Apple and the Environment
Apple believes that improving the environmental performance of our business
starts with our products. The careful environmental management of our products
throughout their life cycles includes controlling the quantity and type of materials
used in their manufacture, improving their energy e ciency, and designing them for
better recyclability. The information below details the environmental performance
of iPad as it relates to climate change, energy e ciency, restricted substances and
material e ciency.
MB292, MB293, MB294 (Wi-Fi)
MC349, MC496, MC497 (Wi-Fi + 3G)
Greenhouse gas emissions have an impact on the planet’s balance of land, ocean,
and air temperature. Most of Apple’s corporate greenhouse gas emissions come from
April 3, 2010
the production, transport, use, and recycling of its products. Apple seeks to minimize
greenhouse gas emissions by setting stringent design-related goals for material and
energy e ciency. The chart below provides the estimated life-cycle greenhouse gas
emissions for iPad.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions for iPad (Wi-Fi + 3G model)
iPad is designed with the
following features to reduce
• Arsenic-free display glass
• Brominated ﬂame retardant-free
Customer use, 30%
• Mercury-free LED backlit display
Total greenhouse gas emissions: 130 kg CO2e
• Recyclable aluminum and glass
Energy E ciency
• Power adapter outperforms
strictest global energy e ciency
iPad uses power-e cient components and software that intelligently manages power
consumption. In addition, the iPad 10W USB Power Adapter outperforms the stringent
requirements of the ENERGY STAR speciﬁcation for external power supplies. The
following table details the power consumed by iPad in di erent use modes.
Power Consumption for iPad (Wi-Fi + 3G)
Power adapter, no-load
Power adapter e ciency
Material E ciency
Apple’s ultracompact product and packaging designs lead the industry in material
Lithium-ion polymer, 25 Whr
e ciency. Reducing the material footprint of a product helps maximize shipping
e ciency. It also helps reduce energy consumed during production and material
Free of lead, cadmium, and mercury
waste generated at the end of the product’s life. iPad is made of recyclable materials,
such as aluminum and glass. The chart below details the materials used for iPad.
Material Use for iPad (Wi-Fi + 3G model)
Circuit boards, 45g
The packaging for iPad is almost entirely recyclable and uses corrugate cardboard
made from a minimum of 33 percent post-consumer recycled content. In addition,
its packaging is extremely material e cient, allowing more units to be transported
in a single shipping container. The following table details the materials used in
Packaging Breakdown for iPad (U.S. Conﬁgurations)
iPad uses corrugate cardboard made from
a minimum of 33 percent post-consumer
recycled content and molded ﬁber made
Paper (corrugate, molded ﬁber)
entirely from post-consumer recycled content.
Apple has long taken a leadership role in restricting harmful substances from its
products and packaging. As part of this strategy, all Apple products comply with the
strict European Directive on the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances
in Electrical and Electronic Equipment, also known as the RoHS Directive. Examples of
materials restricted by RoHS include lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium,
and PBB and PBDE brominated ﬂame retardants (BFRs). iPad goes even further than the
requirements of the RoHS Directive by incorporating the following more aggressive
• Mercury-free LED backlit display
• Arsenic-free display glass
• Free of BFRs and PVC
Through ultra-e cient design and use of highly recyclable materials, Apple has
minimized material waste at the product’s end of life. In addition, Apple o ers and
participates in various product take-back and recycling programs in 95 percent of the
regions where Apple products are sold. All products are processed in the country or
region in which they are collected. For more information on how to take advantage
of these programs, visit www.apple.com/environment/recycling/.
Greenhouse gas emissions: Estimated emissions are calculated in accordance with
guidelines and requirements as speciﬁed by ISO 14040 and ISO 14044. Calculation
includes emissions from the following life-cycle phases contributing to Global Warming
Potential (GWP 100 years) in CO2 equivalency factors (CO2e):
• Production: Includes the extraction, production, and transport of raw materials and
the manufacture of the product, as well as product packaging.
• Transport: Includes air and sea transportation of the ﬁnished product and its
associated packaging from the manufacturing site to continental distribution hubs.
Transport of products from distribution hubs to the end customer is not included.
• Use: End-user power consumption assumes a three-year period. Product use scenarios
are modeled on data that reﬂects intensive daily use of the product. Geographic
di erences in the power grid mix have been accounted for at a continental level.
• Recycling: Includes transportation from collection hubs to recycling centers, and the
energy used in mechanical separation and shredding of parts.
Energy e ciency terms: The energy e ciency values in this report are based on the
ENERGY STAR Program Requirements for Single Voltage External AC-DC and AC-AC
Power Supplies Version 2.0. For more information, visit www.energystar.gov.
• Sleep: Low power state that’s entered automatically after ﬁve minutes of inactivity
(default), or by pressing the Sleep/wake button. Tested with a fully charged battery
and powered by the iPad 10W USB Power Adapter. All settings were default except
Wi-Fi was associated with a network.
• Idle—Display on: iPad is on and at the Home screen. Tested with a fully charged
battery and powered by the iPad 10W USB Power Adapter. All settings were default
except Auto-Brightness was turned o and Wi-Fi was associated with a network.
• Power adapter, no-load: Condition in which the iPad 10W USB Power Adapter is
connected to AC power, but not connected to iPad.
• Power adapter e ciency: Average of the iPad 10W USB Power Adapter’s measured
e ciency when tested at 100 percent, 75 percent, 50 percent, and 25 percent of the
power adapter’s rated output current.
Restricted substances: Apple deﬁnes a material as BFR-free and PVC-free if it contains
less than 900 parts per million (ppm) of bromine and chlorine.
© 2010 Apple Inc. All rights reserved.