The present study simulated a rape in a realistic natural setting. The
topography of the location ensured that the subjects, men walking to their adjacent
parked cars, had but one of the following three options: to walk away, to intervene
directly, or to intervene indirectly by summoning a police officer. Intervention was
more frequent by groups of bystanders than by individual bystanders and was over-
whelmingly of the direct kind. The results are discussed in terms of contemporary
findings from laboratory and field research.
Our present mental attitudes are habits, assembled from the feedback of parents, acquaintances, society and self, that forms our self-image and our world-image.
These mental attitudes are maintained ...