The Noontide Press:
Books On-LineThe International Jew -- The World's
By Henry Ford, founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the editors of THE DEARBORN
INDEPENDENT.Vol. 1The International Jew
The Jew in Character and Business
Germany's Reaction Against the Jew
Jewish History in the United States
The Jewish Question -- Fact or Fancy?
Anti-Semitism -- Will It Appear in the U.S.?
Jewish Question Breaks Into the Magazines
Arthur Brisbane Leaps to the Help of Jewry
Does a Definite Jewish World Program Exist?
The Historic Basis of Jewish Imperialism
An Introduction to the "Jewish Protocols"
"Jewish" Estimate of Gentile Human Nature
"Jewish Protocols" Claim Partial Fulfillment
"Jewish" Plan to Split Society by "Ideas"
Did the Jews Foresee the World War?
Is the Jewish "Kahal" the Modern "Soviet"?
How the "Jewish Question" Touches the Farm
Does Jewish Power Control the World Press?
Does This Explain Jewish Political Power?
The All-Jewish Mark on "Red Russia"
Jewish Testimony in Favor of Bolshevism
Vol. 2Jewish Activities in the United States
How Jews in the U.S. Conceal Their Strength
Jewish Testimony on "Are Jews a Nation?"
Jew Versus Non-Jew in New York Finance
The High and Low of Jewish Money Power
"Disraeli of America" -- A Jew of Super-Power
The Scope of Jewish Dictatorship in the U.S.
Jewish Copper Kings Reap Rich War-Profits
Jewish Control of the American Theater
The Rise of the First Jewish Theatrical Trust
How Jews Capitalized a Protest Against Jews
The Jewish Aspect of the "Movie" Problem
Jewish Supremacy in Motion Picture World
Rule of the Jewish Kehillah Grips New York
The Jewish Demand for "Rights" in America
"Jewish Rights" Clash With American Rights
"Jewish Rights" to Put Studies Out of Schools
Disraeli -- British Premier, Portrays the Jews
Taft Once Tried to Resist Jews -- and Failed
When Editors Were Independent of the Jews
Why the Jews Dislike the Morgenthau Report
Jews Use the Peace Conference to Bind Poland
The Present Status of the Jewish Question Vol. 3Jewish Influences in American Life
The Jews and the "Religious Persecution" Cry
Are the Jews Victims or Persecutors?
Jewish Gamblers Corrupt American Baseball
Jewish Degradation of American Baseball
Jewish Jazz Becomes Our National Music
How the Jewish Song Trust Makes You Sing
Jewish Hot-Beds of Bolshevism in the U.S.
Jew Trades Link With World Revolutionaries
Will Jewish Zionism Bring Armageddon?
How the Jews Use Power -- By an Eyewitness
How Jews Ruled and Ruined Tammany Hall
Jew Wires Direct Tammany's Gentile Puppets
B'nai B'rith Leader Discusses the Jews
Dr. Levy, a Jew, Admits His People's Error
Jewish Idea in American Monetary Affairs
Jewish Idea Molded Federal Reserve Plan
Jewish Idea of Central Bank for America
How Jewish International Finance Functions
Jewish Power and America's Money Famine Vol. 4 Aspects of Jewish Power in the United States
How Jews Gained American Liquor Control
Gigantic Jewish Liquor Trust and Its Career
The Jewish Element in Bootlegging Evil
Angles of Jewish Influence in American Life
The Jews' Complaint Against "Americanism"
The Jewish Associates of Benedict Arnold
Benedict Arnold and Jewish Aid in Shady Deal
Arnold and His Jewish Aids at West Point
The Gentle Art of Changing Jewish Names
Jewish "Kol Nidre" and "Eli, Eli" Explained
Jews as New York Magistrates See Them
Jews Are Silent, the National Voice Is Heard
What Jews Attempted Where They Had Power
The Jewish Question in Current Testimony
America's Jewish Enigma -- Louis Marshall
The Economic Plans of International Jews
A Jew Sees His People As Others See Them
Candid Address to Jews on the Jewish Problem
An Address to "Gentiles" on the Jewish Problem
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The Noontide Press:
Books On-LineThe International Jew, by Henry FordVolume One: The International Jew"Among the distinguishing mental and moral traits of the Jews may be mentioned:
distaste for hard or violent physical labor; a strong family sense and
philoprogenitiveness; a marked religious instinct; the courage of the prophet and
martyr rather than of the pioneer and soldier; remarkable power to survive in
adverse environments, combined with great ability to retain racial solidarity;
capacity for exploitation, both individual and social; shrewdness and astuteness in
speculation and money matters generally; an Oriental love of display and a full
appreciation of the power and pleasure of social position; a very high average of
intellectual ability."-- The New International Encyclopedia.The Jew in Character and Business
The Jew is again being singled out for critical attention throughout the world. His emergence in
the financial, political and social spheres has been so complete and spectacular since the war,
that his place, power and purpose in the world are being given a new scrutiny, much of it
unfriendly. Persecution is not a new experience to the Jew, but intensive scrutiny of his nature
and super-nationality is. He has suffered for more than 2,000 years from what may be called
instinctive anti-Semitism of the other races, but this antagonism has never been intelligent nor
has it been able to make itself intelligible. Nowadays, however, the Jew is being placed, as it
were, under the microscope of economic observation that the reasons for his power, the reasons
for his separateness, the reasons for his suffering may be defined and understood.
In Russia he is charged with being the source of Bolshevism, an accusation which is serious or
not according to the circle in which it is made; we in America, hearing the fervid eloquence and
perceiving the prophetic ardor of young Jewish apostles of social and industrial reform, can
calmly estimate how it may be. In Germany he is charged with being the cause of the Empire's
collapse and a very considerable literature has sprung up, bearing with it a mass of
circumstantial evidence that gives the thinker pause. In England he is charged with being the
real world ruler, who rules as a super-nation over the nations, rules by the power of gold, and
who plays nation against nation for his own purposes, remaining himself discreetly in the
background. In America it is pointed out to what extent the elder Jews of wealth and the
younger Jews of ambition swarmed through the war organizations -- principally those
departments which dealt with the commercial and industrial business of war, and also the extent
to which they have clung to the advantage which their experience as agents of the government
In simple words, the question of the Jews has come to the fore, but like other questions which
lend themselves to prejudice, efforts will be made to hush it up as impolitic for open discussion.
If, however, experience has taught us anything it is that questions thus suppressed will sooner or
later break out in undesirable and unprofitable forms.
The Jew is the world's enigma. Poor in his masses, he yet controls the world's finances.
Scattered abroad without country or government, he yet presents a unity of race continuity
which no other people has achieved. Living under legal disabilities in almost every land, he has
become the power behind many a throne. There are ancient prophecies to the effect that the Jew
will return to his own land and from that center rule the world, though not until he has
undergone an assault by the united nations of mankind.
The single description which will include a larger percentage of Jews than members of any
other race is this: he is in business. It may be only gathering rags and selling them, but he is in
business. From the sale of old clothes to the control of international trade and finance, the Jew
is supremely gifted for business. More than any other race he exhibits a decided aversion to
industrial employment, which he balances by an equally decided adaptability to trade. The
Gentile boy works his way up, taking employment in the productive or technical departments;
but the Jewish boy prefers to begin as messenger, salesman or clerk -- anything -- so long as it
is connected with the commercial side of the business. An early Prussian census illustrates this
characteristic: of a total population of 269,400, the Jews comprised six per cent or 16,164. Of
these, 12,000 were traders and 4,164 were workmen. Of the Gentile population, the other 94 per
cent, or 153,236 people, there were only 17,000 traders.
A modern census would show a large professional and literary class added to the traders, but no
diminution of the percentage of traders and not much if any increase in the number of wage
toilers. In America alone most of the big business, the trusts and the banks, the natural resources
and the chief agricultural products, especially tobacco, cotton and sugar, are in the control of
Jewish financiers or their agents. Jewish journalists are a large and powerful group here. "Large
numbers of department stores are held by Jewish firms," says the Jewish Encyclopedia, and
many if not most of them are run under Gentile names. Jews are the largest and most numerous
landlords of residence property in the country. They are supreme in the theatrical world. They
absolutely control the circulation of publications throughout the country. Fewer than any race
whose presence among us is noticeable, they receive daily an amount of favorable publicity
which would be impossible did they not have the facilities for creating and distributing it
themselves. Werner Sombart, in his "Jew and Modern Capitalism" says, "If the conditions in
America continue to develop along the same lines as in the last generation, if the immigration
statistics and the proportion of births among all the nationalities remain the same, our
imagination may picture the United States of fifty or a hundred years hence as a land inhabited
only by Slavs, Negroes and Jews, wherein the Jews will naturally occupy the position of
economic leadership." Sombart is a pro-Jewish writer.
The question is, If the Jew is in control, how did it happen? This is a free country. The Jew
comprises only about three per cent of the population; to every Jew there are 97 Gentiles; to the
3,000,000 Jews in the United States there are 97,000,000 Gentiles. If the Jew is in control, is it
because of his superior ability, or is it because of the inferiority and don't-care attitude of the
It would be very simple to answer that the Jews came to America, took their chances like other
people and proved more successful in the competitive struggle. But that would not include all
the facts. And before a more adequate answer can be given, two points should be made clear.
This first is this: all Jews are not rich controllers of wealth. There are poor Jews aplenty, though
most of them even in their poverty are their own masters. While it may be true that the chief
financial controllers of the country are Jews, it is not true that every Jew is one of the financial
controllers of the country. The classes must be kept distinct for a reason which will appear
when the methods of the rich Jews and the methods of the poor Jews to gain power are
differentiated. Secondly; the fact of Jewish solidarity renders it difficult to measure Gentile and
Jewish achievements by the same standard. When a great block of wealth in America was made
possible by the lavish use of another block of wealth from across the seas; that is to say, when
certain Jewish immigrants came to the United States with the financial backing of European
Jewry behind them, it would be unfair to explain the rise of that class of immigration by the
same rules which account for the rise of, say, the Germans or the Poles who came here with no
resource but their ambition and strength. To be sure, many individual Jews come in that way,
too, with no dependence but themselves, but it would not be true to say that the massive control
of affairs which is exercised by Jewish wealth was won by individual initiative; it was rather the
extension of financial control across the sea.
That, indeed, is where any explanation of Jewish control must begin. Here is a race whose
entire period of national history saw them peasants on the land, whose ancient genius was
spiritual rather than material, bucolic rather than commercial, yet today, when they have no
country, no government, and are persecuted in one way or another everywhere they go, they are
declared to be the principal though unofficial rulers of the earth. How does so strange a charge
arise, and why do so many circumstances seem to justify it?
Begin at the beginning. During the formative period of their national character the Jews lived
under a law which made plutocracy and pauperism equally impossible among them. Modern
reformers who are constructing model social systems on paper would do well to look into the
social system under which the early Jews were organized. The Law of Moses made a "money
aristocracy," such as Jewish financiers form today, impossible because it forbade the taking of
interest. It made impossible also the continuous enjoyment of profit wrung out of another's
distress. Profiteering and sheer speculation were not favored under the Jewish system. There
could be no land-hogging; the land was apportioned among the people, and though it might be
lost by debt or sold under stress, it was returned every 50 years to its original family ownership,
at which time, called "The Year of Jubilee," there was practically a new social beginning. The
rise of great landlords and a moneyed class was impossible under such a system, although the
interim of 50 years gave ample scope for individual initiative to assert itself under fair
If, therefore, the Jews had retained their status as a nation, and had remained in Palestine under
the Law of Moses, they would hardly have achieved the financial distinction which they have
since won. Jews never got rich out of one another. Even in modern times they have not become
rich out of each other but out of the nations among whom they dwelt. Jewish law permitted the
Jew to do business with a Gentile on a different basis than that on which he did business with a
brother Jew. What is called "the Law of the Stranger" was defined thus: "unto a stranger thou
mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury."
Being dispersed among the nations, but never merging themselves with the nations and never
losing a very distinctive identity, the Jew has had the opportunity to practice "the ethics of the
stranger" for many centuries. Being strangers among strangers, and often among cruelly hostile
strangers, they have found this law a compensating advantage. Still, this alone would not
account for the Jew's preeminence in finance. The explanation of that must be sought in the Jew
himself, his vigor, resourcefulness and special proclivities.
Very early in the Jewish story we discover the tendency of Israel to be a master nation, with
other nations as its vassals. Notwithstanding the fact that the whole prophetic purpose with
reference to Israel seems to have been the moral enlightenment of the world through its agency,
Israel's "will to mastery" apparently hindered that purpose. At least such would seem to be the
tone of the Old Testament. Divinely ordered to drive out the Canaanites that their corrupt ideas
might not contaminate Israel, the Jews did not obey, according to the old record. They looked
over the Canaanitish people and perceived what great amount of man-power would be wasted if
they were expelled, and so Israel enslaved them -- "And it came to pass, when Israel was strong,
that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out." It was this form of
disobedience, this preference of material mastery over spiritual leadership, that marked the
beginning of Israel's age-long disciplinary distress.
The Jews' dispersion among the nations temporarily (that is, for more than 25 centuries now)
changed the program which their scriptures declare was divinely planned, and that dispersion
continues until today. There are spiritual leaders in modern Judaism who still claim that Israel's
mission to the nations is spiritual, but their assertions that Israel is today fulfilling that mission
are not as convincing as they might be if accompanied by more evidence. Israel, throughout the
modern centuries is still looking at the Gentile world and estimating what its man-power can be
made to yield. But the discipline upon Israel still holds; he is an exile from his own land,
condemned to be discriminated against wherever he goes, until the time when exile and
homelessness shall end in a re-established Palestine, and Jerusalem again the moral center of
the earth, even as the elder prophets have declared.
Had the Jew become an employe, a worker for other men, his dispersion would not probably
have been so wide. But becoming a trader, his instincts drew him round the habitable earth.
There were Jews in China at an early date. They appeared as traders in England at the time of
the Saxons. Jewish traders were in South America 100 years before the Pilgrim Fathers landed
at Plymouth Rock. Jews established the sugar industry in the Island of St. Thomas in 1492.
They were well established in Brazil when only a few villages dotted the eastern coast of what
is now the United States. And how far they penetrated when once they came here is indicated
by the fact that the first white child born in Georgia was a Jew -- Isaac Minis. The Jew's
presence round the earth, his clannishness with his own people, made him a nation scattered
among the nations, a corporation with agents everywhere.
Another talent, however, contributed greatly to his rise in financial power -- his ability to invent
new devices for doing business. Until the Jew was pitted against the world, business was very
crudely done. And when we trace the origins of many of the business methods which simplify
and facilitate trade today, more likely than not we find a Jewish name at the end of the clue.
Many of the indispensable instruments of credit and exchange were thought out by Jewish
merchants, not only for use between themselves, but to check and hold the Gentiles with whom
they dealt. The oldest bill of exchange extant was drawn by a Jew -- one Simon Rubens. The
promissory note was a Jewish invention, as was also the check "payable to bearer."
An interesting bit of history attaches to the "payable to bearer" instrument. The Jews' enemies
were always stripping them of their last ounce of wealth, yet strangely, the Jews recovered very
quickly and were soon rich again. How this sudden recovery from looting and poverty? Their
assets were concealed under "bearer" and so a goodly portion was always saved. In an age when
it was lawful for any pirate to seize goods consigned to Jews, the Jews were able to protect
themselves by consigning goods on policies that bore no names.
The influence of the Jew was to center business around goods instead of persons. Previously all
claims had been against persons; the Jew knew that the goods were more reliable than the
persons with whom he dealt, and so he contrived to have claims laid against goods. Besides,
this device enabled him to keep himself out of sight as much as possible. This introduced an
element of hardness into business, inasmuch as it was goods which were being dealt in rather
than men being dealt with, and this hardness remains. Another tendency which survives and
which is of advantage in veiling the very large control which Jews have attained, is of the same
origin as "bearer" bills; it permits a business dominated by Jewish capital to appear under a
name that gives no hint of Jewish control.
The Jew is the only and original international capitalist, but as a rule he prefers not to emblazon
that fact upon the skies; he prefers to use Gentile banks and trust companies as his agents and
instruments. The suggestive term "Gentile front" often appears in connection with this practice.
The invention of the stock exchange is also credited to Jewish financial talent. In Berlin, Paris,
London, Frankfort, and Hamburg, Jews were in control of the first stock exchanges, while
Venice and Genoa were openly referred to in the talk of the day as "Jew cities" where great
trading and banking facilities might be found. The Bank of England was established upon the
counsel and assistance of Jewish emigrants from Holland. The Bank of Amsterdam and the
Bank of Hamburg both arose through Jewish influence.
There is a curious fact to be noted in connection with the persecution and consequent
wanderings of the Jews about Europe and that is: wherever they wandered, the center of
business seemed to go with them. When the Jews were free in Spain, there was the world's gold
center. When Spain drove out the Jews, Spain lost financial leadership and has never regained
it. Students of the economic history of Europe have always been puzzled to discover why the
center of trade should have shifted from Spain, Portugal and Italy, up to the northern countries
of Holland, Germany, and England. They have sought for the cause in many things, but none
has proved completely explanatory. When, however, it is known that the change was coincident
with the expulsion of the Jews from the South and their flight to the North, when it is known
that upon the Jews' arrival the northern countries began a commercial life which has flourished
until our day, the explanation does not seem difficult. Time and again it has proved to be the
fact that when the Jews were forced to move, the center of the world's precious metals moved
This distribution of the Jews over Europe and the world, each Jewish community linked in a
fellowship of blood, faith and suffering with every other group, made it possible for the Jew to
be international in the sense that no other race or group of merchants could be at that time. Not
only were they everywhere (Americans and Russians are everywhere, too) but they were in
touch. They were organized before the days of conscious international commercial
organizations, they were bound together by the sinews of a common life. It was observed by
many writers in the Middle Ages that the Jews knew more of what was transpiring in Europe
than the governments did. They also had better knowledge of what was likely to occur. They
knew more about conditions than the statesmen did. This information they imparted by letter
from group to group, country to country. Indeed, they may be said thus to have originated
unconsciously the financial news-letter. Certainly the information they were able to obtain and
thus distribute was invaluable to them in their speculative enterprises. Advance knowledge was
an immense advantage in the days when news was scarce, slow and unreliable.
This enabled Jewish financiers to become the agents of national loans, a form of business which
they encouraged wherever possible. The Jew has always desired to have nations for his
customers. National loans were facilitated by the presence of members of the same family of
financiers in various countries, thus making an interlocking directorate by which king could be
played against king, government against government, and the shrewdest use made of national
prejudices and fears, all to the no small profit of the fiscal agent.
One of the charges most commonly made against Jewish financiers today is that they still favor
this larger field of finance. Indeed, in all the criticism that is heard regarding the Jew as a
business man, there is comparatively little said against him as an individual merchant serving
individual customers. Thousands of small Jewish merchants are highly respected by their trade,
just as tens of thousands of Jewish families are respected as our neighbors. The criticism,
insofar as it respects the more important financiers, is not racial at all. Unfortunately the
element of race, which so easily lends itself to misinterpretation as racial prejudice, is injected
into the question by the mere fact that the chain of international finance as it is traced around
the world discloses at every link a Jewish capitalist, financial family, or a Jewish-controlled
banking system. Many have professed to see in this circumstance a conscious organization of
Jewish power for Gentile control, while others have attributed the circumstance to Jewish racial
sympathies, to the continuity of their family affairs down the line of descent, and to the increase
of collateral branches. In the old Scriptural phrase, Israel grows as the vine grows, ever shooting
out new branches and deepening old roots, but always part of the one vine.
The Jew's aptitude for dealing with governments may also be traced to the years of his
persecution. He early learned the power of gold in dealing with mercenary enemies. Wherever
- The International Jew: The World's Foremost Problem
- The Jew in Character and Business
- Germany's Reaction Against the Jew
- Jewish History in the United States
- The Jewish Question -- Fact or Fancy?
- Anti-Semitism - Will It Appear in the U.S.?
- Jewish Question Breaks Into the Magazines
- Arthur Brisbane Leaps to the Help of Jewry
- Does a Definite Jewish World Program Exist?
- The Historic Basis of Jewish Imperialism
- An Introduction to the "Jewish Protocols"
- "Jewish" Estimate of Gentile Human Nature
- "Jewish Protocols" Claim Partial Fulfillment
- "Jewish" Plan to Split Society by "Ideas"
- Did the Jews Foresee the World War?
- Is the Jewish "Kahal" the Modern "Soviet"?
- How the "Jewish Question" Touches the Farm
- Does Jewish Power Control the World Press?
- Does This Explain Jewish Political Power?
- The All-Jewish Mark on "Red Russia"
- Jewish Testimony in Favor of Bolshevism
- How Jews in the U.S. Conceal Their Strength
- Jewish Testimony on "Are Jews a Nation?"
- Jew Versus Non-Jew in New York Finance
- The High and Low of Jewish Money Power
- "Disraeli of America" - A Jew of Super-Power
- The Scope of Jewish Dictatorship in the U.S.
- Jewish Copper Kings Reap Rich War-Profits
- Jewish Control of the American Theater
- The Rise of the First Jewish Theatrical Trust
- How Jews Capitalized a Protest Against Jews
- The Jewish Aspect of the "Movie" Problem
- Jewish Supremacy in Motion Picture World
- Rule of the Jewish Kehillah Grips New York
- The Jewish Demand for "Rights" in America
- "Jewish Rights" Clash With American Rights
- "Jewish Rights" to Put Studies Out of Schools
- Disraeli - British Premier, Portrays the Jews
- Taft Once Tried to Resist Jews - and Failed
- When Editors Were Independent of the Jews
- Why the Jews Dislike the Morgenthau Report
- Jews Use the Peace Conference to Bind Poland
- The Present Status of the Jewish Question
- The Jews and the "Religious Persecution" Cry
- Are the Jews Victims or Persecutors?
- Jewish Gamblers Corrupt American Baseball
- Jewish Degradation of American Baseball
- Jewish Jazz Becomes Our National Music
- How the Jewish Song Trust Makes You Sing
- Jewish Hot-Beds of Bolshevism in the U.S.
- Jew Trades Link With World Revolutionaries
- Will Jewish Zionism Bring Armageddon?
- How the Jews Use Power - By an Eyewitness
- How Jews Ruled and Ruined Tammany Hall
- Jew Wires Direct Tammany's Gentile Puppets
- B'nai B'rith Leader Discusses the Jews
- Dr. Levy, a Jew, Admits His People's Error
- Jewish Idea in American Monetary Affairs
- Jewish Idea Molded Federal Reserve Plan
- Jewish Idea of Central Bank for America
- How Jewish International Finance Functions
- Jewish Power and America's Money Famine
- How Jews Gained American Liquor Control
- Gigantic Jewish Liquor Trust and Its Career
- The Jewish Element in Bootlegging Evil
- Angles of Jewish Influence in American Life
- The Jews' Complaint Against "Americanism"
- The Jewish Associates of Benedict Arnold
- Benedict Arnold and Jewish Aid in Shady Deal
- Arnold and His Jewish Aids at West Point
- The Gentle Art of Changing Jewish Names
- Jewish "Kol Nidre" and "Eli, Eli" Explained
- Jews as New York Magistrates See Them
- Jews Are Silent, the National Voice Is Heard
- What Jews Attempted Where They Had Power
- The Jewish Question in Current Testimony
- America's Jewish Enigma - Louis Marshall
- The Economic Plans of International Jews
- A Jew Sees His People As Others See Them
- Candid Address to Jews on the Jewish Problem
- An Address to "Gentiles" on the Jewish Problem