This is not the document you are looking for? Use the search form below to find more!

Report home > Others

Orthographic Projection

0.00 (0 votes)
Document Description
ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION AN INTRODUCTION Orthographic Projections Orthographic Projections are a collection of 2-D drawings that work together to give an accurate overall representation of an object. Defining the Six Principal…
File Details
  • Added: May, 12th 2011
  • Reads: 738
  • Downloads: 7
  • File size: 626.99kb
  • Pages: 26
  • Tags:
  • content preview
  • Name: clara
Embed Code:

Add New Comment

Related Documents

Children Like Dense Neighborhoods : Orthographic Neighborhood Density Effects in Novel Readers

by: shinta, 10 pages

Previous evidence with English beginning readers suggests that some orthographic effects, such as the orthographic neighborhood density effects, could be stronger for children than for adults. ...

Code-Switching in Navajo Orthographic Poetry:

by: alina, 9 pages

This paper concerns code-switching in Navajo orthographic poetry.1 This is a topic of some interest, because there is a general language shift from Navajo to English occurring and it is important to ...

Presupposition Projection

by: armonia, 33 pages

The rules of presupposition projection were a major focus of research in formal pragmatics throughout the 1970's. As early as 1973, some researchers (notably Stalnaker and Karttunen1) criticized the ...

Be Articulate: A Pragmatic Theory of Presupposition Projection*

by: stephan, 34 pages

In the 1980's, the analysis of presupposition projection contributed to a 'dynamic turn' in semantics: the classical notion of meanings as truth conditions was replaced with a dynamic notion of ...

Making Dynamics Semantics Explanatory: Presupposition Projection

by: hakem, 28 pages

Understanding the pattern by which complex sentences inherit the presuppositions of their parts (presupposition projection) has been a major topic informal pragmatics since the 1970s. Heim's classic ...

Transparency (An Incremental Theory of Presupposition Projection)1

by: liesje, 20 pages

The analysis of presupposition projection lead researchers to posit in the early 1980's that the meaning of a clause should be viewed as its Context Change Potential rather than as its truth ...

Holographic Laser Projection Technology

by: silvia, 4 pages

Holographic Laser Projection Technology

Magnavox TV Troubleshooting - How to Fix Snowy Picture Problems on Magnavox Rear Projection TV

by: sebestyen, 2 pages

Magnavox TV Troubleshooting - How to Fix Snowy Picture Problems on Magnavox Rear Projection TV

Rear Projection TV with Large Black Spots on the Screen Edges – Reasons & Repair

by: lian, 2 pages

PROJECTION TV Easy Reference Guide REPAIR Rear Projection TV with Large Black Spots on the Screen Edges – Reasons & Repair This is a ...

Projection screen manufacturers

by: sriramsoft, 1 pages

Fine projection screen delhi manufactures and supplies all type of projector screens in india.

Content Preview
  2. Orthographic Projections
    • Orthographic Projections are a collection of 2-D drawings that work together to give an accurate overall representation of an object.
  3. Defining the Six Principal Views or Orthographic Views
  4. Which Views to Present?
    • General Guidelines
    • Pick a Front View that is most descriptive of object
    • Normally the longest dimension is chosen as the width (or depth)
    • Most common combination of views is to use:
      • Front, Top, and Side View
  6. Glass Box Approach
    • Place the object in a glass box
    • Freeze the view from each direction (each of the six sides of the box) and unfold the box
  7. Glass Box Approach
  8. Glass Box Approach
  9. Glass Box Approach
  10. Glass Box Approach
  11. Glass Box Approach
  12. Glass Box Approach
  13. First and Third Angle Projections
    • First Angle
    • Third Angle
    Third-angle Projection First-angle Projection
  14. Conventional Orthographic Views Height Depth Width Front View Top View/Plan Right Side View
  15. Lines on an engineering drawing signify more than just the geometry of the object and it is important that the appropriate line type is used. Line Thickness For most engineering drawings you will require two thickness', a thick and thin line. The general recommendation are that thick lines are twice as thick as thin lines. Line Styles Other line styles used to clarify important features on drawings are: A thin line is used for hatching, leader lines, short centre lines, dimensions and projections.                                                A thick continuous line is used for visible edges and outlines.                                                Dashed lines are used to show important hidden detail for example wall thickness and holes..                                                Thin chain lines are a common feature on engineering drawings used to indicate centre lines. Centre lines are used to identify the centre of a circle, cylindrical features, or a line of symmetry.                                              
    • Visible lines takes precedence over all other lines
    • Hidden lines and cutting plane lines take precedence over center lines
    • Center lines have lowest precedence
    Precedence of Lines 0.6 mm 0.3 mm 0.6 mm
  16. For Example: 1. Visible 2. Hidden 3. Center
  17. Dimensioning A dimensioned drawing should provide all the information necessary for a finished product or part to be manufactured. An example dimension is shown below.                                                                                                                                                                                                          Dimensions are always drawn using continuous thin lines. Two projection lines indicate where the dimension starts and finishes. Projection lines do not touch the object and are drawn perpendicular to the element you are dimensioning. All dimensions less than 1 should have a leading zero. i.e. .35 should be written as 0.35
  18. Types of Dimensioning
    • Parallel Dimensioning
    • Parallel dimensioning consists of several dimensions originating from one projection line.
    • Superimposed Running Dimensions
    • Superimposed running dimensioning simplifies parallel dimensions in order to reduce the space used on a drawing. The common origin for the dimension lines is indicated by a small circle at the intersection of the first dimension and the projection line.
    • Chain Dimensioning
    • Combined Dimensions
    • A combined dimension uses both chain and parallel dimensioning.
  19. Dimensioning of circles
    • (a) shows two common methods of dimensioning a circle. One method dimensions the circle between two lines projected from two diametrically opposite points. The second method dimensions the circle internally.
    • (b) is used when the circle is too small for the dimension to be easily read if it was placed inside the circle.
  20. Dimensioning Radii
    • All radial dimensions are proceeded by the capital R .
    • shows a radius dimensioned with the centre of the radius located on the drawing.
    • (b) shows how to dimension radii which do not need their centres locating.
  21. Tolerancing
    • It is not possible in practice to manufacture products to the exact figures displayed on an engineering drawing. The accuracy depends largely on the manufacturing process. A tolerance value shows the manufacturing department the maximum permissible variation from the dimension.
    • Each dimension on a drawing must include a tolerance value. This can appear either as:
    • a general tolerance value applicable to several dimensions. i.e. a note specifying that the General Tolerance +/- 0.5 mm.
    • or a tolerance specific to that dimension
  22. Drawing layout
    • All engineering drawings should feature a title block.
    The title block should include: Title:- title of the drawing Name:- name of the person who produced the drawing Checked:- before manufacture, drawings are usually checked Version:- many drawings are amended, each revision must be noted Date:- the date the drawing was produced or last amended Notes:- any note relevant to the drawing Scale:- the scale of the drawing Company name:- name of the company Projection:- the projection system used to create the drawing

Orthographic Projection



Your download will begin in a moment.
If it doesn't, click here to try again.

Share Orthographic Projection to:

Insert your wordpress URL:


Share Orthographic Projection as:



Share Orthographic Projection.

Enter two words as shown below. If you cannot read the words, click the refresh icon.


Share Orthographic Projection as:

Copy html code above and paste to your web page.