Requirements Management Tools Indispensable in Software Development
The complete lifecycle of a product from initiation to disposition is referred to as software development lifecycle (SDLC). SDLC
details the whole process that the product undergoes while being developed. The different phases of SDLC are initiation, system
concept development, planning, requirements management, design, development, integration & testing, implementation,
operations & maintenance and disposition. Each phase has its own significance as it plays an important role in software
development. Let' look at the phase of requirements gathering / requirements management / requirements analysis in detail.
Requirements management is the process of documenting, analyzing, tracing, prioritizing and agreeing on requirements.
Forrester defines requirements management as "the storage of requirements, the tracking of relationships among
requirements, and the control of changes to individual requirements and groups of requirements." The advantages of good
requirements management are enhanced customer satisfaction, better estimates, reduced cost, and a shorter duration.
Requirements management / requirements analysis involves three main activities namely
It is the process of identifying and gathering requirements from various sources such as interviewing stakeholders, reviewing
product documents, building prototypes and so on.
It is the process of documenting the requirements in the form of use cases, process specifications, written requirements
document, interactive user interface prototype, and project storyboards.
It is the process of analyzing the requirements and breaking it down into essential characteristics.
Requirements management is the most critical part of any software project since the success of any project depends upon how
well the project team has grasped the requirements and objectives of the project. However, the fact of the matter is inspite of
its vital importance in software development; requirements management is an area that rarely gets full attention. Requirements
are something that is constantly evolving and therefore it is highly important to manage effectively the continuously evolving
baseline of requirement needs.
Mostly organizations rely on general-purpose tools when gathering and managing requirements, Lack of dedicated requirements
management tools leads to poor requirements gathering resulting in project failure.
Today the advancements in technology have contributed in the development and use of new requirements management
software tools in the software development process. These tools provide rich and configurable, global platform for capturing set
of requirements, collaborating on their development, and tracing implementation back to specs. Moreover, it ensures that all
developers are working from the same playbook, no matter where they are located, and that there are no costly last minute
surprises. The following are some of the advantages of these new tools.
Evaluates and prioritizes requirements for releases
Enhances team collaboration and communication
Manages regulatory compliance automatically
Integrates with other tools
Requirements management, being an important phase in software development process, enterprises must invest in effective
requirements management tools to develop products that conform to user requirements.
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