Chinese ESL Students Learning Strategies : A Look at Frequency, Proficiency, and Gender
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This article reports on a study of language learning strategies used by 175
ESL students from the People’s Republic of China. The aims of the study
were to survey the frequency of strategy use and to determine how it is
influenced by the learners’ proficiency
level and gender.
questionnnaire (Strategies Inventory of Language Learning) by Oxford
(1990) was administered. It consists of 6 categories: memory, cognitive,
compensation, metacognitive, affective, and social. Results from the survey
indicated that metacognitive strategies were most frequently used, while
memory strategies were least frequently used Statistical analysis showed
that significant differences were to be found in the use of cognitive and
compensation strategies among learners at three proficiency levels. Gender
also played a role in influencing the kids of strategy used; female students
were found to use compensation and affective strategies significantly more
often than male students. Findings from this study could help teachers
identify appropriate strategies to facilitate the learning of a second language
by Chinese learners.
Added: December, 29th 2009
File size: 1.27mb
Tags: chinese esl students, learning strategies, frequency, proficiency, gender
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