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Philippine Music History

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Periods in History of Philippine MusicPRESENTED BY:Frances Ramona PantigJoyce Cristene MarquezFatima MunozBianca Monique Bargas1Fundamentals of MusicFrances Ramona PantigPre-Spanish periodFundamentals of…
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  1. Periods in History of Philippine Music
    PRESENTED BY:
    Frances Ramona Pantig
    Joyce Cristene Marquez
    Fatima Munoz
    Bianca Monique Bargas
    1
    Fundamentals of Music
  2. Frances Ramona Pantig
    Pre-Spanish period
    Fundamentals of Music
    2
  3. Filipinos are said to be Musical Peoples.
    In most cases, singing is accompanied by dancing.
    They used Bamboo canes, Palm leaves and bark of trees to write their songs and a piece of sharp stick or iron for their pen.
    Even their instruments were made of Bamboo and wood which indicated their primitiveness.
    Fundamentals of Music
    3
  4. Functions of their music:
    Religious
    Social life
    Characteristics of their Music:
    Recitative
    Mostly simple two note music
    Example of these are:
    Dal-lot – a song sung by farmers during wedding, baptismal and others parties accompanied by Kutibeng (guitar).
    Pamulinawen – is a love song
    Dung-aw – is a song requesting a dead person to be good in his next life.
    Fundamentals of Music
    4
  5. Origins of their Music
    Early Filipinos music was influenced by trade relations other races like:
    Malays
    Indonesians
    Arabs
    Chinese
    Indo-Chinese
    Japanese and
    Hindus
    Fundamentals of Music
    5
  6. Chinese, Japanese and Hindus introduce their five-tone scale called pentatonic.
    The rhythmic effects through the use of gongs, drums and cymbals were brought by Hindus and Mohammedans.
    Reed type of wind instruments were brought by Japanese and Chinese
    Fundamentals of Music
    6
  7. Musics according to their category:
    Ordinary songs (diyuna, talindaw)
    Street songs (indulamin, suliranin)
    Sorrow (dalit, umbay)
    Wedding (ihiman)
    Rowing (tigpasin, kalusan)
    Lullaby (hele-hele, hili, oyayi, iyaya)
    Success (baling-kungkong, dapayanin, hiliran, sambotani, tagumpay)
    House (tingad)
    General merry making (kalipay)
    Counting (urukay)
    Fundamentals of Music
    7
  8. Musical Airs From different Regions
    Filipino Music has grown from the simple two note melody to the music that has become today.
    The following are the native music from different provinces in the Philippines.
    Fundamentals of Music
    8
  9. Musical Airs From different Regions
    Bontoc Province:
    Ayegkha
    Pagpag
    Bontoc
    Annaoy
    Davao
    Toddonan
    Igorot
    Milling Ayoweng
    Agusan
    Tub-ob
    Zambales
    Whistle
    Sulu
    Tungungo
    Fundamentals of Music
    9
  10. Negros
    Kalooye
    Nueva Icija
    Kadumang
    Abra
    Diwdiw-as
    Bunkaka
    Batanes
    Kalusan
    Benguet
    Igorot
    Bukidnon
    Dilay-on
    Fundamentals of Music
    10
  11. Forms
    Their songs were more of recitative but the melody exudes customs, traditions and aspirations.
    Origins
    Most of the songs were adapted to other countries who traded with them, like:
    Malays
    Indonesians
    others
    Fundamentals of Music
    11
  12. Joyce Cristene Marquez
    Spanish Period
    Fundamentals of Music
    12
  13. CHARACTERISTICS
    More conservative style of sacred music.
    Minor key at the beginning shifts to a major key in the 2nd-half Kundiman.
    Canto Ilocano, monophonic unmeasured style notated utilizing note shapes diferrent from the neumes of Gregorian chant (composition of the Kirial).
    Canto de Oregano, simple polyphonic settings in to two or more vocal portraying.
    Religiosity and Musicality – salvation of self-expression
    Fundamentals of Music
    13
  14. Musical Forms
    Sacred Music
    Figured Chant Music
    Measured Plainsong
    1795 (Golden Age of Sacred Music)
    Passion Song
    Other Musical Forms
    Songs
    Harana
    Fundamentals of Music
    14
  15. Music
    as a fine art
    as a subject to be taught
    Fundamentals of Music
    15
  16. Songs
    Spanish Period
    Fundamentals of Music
    16
  17. 1.Tagulaylay: counterpart of “lamentation”
    2. Palimos: song for begging
    Fundamentals of Music
    17
  18. 3.Kumintang: originated in Balyan, Batangas
    a. Kumintang of the conquest
    b. Kumintang of the Balayan
    c. Kumintang with which the Awits are accompanied
    Examples:
    “La Tagala” -- Jose Estella
    “Amihan” -- Antonio Molina
    “Auras de Terruno” -- Juan S. Hernandez
    “Pagdilidli” -- Lucino Sacramento
    Fundamentals of Music
    18
  19. 4. Awit
    Examples:
    “Awit” -- F. Santiago
    “AngUlila” -- Antonio Molina
    “BatingawnaPilak” -- Antonio Molina
    “Recuerdo de Filipinas y Suscantares”--Diego Perez
    Fundamentals of Music
    19
  20. 5. Balitaw
    Balitaw Mayor
    Visayan Balitaw
    TagalogBalitaw
    DansaMenor
    Examples:
    1. “Hating-gabi” -- Antonio Molina
    2. “Sampaguita” -- DaloresPaterno
    3. “Ay, Ay, Kalisud” -- Visayan Folksong
    6. Kundiman: came from the words “king hindi man”
    Fundamentals of Music
    20
  21. Fatima Munoz
    Philippine Folk Dances
    Fundamentals of Music
    21
  22. There are 175 folk dances in the Philippines in which Jose Rizal was all praise for these.
    Filipinos enjoyed European dances like the: (next slides)
    Fundamentals of Music
    22
  23. LA CUCARACHA
    Fundamentals of Music
    23
  24. FANDANGO
    Fundamentals of Music
    24
  25. SAPATAEDO
    Fundamentals of Music
    25
  26. TANGO
    Fundamentals of Music
    26
  27. RIGODON
    Fundamentals of Music
    27
  28. These dances reflect almost all facets of the people’s lives such as:
    Religious
    Occupational
    Entertainment
    Recreational
    Courtship
    Marriage
    Baptism
    War
    Fundamentals of Music
    28
  29. Best exports of the Philippines and propagandize of the country’s vast reservoir of inalienable heritage:
    Bayanihan Dance Troupe
    Barangay Dance Troupe
    Fundamentals of Music
    29
  30. Well known choreographer of the world famous Bayanihan Dance troupe who said that Philippine indigenous music can be divided into 3 distinct groups: (featured in next slides)
    Lucreciaurtula
    Fundamentals of Music
    30
  31. First group
    Fundamentals of Music
    31
  32. A string band consisting of plucked instruments as the guitar, banduria, octavina, laud, and banjo.
    rondalla
    Fundamentals of Music
    32
  33. Second group
    Fundamentals of Music
    33
  34. The muslimfilipino instrumentsassortment of brass instruments
    GANSA
    KULINTANG
    Fundamentals of Music
    34
  35. The mountain region instrumens
    Bamboo Flute
    Gong
    Fundamentals of Music
    35
  36. Philippine Theater
    Fundamentals of Music
    36
  37. Tondo Theatre – was erected mainly to stage Tagalog plays in 1841. Spanish dramas were acted also there.
    TeatroCastellano – better known as Teatro de Binondo was built by Engineer Jose Bosch for Manuel Ponce de Leon of where a variety of songs and plays are exhibited.
    TeatroComico in Manila – WenceslaoRetana y Gamboa mentioned the existence of these theatre in 1790.
    Fundamentals of Music
    37
  38. Arroceros Theatre - near the Mehan garden presented Tagalog plays according to Juan Atayde.
    Casino in Intramuros – here, evening parits were held by social gatherings particularly the Recreational Society.
    Fundamentals of Music
    38
  39. CENACULOS
    Fundamentals of Music
    39
  40. PASSION PLAYS
    Fundamentals of Music
    40
  41. Performances were held in vacant lots or fields.
    During celebrations such as town fiestas, performers used provisional stage of nipa and bamboo.
    Later, theatre bodegas, as those seen over cockpits appeared.
    Fundamentals of Music
    41
  42. THEATERS
    In 1841, Tondo Theatre was erected mainly to stage tagalog plays.
    TeatroCastellanoor Teatro de Binondo was built by Jose Bosch.
    In 1790,TeatroComico de Manila was mentioned by WenceslaoRetana Y Gamboa
    Social gatherings were held at the Casino in Intramuros by the Sociedad de Recreo. There were dancing, singing and instrumental performances.
    Fundamentals of Music
    42
  43. Most popular vernacular presentations
    Fundamentals of Music
    43
  44. Moro moro -depicts the battle between the Christians and Muslims and the adaptations of the legends about knight-errant’s and princesses.
    Fundamentals of Music
    44
  45. Carillo is a shadow play using puppets made from cardboard.The themes were derived from the libretto from “Don Quixote”, “BuhayngMahalngPanginongHesukristo”
    Fundamentals of Music
    45
  46. Zarzuela  Piece of entertainment with improvised plots that used in comic, tragic, fantastic,, melodramatic or a combination of all. Later, these “Fiestas de Zarzuelas” were simply called Zarzuela that involves singing and dancing in it. It has no definite form. Singing was free and imaginative. Audience swapped comments with the artists called Piscatory Eclogue.
    Fundamentals of Music
    46
  47. Piscatory Eclogue is preceded by loa and mojiganga.
    Loa
    is a prologue, spoken by two of more actors.
    Mojiganga
    -a popular festival and carnival time, a sort of burlesque masquerade accompanied by flute, castanets and side drums.
    After middle of the 17th century the mojiganga was replaced by the “Fin de fiesta”.
    The best zarzuelistas are from Pampanga
    Fundamentals of Music
    47
  48. Bianca Monique Bargas
    American Period(1898 - 1941)
    Fundamentals of Music
    48
  49. The American Educational System have greatly influenced the Philippine system of music education with the treatment of music as a part of broad pattern of liberal education.
    With the establishments of conservatories (schools for special instruction in music), formal education in music started.
    Fundamentals of Music
    49
  50. Philippine opera
    Fundamentals of Music
    50
  51. Philippine Opera evolved from the Zarzuela.
    Zarzuela was based on the European metrical tales and set to the familiar Spanish tunes which easily gained approval among the traditionally theater loving Filipinos.
    All Zarzuelas are nationalistic in nature
    Fundamentals of Music
    51
  52. Examples of Zarzuelas:
    Minda Mora (Minda, the Moro Girl) – Juan Hernandez
    Pa-ibigsaTinubuangLupa (Love of Country) – PascualPoblete
    TanikalangGuinto (Chain of Gold) – Juan Abad
    WalangSugat (No Wound) – Severino Reyes
    Fundamentals of Music
    52
  53. Characteristics:
    American singing trough jazz invaded the country
    Most of the songs are nationalistic in nature
    Instrumental music and vocal music are both important in this period
    Non-commercial
    Musical Form(s):
    Symphony
    Opera
    Opera Buffa
    Fundamentals of Music
    53
  54. Bianca Monique Bargas
    Japanese Occupational Period(1942 - 1945)
    Fundamentals of Music
    54
  55. Their desire to propagate nipongo as the common language was a dismal failure.
    This was the darkest period in the history of the Philippines.
    Fundamentals of Music
    55
  56. Characteristics
    Pentatonic
    Employs the universal material of sound organized by rhythm, melody and tone quality
    Monophonic
    Sentimental and religious
    uplifting, driving, and rollicking
    emotional, poetic, or even somber
    emotional, poetic, or even somber
    The rhythms are based on ma; silence is important
    The tempo usually starts out very slow and gets faster, returns to being slow again, and has a drawn-out ending
    FORMS
    Musical March
    Symphony
    Orchestra
    Fundamentals of Music
    56
  57. Bianca Monique Bargas
    Post Liberation Period(1945 - 1946)
    Fundamentals of Music
    57
  58. The reawakening of interest in diverse forms of culture is manifested in the proliferation of ensembles, vocal and instrumental not only in schools but also in churches, government and private offices, communities and within the family.
    Need for professional growth is evident in holding of in-service-training programs, seminars, workshops, and conferences sponsored by schools, government agencies and musical organizations such as the Philippine Society for Music Education, and the Philippine National Society for music Education.
    Fundamentals of Music
    58
  59. CHARACTERISTICS
    Vocal and instrumental music are both important
    Emotional and creative
    Songs of nobility and nationalism were common in that period
    The use of found sounds, recorded voices, the shift from increasingly chromatic surfaces to more triadic ones or the reverse, the use of new instrumental combinations
    FORMS:
    Symphony
    Orchestra
    Sacred/Religious
    Instrumental soloist
    Fundamentals of Music
    59
  60. Bianca Monique Bargas
    Advancement in Musical Development
    Fundamentals of Music
    60
  61. Nationalism in Music
    Passage of R.A. 4723
    Formation of Music Organizations
    The Music promotion Foundation was created
    The Philippine Theater of Performing Arts produces operas and musicals.
    Use of Educational Television
    Fundamentals of Music
    61
  62. Bianca Monique Bargas
    Philippine Modern Music(PRESENT)
    Fundamentals of Music
    62
  63. Original Pilipino Music, now more commonly termed Original Pinoy Music or Original Philippine Music, (frequently abbreviated to OPM) originally referred only to Philippine pop songs, especially those in the ballad form.
    Having successfully created a subgenre of Philippine Rock they called Bisrock, the Visayans by far have the biggest collection of modern music in their native language
    Inspired by what the locals call "Kapampangan cultural renaissance," Angeles City-born balladeer Ronnie Liang rendered Kapampangan translations of some of his popular songs such as "Ayli" (Kapampangan version of "Ngiti"), and "Ika" (Kapampangan version of "Ikaw") for his repackaged album..
    Fundamentals of Music
    63
  64. Best-Selling Albums
    Christmas in Our Hearts 1990 Jose Mari Chan (20x Platinum)
    Constant Change 1989 Jose Mari Chan (10x Platinum)
    Cutterpillow1995 Eraserheads (10x Platinum)
    Nina Live! 2005 Nina (8x Platinum)
    Forevermore EP 1995 Side A (8x Platinum)
    Paraiso 1991 Smokey Mountain (8x Platinum)
    Smokey Mountain 1989 Smokey Mountain (8x Platinum)
    Halik 2000 Aegis (7x Platinum)
    Ten Years Together 1980 APO Hiking Society (7x Platinum)
    10 Habang May Buhay 1995 Donna Cruz (7x Platinum)
    Fundamentals of Music
    64
  65. Philippine Rock Music
    Fundamentals of Music
    65
  66. Juan Dela Cruz Band, a Garage Rock- and Blues Rock-influenced group consisting of guitarist Wally Gonzalez, bassist Mike Hanopol, and drummer Pepe Smith, are often credited for ushering in the first "rock & roll revolution" in the Philippines that lasted from the late '60s to the late '70s (also known as the Golden Age of Pinoy Rock). Considered by many to be the "grandfathers" of Pinoy Rock
    The most notable achievement in Philippine rock of the 1960s was the hit song "Killer Joe," which propelled the group "Rocky Fellers" which reached number 16 on the American radio charts.
    Fundamentals of Music
    66
  67. Grandfathers of pinoy rock
    Pepe Smith
    Wally Gonzales
    Mike Hanopol
    Fundamentals of Music
    67
  68. Folk-rock became the Philippine protest music of the 1980s, and Aguilar's "BayanKo" (My Country) became popular as an anthem during the 1986 EDSA Revolution. At the same time, a counterculture rejected the rise of politically focused lyrics
    1990s saw the emergence of a superstar pop-rock group, the Eraserheads, considered by many Philippine nationals as the number one group in the Philippine recording scene.
    Fundamentals of Music
    68
  69. Characteristics
    Philippine rock musicians added folk music, and other influences
    Pop-rock groups became more popular among teens
    The Neo-Traditional genre in Philippine music is also gaining popularity
    Vocal music is more important than instrumental music
    An aim of appealing to a general audience, rather than to a particular sub-culture or ideology
    An emphasis on recording, production, and technology, over live performance
    Fundamentals of Music
    69
  70. ~END OF PRESENTATION~
    Fundamentals of Music
    70

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