WHAT IS CPR?
CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation is an
emergency procedure performed on a victim
suffering from cardiac arrest or respiration
arrest. It is performed in hospitals and outside.
CPR helps revive the victim by applying chest
compressions and mouth-to-mouth breathing in
a specific order to intervene and create an
artificial circulation of blood and air.
Such a procedure is only allowed to be performed after CPR training. People who have not had a proper tutor in CPR methods, should only use Hands-only CPR for reviving a victim. You will know how to perform Hands-only CPR in the following text.
The first thing done before performing CPR is to make sure the victim is unconscious due to a cardiac arrest or has just fainted for other reasons. Try to wake the person up by rubbing your knuckles on the victim’s sternum. If this does not wake the victim, call 911 and proceed to the next step of CPR. The CPR procedure is not necessary if the victim wakes up, moves or groans.
Once you are sure that the victim is not waking up, start the rescue breathing. Make sure the victim is lying on his back. Tilt his/her head by the chin-lift method. Put your ears to the victim’s mouth to ensure that he is breathing. Look for chest movement, listen to the airflow in his/her nose and mouth. If there is no airflow, pinch the victim’s nose, take a long breath, and exhale into the victim’s mouth, until you see the victim’s chest rise. Repeat this procedure after the chest falls back. This is done only two times whether it works or not.
If there is still no breathing, after the mouth-to-mouth, start with the chest compressions. For people who are untrained in CPR can perform only these chest compressions, also called as Hands-only. Place the heel of your hand in the middle of the victim’s chest, with your other hand placed on the first; compress the chest about two inches. Perform 30 compressions at a 100/minute rate.
Again give the two rescue breaths, do not check for breathing this time. CPR steps are alternated for about 2-3 minutes. You have to keep doing this until the help arrives.
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