obligatory, and the anathema on Jahiliya discourages remembrance of the pre-Islamic,
non-Arab culture of an Islamised people. It should be noted that the core Islamic
countries that stretch contiguously from the Maghreb to Pakistan are fragments of the
empire that Arabs conquered and ruled from 632-1517 when the Turks, under Selim
the Grim, conquered Egypt and Syria and extinguished the Arab Abbasid Caliphate.
Thus, the core lands of Dar-al-Islam today are a continuation of the Arab Empire. Just
as the Commonwealth is the euphemistic PR name for the enduring British Empire, so
too Dar-al-Islam is the euphemistic PR name for the enduring Arab Empire. In fact
Dar-al-Islam is simply the Arab empire in religious camouflage, and the Umma are
the Arab citizens/masters and the non-Arab subjects of the enduring Arab Empire.
Gadhafi and the Arab lebensraum project in the 21st century
In furtherance of his lebensraum project, in May 2003 Gadhafi proposed a tripartite
union of Libya, Sudan and Egypt, a move reminiscent of Hitler's Anschluss project
that annexed, in 1938, Austria as well as Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland.
To appreciate the menace in Gadhafi's invitation, Afrikans would do well to
Hitler's drive for lebensraum and how it was stopped
Just as Gadhafi wants to enlarge Arabia inside Africa, Hitler wanted to enlarge
Germany within Europe by
the acquisition of a territory for settlement, which will enhance the area of the
mother country, and hence not only keep the new settlers in the most intimate
community with the land of their origin, but secure for the total area those
advantages which lie in its unified magnitude. [Hitler, 1971: 653]
Hitler looked east for Germany's expansion in Europe. In Nazi ideology, Lebensraum
meant the expansion of Germany eastward to conquer lands for Germans to settle and
peoples for Germans to enslave. According to Hitler, the ideal war was one of
conquest, extermination, and subjugation; the ideal area in which to conduct such a
war was in the east, where the German people would win for itself the Lebensraum.
The Nazi theory of Lebensraum became Germany's foreign policy during the Third
A key element in Hitler's plan for lebensraum was the idea of military
expansion and the forced expulsion of the nations of Poland, Ukraine, Russia etc. and
their replacement with German settlers. The Lebensraum ideology was a major factor
in Hitler's launching of Operation Barbarossa in June 1941. As the German armies
moved eastward, the Nazis began to turn large areas of Soviet territory into German
settlement areas. The biggest obstacle to implementing the Lebensraum further was
the fact that by the end of 1942 the Sixth Army was defeated in Stalingrad. After the
second big defeat in the tank battle at Kursk during July 1943 and the Allied landings
in Sicily, all further Lebensraum plans came to a halt.
USA, Australia, Russia--case studies of lebensraum
Faced, from the 16th century, with European invaders seeking lebensraum, the Native
Americans in what became the USA failed to muster the necessary will and forces to
defeat and drive the invaders away; as a result, these indigenous peoples were
exterminated and lost their continent by the late 19th century. Bands of their remnants
were herded into reservations and left to slowly die out. Similarly in the 19th century,
the Australian aborigines failed to muster the necessary will and forces to defeat and
drive away the invaders from Europe. They too were exterminated. In contrast, the
Russians in the 20th century, under Stalin, mustered the necessary will and forces,
defeated Hitler's armies and chased them back all the way to Berlin and obliged Hitler
to commit suicide.
As these contrasting examples make clear, seekers of lebensraum can only be
stopped by decisively defeating and driving them away.
How did the Russians manage to do that? First of all, their leaders took quite
seriously the Nazi talk of seeking lebensraum in Eastern Europe, and prepared for
war. In Feb. 1931, Stalin predicted and warned his people: `We are 50 or 100 years
behind the advanced countries. We must make good this lag in 10 years. Either
we do it or they crush us.' And he drove his people with the proverbial whip and
scorpion, and forced them to industrialize at a desperate pace. And Russia
industrialized in 10 years flat! Which was just in time to be ready when Hitler
unleashed his armies on Russia in June 1941. And by 1943, Hitler's lebensraum
project lay in ruins as his mighty armies had been defeated by Stalin's armies. It took
another two years of hard fighting for the Russians to drive Hitler's armies all the way
back to Berlin. Had they not done so, there would be no Russia or Poland or Ukraine
etc today. All the land from Berlin to the Urals would have been taken over and
settled by Germans. And any Russians not exterminated would have been enslaved as
If Afrikans want to escape at Arab hands the type of fate that Hitler planned
for the Russians, we need to learn from Stalin's example. We need to build a
megastate and industrialize it at breakneck speed into a modern power. And we need
to defeat the Arabs and drive them back across the Sahara. The first step is to expel all
Arab League countries from the AU, or better yet, to destroy this enemy-controlled
AU and orga nize a Black World League of States to serve as the collective security
outfit exclusively for the Blacks of the World. The second step is to militarily
discourage any further Arab expansion into sub-Sahara Africa. We must firmly bear
in mind that lebensraum ambitions are effected by military action, as in Sudan's war
on the SPLM, and its use of Janjawid militias in Darfur and Chad. And we must also
firmly bear in mind that such ambitions are destroyed only by military action. To
think of any other way is suicidal foolishness. So Gadhafi's ambition must be finally
defeated militarily by Afrikan power, and the sooner the better for Afrikans.
Part II: The Challenge to Pan-Afrikanism
First they came for the Communists,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist.
Then they came for the Jews,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew.
Then they came for the trade unionists,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist.
Then they came for the Catholics,
and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant.
Then they came for me,
and by that time no one was left to speak up for me.
--Pastor Martin Niemoller (1892-1984)
In the last 15 centuries, Arab invaders have grabbed 1/3 of the African continent, and
systematically enslaved, exterminated or arabised the blacks they met there. How?
I have already quoted examples from the mission statements of the anti-
Afrikan leaders of the Arab expansionists since 1820 in Sudan. Let us now see
examples of how they've gone about implementing their policy on the ground since
1956 while the OAU/AU Pan-Africanists determinedly looked the other way or
buried their ostrich heads in the sand. The following are instructive excerpts, about
the events in al-Di'ein and Dar Fur, from "Islamisation and Arabisation of Africans as
a means to Political Power in the Sudan" by Sudanese scholar M. Jalaal Haashim:
As its civil war with the SPLM/SPLA intensified, the Jellaba-Arabist Sudan
government of al-Sadiq al-Mahdi (1986-1989) used the Baggara Arabs to
punish those Dinka who lived on the border of Kordufan and Dar Fur, such as
the Ngog, on the assumption that all the Dinka were SPLM/SPLA.
"The Baggara tribes in Kordufan and Dar Fur are nomadic Arabs who have
been greatly influenced by the Nilotic tribes, especially the Dinka, from whom
they have taken the cows for livestock and the color of blackness . . . . Until
then the hostility between the two sides was relatively kept at bay due to their
historical inter-relationship. Tho usands of Dinka who fled the war zone came
and lived with the Baggara. This is how in a certain village called al-Di'ein in
Southern Dar Fur more than 6,000 Dinka people peacefully took refuge and
lived with the Baggara.
In 1987 the government of Sadiq al-Mahdi established the infamous
Popular Defence Forces (PDF) as a pretext for officially arming the Baggara
Arabs to fight the Southerners. Armed in this way, the marauding Baggara
squads of PDF began making incursions into the South, raiding the Dinka
villages. [These] naturally sought help from the SPLM/SPLA [who] came to
the rescue . . . . In all aspects the Baggara Arabs were unequal to the SPLA.
Suffering defeat after defeat, . . . the Baggara began nursing deep hatred
towards the Dinka in general, [and finally directed their revenge on] the
peaceful Dinka who were living with them at al- Di'ein . . .
In one day in mid 1987 at least 1000 Dinka were massacred, 4000 were
burned alive, and the survivors - around 1000 - were enslaved. The massacre
began early in the day. At first the bewildered Dinka did not believe what was
going on. When reality dawned on them, they fled into the houses of their
hosts who were also their attackers. They were dragged by their feet like
animals to be butchered outside the houses of their hosts. The Dinka took
refuge in the Church; there they were killed along with the priest. Then they
ran and took refuge inside the Police station, which was part of the railway
station, but, alas, the Police turned out to be accomplices. They were killed
there also. Whether in good or bad faith . . . they were ill advised to take
refuge in the empty carriages of a standing freight train so they could be taken
away from al-Di'ein. With the trustfulness usually shown by totally vulnerable
and helpless people in their eagerness to cling to a straw, they hurriedly
obeyed. Once crammed inside, they were locked in from outside. Caged in
like animals they saw with their own eyes barrels full of diesel being rolled
toward them. They were burnt alive, all of them. Only then, with the barbecue
smell of that holocaust, did the Baggara come to their senses. The survivors
were fortunate that they were only enslaved. Slavery was the common sense of
that doomed day . . . . In the period 1989-1999 only God knows how many
massacres like that of al- Di'ein took place."
The Janjawid campaign of genocide
"A decade after the Dinka massacre in al-Di'ein, the scenario of ethnic
manipulation by the state expanded to cover the whole of Dar Fur and most of
Kordufan, . . . [and] the era of terror of the infamous Janjawid had been
launched. . . .
Dar Fur has been the victim of the involvement of the neighbouring Arab
states in the civil war in Chad that flared up in the 1970s. Libya, an extreme
advocate of Pan-Arabism with highly volatile policies, intervened in Chad
with the sole aim of helping the Arab nomad tribes with money, logistics and
arms. . . .
The government of Khartoum has not only backed the nomadic Arab
tribes, but has also armed them and fought by land and air along with them.
All through the decade of 1982-1992 skirmishes and limited killings were
commonplace in Dar Fur. The Khartoum government dubbed them 'armed
robbery'. In 1995 the massacres were launched first against the Masalit tribe of
the state of West Dar Fur. The governor himself was a Masalit Muslim
Brother who was given orders from Khartoum to let his sedentary people host
a heavily armed clan of pastoralist Baggara who were driven out of Chad to be
welcomed by the Khartoum government simply out of bias for the Arabs. . . .
The Masalit welcomed the Baggara. Under the official eyes of the State
government which was headed by their own son thousands of the Masalit were
butchered in mid 1995. . . . "
Through these "gruesome atrocities . . ., which are being overtly committed by State-
backed Arab tribes", the nomadic Arab tribes of Dar Fur have been committing
genocide and ethnic cleansing against the African sedentary tribes. As both the
culprit and the victim are Muslims, the Afro-Arab race war nature of the genocide
becomes very clear. As Jalaal Haashim points out, the conflicts in Sudan are "a racist
war camouflaged with religion."
But how exactly do these Arab marauders carry out ethnic cleansing? The next
excerpt, from "Singing while their men rape", THE GUARDIAN, NAIROBI