"The above observation makes the hypothesis advanced
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
by those who see Muhammad as the author of the
Qur'an untenable. How could a man, from being
illiterate, become the most important author, in terms of
This is the Book in which there is no doubt, in it is guidance for those who fear
literary merits, in the whole of Arabic literature? How
God.Who believe in the unseen, establish the prayer, and spend out of what
could he then pronounce truths of a scientific nature
We have given them. And who believe in that which was sent down to you
that no other human being could possibly have developed
(Muhammad) , and that which was sent down before you (the Books and the
at that time, and all this without once making the
Prophets), and have certain faith in the hereafter.They are on (true) guidance,
slightest error in his pronouncement on the subject?"
from their Lord, and it is these who will prosper” [Quran, 2:2-5].
[Maurice Bucaille,The Bible, the Quran
and Science, 1978, p. 125]
The Quran is the holy book which Muslims
beings, society and the environment in which we live.
recite and turn to for guidance in all aspects of
The Quran’s message is eternal and universal,
transcending our differences in race, color, ethnicity
and nationality. It provides guidance on every aspect of
It is the last testament in a series of divine revelations
human life – from economics and the ethics of trade to
from God. It comprises the unaltered and direct words
marriage, divorce, gender issues, inheritance and
of God, revealed through the Angel Gibrael, to the final
parenting. It neither condemns nor tortures the flesh
Prophet, Muhammad (pbuh)1 some 1400 years ago.
nor does it neglect the soul. It does not humanize God,
Islam is a continuation of the teachings of previous
nor does it deify man. The Quran describes signs of
Prophets, such as Noah, Abraham, David, Moses and
God’s existence in the universe and how everything is
Questions about Islam?
Jesus (peace be upon them all), some of whom were
carefully placed in the total scheme of creation.
or would you like to:
also given divine books. Muslims believe that the key
message brought by all Prophets was the same; to
"Everything made so much sense.This is the beauty of the
Visit a Mosque?
Quran believe in One God and not to associate partners with Quran;it asks you to reflect and reason....When I read the
Get a free copy of the Quran?
Him, to stay away from sins and to lead a life devoted to
Quran further, it talked about prayer, kindness and charity.
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earning God’s pleasure. All Prophets taught about life
I was not a Muslim yet, but I felt the only answer for me
Speak with others on our Message Board?
after death and gave glad tidings of paradise for those
was the Qur'an and God had sent it to me."
who obey God, but warned of punishment in hell for
those who choose to disobey Him.
Cat Stevens (Yusuf Islam), former British pop star.
Call toll free 1.877.WHY.ISLAM
or visit our website at www.whyislam.org
The Quran is unique because it is the only revealed
This brochure examines two common questions asked
1 . 8 7 7 . W H Y. I S L A M
book that exists today in the precise form and content
by those seeking to understand the origin and authorship
w w w. w h y i s l a m . o r g
P.O. Box 1054, Piscataway NJ 08855-1054
in which it was originally revealed. Furthermore, it was
of the Quran. 1) What evidence supports the Quran’s
actively recorded during the time the religion was
claim of authenticity – i.e., that it has not been interfered
being established. The distinctive approach of the
with? 2) Even if the Quran has been preserved, what
Quran is that its spiritual message includes practical
evidence supports that it is the Word of God and not
A N I C N A P R O J E C T
injunctions aimed at the general welfare of human
simply Muhammad’s (pbuh) own writings?
of a utopian life. A testament to the Divine authenticity of the
Muhammad (pbuh) must have been a Messenger of
Preservation of The Quran
Who Wrote The Quran?
Quran is that such a comprehensive book, one that
was revealed over a period of 23 years, does not have any
contradictory points. “Will they not then ponder on the Quran? If it
The Quran describes the expansion of the universe:
The Quran has been preserved for over 1400 years
Muslims believe that the Quran is the Speech of God
had been from other than God they would have found therein much
“And it is we who have built the univrse with (Our creative)
through parallel memorization and writings.
and not a book written by Muhammad (pbuh)
contradiction and incongruity.” [Quran, 4.82]
power; and verily, it is We who are steadily expanding it.”
himself. The information above provides evidence for the
[Quran, 51:47]. It was not until 1925, when Edwin
"We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will
preservation of the Qur'an, but what suggests that it was actu-
Hubble provided evidence of receding galaxies, that the
assuredly Guard it (from corruption)." [Quran 15:9]
4) Could Muhammad (pbuh) have been a liar or had motives
ally the word of God?
expanding universe came to be accepted as a scientific
for inventing the Quran? The early years of Muhammad’s
The Quran is the only book that has been memorized in
(pbuh) mission were punctuated by persecutions and sorrow.
1) Historical accounts document, and the Quran openly
its entirety by millions. The process of memorization
His followers were brutally tortured, killed and forced to
declares, that Muhammad (pbuh) was unlettered.
Professor Alfred Kroner, a world-famous geologist,
began during the Prophet’s (pbuh) life and continues to
migrate. His clan was boycotted and he was stoned. His ene-
explained: “ Thinking about many of these questions and
be emphasized by Muslims, even to this day.The use of
mies even offered him wealth and kingship if he abandoned his
“You (O Muhammad) were not a reader of any Scripture before it, nor
thinking where Muhammad (pbuh) came from, he was
memorization in oral transmission through the
call to the belief in One God. Instead, the Prophet (pbuh) lived
did you write (such a Scripture) with your right hand, for then those
after all a bedouin. I think it is almost impossible that he
generations “had mitigated somewhat from the begin-
a very austere life and never pursued any worldly gains like
who follow falsehood might (have a right) to doubt it.” [Quran, 29.48]
could have known about things like the common origin
ning the worst perils of relying solely on written
fame, power or wealth. Furthermore, the life of Muhammad
of the universe, because scientists have only found out
records,” related John Burton. [John Burton, An
(pbuh) was a practical embodiment of the Divine message and
within the last few years with very complicated and
Introduction to the Hadith, Edinburgh University Press;
2) The Quran was revealed at a time when the Arabs excelled
a study of his life (through the Hadith2) provides an apprecia-
advanced technological methods that this is the case.”
in oral poetry. Poetry competitions like today’s rap
tion of this fact. Even before he received the Prophethood, he
competitions, were held in the marketplace. Muhammad’s
was known in his society as Al-Ameen (The Trustworthy) and
Muhammad (pbuh) was very vigilant in preserving the
(pbuh) recitation stunned its listeners for its beauty in Arabic.
The Quran describes geographical concepts that were
As-Sadiq (The Truthful). Both Muslim and non-Muslim
entire Quran in written form as well. The Prophet (pbuh)
Many converted simply by listening to the deep acoustic
proven after its revelation. For example, it was the
scholars attest to his honesty and integrity .
could not read or write, so as soon as a portion of the
rhythms, literary merit and wisdom of the Quranic verses. In
common dogma 1400 years ago that the earth was flat,
Quran was revealed, he called upon his scribes to record
contrast, the Arabic of 1400 years ago was restricted to words
but the Quran described it as a sphere, compressed at
the revealed text.The Prophet (pbuh) specified the part of
5) The Quran mentions things that were not known at the time.
and expressions relevant to the simple life of desert men and it
each end (like an ostrich egg): “And the earth moreover, He
the Quran the revelation belonged to and had the com-
was impossible to express metaphysical ideas or scientific, reli-
How can the existence of these verses be explained? The Quran
has made egg shaped4 ” [Quran 79:30]. In 1597, when Sir
panions read back what was written to ensure that it cor-
gious and philosophical concepts. In fact the science of Arabic
has scientific descriptions only recently discovered by modern
Francis Drake sailed around the world, the earth
responded exactly with what was revealed.Thus, the com-
grammar was developed after the revelation of the Quran,
science and that could not have been known 1400 years ago.
became known to be a sphere.
plete Quran was not only memorized by the Prophet
using the Quran as a basis for devising its rules. It is difficult to
(pbuh) and many of his companions, but also existed in
find an explanation (other than revelation) that explains how a
“Man We did create from a quintessence (of clay); then we placed him
What can explain the origin of the Quran?
written form during his lifetime. Within a year after the
book existed that superseded, and also differed so greatly from
(as a drop of) sperm in a place of rest, firmly fixed; then We made the
The life and character of the Prophet (pbuh) , the depth
Prophet’s (pbuh) death, a manuscript of the entire Quran
any other Arabic literature. The challenge of the Quran to pro-
sperm into a clot of congealed blood; then of than clot We made a
of the Quranic message, its appeal and relevance to both
was assembled by a committee led by the chief scribe of
duce a chapter like its own has not been met to this day:- “And
(foetus) lump; then We made out of that lump bones and clothed the
the spiritual and the mundane, all testify to the Divine
the Prophet (pbuh), who followed stringent criteria to
if you are in doubt concerning that which We reveal unto Our slave
bones with flesh;then We developed out of it another creature.So blessed
origin of the Quran. These points compel us to admit
safeguard against any errors. The manuscript was unani-
(Muhammad) then produce a Surah (chapter) of the like
be Allah,The Best to Create” [Quran, 23:12-14).
our inability to provide an explanation that relies solely
mously approved by the companions of the Prophet
thereof, and call your witnesses besides Allah if you are
upon material causes. In a world starved of love and
(pbuh), including the hundreds that had memorized the
truthful.” [Quran, 2:23]
Professor Keith Moore, a prominent scientist of anatomy
compassion, the Quran’s universal message is the perfect
entire Quran. Several replicates of the manuscript were
and embryology (University of Toronto, Canada) commented:
antidote to the collective despair of the human condition.
prepared under the leadership of the third caliph and were
3) The Quran is a highly comprehensive book containing
“It has been a great pleasure for me to help clarify statements
distributed to the main Muslim centers. One such copy is
Divine truths, metaphysics, religious beliefs and worship,
in the Quran about human development. It is clear to me that
1. pbuh stands for ‘peace be upon him’ an invocation of respect
currently at the museum in Tashkent in erstwhile (Soviet
prayer, law and morality. It is a book fully describing the other
these statements must have come to Muhammad (pbuh) from
2. Hadith, the collection of recorded saying and actions of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
Union) and a facsimile of it, produced in 1905, is available
life, a book of psychology, sociology, epistemology, and
God, or 'Allah', because almost all of this knowledge was not
3. see 877-Why Islam brochure titled “What they say about Muhammad (pbuh).”
in the Columbia University Library (USA).
history, and a book containing scientific facts and the principles
discovered until many centuries later. This proves to me that
4. the Arabic word for egg here is dahaahaa, meaning ostrich egg