Measures for the Administration of Operating Licenses for Hazardous
Chemicals in China (2002) - Full text
By Order of the State Economic and Trade Commission of the People’s Republic of China No.36
Prepared by Chemical Inspection and Regulation Service (CIRS)
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Measures for the Administration of Operating Licenses for Hazardous
Chemicals in China (2002)
By Order of the State Economic and Trade Commission of the People’s Republic of China No.36,
implemented on November 15, 2002.
Chapter I General Rules
Article 1 In order to strengthen the safety administration of hazardous chemicals, to
regulate the operation and marketing of hazardous chemicals and to guarantee the
safety of the lives and property of the people, the present Measures have been
formulated in accordance with the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the
Regulations on Safe Management of Hazardous Chemicals.
Article 2 Those engaging in the operation and marketing of hazardous chemicals within
the People’s Republic of China shall be governed by the present Measures. The
present Measures shall not apply to the operation of explosives, radioactive materials,
nuclear energy materials to be used for civil purpose
and urban gas.
Article 3 The state shall apply a license system for the operation and marketing of
hazardous chemicals. An entity operating and marketing hazardous chemicals shall
obtain the operating license for hazardous
chemicals (hereinafter referred to as the operating license) pursuant to the present
Measures, and shall apply for registration with the department of industry and
commerce administration on the basis of the operating license pursuant to law. Without
the operating license or industry and commerce registration, no entity or individual may
operate or market hazardous chemicals.
Article 4 Operating licenses are divided into type A and type B. An entity with the
operating license of type A may operate and market highly toxic chemicals and other
hazardous chemicals; an entity with operating license of type B may only operate and
market the hazardous chemicals other than highly toxic chemicals.
Operating licenses of type A shall be subject to examination and approval, and issued
by the departments in charge of economy and trade of the people’s governments of the
provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central
Government or the departments of safe production supervision and administration
entrusted thereby (hereinafter referred to as license-issuing bodies at the provincial
Operating licenses of type B shall be subject to examination and approval, and issued
by the departments responsible for the comprehensive safety supervision and
administration of hazardous chemicals of the people’s governments at the level of city
divided into districts (hereinafter referred to as license-issuing bodies at the city level).
The operating license of product oil shall be subject to the administration of the
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operating license of type A. issued by the departments responsible for the
supervision and administration of hazardous chemicals of the people’s governments at
the level of city divided into districts (hereinafter referred to as license-issuing bodies at
the city level). The operating license of product oil shall be subject to the administration
of the operating license of type A.
Article 5 The State Bureau of Safe Production Supervision and Administration shall be
responsible for the supervision and administration of the examination and approval, and
issuance of the operating licenses of the whole country.
The license-issuing bodies at the provincial level and those at the city level shall be
responsible for the supervision and administration of the operating licenses within their
respective administrative areas.
Chapter II Application and Examination & Approval of Operating License
Article 6 An entity operating and marketing hazardous chemicals (hereinafter referred to
as operating entity) shall meet the following conditions:
1）The places, facilities and constructions for operation and storage shall meet the
Criteria for Fire Control in Construction Design （GBJ16）, the Provisions on the Safety
of Explosion Hazardous Places and the Rules on Fire Control of Warehouses etc, and
the constructions shall pass the examination conducted by the bodies of public security
and fire control before being accepted;
2）The conditions for operation and storage shall meet the Practice Conditions and
Technical Requirements for Operating Enterprises of Hazardous Chemicals
（GB18265）, and the General Rules on Storage of Common Hazardous Chemicals
3）The major principals, executives, safe production management personnel and
business staff of the entity shall receive professional training, pass the examination and
obtain the qualifications for their respective positions;
4）Having sound safety management systems and safety position-based operation
5）Having its own advance schemes on emergent accident rescue.
Article 7 An entity applying for operating license may choose the qualified safety
evaluation agency by itself to make safety evaluation of its operation conditions.
Article 8 A safety evaluation agency shall evaluate whether the entity applying for
operating license meets the all the conditions provided for in Article 6 of the present
Measures, and produce safety evaluation reports.
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Article 9 An entity applying for type A operating license shall file the application with the
license-issuing body at the provincial level, an entity applying for type B operating
license shall file the application with the license issuing body at the city level, and
submit the following materials:
1）Application Form for Operating License for Hazardous Chemicals;
2）Safety evaluation report;
3） Copies of the documents of examination and acceptance of fire
control conditions of the places and constructions for operation and storage;
4）Copies of the certifications of title or lease of the places and facilities
for operation and storage;
5） Copies of the professional training certificates of the major principals,
executives, safe production management personnel and business staff of the
6）Safety management systems and safe post operation rules.
Article 10 A license-issuing body shall, within 30 days after receiving the application,
make examination and on-spot verification of the materials submitted by the applicant,
and issue the operating license to the applicant that meets the conditions; and notify by
written form the applicant that fails to meet the conditions, and explain the reasons.
Article 11 An operating license shall indicate the following information:
1）Name of the operating entity;
2）Domicile of the operating entity （address and operation place）;
3）Name of the legal representative or principal of the operating entity;
4）Economic type of the operating entity;
5） Approved business scope （names shall be indicated for highly toxic chemicals,
and categories shall be indicated for other hazardous chemicals; oil names shall be
indicated for product oil）;
6）Date of license issuance and valid term;
Article 12 If an operating entity alters, expands or removes its operation or storage
place, or expands the approved business scope, it shall apply for a new operating
license in advance. If an operating entity alters its name, economic type or the legal
representative or principal registered, it shall apply for going through alteration
formalities and for replacing the operating license with the original license issuing
body within 20 workdays from the day of alteration.
Article 13 The valid term of an operating license is 3 years. If an operating entity
continues the operation of hazardous chemicals after the expiration, it shall apply for
replacing the license with the original license-issuing body within 3 months before the
expiration of the valid term of the operating license, and draw the new license after
passing the examination.
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Article 14 A license-issuing body shall notify the departments of public security and
environment protection at the corresponding level about the issuance of operating
licenses in good time.
Article 15 An operating entity may not transfer, trade, lease, lend, forge or alter the
Chapter III Supervision and Administration of Operating Licenses
Article 16 A license-issuing body shall stick to the principles of openness, fairness and
justice, and, in the examination and approval and issuance of operating licenses, strictly
follow the conditions and procedures provided for in the laws, regulations, rules and
Article 17 A license-issuing body shall strengthen the supervision and administration of
operating licenses, and establish and perfect the systems of examination and approval,
and issuance archive management of operating licenses.
Article 18 A license-issuing body at the city level shall report the examination and
approval as well as the licenses issued each year to the license-issuing body at the
provincial level for record, and issuance of
operating licenses within its administrative area of the year. The license issuing bodies
at the provincial level shall report the examination and approval as well as the licenses
issued within its administrative area of the year to the State Bureau of Safe Production
Supervision and Administration for record.
Article 19 A license-issuing body shall supervise and inspect the entities that have
obtained the operating licenses within its administrative area. An operating entity shall
accept the supervision and inspection carried out by the license-issuing body pursuant
to law, and may not refuse or frustrate without
Chapter IV Penalty Provisions
Article 20 Those engaging in the operation of hazardous chemicals without the
operating license shall be punished by the license-issuing bodies at the provincial level
or city level pursuant to Article 57 of the Regulations on the Safety Administration of
Article 21 If an operating entity conducts any of the following acts in violation of the
present Measures, the license-issuing body shall revoke its operating license:
1）Obtaining the operating license by providing false certifications or other deceitful
2）No longer meeting the basic conditions for operating and marketing hazardous
3）Transferring, trading, leasing, lending, forging or altering the operating license.
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Article 22 If the functionary of the license-issuing bodies seek private benefit through
wrongful means, abuse their powers, commits frauds, or neglect their duties, they shall
be given administrative sanctions of demotion or removal pursuant to Article 55 of the
Regulations on the Safety Administration of Hazardous Chemicals; if a crime is
constituted, the offender shall be subject to criminal liabilities.
Article 23 If an agency undertaking the safety evaluation produces false evaluation
reports, the department of safe production supervision and administration at or above
the provincial level shall confiscate the illegal gains and impose on that agency a fine of
no more than 30,000 yuan; if there is no
illegal gains, a fine of no more than 20,000 yuan shall be imposed; and the department
that granted qualification to that agency shall be suggested to revoke the qualification
certificate; if a crime is constituted, the offender shall be subject to criminal liabilities.
Chapter V Supplementary Rules
Article 24 If a production entity of hazardous chemicals markets the hazardous
chemicals produced thereby, it need not apply for the operating license any more,
however, if it markets hazardous chemicals not produced by it or sets up marketing
spots outside the factory, it shall still apply for the operating license.
Article 25 The entities that have obtained the operating license before the present
Measures take effect shall apply for a new operating license within 6 months from the
day on which the present Measures take effect. Those failing
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