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EDU 621
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING
COURSE
GUIDE
EDU 621
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING

Course Developers/Writers
Prof. K. O. Alao
&
.
Mr. W. O. Adeniyi
Course Editor
Programme Leader
Dr. Ayanniyi Alhassan
National Open University of Nigeria
Course Coordinator
Henrietta Ibijumoke Johnson
National Open University of Nigeria

NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA
ii

EDU 621
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING
National Open University of Nigeria
Headquarters
14/16 Ahmadu Bello Way
Victoria Island
Lagos
Abuja office
No. 5 Dar es Salaam Street
Off Aminu Kanu Crescent
Wuse II, Abuja
Nigeria
e-mail: centralinfo@nou.edu.ng
URL: www.nou.edu.ng
Published by
National Open University of Nigeria
Printed 2008
ISBN: 978-058-390-4
All Rights Reserved
iii

EDU 621
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING
CONTENTS
PAGE
Introduction.................................................................................
1
What

You

Wil

Learn

in

this
Course............................................
1
Course Aims.................................................................................
2
Course Objectives.........................................................................
2
Working through this Course.......................................................
2
The Course Materials.....................................................................
3
Study Units ..................................................................................
3
Presentation Schedule...................................................................
4
Assessment.............................................................................
....... 4
Tutor-Marked Assignment ............................................................
4
Final Examination and Grading...................................................... 5
Course Marking Scheme................................................................. 5
Course Overview..........................................................
5
How

to

Get

the

Best

from

the
Course.............................................
6
Facilitators/Tutors and Tutorials....................................................
8
Summary.................................................................................
.........

9
Introduction
EDU 621:
As a Post-graduate/Masters Degree Student, one of the
courses central to your profession is Psychology. This is because at the
heart of every educational or instructional activity learning is expected
to occur. Therefore, you need to equip yourself with major facts and
how you can effectively apply these theories to ensure learning occurs.
You need to study it with all seriousness.
The course is an important component in the programme of study that
will enable you graduate. The course has been designed to consist three
(3) modules of twelve (12) units. It carries two (2) credit units.
The course EDU 621 is compulsory for all students undergoing a post-
graduate programme in Education. This is because it has been designed
to give you a deeper understanding on the important aspect of education
which is `learning'. Studying the course well, implies that, you have
iv

EDU 621
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING
attended to all your self-marked assignments and tutor-marked
assignments, and that you have the confidence to develop a good
seminar paper you will be proud to present to other colleagues.
This course guide tells you briefly what to expect from reading the
accompanying course study material. It provides you with information
on how to make the best use of the materials so that you can achieve
good success. Make sure you read it very carefully and pay attention to
the instructions and suggestions.
Happy study.
What You Will Learn in this Course
This course, EDU 621, titled Psychology of Learning, has been
specifically designed to refresh your memory and sharpen your
understanding of the Psychology of Learning to the point that you
should be able to discuss confidently on issues concerning human
learning, especially learning in educational classroom environment.
In this regard, the course would highlight the importance of
investigations and research in resolving issues and challenges in the
study of Psychology through various theories.
*
You will learn about the various methods of investigation in
psychology which researchers adopt.
*
You will learn about the thirteen strands that make up the
different branches of psychology.
*
You will learn how to ensure permanency in learning.
*
More importantly you will be exposed to some ways that theories
can be applied in classroom situations to make teaching and
learning easy.
Course Aims
It is hoped that after your degree, you will rise to certain influential
leadership position in the education sector, therefore the major aims of
this course are:
(1)
to refresh your memory on the concept of psychology;
(2)
deepen your understanding of the psychology of learning;
v

EDU 621
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING
(3)
prepare you to be able to discuss coherently on any issue or
matter relating to the psychology of learning or its application in
classroom situations.
Course Objectives
At the end of this course EDU 621, `Psychology of Learning', you will
be able to select and discuss coherently through seminar presentations
any topic in the area of psychology of learning.
Specifically you will be able to:
1.
Examine the students' differences that may affect learning.
2.
Describe the activities you will adopt to help your students retain
information.
3.
Examine the nature of human motivation, explaining the
techniques you can adopt to motivate students to perform well in
learning activities.
4.
Discuss, illustrating with examples from the various theories of
learning the difference between learning and education
Working through the Course
To complete this course you are required to read the study units, read
books and other materials provided by the National Open University of
Nigeria (NOUN). Each study unit contains Self-Assessment Exercises
(SAEs) and Tutor Marked Assignments (TMAs) and at each point in the
course you are required to submit assignments for assessment purposes.
In addition, you will be expected to prepare and present a seminar paper
at the end of this course material. This will be graded to form part of
your tutor-marked assessment. Certainly: Tthere is an end of course
final Examination.
You will also find listed all the components of the course, what you
have to do and how you should allocate your time to each study unit in
order to complete the course successfully and on time.
The Course Material
Major components of the course are:
1.
Course Guide
2.
Study Units
3.
References
4.
Presentation Schedule
vi

EDU 621
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING
Study Units
The study units in this course are as follows:
Module 1
Unit 1
The Concept of Psychology
Unit 2
Branches of Psychology
Unit 3
Educational Psychology
Module 2
Unit 1
The Theories of Learning: Ivan Pavlon
Unit 2
B. F. Skinner's Instrumental Conditioning
Unit 3
Edward Bandura's Social Learning Theory
Unit 4
The Theory of Connectionism
Unit 5
Gestalt/Cognitive Fields of Learning
Unit 6
Edward Tolman and Benjamin Bloom's `Theories of
Learning'
Module 3
Permanency in Learning
Unit 1
The Theories of Retention in Learning
Unit 2
Transfer of Learning
Unit 3
Motivation in Learning and its Implication in Classroom
Situations
Presentation Schedule
The presentation schedule included in your course material gives you
the important dates of this year for the completion of tutor-marked
assignments and for attending tutorial. Also included is the date for the
seminar. Remember, you are required to submit all your assignments by
the due date. You should guard against falling behind in your work.
Assessment
There are three aspects of assessment of the course. First is a set of self-
assessment exercises (SAEs), second is a set of tutor-marked
assignments (TMAs) which includes the presentation of a seminar
paper. The third is a written end of semester examination.
vii

EDU 621
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING
In tackling the assignments, you are expected to be sincere in attempting
the exercises; you are expected to apply the information, knowledge and
techniques gathered during the course. The assignments must be
submitted to your tutor against formal deadline stated in the presentation
schedule and the assignment file. The work you submit to your tutor for
assessment will make up 40% of your course work.
At the end of the course, you will need to sit for a final written
examination of two hours' duration. This examination will make up the
remaining 60% (postgraduate) of your course mark.
Tutor-Marked Assignment
There are tutor-marked assignments in this course. You are encouraged
to submit all assignments. Assignment questions for the study units in
this course are stated within the study units. You will be able to
complete your assignments from the information and materials
contained in your reading, study units. However, it is desirable in all
degree level academic programmes to demonstrate that you have read
and researched more widely than the required minimum. Using other
references will give you a broader viewpoint and may provide a deeper
understanding of the subject. You can select the seminar topic you wish
to develop and present. However, it must be an aspect of the psychology
of learning. Your seminar paper is a compulsory assignment.
When you have completed each assignment, send it together with a
TMA (tutor-marked assignment) to your tutor. Make sure that each
assignment reaches your tutor on or before the deadline given in the
presentation schedule and assignment file. If, for any reason, you cannot
complete your work on time, contact your tutor before the assignment is
due to discuss the possibility of an extension. Extensions will not be
granted after the due date unless in exceptional circumstances.
Final Examination and Grading
The final examination for Psychology of Learning will be of two hours'
duration and it has a value of 50% of the total course grade. The
examination will consist of questions which reflect the type of self-
testing, practice-exercises and tutor marked assignments (tutor-attended-
to problems) you have previously encountered. All areas of the course
are assessed.
Use the time between finishing the last study unit and sitting for the
examination to revise the entire course. You might find it useful to
review your self-tests, tutor-marked assignments and comments on them
viii

EDU 621
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING
before the examination. The final examination covers information from
all parts of the course.
Course Marking Structure
The following table lays out how the actual course marking is done.
Assessment
30% (Undergraduate) 40% (Postgraduate)
Final Examination
70% ((Undergraduate) 60% (Postgraduate)
Total
100% of Course work
Table 1: Course Marking Structure
Course Overview
The table below brings together the study units, the number of weeks
you should take to complete them, with the assignments that accompany
them.
Unit
Title of Work
Time Frame End of Unit Assignment
Course Guide
1 Week
-
Module 1
1
The Concept of Psychology
1 Week
1st assignments
2
Branches of Psychology
1 Week
2nd assignments
3
Educational Psychology
1 Week
3rd assignments
Module 2
1
Theories of Learning
1 Week
4th assignments
Preparing Seminar Paper
Seminar
2
B. F. Skinner's Instructional 1 Week
5th assignments
Conditioning
3
Edward Bandura's Social 1 Week
6th assignments
Learning Theory
4
The Theory of Connectionism
1 Week
7th assignments
5
Gestalt/Cognitive Field of 1 Week
8th assignments
Learning Theories
6
Edward Tolman and Benjamin 1 Week
9th assignments
Bloon's Theories of Learning
Prepare Seminar Paper
Seminar
Module 3 Permanency in Learning
1
Theories of Retention in 1 Week
10th assignments
Learning
2
Transfer of Learning
1 Week
11th assignments
3
Motivation in Learning and its 1 Week
12th assignments
Implication to Teaching and
Learning Activities
ix

EDU 621
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING
Prepare Seminar Paper
1 Week
Present Paper
Total
14 Weeks
Table II: Course Organiser
How to Get the Most from the Course
In Open and Distance Learning (ODL), the study units replace the
University Lecture. This is one of the great advantages of ODL. You can
read and work through specially designed study materials at your own
pace, and at a time and place that suit you best. Think of it as reading the
lecture. In the same way that the lecturer might set you some reading to
do, the study units tell you when to read your other materials. Just as a
lecturer might give you an in-class exercise, your study units provide
exercises for you to do at appropriate points
Each of the study units follows a common format. The first item is an
introduction to the subject matter of the study unit and how a particular
study unit is integrated with the other study units and the course as a
whole. Next is a set of learning objectives. These objectives let you
know what you should be able to do by the time you have completed the
study unit. You should use these objectives to guide your study. When
you have finished the study unit, you must go back and check whether
you have achieved the objectives or not. If you make a habit of doing
this, you will significantly improve your chances of passing the course.
The main body of the study unit guides you through the required reading
from other sources. This will usually be either from a reading section or
some other sources. You will be directed when there is need for it.
Self Assessment Exercise (SAEs) are interspersed throughout the units.
Working through these SAEs will help you to achieve the objectives of
the study units and prepare you for the assignments and examination.
You should do every SAE as you come to it in the study unit. There will
also be numerous examples given in the study units. Work through these
when you come to them too.
The following is a practical strategy for working through the course. If
you encounter any problem, telephone your tutor immediately.
Remember, that your tutor's job is to help you. When you need help,
don't hesitate to call and ask your tutor to provide it.
1.
Read this course guide thoroughly.
2.
Organise a study schedule: Refer to the course overview for more
details. You should note that it is expected of you to devote at
x

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