What is pollination? It is how flowers
spread and continue to bloom! Many creatures
pol inate, including us, but insects are the best
pol inators. Without pol inators, we wouldn't
have flowers, including the vegetables and fruits
that we like to eat.
How does pollination work?
Maymont is a 100-acre American estate, an
When an insect
lands on a flower to feed, it picks up pol en from
extraordinary gift given to all of us by James and
a long, thin part cal ed the stamen. The insect
Sallie Dooley who lived on the property from
then travels to another flower, where some
1893 to 1925. Today, you are invited to explore
of that pol en fal s off onto the pistil. From the
this special place where the manmade elegance
pol en grain grows a long tube which travels to
of art and architecture is surrounded by the
the egg of the flower and creates seeds, al owing
more flowers to bloom.
natural beauty of plants, animals, water and
paths. Whether strolling in the gardens, touring
Pol ination can be transported in different ways,
the mansion or watching river otters play, there
depending on the insect and the type of flower.
is something for everyone to enjoy.
Bees usual y gather pol en in baskets on their
legs, but some have hairs that the pol en sticks
to. Some bees don't pol inate at all - rather than
E x p l o r E & E x p E r i E n c E a l l
pol inate the flower, they poke a hole and steal
t h at M ay M o n t h a s t o o f f E r :
its nectar! Butterflies pick up pol en on their
legs when they walk across a flower. Pol en
Maymont Mansion &
Nature & Visitor
attaches to the tip of a moth's long tongue when
it feeds. Other types of insects, like beetles and
flies, also help with pol ination.
Gardens & Arboretum
Different flowers attract different kinds of
insects. Bees do not have a wide range of color
vision, so they usual y find lighter colored or
blue flowers first. Butterflies on the other hand,
have much better color vision, which al ows
them to spot brighter-colored and red flowers.
V i s i t o r c E n t E r
2201 Shields Lake Drive, Richmond, Virginia 23220
h i s t o r i c G a r d E n s
1700 Hampton Street, Richmond, Virginia 23220
Swal owtail butterfly
Skipper A type of butterfly, you might see them on
Monarch butterfly Monarchs are a deep
yel ow Goldenrod or purple orchids. They use their long,
orange color with black stripes, white spots, and black bodies.
spiral tongues to drink nectar from flowers. You can find
They are nearly identical to viceroy butterflies. Monarch
them in the Italian Gardens and along the Butterfly Trail.
caterpil ars grow up on milkweed, and the adults enjoy
butterfly bushes. Both are planted in the Butterfly Garden
Leaf-cutter bee These bees cut leaves to use in
near the Children's Farm barn.
building their homes. They live alone, and do not make honey.
When eating from a flower, they col ect pol en on tiny hairs
Hummingbird moth This moth flies during the day
that fall off and pol inate the next flower they visit. They are
and is often confused with the bird of the same name! Their
not picky eaters, so you might spot one in any garden.
very long tongues are used to reach even the deepest nectar
treats. Their wings hum as they beat rapidly, al owing them
Sweat bee Sweat bees sometimes share nests, but
to hover in midair and dart from flower to flower. They love
live on their own. Besides nectar, they also love the taste of
long-necked flowers with bright colors, which can be found
the sweat on your skin! They cause pol en to come loose by
planted around the gazebo near the Italian Gardens.
buzzing their wings. Look for them all over Maymont.
Swallowtail butterfly Butterfly bushes are a
Buckeye butterfly Buckeyes are brown, with
favorite flower of these butterflies. If a swal owtail caterpil ar
round markings resembling eyes. One of their favorite flowers
is scared, 'horns' appear on its head that release a smell to
is Rabbitbrush, which has many bright yel ow flowers and few
scare off attackers. Adults have to perch on a flower to feed
leaves. They can be found in the Italian Gardens and along the
and can't hover like bees. Swal owtails can be seen along the