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Maremma Livestock Guardian Dogs by Burks Farm

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An educational document on the Maremanno Abruzze (maremma) breed, including information on our dogs.
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  • Added: August, 17th 2010
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  • Tags: maremma, dog, lgd, livestock guardian dogs, puppy, boer goats
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Thank you for your inquiry about the Maremanno Abruzzese (maremma livestock guardian dog). I receive phone calls and/or emails
several times/week requesting information on the maremma breed. Consequently, I have comprised an article that covers all of the
questions that I have been asked, with reference to the maremma breed, along with providing examples of the various situations many
farms may have. Let me start by telling you before I got into maremmas, I did hours and hours of research on all of the LGDs. In addition,
I talked with owners of all the various types of guard dogs and read every article I could get my hands on (including those from a college,
which, in the 70=s, purchased imported maremmas, brought them to the U.S., raised them, tested and proved their abilities). It was what I
learned that made me choose the Maremma breed, and it was by far, one of the wisest choices I ever made in regards to our farm. I do not
proclaim to be an authority on Maremmas, and the information found in this article is the result of my research, discussions with other
breeders and my own experiences with my Maremmas.

My son raises walkers, and has several kennels, very close to the pastures. We also have a beagle in a pen close to
the house and a wide variety of farmyard animals and cats. We also have grandchildren. I wanted a dog that would
do its job, required little training, yet if it were to get out, not kill every thing in sight, or harm a child, or kill our
neighbor’s pet, which may have ventured into our yard. I learned that first of all its rare that a maremma, while
guarding, would want to leave their herd (ours have never tried) as it is normal for a maremma to keep anything its
guarding within eyesight at all times - it wants to guard and it wants to keep the livestock safe, so it doesn’t leave
the herd. Basically, it doesn’t go looking for predators, as many LGDs do.

The maremma guard by instinct. We have never done any training, whatsoever with our maremmas, as far as
guarding responsibilities. Our male, Duke, I would put up against the finest guard dogs in the country. Duke is
guarding sheep and goats, which was the maremmas original duty in Italy over 2000 years ago. They were brought
to this country in the 70's to guard sheep and goats, and also became great llama/alpaca guardians - because it is
what they do. They will guard anything they are brought up around or familiarized with, whether it is animal,
poultry, and even gardens. I have even sold a maremma to a ranch in Texas, where they use them to guard their
show horses. I recently came across an article about a small England town, with a park that penguins lived in, and
the penguins were getting killed to near extinction, due to coyotes and wild dogs. A chicken farmer that had an old
maremma that had only guarded chickens came up with the idea to try to use his maremma to save them. He
introduced the dog to the penguins for a few days than left the dog for a few weeks and they lost no more penguins
- they since gave the dog back, as it was on only on loan, and bought two maremmas and they now guard the
park. Conservationist are looking at using the maremma to save other animals threatened in wildlife. These dogs
truly amaze me in how they well they adapt on their own to any situation, and have the ability to solve problems,
without training, just all natural instinct.

The maremma instinct is one that is amazing in figuring out on its own, what is a threat and what is not. We have a
problem here with our neighbor’s pets coming into our yard and pastures and we did not want a dog that would kill
pets. Furthermore, unlike many LGDs, who roam to look for and kill predators, and anything else that may get into
its way, the maremma, do not go looking for predators. They wait for the predator to come to them, than use bark,
stance, pacing, etc. to threaten it away first, and than they will attack if need be. The maremma are known to go up
against bobcats, coyotes and even bears. At the same time, they bond with what they are guarding as if they were
their own offspring. They are gentle with the kids and lambs, and are even known to help clean up the kids after
birthing. My adult dogs, Duke and Duchess, have been raised around and continuously cross paths with our cats,
chickens, guineas and turkeys in the pasture (which they have since we obtained them at 12 weeks old) and they
don’t pay a minute of attention to them. They will bond with your house pets, if your house pets are allowed near
them when they are pups. It is the guarding part that is instinct for the maremma. They bond with the goats, as if
they were a goat. I have watched my maremma go and try to eat hay with them, as if they were one of the herd.
During feeding time, Duke will leave the herd long enough to run and eat as fast as he can and than he immediately
returns back to the herd. If we bring a stranger into the pasture or are working on a fence, he comes and checks us
out, I tell him its okay, go away and he runs back to the herd. Duke was my first maremma and the only thing I did
with him for training was introduce him slowly to the herd, as he was born on an alpaca ranch, so he was not
familiar with goats. He was 12 1/2 weeks old when I got him. After a few weeks, of familiarizing him with goats,
I turned him out to the herd and he has been there ever since.


Maremmas will guard and protect your barnyard animals and yes, even your gardens. Out of our first litter I kept a
puppy (Brewzer) to serve as the house/barnyard guard. I was not sure if this would be possible, as there is no
fencing on this area of the farm and I was worried about roaming, but after getting some advice from others I
decided to give it a try. The hardest thing to correct, with Brewzer, was him wanting to go back to the fields with
the goats he had already been around so often. I walked the parameters with him 3 - 4 days a week, beginning
when he was 8 weeks old. He plays, eats and occasionally sleeps with the cats and he never tries to leave the area
to roam or go out into the roads. Occasionally, I even find the ducks and goose eating out of the same bowl as him.
In addition, should one of my son’s pups get loose or one of the neighbor=s pets (cats and dogs) come to the
barnyard or house, he does not attack them. If it is something strange to him he chases it away, (whether it is a cat
other than our own, rabbits, squirrels, etc.); if it is one of my sons dogs that he has been familiarized too, he does
not chase it away, but he will put himself between the dog and his poultry. If it is one of the small pups that get
out, he knows they are not a threat and pays them no attention. However, if another animal such as a wild dog or
coyote should get into the yard, or the pastures near the walkers, he will place himself between those animals and
the barnyard and try to use his growls, barks, stance and running at the animal to get it to leave. If it does not leave,
only then should he attack (I have read stories about the maremma taking on several coyotes at a time, and killing
them with little damage to himself). I like the idea that he will try to scare if off first, so that if a neighbors dog, or
one of my son’s newly acquired dogs should venture into the pasture, he will give it a chance to leave first (the
Pyrenees would attack to kill immediately). I was also worried about barking. My sons walkers bark at everything
that moves, which isn't a problem as the kennels aren't adjacent to the house, but I was worried about Brewzer,
being right next to the house (often on the porch) barking continuously at their barking. It hasn't been an issue. He
knows their barks, and does not reciprocate. I know if he is barking, he has heard something unfamiliar or
threatening! Another concern I had, was whether or not he would chase strangers walking up and down the road.
He always stops at the end of our yard, never going after people who are walking down the street etc. He simply
stays where I showed him to stay and barks at them, letting them know to stay away. Brewzer is now 9 months old,
and he is working out astonishingly well. Furthermore, we no longer have poultry disappearing, leaving behind
only remnants of feathers.

The maremma are also known to guard your gardens. If they are shown that as part of their territory, they will
prevent the rabbits, etc. from getting into your gardens. Most importantly, the maremma are said to be very
forgiving of children (having that instinct that they are not a threat). I do not worry about our dogs attacking a
child like my grandchild, who might hit at it or pat his head to hard. Duke has spent very little time around my
granddaughter. However, when she visits, and we are in the pastures, and she ventures away from me, I do not
worry. Duke pays her no attention, other than smelling of her and than leaving. Duchess stays by her side, hoping
for some attention, often leaving as soon as she is petted. We have had many friends over with their children, who
always want to go out to see the new kids on the ground, and the dogs and they will run up to Duke to pet him,
sometimes hugging him, sometimes falling on him - he has never even so much as growled at one of them.
Duchess, on the other hand, was raised a little different. My granddaughter and I played with her nearly every day,
so she is more of a people person, and she is more playful toward everyone, liking lots of attention.

As far as daily care goes, the maremma breed requires very little. I have talked with owners who have kept
maremmas in pastures, nowhere near their farms, with little human contact for days (using feeders/waterers, etc). I
have come across a few articles stating that they needed brushing daily; perhaps the articles were written by
someone who keeps them as house pets, or who shows them (in other countries). However, because of the articles
I have read and what I was informed by many other breeders, and because their coats have some special chemical
that naturally keeps them clean, I do not brush them, except on a need to be done basis, which is rare. Furthermore,
I have never bathed Duke, Duchess or Brewzer, yet they look and smell, as clean as if they had been. We do
inspect them for matting, ticks, etc., at feeding time. Occasionally I may have to remove cockleburs from them, but
it is rare, as they don’t roll around and I have never had issues with matting (except occasionally with the very
young puppies, as they like to play and roll).


Also, to my knowledge the maremma breed, do not commonly suffer from any health problems. While there is
always a potential for hip problems with any large breed dog, from what I have researched and discussed with
many maremma breeders, the maremma do not commonly have these problems. There are breeders who do have
their dogs hips OFA tested, however the majority of maremma breeders I have spoken with, do not have this done.
Furthermore, it has not been an issue with either of my dogs, the sire/dam of my dogs or the pups I have sold (as I
commonly keep in touch with my buyers).

As far as feeding goes, basically any puppy food, high in protein or regular puppy food along with eggs for added
protein while they are growing (as they grow from a small puppy to a large animal amazingly fast) is sufficient.
The higher protein is essential while they are young and small to promote bone strengthening. However, when
they get full size, you do not want to use a high protein feed, as maremmas have a tendency to get hyper on
increased protein. The maremmas require less feed than most adult dogs of comparable size. We feed each adult
dog using a 1 lb coffee canister (3/4 full) every day, one time a day. The pups we let free feed, eating as much as
they want, and since they grow so fast, they won’t put on too much weight. Our adult dogs are fed with a small
morsel, 17-21% protein; they do great on that, and I have never had a problem with my dogs getting hyper.
However, I do not feed them table scraps of any kind other than an occasional few pieces of red meat as a treat, and
store bought treats, but only on occasion. I do feed the puppies oatmeal, along with the raw eggs (a few times a
week) to promote healthy hair growth. Although I have heard of breeders using automatic feeders, we prefer to
feed them ourselves. This gives us an opportunity to give them some individualized attention and inspect them for
ticks, sores, etc.

This next section relates to questions I have received in regards to training, purchasing a puppy or adult, male or
female, and 1 vs. 2 dogs. There are breeders that will say if you have never owned a maremma, you should not
start out with a puppy. There are also breeders which raise and train puppies to adult age, to many situations, and
than of course charge more for all that training!. I strongly disagree with this, except in rare circumstances. To
begin with, as I have stated previously, most of what the maremma does is by instinct, thereby requiring little
training. In the aforementioned examples, my dogs sound like amazing, perfect, exceptional animals (and to me
they are) but in honesty they are no more so than any other maremma. These wonderful traits and behaviors are
common in any maremma, with rare exception and, they do not accomplish this with extensive training, but with
instinct and a little direction. Duke & Duchess guard both goats and sheep. They and their puppies are
continuously familiarized, both directly and indirectly, with many other farm animals, including horses (I have seen
our pups sit at our horses feet), mules, other dogs (including my sons walkers, our Australian shepherds, and a
beagle) along with many types of barnyard animals, (chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, an occasional pig and cats). I
feel this helps the puppies adapt more quickly, and easier when they go to their new homes. The maremma grow
unusually fast, so they become intimidating to predators at a very young age.


To provide initial direction, we always inform our buyers that when they receive a new puppy, to place it in a pen
next to what it will be guarding for a few weeks. During this time, if there are any kids on the ground you can put
them in with the puppy (most of this is only necessary if they aren’t already familiar with what they will be
guarding). In addition, if you were to get a pup that has been raised around goats than you don’t have to familiarize
it to the herd, other than briefly. Our pups are in the field, running with Boer goats, and are very comfortable with
them for several weeks, prior to leaving our farm. You could actually get by with putting your dog out there very
soon - especially if you had a small pen for it to get away to for its food. The thing with the maremma is that they
grow amazingly fast, so they can protect themselves at a very young age. We had one buyer who called us and told
us that she had placed her pup into a pen with kids, but 2 days later, he had gotten out on his own and was with her
Boer bucks, and wouldn’t leave their side. When we received Duke, he had not been raised with Boer goats, only
alpacas, so he was not familiar with them. Therefore, we put him in a pen next to the pens and pasture, where the
goats were, for approx. 3 weeks, to get him use to them, turning him loose for a few hours each day. He had the
pen he could return to, for his food and to get away. Nevertheless, other than eating, we never saw him in the pen.
He remained with the goats at a constant.


If your maremmas are in a pasture, where your cats, pets and poultry may occasionally wander into, than you will
also want to make sure to introduce the animals and familiarize your pup to the animals. If you are getting a
maremma to actually guard barnyard animals, then you will want to raise him in that area of the farm. It is
important to remember a young pup, 4 -16 weeks old, may try to chase your poultry in an attempt to play with
them. If they ever did kill one it would be an accident, so it is important that when they are young they are brought
around the small animals several hours a day and are watched during this time. If it should begin playing with, or
chasing the poultry, it is important to always gently scold your pup and tell it no. I only had to do this a few times
with Brewzer - no more than 3 or 4 total, and never again did he attempt to play with the poultry. It is also
important that you walk around the poultry and say things to the maremma, such as "gentle" and pet the small
animals if at all possible. I fed our chickens, cats and Brewzer in the same area, watching him closely, and if he so
much as moved toward one I would tell him no and would repeat “be gentle”. As a result, I often find Brewzer
sharing his dog food with our cats, and on occasion have found the ducks eating out of his bowl with him. It is
obvious, depending on the role you have planned for your maremma, that some direction will be required to
accomplish what you want. I am not saying that with a maremma, you will never have behavior issues, such as
jumping up on you to greet you, becoming too aggressive at feeding time, or playing with your poultry. However,
these are behaviors that can be quickly and easily corrected, with a little work and a little patience. I have read
testimonials/articles that you can take nearly any maremma, at any age, and through patience and work, teach (or
re-teach) them to do their duties (as was exhibited by the maremma guarding the penguins). This has been verified
by owners that often take in full-grown, adult rescue maremmas and retrain/reshape them into good working dogs.
The maremma breed club has a great book for $12.00 on how to redirect the maremma for bad behaviors. Most of
the book applies to breeding, providing care for, etc., but it has some good pointers in it. Furthermore, there are
several maremma groups on the web, with many well-qualified and knowledgeable maremma owners, from all
over the world, including Australia, Italy, and Europe that give great advice/pointers on how to quickly correct
these problems.

One area of controversy amongst maremma pup owners is how much interaction you should or shouldn’t have with
your puppy. Before purchasing our first puppy, I was told by one breeder that you should never interact with them,
except while feeding them, and even than, to keep it limited. I was told by another breeder to play with them as
much as you desired. As I previously mentioned, I spent considerably more time interacting and playing with
Duchess than I did Duke. However, I still did not keep my interactions with Duke at a minimum. I played with
him daily, but with rare exceptions, only at feeding time. As a result, both of them have good dispositions,
however, whereas Duke is all business, Duchess will leave the herd at times, to interact with people. Therefore,
one would conclude that the amount of interaction might be dependent of the role planned for your maremma.
Whereas Duke was purchased only for guarding, Duchess was purchased to assist with the guarding as needed, but
also to breed and raise pups. Obviously if one was purchasing a pup for a pet, or in the case of show dogs such as
found in Europe, they would want to spend a considerable amount of time with a puppy.

A maremma can adapt to nearly all climates. They can tolerate temperatures, less than 10 degrees and greater than
100 degrees, without difficulty. A maremma can sufficiently guard 50 - 60 goats. However, if you have a serious
predator problem, than 2 are recommended, only because, while one is fighting off a predator, the other is
protecting the stock. As far as the sex of your dog, they are both equally proficient in regards to guarding. I have
heard many success stories about farms that only have a female. If you own 2, whether 2 males, 2 females or one
of each, one will establish himself the alpha dog, and take on the primary guardianship role. However, the 2 will
work well together - even if you only purchase one now and the other in the future. I would have to say the only
obvious distinction, is that the male grows bigger than the female, and while he may look a bit more aggressive to
predators, a female can hold her own as well. What is important is not the sex of your dog, but early direction and
detection of potential problems. For example, Duke, our alpha guarder, whom is most protectant over his herd of
goats, had been full grown when we decided to buy sheep. The sheep were strange to him (never being around
them) so he didn’t immediately take to them. He wouldn’t=t hurt them; he would only chase them away, not
letting them run with his herd, as they would try to do. The sheep were immediately fearful of him due to this.

Therefore, we put him in a lot, with the sheep in an adjoining lot. We fed Duke and the sheep right next to each
other (with wire fencing between them) and they slept in the adjoining lots. We did this for 3 days. We than put
the two together in the one bigger lot for a couple of days, and than let them loose. From that point on, the sheep
were no longer afraid of Duke and he guarded them with as much attentiveness as the goats. Maremmas are very
accepting, even as adults, and with a little direction, as long as they know their owners are accepting of the animal -
which is basically what I was doing was showing Duke that the sheep belonged there.

Maremmas= are also sold as pets, although many maremma breeders will only sell to working farms, and the
Maremma breed association encourages this. Maremma breeders have consistently argued as to whether they are
appropriate household pets. In Italy, where they originated from, they are commonly kept as a household pet. In
Europe they serve as show dogs and guardian dogs simultaneously. I have heard from owners of maremmas in the
U.K. who have informed me that they would show their dog in a competition, and at the end of the day, return the
dog to its guarding duties. I have talked with maremma owners in the U.S., who have informed me that they do
very well with obedience training (contrary to what many breeders and articles contend). I have taught Brewzer to
sit, stay, and come B with little effort. I have also been informed that they are easily housebroken, and one owner
told me his puppy, at 12 weeks old, stays in the house, has its own >doggie door= to go outside, where there is
invisible fencing and had only had 3 accidents before he was housebroken. He also informed me that he has
toddlers and a lab, which also stays in the house, and that they all get along great together. Again, this only
reiterates how easily adaptable to any situation, the maremma are. If you are going to be letting this animal spend a
majority of time inside your home, you may decide you want to go with the female, only because they are slightly
smaller then the males, when they are full grown.

Before purchasing a maremma, there are some matters, which need to be considered. Whereas, the majority of
people seeking to buy a maremma are looking for an animal to protect their livestock, there are also those who buy
maremmas for other reasons. Some people buy them because they want a pet that is rare in the U.S. Some want a
watch dog in their home and they like their looks or like that they are not as vicious as a pit bull and other types of
guard dogs; or worse they buy them strictly to breed (puppy mills) and think the maremma would be a good
investment. The sole intention of most maremma breeders is to provide livestock guardian dogs to protect your
farm and investments. However, there are those who purchase these dogs for guarding, and later decide to breed,
to either recover some of their investment back, or worse, they want to add an additional dog or 2 to their farm,
without having to pay for one. Maremmas often have litters of 8 B 10 puppies, and most new breeders often do not
realize all the time, money, hard work and dedication required to become and remain a first rate, high-quality
reputable breeder. More often than not, this results in owners having their extra pup or 2, and being left with the
remainder of puppies to have to find homes for. Unfortunately, many of these dogs when purchased for reasons
other than guarding, end up in rescue homes (requiring extensive retraining) or worse, in dog pounds waiting to be
euthanized. You will find that the majority of maremma owners are very dedicated to this breed and in keeping
this breed intact and solid in the U.S. Therefore, and because of the aforementioned issues, many maremma
breeders either sell already neutered/spayed pups or require you to sign a contract, promising that you will have
your dog neutered or spayed. Also, many breeder contracts also require that you are to notify them, and give them
first option to buy back the dog, should you decide to sell it for whatever reason.

In regards to our puppies, we sign a code of ethics with the MSCA, promising to protect the integrity of this noble
breed in our country. However, we do not require a contract. We feel that if someone bought a pup, it is now their
property, and no one has the right to tell them they have to sell it back to them or that they can=t breed it and must
have it neutered/spayed. We are confident that most maremma owners are as astounded with this breed as we are,
and have as big of a desire to keep the breeds integrity intact as we do.

Because the maremma are still rare in the U.S. (as of 1 year ago, there were less than 60 registered breeders in the
US) and because they are well adapting, exceptional working dogs, most breeders have their pups spoken for
before they are born. Furthermore, maremmas sell rather quickly (out of our last litter of pups, I had all but one of
them sold within 2 weeks of first posting them for sale). The average cost of a puppy is 700.00 B 900.00 and they

can be shipped by airfreight. Shipping generally averages around $235.00 - $250.00, although I have, on occasion
shipped to areas which costs as little as 190.00. I ship with Northeastern airline, as I have had great success with
them. In most instances, there is a time limit as to the selling period with these pups, because they grow so fast and
you can only ship them up to a combined kennel/pup weight of 100 lbs. The kennel cost normally runs 60.00 B
80.00 (including water/feed crock) for one large enough to hold a 10 - 12 week old pup. You can observe prices
and styles at www.petsmart.com and pet www.warehouse.com; Pet Mate - intermediate is the brand we usually
buy!

While the cost of the maremma, shipping and kennel, may initially seem an expensive investment, the quality
performance you expect and receive from your maremma, in conjunction with the avoidance of loss of your quality
livestock for the next 9 B 11 years, more than outweigh the one time investment expense of your dog. Moreover,
when taking into consideration what the breeder has to undertake (specifically, extra and more secure pens with
daily cleaning, more secure fencing, the loss of a guardian while the bitch has to be penned up prior to, during and
after whelping and during periodic heat cycles, paperwork, numerous phone calls and trips to airports for shipping,
special diets, trips and expense of vaccines and vet exams and in many cases ultrasounds, breeder support after the
sale, etc.), the cost is nominal for a dog that actually performs a job. Especially when taking into consideration the
hundreds, sometimes thousands of dollars a simple house pet can cost. I have talked with owners of other types of
LGDs, the Pyrenees for example, who agreed that they may have only paid 3 B 400.00 for their dog, but the dog
didn’t=t give much protection, when it was out roaming (which was often) or chasing down one predator, while the
other predator was killing their livestock. I recently received an email from a woman who said she talked with a
maremma owner in Texas, who had originally owned another type of LGD, but was planning to get out of the goat
business anyway, due to the continuous loss of too many goats (to coyotes) when a vet recommended a maremma
to him. He decided to give it a try, and is currently still in the goat business. Fortunately, since the maremma grow
so rapidly, they actually reach an intimidating size, at a pretty young age. Therefore, while your maremma may not
have yet reached its full potential in guarding, it can still serve to protect your herd, without having to wait a year or
2. At 6 months old, Brewzer was already a good size dog, utilizing the stance, growl, and pacing common with
this breed, thereby preventing anything from entering our barnyard, so we no longer are losing our chickens, ducks,
and guineas. Another fact worth mentioning, if for any reason you had to resign from the livestock business, and
were unable or unwilling to keep your maremma, unlike many other LGDs an adult working maremma will sell
very easily (this is because of there remarkable ability to adapt so quickly and easily to new animals, owners and
new situations).

Regarding our maremmas, Duke was purchased from Illinois and Duchess from Colorado, of which I received 5-
generation pedigrees, prior to purchasing, to assure there was no line breeding. Both farms where I purchased our
dogs, as pups, were working farms, with good reputations as verified with references from previous buyers and
other Maremma breeders, including the secretary of the breed association. Duke has great-grandparents, which
were imported from Italy, and Duchess has both, grandparents and great-grandparents imported from Italy. The
parents, and all subsequent litters, are registered with the Maremma Sheepdog Club of America.

Duke and Duchess both are exceptional guarding dogs, true to the breed. They have great dispositions and
conformation, and have never showed any aggressiveness toward each other, or toward our livestock and farm
animals, or to friends and family members that we have introduced to them. Duchess has been a wonderful mother
to her litters, delivering and caring for the pups entirely herself, and she is good about taking them out to the fields
to be around the goat and sheep. As far as guarding goes, I am confident that Duke, is one of the best in the
maremma breed. I have actually watched him take mommas to their babies, and babies back to their mommas
when the babies would wander farther from the herd.

Our pups are raised from day one with sheep and goat; they are continuously familiarized with cats, chickens,
turkeys, guineas, etc. and intermittently with mules, horses, and 3 other breeds of dogs as well. They are handled
by us daily and introduce them to children as well. The pups are introduced first with the goat/sheep kids, as soon
as they are crawling and then introduced to the entire stock by the time they are 6 weeks old. They spend the

remainder of their time on the farm, 4-6 more weeks, accompanying their parents to the pastures, learning guard
duty from their parents. We ask for $750.00, for each puppy. In addition, we require a $250.00, non-refundable
deposit, to reserve a pup until it is old enough to leave the farm (the deposit is of course refunded, if we are unable
to make delivery on a puppy). The buyers are responsible for kennel and transportation costs. We can normally
ship within 4 days after receiving payment (Northeastern requires a 48 hr notice to ship animals). All of our pups
are checked by a vet, prior to going to their new owners, for any apparent signs of health problems; also, they
receive all age appropriate vaccinations and are wormed. We guarantee each pup to be free from any
conformational issue or physical disabilities, which would hinder it from performing its duties as a livestock
guardian dog. We offer continued support, always willing and available to answer questions for training and
behavior issues, concerns, etc., anytime you may have them, after receiving your pup,

In conclusion, I honestly believe that the maremma would be perfect for any ranch or farm. I have complete
confidence in the maremma breed, and in putting my herd=s safety in their hands. I would love for more
farms/ranches to learn about these great animals, and to get the same kind of security for their animals. Nearly any
maremma owner you call will keep you on the phone for hours, sharing with you all of the great things that
endlessly astonish them about these amazing animals.

You can learn more about this wonderful breed at http://www.maremmano.com/ or www.lgd.org. If you ever have any questions, now or
in the future, about our maremmas or about the maremma breed in general, please do not hesitate to contact me, by phone or email, at any
time (whether you purchase a pup from our farm or from another breeder).

Debbie Burks

Burks FarmMaremma Livestock Guardian Dogs; Boer Goatswww.burksfarm.com
burksfarm@yahoo.com
417-767-2067 417-827-2967



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