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The Ultimate Computer Repair Guide

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Basic Computer Repair
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  • Added: June, 05th 2012
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The Ultimate Computer Repair Guide
Legal Disclaimers
All contents copyright (c) 2010 by Author Name and OfficialWebsiteName.com. All rights reserved. No
part of this document or accompanying files may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, electronic or
otherwise, by any means without the prior written permission of the publisher.
This ebook is presented to you for informational purposes only and is not a substitution for any
professional advice. The contents herein are based on the views and opinions of the author and all
associated contributors.
While every effort has been made by the author and all associated contributors to present accurate and up
to date information within this document, it is apparent technologies rapidly change. Therefore, the
author and all associated contributors reserve the right to update the contents and information provided
herein as these changes progress. The author and/or all associated contributors take no responsibility for
any errors or omissions if such discrepancies exist within this document.
The author and all other contributors accept no responsibility for any consequential actions taken,
whether monetary, legal, or otherwise, by any and all readers of the materials provided. It is the readers
sole responsibility to seek professional advice before taking any action on their part.
Readers results will vary based on their skill level and individual perception of the contents herein, and
thus no guarantees, monetarily or otherwise, can be made accurately. Therefore, no guarantees are made.
(c)Copyright 2010 * Author Name * WebSiteLink.com Page 2

The Ultimate Computer Repair Guide
Table of Contents
Legal Disclaimers.......................................................................................2
Components That Make Up Your Computer..............................................6
How To Add Random Access Memory To Speed Up Your Desktop..........8
Install More RAM In Your Laptop For More Speed................................11
How to Easily and Safely Install RAM............................................................................13
How To Troubleshoot RAM Memory...............................................................................15
Memory Testing Software Utilities...................................................................................17
Get More Computer Storage By Installing A Larger Hard Drive.............19
Here's How To Replace A DVD Drive In Your Laptop....................................................21
Installing A Sound Card The Easy Way....................................................27
Open The System Unit.....................................................................................................28
Installing The Sound Card................................................................................................28
Replace The System Unit Cover.......................................................................................30
Can You Install A New Sound Card In Laptops?..............................................................32
Installing a USB Sound Card in Your Laptop...................................................................33
Quick and Easy Sound Card Problem Solving.................................................................34
General Computer Troubleshooting..........................................................36
How To Revive A Dead Computer...........................................................42
How To Speed Up Any Desktop Or Laptop Computer............................45
Make Sure You Have Enough Memory............................................................................45
Be Sure To Clean Up Your Desktop.................................................................................46
(c)Copyright 2010 * Author Name * WebSiteLink.com Page 3

The Ultimate Computer Repair Guide
Make Sure You Have a Fast Enough CPU Chip...............................................................46
Uninstall Those Unneeded Applications To Free Up Memory.........................................46
Get And Keep Your BIOS Fine Tuned..............................................................................47
Patch Your Computer To Keep It Updated.......................................................................47
Keep Your Antivirus Up to Date and Scan Your Disks.....................................................48
Make Sure Your Antivirus/Internet Security Programs Run at Night...............................48
Make Sure You Have no Spyware....................................................................................49
Stop Unneeded Startup Programs.....................................................................................49
Defragment Your Hard Drive Regularly...........................................................................51
Remove Those Unneeded Files........................................................................................51
Move the Page File to Another Partition..........................................................................52
Stop File Indexing............................................................................................................52
Turn Off Animations........................................................................................................53
Clean the Registry............................................................................................................54
Stop Unneeded Services...................................................................................................54
Turn Off Fancy Desktop Backgrounds, and Screensavers................................................54
ReadyBoost for Vista Speeds Boot Times and Other Operations.....................................55
Change Your PC Use Habits.............................................................................................56
Have Your PC health Assessed for Free at PC Pitstop......................................................57
How To Upgrade Your Graphics Card......................................................58
Installing The Graphics Card In The System Unit............................................................59
AGP Graphics Card..........................................................................................................60
Graphics Card Problem Solving...............................................................61
Nothing on the Monitor....................................................................................................61
Monitor Works But No Display........................................................................................62
Monitor Works But Poor Display.....................................................................................62
Easily Installing Your New Hard Drive....................................................64
Repairing The Hard Drive, Hardware And Software................................69
General Hard Drive Troubleshooting...............................................................................69
(c)Copyright 2010 * Author Name * WebSiteLink.com Page 4

The Ultimate Computer Repair Guide
Use Operating System Utilities........................................................................................70
Check Drive Cables and Connections..............................................................................70
If the Drive Will Not Boot Up?........................................................................................71
If the Drive Boots but Hangs Up at Boot?........................................................................71
Hard Drive Software Troubleshooting......................................................73
Hard Drive Software Problems and Solutions..................................................................73
Computer Boots but with Many Errors or Hangs...................................................................................73
Your Hard Drive may have an IRQ Conflict...........................................................................................73
Your Hard Drive Device Drives Causing Problems................................................................................74
What To Do When Windows Won't Boot.................................................75
Won't Boot-Up At All.......................................................................................................76
Making a Windows XP Bootable Floppy, if You Still Have a Floppy Drive....................76
If The PC Won't Boot Past Windows................................................................................77
Here's How To Replace A DVD Drive In Your Laptop............................79
How To Repair Cable, DSL, And Dial-Up Modem Problems..................82
How To Setup Cable Modem With A Router....................................................................83
A Direct Subscriber Line ( DSL ) Modem..............................................................................................83
Troubleshooting DSL Modems-Internet Access Needed..................................................85
An Older Dial-Up Modem......................................................................................................................85
Tips On Surviving An Operating System Crash.......................................88
So Just What is a Hard Drive Crash?................................................................................89
Here's How You Can Recover From a Hard Drive Crash.................................................92
Following These Steps To Recover Your Hard Drive.............................................................................93
(c)Copyright 2010 * Author Name * WebSiteLink.com Page 5

The Ultimate Computer Repair Guide
Components That Make Up Your Computer
A computer is composed of hardware, not to be confused with software, which is installed
on the hardware. The basic computer parts are the motherboard, processor, RAM, hard
drive, video adapter and power supply. You have to have all these parts to build a basic
computer.
The system unit is the core of a computer system. Usually it's a rectangular box placed on
or underneath your desk. Inside this box are many electronic components that process
information. The most important of these components is the central processing unit (CPU),
or microprocessor, which acts as the "brain" of your computer. Another component is
random access memory (RAM), which temporarily stores information that the CPU uses
while the computer is on. The information stored in RAM is erased when the computer is
turned off.
Almost every other part of your computer connects to the system unit using cables. The
cables plug into specific ports (openings), typically on the back of the system unit.
(c)Copyright 2010 * Author Name * WebSiteLink.com Page 6

The Ultimate Computer Repair Guide
Hardware that is not part of the system unit is sometimes called a peripheral device or
device.
The motherboard is the most important part of a computer. Every other computer part
connects to the motherboard. If the motherboard does not work, none of the other parts will
either.
The cpu or processor is the computer's brain. It is in charge of telling your computer what
computer processes to do and when to do them. It is mounted onto the motherboard along
with the RAM.
Random Access Memory, also known as computer memory reads and writes data. RAM
does not store information but can remember information while your computer is on. Once
you turn off your computer, any information stored in the RAM is erased. The more RAM
your computer has, the faster it can run.
A hard drive stores programs, images, and all other files. Unlike RAM, a hard drive stores
and remembers information. The video adapter allows your display device to display a
picture from your computer. Video adapters are also referred to as a graphics card, video
board, video controller, and video card.
A power supply unit supplies power too all of the computer components. Without this you
would not be able to turn your computer on.
Your computer's not complete without such peripherals that must be attached to it. One
such peripheral would be the Monitor that displays all data. And you cannot give the
computer instruction with having a keyboard attached. A Mouse will make this task even
easier.
In this guide, you'll see detailed photos, audios, and videos of these components, how to
install, upgrade, and trouble most.
So, Let's Get Started....................
(c)Copyright 2010 * Author Name * WebSiteLink.com Page 7

The Ultimate Computer Repair Guide
How To Add Random Access Memory To Speed
Up Your Desktop
When you purchase a computer, it will come with an adequate amount of RAM or Random
Access Memory to run the operating system and all software that is installed.
However,as you install more software, your PC will begin to slowdown. The amount of
RAM you need depends on your operating system on all applications you may be running
on your computer at any one time.
Installing memory is one of the easiest tasks. Take the time to first be sure you have the
right RAM for your computer. If you're in doubt take it back to the place of purchase and
be sure you have the right RAM.
(c)Copyright 2010 * Author Name * WebSiteLink.com Page 8

The Ultimate Computer Repair Guide
After being certain you have the right RAM, you're ready to open the system unit and
begin. But first, you need to remove static electricity. Watch this short video about
installing RAM Memory on the motherboard.
Remove static electricity before you remove the new memory from its protective wrap. Its
best to purchase a Wrist Strap if you plan on working in your PC often. But if not, you can
simply touch a door knob or your computer's metal case to remove the static electricity. To
install your new Ram, perform the following.
Check to see if you have ample light. You may want to have a container to place small
screws in. The system unit cover may have small screws and you don't want to lose them.
After you have plenty of work space and ample lighting, prepare your mind as well. Make
this and every other adventure of working on your computer educational and fun.
Take the time to study the actual components inside your computer. You'll be glad you did
should something go wrong. Follow these steps to install your drive.
First: Turn off your computer and unplug all peripherals. Take notice of how you unplug
or disconnect any devices. Locate the RAM on the motherboard.
Second: Remove the side panel of the tower system or the cover if you have a desktop.
Place the panel in a safe place well out of the way.
Third: Before touching anything inside the system unit, remove electrical static charge
from your body by touching a door knob or any unpainted metal surface.
Fourth: Remove the new memory from its protective wrapping and locate the sockets
or memory banks to install the new memory chips.
Fifth: Notice the type of retaining clips that hold the chips in place. Remove any old
chips you intend to move.
(c)Copyright 2010 * Author Name * WebSiteLink.com Page 9

The Ultimate Computer Repair Guide
Now to be sure you won't damage the chips, ground yourself again to remove any
remaining static electricity.
Sixth: Pull the retaining clip open and carefully slide the RAM Chips in their memory
banks. Push the clips back over the new memory chips.
Seventh: Check and double check the firmness of the chips by gently trying to move the
from side to side. Take a good long look at the chips for anything that looks unusual.
Eighth: Replace the system unit cover and reconnect all peripherals. Reboot the
computer and the operating system should recognize your new or added memory without
any problem.
Its that easy when it comes to installing new or more memory. Read your computer's
manual first to find out what type of ram memory you have and what is needed for
upgrades.
Take time to Visit the Kingston Memory site above and use their memory configurator to
find out the memory you need to upgrade your computer.
And go ahead and enjoy the faster speed you should experience once your new memory is
installed. Don't forget to run scandisk, defragment,and disk cleanup to clean your hard
drive of extra space.
(c)Copyright 2010 * Author Name * WebSiteLink.com Page 10

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