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In This Issue
Any criticism of global warming is seen by campaigners as immoral and danger-
ous no matter how rigorous the scientific evidence.
By the end of this article I hope to illustrate that the Earth’s climate is always
changing, that there is nothing out of the ordinary about today’s temperature and
that the true scientific evidence contradicts today’s belief that the global warm-
ing is driven by the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
Let the message of this article not be misunderstood. Global warming was hap-
pening (as you read towards the end of the article, you will see why the past
tense is used) but unlike the vast majority of people, I do not believe that human
CO2 is causing that warming.
The ever more spectacular computer generated images the media throws at us
has reached the stage that no (mainstream) politician dares to speak out against
it. The most politically incorrect thing to do is to doubt our responsibilities as a
species for causing global warming.
However, even with such outrageous levels of intolerance, the once background
ambient noise of true scientists is coming to the forefront with sounder based
evidence that man made global warming is nothing but a mass fraud.
“If we look at climate through the
geological timeframe, we would
never suspect CO2 as a major cli-
Professor Ian Clark, Dept of Earth
Sciences, University of Ottawa.
Unless stated to the contrary, all literature in this magazine is copyright of Mohammed Ismail. Dupli-
cation or sale of all or any part of it is not permitted
Written, edited and produced by Mohammed Ismail - firstname.lastname@example.org
international organisation – The United don’t even like to call it the environ-
Nations Intergovernmental Panel on mental movement anymore because
really it is a political activist movement
and they have become hugely influen-
“The IPCC like any UN body is politi- tial at a global level.”
cal. The final conclusions are politi- Patrick Moore, Co-founder, Green-
Professor Phillip Scott, Dept of Bio-
geography, University of London.
It then shifted from a mere political
campaign into an entire industry. “It’s
“This claim that the IPCC is the world’s become a great industry in itself and if
top 1,500 or 2,500 scientists, you look the whole global warming farrago col-
at the bibliographies of the people and lapsed there’d be an awful lot of peo-
it’s simply not true. There are quite a ple out of jobs and looking for work."
number of non-scientists. Those peo- Professor Phillip Scott, Dept of Bio-
ple who are specialists but don’t agree geography, University of London.
with the polemic and resign...they are
simply put on the author list and be- Moreover, it has incorrectly influenced
come part of this 2,500 of the world’s people’s view on an area of science.
“Climate scientists need there to be a
Professor Paul Reiter, IPCC & Pas- problem in order to get funding.”
teur Institute, Paris
Dr Roy Spencer, Weather Satellite
Team Leader, NASA.
“...to build the number up to 2,500
Time for intellectual debate
they have to start taking reviewers and In 2005, the House of Lords inquiry
government people and so on anyone assessed the evidence linking humans
who ever came close to them and none to global warming. Lord Lawson of
The scientific community has for a long
of them are asked to agree. Many of Blaby (Chancellor of the Exchequer in
“I’ve often heard it said that there’s a time refused to acknowledge any theory
them disagree. People have decided the 1980s) was on the inquiry. Regard-
consensus of thousands of scientists unless that theory came with a falsifica-
you have to convince other people – ing the report produced, he would lat-
on the global warming issue that the tion test. Albert Einstein was so highly
that since no scientist disagrees, you er comment that “We had a very, very
humans are causing a catastrophic commended in his field because along
shouldn’t disagree either. But whenev- thorough inquiry; it took evidence
change to the climate system. Well I with his theories he presented to the
er you hear that in science, that’s pure from a whole lot of people expert in
am one scientist and there are many scientific community ways to prove his
this area, and produced a report. What
that simply think that is not the true.” theory wrong. One would therefore as-
Professor Richard Lindzen, IPCC & surprised me was to discover how weak
Professor John Christy, Dept of At- sume the same would be expected of
and uncertain the science was”
mospheric Science, University of Ala- the global warming theory but the me-
bama in Huntsville.
dia insists on portraying it has having
The theory of climate change has now Changing Climate – Looking Back
achieved approval from an impressive
evolved into a political ideology. “I Throughout its history, Earth has altered
its climate from tropical to ice ages. As climate through analysis of glacial de-
was an epoch, which consisted of tem- rise again until the world economic re-
recent as 200 years ago, the Earth was posits, fossils, and sediments and it is
peratures greatly warmer than current cession in the 1970s.
going through what climatologists call via this study that it has become evident
temperatures for over three millennia.
the “The Little Ice Age”.
that temperatures during the “Medieval
Geologists know this as the Holocene “CO2 began to increase exponential-
Warm Period” were warmer over the
Maximum. “If we go back 8,000 years ly in about 1940, but the temperature
“In the 14 century, Europe plunged Northern Hemisphere than the “Little
to the Holocene period, our current in- actually began to decrease 1940 and
into the Little Ice Age; and where we’d Ice Age” and comparable to tempera-
ter-glacial, it was much warmer than continued ‘till about 1975. So this is
look for evidence of this are the old il- tures during the late 20th and early 21st
it is today. Now the polar bears obvi- the opposite relation: when the CO2
lustrations and prints and pictures of century. Professor Phillip Scott has
ously survived that period – they’re is increasing rapidly and yet the tem-
Old Father Thames; because during commented, “We have this view that
with us today. They’re very adaptable; perature decreasing then we cannot
the hardest and toughest winters of warming is going to have apocalyptic
and these warm periods in the past – say that CO2 and the temperature go
that Little Ice Age the Thames would outcomes. In fact, wherever you de-
what we call “hypsithermals” – posed together.”
freeze over. And there were wonderful scribe this warm period it appears to
no problem for them.”
Professor Syun-Ichi Akasofu, Direc-
ice fairs held on the Thames – skating, be associated with riches... All over the
Professor Ian Clark, Dept of Earth tor, International Arctic Research
and people actually selling things on City of London, there are little “memo-
Sciences, University of Ottawa.
ries” of the vineyards that grew in the
Professor Phillip Scott, Dept. of Bio- Medieval Warm Period. So this was a
The above statements would suggest that
geography, University of London.
wonderfully rich time.”
climate change is a natural process the
Earth goes through, so how did the cur-
Paleoclimatology is the study of ancient Preceding the Medieval Warm Period
rent man made global warming beliefs
come about? The number one offender
of global warming according to the the-
ory is industrial growth. During the ear-
ly 20th century, industrial production
was just starting – taking place in only
a few countries due to economic unrest. “Temperature went up significantly
Though, this changed after World War up to 1940 when human production
II after which washing machines, TVs of CO2 was relatively low; and then in
and cars were being produced on a mass the post-war years, when industry and
scale and where distributed to the inter- the whole economies of the world re-
national market. This drastic production ally got going, and human production
growth is called the post-war economic of CO2 just soared, the global temper-
boom. So what affect did such growth ature was going down; in other words,
have on the temperature?
the facts didn’t fit the theory.”
Professor Tim Ball, Dept of Climatol-
Ever since the Earth left the Little Ice ogy, University of Winnipeg.
Age in the late 17th century and long be-
fore industrialisation, the Earth has been “Just at the time when after the Sec-
warming consistently. Ironically, during ond World War, industry was booming,
the post war economic boom tempera- carbon dioxide was increasing, yet the
tures actually dropped and would not Earth was getting cooler and starting
off scares of a coming ice age – it made tures is to look up at the troposphere.
of the solar radiation and re-emit them ling global warming, ‘An Inconvenient
absolutely no sense – it still doesn’t The troposphere is the lowest layer in
downward resulting in the lower atmos- Truth’, relies heavily on ice core sur-
the atmosphere and it ranges from 8km
phere warming up.
veys, arguing that carbon dioxide is the
Nigel Calder, Former Editor, New at the poles to 16km over the equator.
main driving force behind the warmer
Due to the weight compacting it, the
“What we’ve found consistently is that temperatures.
troposphere is denser than the layers
in a great part of the planet the bulk
of atmosphere above it and it contains
of the atmosphere is not warming as An ice core survey involves drilling
“If you take CO2 as a percentage of all up to 75% of the mass of the atmos-
much as we see at the surface in this through glaciers in Greenland, Ant-
the gasses in the atmosphere – the oxy- phere. It is primarily composed of ni-
region; and that’s a real head scratch- arctica and high mountains around the
gen and nitrogen and argon and so on, trogen (78%) and oxygen (21%) with
er for us, because the theory is pretty world. The cores retrieved are then ex-
it’s .054%. It’s an incredibly small por- only small concentrations of other trace
straightforward, and the theory says amined for records of climate change.
tion. Then of course, you’ve got to take gases. Nearly all atmospheric water va-
that if the surface warms, the upper Since the 1960s (first used) ice cores
that portion that supposedly humans pour or moisture is found in the tropo-
atmosphere should warm rapidly. The have enlightened scientists regarding
are adding, which is the focus of all sphere. Summed up, it is where most of
rise in temperature of that part of the previously unknown information such
the concern, and it gets even smaller. the planet’s weather occurs.
atmosphere is not very dramatic at all, as the composition of the atmosphere,
The atmosphere is made up of a mul-
and really does not match the theory the temperature and climate changes
titude of gasses; a small percentage of Solar radiation from the Sun passes
that climate models are expressing at during the Earth’s history.
them we call greenhouse gasses...”
through the Earth’s atmosphere, which
Professor Tim Ball, Dept of Climatol- in turn is absorbed by the Earth’s sur-
Professor John Christy, Dept of At-
ogy, University of Winnipeg.
face causing an increase in temperature.
mospheric Science, University of Ala-
Some of this absorbed energy is then
bama in Huntsville.
The only way to find out whether there released back into the atmosphere parts
is a link between the increase in green- of which escapes back into space. The
“One of the problems that is plaguing
house gases and the warmer tempera- greenhouse gases selectively trap some
the models is that they predict that as
you go up through the atmosphere –
except in the polar regions – that the
rate of warming increases; and it’s
quite clear from two datasets – not just
satellite data, which everybody talks
about, but from weather balloon data – In his documentary, Al Gore stated that
that you don’t see that effect; in fact it “...when there is more carbon dioxide,
looks like the surface temperatures are the temperature gets warmer.” Many
warming slightly more than the upper scientists have indeed discovered that
air temperatures. That’s a big differ- there is in fact a link between CO2 and
the temperature. Conversely, what Al
Professor Patrick Michaels, Dept of Gore does not mention however is that
Environmental Sciences, University the relationship between the two is the
other way round – he simply mentions
that “The relationship is actually very
Al-Gores’ “Inconvenient Truth”
The most popular documentary tack-
“So here we’re looking at the ice core most fundamental assumption of the
of respiration. This molecule is then
record from Vostok, and in the red we whole theory of climate change due to
blown by a wind towards a river where
see temperature going up from early humans is shown to be wrong.”
The media loves to show the general a wave hits the CO2 molecule causing it
time to later time. At a very key inter- Professor Tim Ball, Dept of Climatol-
public melted ice caps with poor po- to enter the seawater. That molecule can
val when we came out of a glaciation; ogy, University of Winnipeg.
lar bears stranded out at sea. They ne- either be absorbed by a plant (marine
and we see the temperature going up,
glect to mention the fact that polar bears photosynthesis), which will later on de-
and then we see the CO2 coming up. Production of CO2
swim for hundreds of miles a day – they posit it into the depth of the oceans and
CO2 lags behind that increase – it’s got Before I go into any detail regarding this
swim from ice cap to ice cap killing up that is the end of it or the plant could re-
an 800 lag. So temperature is leading area, I would like to clarify one incred-
to medium sized whales – it is what they spire the carbon item and then it escapes
CO2 by 800 years. CO2 clearly cannot ibly frustrating misconception. Carbon
do! What’s more, there are now studies, back into the air. One giga tonne is a bil-
be causing temperature changes – it’s dioxide is not a pollutant but is an odour-
which say that the polar bear popula- lion metric tonnes with humans contrib-
a product of temperature – it’s follow- less and invisible gas that is not toxic to
tion has exploded and has moved south uting 5.4 giga tonnes of carbon every
ing temperature changes.”
animals, even at very high levels. Go-
because people are no longer shooting year. In total, there are 730 giga tonnes
(Graph titled Temp & CO2)
ing back to school level science, we all
them. Moreover, contrary to popular be- of carbon in the atmosphere. 38,000
Professor Ian Clark, Dept of Earth Sci- know that carbon dioxide is a necessary
lief, humans are nowhere near the main giga tonnes of carbon is dissolved in the
ences, University of Ottawa.
component of photosynthesis. Where an
source of carbon dioxide. “Humans oceans every year.
environment is rich with CO2, it will be
produce a small fraction, in the single
“The ice core record goes to the very a healthy one in which plants as well as
digits percentage-wise, of the CO2 that Importance of Water Vapour
heart of the problem we have here. everything that depends on plants will
is produced in the atmosphere.”
Water vapour contributes roughly 60%
They said, “If the CO2 increases in the thrive. “Few things annoy me more than
Professor John Christy, Dept of At- to the greenhouse effect with carbon di-
atmosphere as a greenhouse gas, the to hear people talking about carbon di-
mospheric Science, University of Ala- oxide hitting in at 20%. The remaining
temperature will go up”. But the ice oxide as being a pollutant...Carbon di-
bama in Huntsville.
20% is triggered by ozone (O3), nitrous
core record shows exactly the opposite; oxide is how living things grow.”
oxide (N2O), methane (CH4), and sev-
so the fundamental assumption, the Nigel Calder, Former Editor, New Sci-
The oceans contain many thousands of eral other species. When the topic of
times more CO2 than the atmosphere, greenhouse gases is raised during envi-
and so over time control the CO2 levels ronmental conferences, CO2 and meth-
in the air. Allow me to explain this point ane (CH4) are discussed at length whilst
by telling a short anecdote. You drive water vapour is untouched. Though wa-
back home from work and you park your ter vapour is not only the most important
car in front of your home. For the sake greenhouse gas in that it has the greatest
of making this simpler, we will only fol- effect on the temperature but addition-
low the last CO2 molecule to leave the
exhaust pipe. This molecule hangs in
the air all night and in the morning when
the Sun rises and shines on a plant. The
molecule is absorbed by that plant start-
ing the process of photosynthesis. The
plant then turns the molecule into car-
bon – part of the plant. However, dur-
ing that night, it is cold and so the plant
releases that CO2 into the air because
ally, it absorbs the heat in the atmos- A study by Swiss and German scientists
Sun’s role in climate change, Dr Solan- nightmare version - is a myth," he said.
phere caused exclusively by humans. If suggests that an increased level of ra-
ki’s research team had to measure mag- "I am sure of it and so are a growing
due to an increase in CO2 and methane diation from the Sun is the reason be-
netic zones on the Sun’s surface referred number of scientists. But what is really
omissions the atmospheric layers in- hind global climate change. Dr Sami
to as Sunspots. Sunspots intensify the worrying is that the world's politicians
crease in temperature, then more water Solanki, the director of the renowned
Sun’s energy output. Dr Solanki and and policy-makers are not."
is evaporated. Consequently, there will Max Planck Institute for Solar System
his team examined data stretching back "Instead, they have an unshakeable
be an increase of water vapour in the at- Research in Gottingen, Germany, who
several hundred years and concluded faith in what has, unfortunately, be-
mosphere to absorb the heat.
led the research, said: "The Sun has
that a shortage of Sunspot activity led come one of the central credos of the
been at its strongest over the past 60
to a cold period lasting up to 50 years – environmental movement: humans
Climate Change Throughout The So- years and may now be affecting global
however over the last century due to an burn fossil fuels, which release in-
temperatures. The Sun is in a changed
increase of Sunspots, the Earth’s tem- creased levels of carbon dioxide - the
“Isn’t it bizarre to think that its hu- state. It is brighter than it was a few
perature was warmer. They contrasted principal so-called greenhouse gas
mans, you know when we’re filling up hundred years ago and this brighten-
ice core surveys retrieved from Green- - into the atmosphere, causing the at-
our car, turning on our lights, we’re the ing started relatively recently - in the
land in 1991. The most recent sample mosphere to heat up. They say this is
ones controlling climate? Just look up last 100 to 150 years." He went on to
contained the least amount of Beryllium global warming: I say this is poppy-
in the sky. Look at that massive thing, say that, a brighter Sun and increased
10 for over 1,000 years. Beryllium 10 is cock."
the Sun. Even humans at our present greenhouse gases both had an effect on
a particle created by cosmic rays, which
six and a half billion are minute rela- the climate; however, it was not pos-
decreases in the Earth’s atmosphere as
tive to that."
sible to determine which had a greater
the magnetic energy from the Sun in-
Professor Phillip Scott, Dept of Bio- impact.
geography, University of London.
In order to be able to determine the
Several scientists including Dr Bill
Burrows, a climatologist and a member
of the Royal Meteorological Society,
have welcomed these studies. "While
the established view remains that the Unfortunately, not many people know
Sun cannot be responsible for all the that climate change is occurring through-
climate changes we have seen in the out the Solar System. NASA’s Mars
past 50 years or so, this study is cer- Odyssey orbiter suggests that Mars may
tainly significant...It shows that there be experiencing climate change. Other
is enough happening on the solar front than logging seasonal changes i.e. the
to merit further research. Perhaps we advance and retreat of polar dry ice, the
are devoting too many resources to orbiter has also produced evidence indi-
correcting human effects on the cli- cating longer-term changes. "Odyssey
mate without being sure that we are is giving us indications of recent glo-
the major contributor."
bal climate change in Mars."
Dr Jeffrey Plaut, project scientist for
The research seemed to agree with the the mission at NASA's Jet Propulsion
somewhat controversial statements of Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
conservationist David Bellamy. "Glo-
bal warming - at least the modern In 2002, a team of astronomers from