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MODULU PEMEBELE AL JAJ RAN N SMSA N EGE ERE I 2 M ATAT RAM MATA A A PEP LE AL JAJ RA AR NA BAB HA ASA A A INGGRIR S KELAL SA XIX SES MEESTS ER R 2 UNIT 4 NARA RAR TA IVEV MATA ERIR I POP KOK WRIR TTEN MESSAGES DISUS SUS N OLEL HE H.M. SAS RA TR ONO, S.PdP .d Pembib na a IV/V a a NIP:P 191 6010 2313 1989 6010 1050 5 202 101 MODUL L Bahasa a Inggrir si Unit t 4 4 Narrr ar tit ve W rir ti tt et n Message SMAM N N 2 2 Matat rar m. . Doco c 1 PREFACE First of all we wished to preface that in this part of Learning English Material Based ICT, SMAN 2 Mataram designed firstly English Learning Material for Senior High School grade X, XI, & XII Academic Year 2009 / 2010. They are written and designed by H.M. Sartono. Nowadays, Mastering English is a challenge for some people, this is because of the Modern Technology which accelerates the development of any field including Education. To fulfill the Standard of Competence these English Learning Materials, we have to concern with Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan as it is legitimated by Peraturan Menteri No 22 Tahun 2006 and it is applied in KTSP SMA which is elaborated completely in Syllabus Design. The main teacher's roles are as mediator and facilitator. The students and the teachers are to be active and creative . The students' activity is focused on four skills such as Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing Skills. All skills enable the students to work actively, while vocabulary Mastery is given indirectly in every task and also functional skills which is available in orally that is intended to make students to be able to communicate in English orally. Then the acceleration task are implemented in every topic and section. Furthermore, in these part of design English Learning Materials in order to meet the students' needs, to offer a wide knowledge which are useful to their daily life or activity. So we can say that the students from SMAN 2 Mataram joining these materials are aware of English. And during the process of study, the students will discover something new, also encourage them to communicate in English. Finally, we would like to express our appreciation to those who have taken apart, helped and given the motivation, or supported to these designs. Hopefully, if there were some suggestions, criticisms for the improvement of these designs will be warmly appreciated. Designed by H.M. SARTONO, S.Pd MODUL L Bahasa a InI ggrir s Uniti t 4 4 Narrr ar tit vev Wrir ttt et n M esss as ge SMAM N 2 2 MaM tat rar m. . Doc c 2 STANDARD OF COMPETENCY : Communicating in oral and written texts, using proper language fluently and accurately in the interactional discourse and/ or monologue, especially in the passages of Narrative BASIC COMPETENCY : Expressing the nuance of meaning, using the correct rhetorical steps in the written texts of Narrative , and using simple written languages Achievement Indicator : Students are able to communicate using proper language fluently and accurately in the interactional discourse and/ or monologue especially to expressions of attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and disagreement); Students are able to communicate using proper language fluently and accurately in the interactional discourse and/ or monologue especially to expressions of attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and disagreement Students are able to communicate using proper language fluently Students are able to express the nuance of meaning, using the correct rhetorical steps in the written texts of Narrative, and using simple written languages. MODUL L Bahasa a InI ggrir s Uniti t 4 4 Narrr ar tit vev Wrir ttt et n M esss as ge SMAM N 2 2 MaM tat rar m. . Doc c 3 MAPPING CONCEPT UNIT 2 NARRATIVE Listening: • Responding to someone expressing attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and disagreement) • Responding to a narrative texts Speaking: • Expressing attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and dis agreement) • Responding to monologue of narrative texts Reading: • Reading narrative texts Writing: • Writing a narrative text THE TIME REQUIRED : 16 x 45 Menutes (Time management is important as the main topic of this lesson takes more time (to set-up, narrative and the expressions to someone expressing attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and disagreement) KNOWLEDGE REQUIRED BEFORE THIS LESSON: This section is important because this lesson is only a part of the whole module LEARNING OBJECTIVES : Students at the end of the lesson will be able to: 1. develop the ability narrative sequence to tell short story fluently 2. develop the ability to understand and accurately to use narrative text THE STUDENTS ARE EXPECTED TO BE ABLE TO : A. ORAL CYCLE Respond to someone expressing attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and disagreement); Respond to monologue of narrative texts. Use the expression of attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and disagreement); B. WRITTEN CYCLE Respond to narrative text get the main idea from narrative text. identify rhe generic structure of narrative text write narrative text using correct structure MODUL L Bahasa a InI ggrir s Uniti t 4 4 Narrr ar tit vev Wrir ttt et n M esss as ge SMAM N 2 2 MaM tat rar m. . Doc c 4 SKILLS CONCEPTS : LISTENING SKILLS Respond to someone expressing attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and disagreement); • respond to narrative texts. SPEAKING SKILLS • express attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and disagreement); • respond to monologue of narrative texts. READING SKILLS Respond to narrative text get the main idea from narrative text. WRITING SKILLS identify the generic structure of narrative text write narrative text using correct structure Grammar : Adjectives, Adjective Phrases and Adjective Clauses FUNCTIONAL SKILLS MODUL L Bahasa a InI ggrir s Uniti t 4 4 Narrar tit vi ev Wrir ttt et n M esss aga e SMAM N 2 2 MaM tat rar m. . Doc c 5 THE GENERIC STRUCTURE OF NARRATIVE TEXT Social Function Generic Structure Significant Lexicogrammatical Features To assume, to intertain to Orientation : sets the scene and Focus on specific and usually deal with actual or vicarious introduces the Participants. individualized participants experience in different Evaluation : stepping back to Use of material processes ways; narrative deals with evaluate the plight. Use rational processes and the problematic events Complication : a crisis arises. mental processes Use temporal which lead to a crisis or Resolution : the crisis is conjunctions and temporal turning point of some kind, resolved, for better or for Worse. circumtances which in turn find resolution Reorientation (optional). Use of the past tense Adjectives, Adjective Phrases and AdjectiveClauses Study the following sentences. 1. Both of the birds were black. 2. The traveller was tired. 3. They are good friends. 4. The unknown traveller stayed the whole night. 5. They could have a good conversation. • Black, tired, good, unknown, and whole are adjectives. • An adjective can be placed after an article or before a noun. • An adjective can modify nouns as Subjects or Objects. • The adjectives placed after to be are Predicate 1. the eggs in the nest 2. the traveller feeling tired 3. the dragon ascending to heaven 4. the millipede deceiving the cock • An adjective phrase can follow a noun. MODUL L Bahasa a InI ggrir s Uniti t 4 4 Narrr ar tit vev Wrir ttt et n M esss as ge SMAM N 2 2 MaM tat rar m. . Doc c 6 • The phrase the eggs in the nest = the eggs that are in the nest; the traveller feeling tired = the traveller who is feeling tired, and so on. 1. The traveller who passed by, ... 2. The dragon that borrowed the horns, ... 3. The traveller whom the birds met, ... 4. The horns that the cock loaned, ... • An adjective clause, which contains a subject and a verb, can follow a noun. It describes the noun. • Who and whom are used for people. • That is used for people or things. 1. The tree whose branch was cut down, ... 2. The traveler whom the birds saw, ... 3. The bird which has a beautiful voice, ... The italicized words explain the nouns. The clauses can also be written as follows: 1. The tree's branch was cut down. 2. The birds saw the traveler. 3. The bird has a beautiful voice. MODUL L Bahasa a InI ggrir s Uniti t 4 4 Narrr ar tit vev Wrir ttt et n M esss as ge SMAM N 2 2 MaM tat rar m. . Doc c 7 Narrative What is Narrative ? Purpose The basic purpose of narrative is to entertain, to gain and hold a readers' interest. However narratives can also be written to teach or inform, to change attitudes / social opinions egg soap operas and television dramas that are used to raise topical issues. Narratives sequence people/characters in time and place but differ from recounts in that through the sequencing, the stories set up one or more problems, which must eventually find a way to be resolved. And To amuse/entertain the readers and to tell a story Narrative text may be either fiction or non-fiction. Examples of fiction include realistic fiction, science fiction, mysteries, folk tales, fairy tales, and myths. Non-fiction is fact-based text such as reports, factual stories, and biographies. Certain types of questions are likely to be asked about narrative text. Narrative text has five common components. Most test questions refer to one of these five story elements: 1. Setting – where or when the story takes place 2. Characters – people or animals in the story 3. Plot – sequence of events 4. Theme – central idea of the story 5. Vocabulary – words used to enrich understanding of the story Types of Narrative There are many types of narrative. They can be imaginary, factual or a combination of both. They may include fairy stories, mysteries, science fiction, romances, horror stories, adventure stories, fables, myths and legends, historical narratives, ballads, slice of life, personal experience. Definition of Narrative : Narrative is a text focusing specific participants. Its social function is to tell stories or past events and entertain the readers Features of language : 1. Characters with defined personalities/identities 2. Dialogue often included - tense may change to the present or the future. 3. Descriptive language to create images in the reader's mind and enhance the story. Generic Structure In a Traditional Narrative the focus of the text is on a series of actions: Orientation: (introduction) in which the characters, setting and time of the story are established. Usually answers who? when? where? eg. Mr Wolf went out hunting in the forest one dark gloomy night. Complication or problem: The complication usually involves the main character(s) (often mirroring the complications in real life). Resolution: There needs to be a resolution of the complication. The complication may be resolved for better or worse/happily or unhappily. Sometimes there are a number of complications that have to be resolved. These add and sustain interest and suspense for the reader. MODUL L Bahasa a InI ggrir s Uniti t 4 4 Narrr ar tit vev Wrir ttt et n M esss as ge SMAM N 2 2 MaM tat rar m. . Doc c 8 Notes on Generic Structure of Narrative Text Orientation: it means to introduce the participants or the characters of the story with the time and place set. Orientation actual y exists in every text type though it has different term. In this story, the first paragraph is clearly seen to introduce the participants of the Cinderel a Story. They were Cinderel a her self as the main character of the story, her step mother which treated Cinderel a badly, and her steps sister which supported her mother to make Cinderel a was treated very badly. Cinderel a was introduced as a hero in this story. She struggled against the bad treatment from her step mother and sisters. Complication: it is such the crisis of the story. If there is not the crisis, the story is not a narrative text. In a long story, the complication appears in several situations. It means that some time there is more then one complication. In this Cinderel a story, we can see clearly that there are Major Complication and Minor Complication. The second paragraph is the major complication of this Cinderel a story. Cinderel a got bad treatment from her stepmother. It is the bad crisis which drives into several minor complications which Cinderel a has to overcome Resolution: it is the final series of the events which happen in the story. The resolution can be good or bad. The point is that it has been accomplished by the characters. Like complication, there are Major Resolution and Minor Resolution. In the last paragraph, it is said that final y Cinderel a lived happily. It is the happy resolution of the bad treatment B U I L D I N G N A R R A T I V E T E X T W I T H C O M P L I CA T I O N In simple word, narrative text has generic structure as orientation, complication and resolution. This complication is the heart structure of narrative text. The complication wil determine whether the text "lives" or not. If the narrative text consider as the "live" text, it wil arouse the reader. It wil intrude to the emotion of the reader. Commonly narrative text appears as story text. In literary term, the complication structure is cal ed conflict. Basical y, conflict is divided into three kinds. In any writing, each type wil not take place with its own type. Each often combines to other type in building the story. Physical conflict, or in other word as elemental conflict, is description of man's struggle to his physical word. It represents man versus nature force, difficulty and danger. How man survives from flood, exploding mount is clear example of physical conflict. Social conflict is the second type. It wil show the struggle of man against his society. It is description of struggle between man and man. Cinderel a wants to go to party but her step mother and sisters do not permit her. She eagerly to have the opportunity to meet the prince but her step mother and sister try to block this opportunity and take it for them selves. It is a perfect picture of social conflict. Internal or psychological conflict is a conflict which happens inside the participant. A man struggles against him self, his conscience, his guilty. He wants to steal money in the other hand he knows that stealing is not good. The fight of stealing money against having good deed is a psychological conflict The struggle among these conflicts includes verbal and physical attempts. Narrative text wil be perfectly composed by these kinds of conflict. Some time it wil apply one type but it often combines these three kinds of conflict MODUL L Bahasa a InI ggrir s Uniti t 4 4 Narrr ar tit vev Wrir ttt et n M esss as ge SMAM N 2 2 MaM tat rar m. . Doc c 9 • Oral Cycle • (Listening) • Respond to someone expressing attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and disagreement); • Respond to monologue of narrative texts. • Use the expression of attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and disagreement); valuable stories MODUL L Bahasa a InI ggrir s Uniti t 4 4 Narrar tit vi ev Wrir ttt et n M esss aga e SMAM N 2 2 MaM tat rar m. . Doc c 10