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Electric Power Supply Association
Adl~ltng ofcometiion 1401 New York
January 10, 2003
The Honorable Spencer Abraham
U.S. Department of Energy
iooo0 Independence Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20585
Dear Mr. Secretary:
the progress competitive power
We appreciate this opportunity to updat1 you on emissions from the electricity
suplies adein eduinggrenhjouse
sector. The contributions the competityepwrscohamdanwilotnu the Administration's goal of
toi mke yeas ahadwill assist ip achieving
gas (tGHG) intensityovrtenxdca.
significantly reducing greenhouse
(EPSA) is the national trade association
The Electric Power Supply Association power producers.
representing competitive power suppliers, including independent
These suppliers provide reliable,
merchant generators and power markeIters. facilities in the U.S.
competitively priced-electricity from environmentally responsible generators have
and global power markets. Over the past two decades, competitive
of cleaner and lower cost electricity.
led the nation in the efficient production
36 percent of the nation's installed
power industry accoun~ts for over
The competitive power projects coming online today. in
generating capacity, and the majority a new the most efficient generating units
These existing and proposed facilities represent
the nation's economy and
The competitive power sector provides many benefits to
the expansion and maturation of
environment; these benefits will increase with the Environmental
The Department of Energy and
wholesale electric competition. in the electricity sector would provide
Protection Agency predicted that competition at existing facilities, develop efficient
incentives to generators to improve power and end-use efficiency
newer facilities, and create new markets for green and costs.1 To date, the
services, all of which reduce greenho se gas emissions market has resulted in
introduction of competition into the
Agency. Carbon Emissions from
1 Department of Energy and Environmental Protection site at:
United S~tates, July 2000. Internet
Generation of Electric Power in the
and impro ved2
greater operating efficiency, widespread~ technological advances 2
customer service, contributing to appro ~mty$3 billion in customer savings.
by supplanting the use of
This also translates into significant envirp etlbenefits
plants. However, in order
more expensive, less efficient and highe emtigpower power sector can
to fully realize the environmental benefitsta h competitive
provide, more needs to be done.
generation, 002 emission
As competitive suppliers increase their share of total U.S.
companies' new plants
rates will continue to decline. That is because EPSA member
national average fossil fuel
currently operate at levels that are approximately half the
wholesale power markets,
002 emissions rate?3 As competition expands within the
will increase and these
utilization of highly efficient base load generating technology greenhouse gas
new plants will contribute to a dramatic decrease in the overall
provide incentives to
intensity of the electricity sector. Compeiiemresalso from an energy
operate older facilities in a more efficient manner. Furthermore,
a diverse mix of
diversity perspective, competitive wholesale generation includes
fuel sources and technologies.
of reducing the
Competitive power suppliers support FPresident Bush's objective
believe that increasing
greenhouse gas intensity of the U.S. ec!onomy by 2012 and
President Bush's goal.
the use of competitive power generatioin is key to meeting electricity
Under the Energy Information Administ ration's "business-as-usual" s Global
forecast, which was used as supportin g information for the
clean energy sources are
Climate Change Initiatives announced in February 2002,
fuel generation by 10
responsible for decreasing greenhouse gas intensity of fossil energy sources will
percent over the next 10 years.~ To m et this forecast these
today. This is a
need to more than double the amount ~f power they generate
is intent on meeting.
significant challenge, but one the competitive power sector
reduce greenhouse gas
Opportunities exist for competitive power suppliers to further
example, EIA currently
intensity beyond ElA's "business-as-Usual" forecasts. For
percent average capacity
projects these clean energy sources to' operate at a 40 facilities to a 44
factor in the year 2012?. By increasing the utilization of these
an additional 100 million
percent average capacity factor in the lyear 2012, nearly
alone would meet about 23
tons Of 002 emissions could be avoided. This reduction
percent of the President's overall economy-wide goal.
generation capacity to the
EPSA member companies are commijad to utilizing this
and implement policies that
fullest extent possible and will work diiety to advance
achieve this goal. This includes supprigefforts to expand
electricity industry and found that
2DOE's National Transmission Grid Studymoed the Nation's
from wholesale power competition.
customers are already receiving $13 billion pr year in benefits
Platts Research Consulting study.
4Energy Information Agency, Annual
EnergOulo 2002, December 2001, Internet site at:
Inp//w ead~ o/oiaf/archlv/SOIne tl
competition and rationalize regulations, such as the Federal Energy Regulatory
Commission's standard electric market Jesign and Regional Transmission
Organization initiatives; advance market-based multi-emissions legislation;
streamline current regulatory programs; and seek better disclosure and market
Finally, in many cases individual EPSA members have made additional pledges
help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Examples of such projects include
reforestation projects in the U.S. and o erseas, rural solar electrification,
reduction, carbon sequestration research and development and support for other
voluntary reduction initiatives such as the Chicago Climate Exchange.
EPSA is pleased to do our part in support of President Bush's goal of reducing
greenhouse gas intensity. 1 look forward to joining you at the upcoming ceremony
where industry initiatives on reducing emnissions will be formally presented.
Lynne H. Church
cc: The Honorable James Connaughton
Chairman, White House Council on Environmental Quality
The Honorable Robert G. Card
Undersecretary, U.S. Department of Energy
Mr. Phil CooneyConi
Chief of Staff, White House C ilon Environmental Quality
Ms. Larisa Dobriansky
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Policy
U.S. Department of Energy
E~ectric Power Supply Association
Advocatn. tept1 to cmsitf1
2003 Executive Committee
First Vice Chair
President & COO
ft ~~~~~~~~PSEG IPower lLC
Second Vice Chair
ConocoPhillips Gas & Power
Grah am Brown
Chief Ope rating Officer
Ontario Power Generation Inc.
President & CEO
Tractebel N~orh America Inc.
Presi'dent & CEO
LONG -TERM OBJECTIVES,
2003 GOALS and STRATEGIES
4 ~~~ELECTRIC POWER SUIPPLY ASSOCIATION
in wholesale and
Long-term Objective I: Achieve effcIVe copetition
retail power markets nationwide.
legislation at the federal
r . Enactment of Comprehensive electric indutry restructuring
~~ r ~level.
policies that encourage and support
of regulatory and commercial electric markets.
2. implementation reg~ional
the development of fully competitive
lega~l or regulatory anti~comPetitive market
3, Prevention of policies that reim pose
competitive markets and the
of environmental policies hat enhance
4. Achievement industry.
interests of our
in the states which ensure
5. Establishment of comprehensive comP'titive structures
that customers realize the benefits of
Strategies (not in any order of importaKce)
optimally sized regional transmission
A. Promote the quick transition to
functioning natural supply markets.
organizations that encompass well
design and tariffs in order to effectuate
B. Promote the standardization of market
quick transition to weil-functioning
tric industry restructuring and competitive
Advocate EPSA's positions on ele
markets with federal; state and regional
to advocate in favor of competitive
Supprt member companies' effort
and create new opportunities for m
to compliment our legislative
E. Expand EPSA's political contributions program
to educate and influence
strategies and develop additional bpportunities
price signals, and customer choice
F. Promote the need for adequate sypply, clear among federal and state
:k ~~to counter negative perc~eptions
G.Promote an orderly transition to access to retail marketslegislative regime
a state regulatory and
G.provides open and comparable
H.burdensome restrictions or regulatid ns on power suppliers.
H.Advocate cortparability of transmission service and market structures
promote the effective and nondiscriminatory use and expansion of the
~~ 0 I~. Advocate the development of policies to ensure the timely, equitable
interconnection and siting of new generation.
J. Promote efficient demand response to competitive price signals.
K. Promote the timely development of commercial and reliability business
that facilitate fully competitive power supply markets and are subordinate
L. Advocate the adoption of state, regional, national and international
VIM* ~policies that value the environmental contributions made by the competitive
power supply industry and enhance competitive opportunities.
~~M. Develop and promote an environmental policy that will provide
market-based implementation of federal and state limits to the production
N. Implement a public affairs program, that promotes fully competitive
supply markets and the benefits of competition to the consumer.
0. Work with appropriate pro-competition coalitions to implementcompetition among
programs and grassroots activities that engender support for
the general public.
Long-term Objective III: Lead the a
oayand promotion of the
power supply industry.
1. Enhancement of the image and political
including promotion of the industry's contributions the power supply industry,
benefits. to reliability and consumer
2. Expansion of our industry's domestic
alnd international business opportunities.
3. Mitigation Of federal and state Jegislatiln
and regulatory policies that perpetuate
price controls or adversely impact exisiting
4, Promotion of adequate electric infrastructure.
5. Expansion of member recruitment and
Strategies (not in any order of importance)
A. Implement and promote an industry
code of ethics and sound trading practices,
r ~~~B. Cooperate with and support other
i, itiatives that will lead to enhanced confidence
in the power supply industry.,
C. Provide a leadership role in other
industry stakeholder coalitions to achieve
common goals and actively participate
in coalition activities.
D. Develop and distribute educational
and outreach materials about our industry
and policies to policymakers and stakeholders
PURPA or modify PURPA resond~tofederai or state actions that either repeal
on a stand-alone basis, or adversely impact
PURPA contracts. existing
F. Monitor and aggressively respond 1
to legislative or regulatory actions that
to impose price controls or mitigation attempt
on competitive markets or challenge
G. Where mitigation is imposed, advocate
stable before-the-fact procedures that
minimize market disruption and uncertainty.
H. Facilitate members' access to federal,
state and international policymnakers and
I.Promote a definition of renewable technologies that is consistent with the PURPA
J. Advocate the adoption of U.S. polic ies, including full funding for U.S. export credit
agencies that enhance the international development efforts of our industry.
K. Implement a public affairs program that promotes the contributions of competitive
t ~~~¼ power suppliers, including the use ofpaid and earned media.
L. Promote the economic, reliability anId environmental benefits of siting,
construction and interconnection of generating facilities.
M. Encourage the development of the transmission and generation infrastructure
needed to support competitive markets.
N. Promote the benefit of EPSA membership to members and potential members.
0. Assess members' expectations adlevel of satisfaction.
'~44~Long-term Objective III: Provide key expertise and information to the
power supply industry.
1. Assistance in identifying and pursuin domestic and international business
2. Promotion of our industry's operatIoa competitiveness.
.3. Advancement of efficient and streamlied business practices.
Strategies (not in any order of importnce)
V~~ A. Evaluate and screen current and potential activities, particularly programs not
~~A. ~ related to competitive advocacy.
B.Monitor initiatives to prescribe ma keting, information disclosure, confidentiality
and other guidelines for electric power markets.
Ar ~~C. Advocate tax and accounting policies that facilitate the ability of our industry to
0. Serve as a clearinghouse of informatio~n for and about our industry.
E. Facilitate participation in industry standard setting.
4; F. Improve capability to collect, analyze and disseminate industry data.
G. Monitor the impacts of regulatory and commercial policies on access to fuels.
EPSA 2002 committees
LEGISLATIVE AFFAIRS COMMITTEE
The Legislative Affairs Committee is responsible for developing,
implementing the federal legislative agenda 4 EPSA. The committee
arranges Hill visits and
congressional lobbying efforts of the association, drafts testimony,
as restructuring legislation
grassroots lobbying efforts, and develops legi~slative strategy association's position in a
develops. The committee also participates 11in presenting
number of other forums, including the Depart ent of Energy (DOE), trade associations,
coalitions, and think tanks.
ACCOUNTING WORKING GROUP
to discuss current accounting
The Accounting Working Group provides a forum for members
business. The working group
policies and practices as they relate to the competitive power
is a subcommittee of the Legislative Affairs Committee.
TAX POLICY WORKING GROUP
current electric power
The Tax Policy Working Group is a forum fort members to discuss topics as AMT, state
industry tax policies on a technical level. Thb group addresses
forthcoming tax legislation and
and local property tax impact, project level isIsues, as well as of the Legislative Affairs
possible EPSA initiatives. The working group is a subcommittee
REGULATORY AFFAIRS COMMITTEE
and articulating EPSA's
The Regulatory Affairs Committee is responsible for developing
positions before regulatory agencies, primry the Federal Energy restructuring on a
(FERC). The committee addresses polic ises related to
proactive basis where possible and respod toNotices of Proposed Rulemaking or Notices
the competitive power industry.
of Inquiry from FERC on a range oisusc significance to issues that impact
The Committee also addresses a wide range of market implementation
in a restructured industry. The
the ability of power marketers and generator to make sales positions in a number of
committee also participates in presenting thh association's policy Council (NERO), trade
other forums, including DOE, the North Amn~rican Electric Reliability
associations, and think tanks.
ENERGY STANDARDS WORKING GROUP
discussing NERO and reliability
The Energy Standards Working Group provides a forum for on committee nominations,
related issues. The group facilitates contacts with NERO staff
review. In addition, the group
project priority surveys and meeting agenda preparation and with the consideration for
has become a key focal point for strategic discussions associated well as related ongoing
the GISB proposal for a new Energy Industry standards Board, coordinates with EPSA' s
push for fundamental structural within NERO. The working
legislative staff to review and prepare recomImendations on pending reliability legislation
and is a subcommittee of the Regulatory Affirs Committee.
NATURAL GAS ISSUES WORKING GROUP
issues of importance to
The Natural Gas Issues Working Group acddIresses gas regulatory adequacy. The working
merchant generators, including pipeline seryoice issues and
group is a subcommittee of the Regulatory Affairs Committee.
STATE ISSUES COMMITTEE
in state restructuring
The State Issues Committee coordinates EfFSA's activities for monitoring state
proceedings and legislative activities. This pommittee is responsibleof Regulatory Utility
proceedings and activities; participating in the National Association (NOSL), and other
Commissioners (NARUIC), the National Council of State Legislatures the association's
national organizations of state officials; andl developing and
policy positions in precedent-setting state rgulatory and legislative proceedings. This
with and assist members
committee identifies opportunities for the a sociation to coordinate
and state and regional partners.
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES COMMITTEE
EPSA's positions on
The Environmental Issues Committee develops and articulates Protection Agency
environmental policy and regulatory issues before the Environmental
policy issues related to
(EPA) and other entities. The committee adresses environmental rulemakings from EPA
industry restructuring on a proactive basis and responds to committees, the committee
on key industry issues. In conjunction with other key EPSA
strategies on legislative issues
develops, articulates and implements EPSA's positions and
involving environmental issues.
INTERNATIONAL ISSUES COMMITTEEI
EPSA's positions on
The International Issues Committee devekl ps and articulates
members about funding
international development opportunities. The committee educates export credit agencies
sources and U.S. government export suppFIort programs, works expertise of the
and the multi-lateral banks; showcases th4 international development regulators and
members; and provides opportunities for members to meet
executives from other countries. The committe advocates the full funding of the U.S.
export credit agencies.
RENEWABLES COMMITTEE ES'
The Renewables Committee coordinates EF1Asactivities on the issues unique to
renewable resources. In coordination with other committees, this committee develops and
articulates EPSA's policies on issues of importance to renewable project developers.
PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE
The Public Affairs Committee is responsible for communicating EPSA's messages to the
audiences it needs to reach to be effective. In conjunction with the Legislative Affairs
Committee, the committee orchestrates a public affairs campaign designed to persuade
Congress to act on the association's federal legislative agenda. The committee also
oversees media relations activities intended to advance EPSA's other policy objectives.
The committee directs the production, marketing, and dsribution of the association's
printed materials and coordinates the continued development of "EPSA Online," the
association's Internet web site.
The Ethics Committee is responsible for peroialyrveing the Code of Ethics and
Sound Trading Practices and recommendin an eddchanges. In addition, the
Committee will take up further discussions nocmn issues, as well as issues related
to the Code of Ethics, such as additional outreach efforts, filing it in various proceedings or
Electric Power Supply -Association
Advocatuig Pro powe of torptlodfs
EPSA Senior Staff
Lynne H. Church, President
overall management of the association,
As EPSA president, Church is responsible for the
regulatory policy development and
including programs in the areas of legislativle affairs, association's executive committee.
public affairs. Church also serves as a member of
Washington D.C. energy law firm of
Prior to joining EPSA, Church was a partner in the
counseled clients in the electric and
Crammer Kissel Robbins Skancke & Edwar Ids. Sheopportunities created by increased
natural gas industries on how to take advantage of
competition in those industries.
positions, including treasurer and
Prior to her law practice, Church served in everal
Co. At BGE, Church was responsible
assistant secretary, with Baltimore Gas & Eectric
and non-regulated subsidiaries. Earlier
for all finance and treasury functions for the utility counsel in charge of the company's
in her tenure at BGE, she was the assoc~iate general and telecommunications
legal representation on natural gas, enviro inanuclear, Commission (FERC) and other
regulatory issues before the Federal Energ Reuatory
general counsel for rulerbaking and
Earlier in her career, Church served as associate
office of natural gas at the Department
polic~y coordination at FERC and as director of the
of George Washington University. She
Church holds a JID. from the National Law1 Center
received a bachelor's degree from Gouche College.
Eugene F. Peters, Vice President of Legislative
Gene Peters serves as the vice president legislative
affairs for the Electric Power
federal legislative relations program,
Supply Association. He manages the asso ciation's He also serves as EPSA's
with a primary emhss---rcrcindlustr restructuring.involved in the restructuring
principal liaison with organizations and advocacy
affairs and prior to that the senior
Previously, Peters was EPSA's director of, legislative policy positions for the independent
manager of policy, responsible for crafting consensus
position at the National Independent
electric power industry. Peters served in 6 similar
Energy Producers (NIEP).
Sen. Bill Bradley of New Jersey
Peters served as senior legislative assistant to former
years, Peters handled a wide variety of
before moving to NIEP. As a staff member for ten analysis for the Senator's work on
issues for the Senator. In particular, he prvided
the Senate Energy and Natural Resource Committee.
Fuels Corporation, the Harvard
Other career positions include work for th U.S. Synthetic
Power Subcommittee of
Energy and Environmental Policy Center, alnd the Energy and
degree, with honors,
the U.S. House Commerce Committee. Ptrs holds a bachelor's
and public policy from
2 ~~from Princeton, as well as graduate degree in engineering
He also has received both
Stanford University and Harvard ijniversityJ respectively.
½ ~Fulbright and National Science Foundation Fellowships.
Julie Simon, Vice President of Policy
Power Supply Association.
Julie Simon serves as vice president of polIicy for the Electric
She is responsible for all aspects of regulatory and legislative on Capitol Hill, and
including liaison with administration officials, regulators, lawmakers is an attorney with
colleagues at related energy and environmIental organizations. energy arena.
extensive experience dealing with legal anhI policy issues in the
Association (EGA) as the
4< ~Simon served in asimilar position for the Electric Generation development.
director of policy. She was responsible for' all association policy
D.C. office of Ater, Wynne,
Before joining EGA, Simon was a partner in the Washington
and energy project
A ~~Hewitt, Dodson & Skerritt. Simon focused' on cogeneration and represented
P ~~~development, as well as natural gas and Electric industry restructuring,
(FERC) and the California
clients before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Public Utilities Commission.
firm of John, Hengerer &
Simon was an Associate with the Washin lton D.C.-based law and contracting
'it ~Esposito from 1987 to 1988, dealing with hatural gas transportation Regulatory
issues and representing clients before the FERC and the Economic
Association in Anchorage,
Simon served as the general counsel for the Chugach Electric University, School of Law
Alaska from 1984 to 1987. She holds a J.D. from Golden Gate
~~ ~ and a bachelor's degree from the University of California at Berkeley.
14 ~Mark Stultz, Vice President of rublic Affairs & Marketing
marketing for the Electric
Mark Stultz serves as the vice president of public affairs and
public affairs program
Power Supply Association. He directs a comprehensive national
of competition for all electricity
that positions the industry as an advocate' of the benefits program as well as
customers. He is responsible for an aggressive media relations publications.
overseeing the writing, design, and printing of all the association's
Before joining EPSA, Stultz was responsi1ble for directing electronic
t. related membership programs at the American Gas Association (A.GA.).
While at A.GA., Stultz managed the expansion of the association's member service and
and was responsible for identifying, deploying ad promoting
communication technologies, as well as leveloping the appropriate editorial content and
EPSA Senior Staff -- 2
programming for these services. He consolidated the organization's previous on-line
services and managed the successful launch, development and maintenance of an
upgraded web site. He also administered the association's satellite teleconferencing
digital videoconferencing programs.
From 1991 to 1996, he served as A.G.A.'s manager of public relations programs and
responsible for the development and implementation of full range of public and media
relations strategies, with special responsibility for outreach to the energy trade press
to the broadcast news media.
Prior to joining A.GA., Stultz spent seven years as a television reporter and anchorman,
covering such developments as the restard of Three Mile Island and operating
controversies at the Limerick, Peach Botto and Calvert Cliffs nuclear generating
stations. He also spent several years covering the Pennsylvania Public Utility commission
as a reporter and editor with United Press international.
A senior fellow at Bethany College in Bethany, W.V., Stultz has a bachelor's degree
EPSA Senior Staff- 3
BoardMembers ~~~~~~Electric Power Supply Association
Allegheny Energy Inc.
American Electric Power Corp. Supporfling Members
Aquila Merchant Services Inc.
BP Energy Co. ABN AMRO Bank
Calpine Corp. AEGIS Insurance Services Inc.
Cinergy Corp. ALSTOM Power Inc.
Conectiv Energy Supply Inc. Baker & McKenzie
ConocoPhillips Gas & Power Bingham Dana LLP
Constellation Energy Group Black & Veatch Corp.
Dominion Resources Inc. Boston Pacific Company Inc.
Duke Energy Bracewell & Patterson LLP
Dynegy Inc. Caminus Corp.
Edison Mission Energy Chadbourne & Parke LLP
El Paso Merchant Energy Credit Lyonnais
Exelon Power Team Deloitte & Touche LLP
Goldman Sachs & Co. DwyBlatn
MirnteCrpe . Dickstein Shapiro Morin & Oshinsky LLP
NRG Energy Inc. ENSR
Ontario Power Generation Inc. ENTRIX Environmental Consulting
PG&E National Energy Group Ernst & Young LLP
Powerex Corp. Gas Technology Institute
PPL GE Capital Corp.
PSEG Power LLC KPMG LLP
Reliant Energy Latham & Watkins
Shell Trading Lighthouse Energy Group LLC
Sithe Energies Inc. Marsh USA Inc.
TECO Energy Inc. Milbank Tweed Hadley & McCloy LLP
Tenaska Inc. Montgomery Watson Harza -- Energy &
Tractebel North America Inc. Infrastructure
UBS Warburg Energy LLC PIB Power Inc.
United American Energy Corp. Peabody Energy
Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Williams Energy Marketing & Trading Public Strategies Inc.
Associate Members Stewart Title Guaranty Co.
Thelen Reid & Priest LLP
Amerada Hess Corn. Van Ness Feldman
CHI Energy Inc. Vinson & Elkins LLP
Green Mountain Energy Co.
Pacificorp Power Marketing Inc.
Ridgewood Power Corp.
4 ~~Strategic Energy LLC 01/02/2003
State & Regional Partners
California Cogeneration Council
Cogeneration Association of California
Colorado Independent Energy Association
Competitive Power Coalition of New
Electric Power Generation Association
Energy Michigan Inc.
Florida Industrial Cogeneration Association
Gulf Coast Power Association
Idaho Independent Energy Council
Independent Energy Producers of
Independent Energy Producers of Maine
Independent Energy Producers of New
Independent Power Producers of New Yok
Independent Power Producers' Society of
Michigan independent Power Producers
Mid-Atlantic Power Supply Association
Midwest Cogeneration Association
Midwest Independent Power Suppliers
Northeast Energy and Commerce
Vermont Independent Power Producers
Virginia Independent Power Producers Inc.
Western Power Trading Forum.
Electric Power supply Association
A snapshot of this young but increasingly prominent
segment of th energy industry:
-he face of the electric IWith the development of new mer- Number of announced merchant
power industry is chant power plan'ts, the purchase Of MVV announced b~ NERC region:
.. tchanging. No longer. I existing utility plants, and the transfer
of previously rate'-regulated plants to EGAR514
is' it made' up exclusively of
competitive corporate affiliates. ERGOT 32,680
regulated monopolies ore- 13;863
ated to do it all.- generate, iEPSA reports thtt competitive power FROG
suppliers own and operate approxi- MAAG 15,834'
transmit, distribute and sell
mately 36 percnt of the nation's MAIN 33,979
power within2 a clearly
installed generaling capacity as of VMAPP 3,279
defined geographic region, NPG 8,320
Nowa sgnificant portion of Ithe end of 2001. In July 2002, total
U.S. net genera on of electnicity was SE~RG 80,636
the-industry is made up of
I380 billion k~lCompetitive power SPP 6,878
tha must 2,606
suppliers genead 131 billion kWh W C7
of sales in the Iarket, or 34 percent Total.................343~O221VW
particularly inthe genera-
tion and trading of power~as ofttlonratkbn for the month, the (Source: EPSA Announced MR.P
most recent repotd (Source: MtiNvme 02
a commodity, as well as the
wholesale and retail mar- EPSA and EIA bcn oe
keting of energy and energy monthly October 2002)
'As of November 2002, comoetitive
services. These changes
1 Since 19-97, a total of 12 1,200 pwrspleshvanoced
have given rise to a wholej
i MvW of utility generation capacit thoptnta deveoposdment haof
class of cbmpetitivd powerr
totaling more fhan $24 billion has 343,022 MW o rpsdmrhn
suppliers, enterprises that
been or is scheduled to be sold power plant capacity to be compiet-
didn't even exist as recently
to competitiv 4 suppliers. (Source: ed by 2008. (Source: EPSA
as a decade ago.
EPSA) Announced Merchant Plant Matrix)
s.omelvePoe upir etnrai-22
In 2001, competitive,
power suppliers I
generated 1,116 bil- rHyoecti
lion kWh of the 3,777
billion kWh in total
u.S. output, 42 per-
cent higher than in
(Source: EIA Electric Power -
Monthly. March 2002)OdOEiletcPoeMotlOtbr2023
* a a * a 10 wholesale
* * ~~~~~~~share, for2002:
- - **..* C US ~~~~~~~~~~~AmerPwr....8.47%
Generation ~~~~~~~Aquila Energy Mktg ..... 6.00%
General ElaPso Merchant Energy.5.61 %
Duke Energy;..... .. 5.59%,
Curing 2001, U.S. nonutility gener- petitive supplier share of installed Reliant~Energy...'.......5.59%
ating facilities generated 1,116 bit- capacity has increased almost four- Williams Energy..~ ...... 5.13%
lion kWh of electricity, or 30 per- fold in less than Live years, rising Mirant Energy..... ... 5.02%
cent of the total U.S. output. from 70.3 GW in 1997 to 319.5 PG&E Energy.......... 4.500/
(Source: EJA Electric Power GW in 2001. Diiring 1997-2001, ~Constellation ... 4....A11 %
Monthly, March 2002) the amount of competitive genera- Eeo ......... 3.40%.
tion has grown f~rom 8.5 percent of (Soiurce: PbwerilMarketer Sales
The profile of the U.S. electric total U.S. capacity in 1997, to 35.6 Statistics, McGraw Hill, October 2002)
power generation industry is percent of the total in 2001.
changing rapidly, with ownership (Source: EPSA Industry Review,
shifting from regulated utilities to 'The Changing ~Face of U.S. Power Retail Sales
competitive suppliers. The com- Suppliers," Nollember 2001) Retail electricity sales by electric
utilities and power marketers
~~~~totaled 3,385 billion kwh in 2001.
A successful model for a state-
Total wholesale transactions by power marketers in 2001 reached level "customer choice" program
more than 6.7 billion megawatt-hours, more than double the 1999 exists in Pennsylvania, where
total. (Source: McGraw Hill Power Markets WeeK March 2002) electric competition has saved
customers more than $4 billion
Power Marketer Total Wholesale Sales in electricity costs; more than 1
7~~~~~~~~ ~- -million people have cumulatively
than 550,000 are currently shop-
4 ~~~~~~~~ping. 40,000 jobs are
expected to be created by elec-
AOD ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~trio by 2005.
choice in the state
Million M~~~~~~~~~~~h ~Furthermore, nearly 120,000
3M ~~~~~~~~~~~~~Pennsylvanians now use green
2000 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~power other
-- more than any
state. (Source: ElA Electric
K ~~~~~~Power Monthly, March 2002 end
1998 ~ 2000 -. 2001 ~ Pennsylvania Public Utility
Source McGraw Hill
EPSA is the national trade association representing Czompetitive power
suppliers, including independent power producers, merchant generators
and power marketers. These suppliers, who account for more than a third
of the nation's installed generating capacity, provide reliable and competi- 11w~ps
tively priced electricity from environmentally responsible facilities serving EetcPorSppysciin
global power markets. EPSA seeks to bring the beneftfcmeiint A~oaVOOnQ ttio peofcomedtwnn
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