Although andragogy became popularized in the 1970's and 1980's in the USA
through the work of Malcolm Knowles, its original introduction into the USA was in
1927 by E. C. Lindeman and M. L. Anderson. However, the oldest known published
document using the concept was authored by a German — Alexander Kapp, in 1833.
Much of the published literature in recent times has focused on the popularized use of the
term, reflecting either a wholesale support of Knowles' version of andragogy, or a
"debunking" for the reason of what some call Knowles' unscientific approach.
This study seeks to determine the major foundational works published on
andragogy in order to provide a clear and understandable linkage between the research on
andragogy and the practice of andragogy. Although there are hundreds of dissertations
and publications researching at least some aspect of Andragogy, after extensive content
analysis, eighteen (18) major English language works reflecting six (6) themes, form the
most broad, deep, understandable and justifiable foundation linking research, theory and
practice in andragogy. These publications are described within this paper and identified
with an asterisk (*) in the reference section after the conclusion of the paper.
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