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CE.3 Citizenship, Rights, Duties and Responsibility of being an American Created by Sarah Duncan, Portsmouth Public Schools
How does someone become a citizen?
By Birth , meaning you were born on American Soil, including the territories of the United States or American Military Installations around the world.
How does someone become a citizen?
By naturalization , which is a method of obtaining citizenship by people who were not born in a particular country
To become a citizen through this method, a person must demonstrate knowledge of American History and the ability to speak and write English.
Citizenship Sample Test
14 th Amendment
The 14 th Amendment defines citizenship as “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and the State wherein they reside”.
After what war was the 14 th Amendment written? Why do you think this was an important amendment to some people?
First Amendment Freedoms Religion Speech Press Assembly Petition First Amendment
The government may not establish an official religion, nor endorse, or unduly interfere with the free exercise of religion
Remember, in England the Church and Government were run by the King. Why do you think the freedom of religion was important to the colonies? How and Why were some of the colonies started?
Individuals are free to express their opinions and beliefs
Why do you think this was important to the colonies? What had the King and Parliament done to them to make them believe so much in the freedom of Speech?
The press has the right to gather and publish information, including that which criticizes the government
Why do you think this was important to the colonies?
Individuals may peacefully gather together
So what? Tell me why the colonies wanted to gather in peace?
Individuals have the right to make their views known to the public
Why and how is this a form of change? Does it deserve to be in the First Amendment?
Extends the process of protection to the actions of the states
What is due process?
The idea that laws and legal proceedings must be fair. The Constitution guarantees that the government cannot take away a person's basic rights to 'life, liberty or property, without due process of law.' http://www.lectlaw.com/def/d080.htm
Why did it need to be stated specifically for the states? What year was the 14 th Amendment added to the Constitution?
Duties of Responsible Citizens
What is a duty?
work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons; "the duties of the job"
the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force; "we must instill a sense of duty in our children"; "every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty"- John D.Rockefeller Jr
Citizens who choose not to fulfill these civic duties face legal consequences.
Responsibilities of Citizens
These are fulfilled by choice and are voluntary
Serve in voluntary, appointed positions
Keep informed regarding current issues
Register and Vote Hold Elective Office Influence Government by communicating with government officials Participate in Political Campaigns Respect other’s rights to an equal voice in government Responsibilities of Citizens
Ways for Citizens to participate in community service:
Volunteer to support democratic institutions
Express concern about the welfare of the community as a whole
Environment, public safety, education, economic development
Help make the community a good place to work and live
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